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TABLE OF CONTENT Swahili vowels Swahili consonants Swahili greetings Swahili nouns Swahili cardinal Swahili time Swahili week days Swahili months Swahili adverbs Swahili adjectives Swahili preposition Proverbs Riddles Vocabularies 1 2 3 4 6 8 11 11 13 14 15 16 17 18

Debe-Tin Yeye-him/her Pembe-Horn I is pronounced as i in ‘if ’ for example.Market Somo-lesson . Kuku-Chicken Huyu-This Bubu-Dumb 1 Day One O is pronounced as o in ‘off ’ for example. Popo-Bat Soko. In Swahili there are five main vowels sounds represented by letters A E I O U. Bibi-Wife Mimi-Me Sisi-We U is pronounced as u in ‘pull’ for example. Baba-Father Mama-Mother Kaka-Brother E is pronounced as e in ‘end’ for example. . To listen to Swahili vowels sound click here. A is pronounced as a in ‘far’ for example.D A Y O N E TO ACCESS TUTORIAL LESSON FOR DAY ONE CLICK HERE VOW E L S PRON U NC IAT ION S Recall: These are letters that are used to represent certain sounds.

Ndege-Bird Ndoto-Dream Mb is pronounced as mb in ‘plumber’ for example. Nj is pronounced as nj in ‘inject’ for example. Chache-Few Cheka-Laugh Sh is pronounced as sh in ‘shark’ for example. Shavu-Cheek Shamba-Land Ms is pronounced as ms in ‘miss’ for example. Mbavu-Ribs Pamba-Cotton Ch is pronounced as ch in ‘chart’ for example.S NANT CONSO Recall: It is a speech sound or letter of the alphabet other than a vowel. Njema-Good Njoo-Come Nd is pronounced as nd in ‘under’ for example. Msitu-Forest Mstari-Line COMMON WORDS AND PHRASES Yes Ndiyo Good Please Tafadhali Talk/say Here Hapa There Sorry Pole Later Go Enda Thank you When? Lini? Consonants Nzuri/njema Sema/ongea Pale Baadaye Asante sana 2 .

NGS REETI HILI G SWA TO ACCESS EXERCISE PRACTICES FOR DAY ONE CLICK HERE Greetings Swahili greetings are similar to English greetings in references to state and conditions. Good morning Good morning habari ya asubuhi Nzuri/njema How are you? I am fine Hujambo? Sijambo Jambo? Sijambo/jambo Uhali gani? Nzuri/njema How is he/she? He/she is fine Yu mzima? Yu mzima A hali gani? Yu hali nzuri/njema How are you? (plural) We are fine Hamjambo? Hatujambo? Habari zenu? Nzuri/Njema Mhali gani? Nzuri/Njema Good evening? Good evening Habari ya jioni? Nzuri Good bye Good bye Kwa heri ya kuonana Kwa heri 3 .

adverbs and interrogatives are prefixed / suffixed according to the class of noun it is in reference to.D A Y T W O SWAHILI CLASSES OF NOUNS TO ACCESS TUTORIAL LESSON FOR DAY TWO CLICK HERE S NOUN Recall These are names of things. They function as subjects and objects of sentence. Any human name that falls in this class and begins with letter m the preffix wa is used to give their plurals Examples SINGULAR PLURAL Mtoto-child watoto-children Mtu-person watu-people 4 D a y Tw o . places and people. CLASS OF THE A-WA NOUNS It basically contains names of humans beings and animals. All Swahili sentences. adjectives. verbs. There are sixteen classes of noun but in this book we shall discus the basic class of nouns. possesives.

this.yule--that. SENTENCE EXAMPLES Simba huyu analala.hawa--these and wale-those are used. (This lion is sleeping) Mtoto yule anakula. Nouns 5 . a tense maker and a verb stem all attached together (agglutinative). In some Swahili classes of nouns the plural forms are derived by adding prefixes and not suffixes to their singular. (These lions are sleeping) Watoto wale wanakula (Those children are eating) AGE ILI LANGU THE SWAH Swahili language has no pronouns for gender(he/she) and unlike in English.Animals names donot necesarily follow the rule. SENTENCE EXAMPLES Simba analala (The lion is sleeping) Simba wanalala (The lions are sleeping) Mtoto anakula (The child is eating) Watoto wanakula (The children are eating) The demonstratives huyu-. their singular and plural are the same. Examples Singular Plural Simba(Lion) Simba Ndove(Elephant) Ndovu Tumbili(Monkey) Tumbili The prefix pronoun a is used for singular form and wa is used for plural form. Swahili simple sentence consist of a pronoun. (That child is eating) Simba hawa wanalala.

.20-30 add the necessary single unit. 6 Cardinals THE HUNDREDS To get numbers between hundreds add the necessary single units.e 900-1000. 76--add 6 sita to 70 sabini to give sabini na sita.200-300 add the necessary place value. Examples To get: 11--add 1 moja to 10 kumi to give kumi na moja. Examples 100--Mia moja 200--Mia mbili 600--Mia sita 900--Mia tisa BETWEEN THE HUNHDREDS AND THOUSANDS To get numbers between the hundreds i.e 10-20.NUMBERS CARDINAL 0-Sufuri 7-Saba 50-Hamsini 1-Moja 8-Nane 60-Sitini 2-Mbili 9-Tisa 70-Sabini 3-Tatu 10-Kumi 80-Themanini 4-Nne 20-Ishirini 90-Tisini 5-Tano 30-Thelathini 100-Mia moja 6-Sita 40-Arubaini 1000-Elfu moja THE TENS To get numbers between tens i. 13--add 3 tatu to 10 kumi to give kumi na tatu.

office or any private place. 250---add 50 hamsini to 200 to get mia mbili hamsini.Examples To get: 462---add 62 sitini na mbili to 400 mia nne to get mia nne sitini na mbili. 367---add 67 sitini na saba to 300 mia tatu to get mia tatu sitini na saba.add 673 mia sita sabini na tatu to 2000 elfu mbili to get elfu mbili mia sita sabini na tatu. Examples Watu watatu---Three people Watu saba---Seven people Viti kumi ---Ten chairs Vikapu vitano--five baskets II !! HOD When in one’s home. to announce you presence knock the door first there after say ‘hodii’ to mean can I come in wait for the response if it is karibu it means welcome and if it is ng’onja it means wait. TO ACCESS EXERCISE PRACTICES FOR DAY TWO CLICK HERE Cardinals 7 . 2673--.

D A Y T H R E E TO ACCESS TUTORIAL LESSON FOR DAY THREE CLICK HERE TH I HILI T E SWA PECT ME AS 8 Time Year Months Mwaka Mwezi Night Morning Usiku Asubuhi Minutes Seconds Dakika Sekunde Between 11:00 am to 3:00 pm Mchana Between 1:00 am to 3:00 pm Usiku wa manene A day before yesterday Juzi Tomorrow Kesho Two days after tomorrow Mtondo Week Wiki Evening Jioni Day Siku Hour Saa Between 4:00 pm to 6:00 pm Jioni Between 4:00 am to 6:00 am Alfajiri Yesterday Today Jana Leo A day after tomorrow Kesho kutwa .

1:00 pm will be 1+6 = 7 saa saba mchana 2:00 pm will be 2+6 = 8 saa nane mchana DURING THE NIGHT (a) When the time is before midnight minus 6 hours from the 12 hour time as illustrated below 7:00 pm will be 7-6 = 1 saa moja usiku 8:00 pm will be 8-6= 2 saa mbili usiku 12:00 am will be--saa sita usiku 9 . night. It is six hours behind the 12 hour international time.m.??? NOW YOU K DID Swahili time starts at 7:00 a. or evening. one has to state whether it is day time. (i) Arithmetic way (ii) Analogue way THE ARITH Y IMETIC WA Time DURING THE DAY (a) When the time is before noon minus 6 hours from the 12 hour time as illustrated below 7:00 am will be 7-6 = 1 saa moja asubuhi 8:00 am will be 8-6= 2 saa mbili asubuhi 12:00 pm will be--saa sita mchana (b) When the time is after noon add 6 hours to the 12 hour time as illustrated below. There are two ways to state Swahili time. morning.

1:00 am will be 1+6 = 7 saa saba usiku 2:00 am will be 2+6 = 8 saa nane usiku THE ANALO GUE WAY This method is much easier. 10 Time .(b) When the time is after mid night add 6 hours to the 12 hours time as illustrated below. When the clock hour reads 10 pm look at the hour that is directly opposite. in this case the light shaded arrow is pointing at hour nine to get saa tisa mchana. For example when the hour clock reads 3:00 pm look at the hour that is directly opposite. in this case the light shaded arrow is pointing at hour four to get saa nne usiku.

mwezi wa sita (sixth moon) July--mwezi wa saba (seventh moon) August--mwezi wa nane (eighth moon) September--mwezi wa tisa (ninth moon) October -.mwezi wa nne (forth moon) May -.mwezi wa tano (fifth moon) June -.mwezi wa pili (second moon) March--Mwezi wa tatu (third moon) April -.mwezi wa kumi (tenth moon) November --mwezi wa kumi na moja (eleventh moon) December --mwezi wa kumi na mbili (twelfth moon) Time 11 .I DAYS SWAHIL W OF THE EEK Swahili days were derived from Arabic culture as the first day of the week is Saturday Saturday Jumamosi (the first day) Sunday Jumapili (the second day) Monday Jumatatu (the third day) Tuesday Jumanne (the forth day) Wednesday Jumatano (the fifth day) Thursday Alhamisi (the second last day) Friday Ijuma (the last day) E YEAR MONTHS OF TH Swahili months are counted in terms of the number of times the moon appears in a year January--Mwezi wa kwanza (first moon) February-.

TO ACCESS EXERCISE PRACTICES FOR DAY THREE CLICK HERE L THE The Leso ESO A leso is a piece of colourful cloth that is wrapped around the waist by women. 12 . if the woman wants to pass a message to her lover. For instance. friend or enemy in a peaceful way she will wear a leso that contains the message that she wants to convey and visit the intended person. Most women wear leso that Swahili riddles or Proverbs are printed on.

COMMON SWAHILI ADVERBS AND ADJECTIVES A D V E R B S Examples This way huku Beside Kando Here Hapa Suddenly Ghafla Quickly Upesi Inhuman Kinyama Very scarce Haba So/very much Sana A Few/little Chache Left side Kushoto Anywhere Popote Near Karibu Upright Wima Easily Vyepesi Being human Utu Half (1/2) Nusu A third (1/3) Thuluthi An eighth (1/8) Thumuni There pale Far Mbali Truly Kweli Hurried Haraka Plenty Tele More than Zaidi ya Right side Kulia All place Pahala pote Childish Utoto Satisfactorily Barabara Quarter (1/4) Robo A sixth (1/6) Sudusi Adverbs 13 .

djectives ommon a C In swahili most adjectives consist of stem that take various prefixes to agree to different classes of nouns COMMON COLOURS Blue Orange Red White Buluu Hudhurungi Nyekundu Nyeupe Black Green Yellow Golden yellow Nyeusi kijani kibichi Manjano Rangi ya dhahabu Purple Navy blue Brown Light blue Uranjuani Samawati Kijivu Feruzi Gentle -anana Fat -enene Complete -zima Rotten -bovu Evil -ovu Much -tele COMMON ADJECTIVES Bad Thin/slim Clean -baya -embamba -safi New Fierce Dangerous Mpya -kali Hatari Good Soft Sweet -ema -ororo tamu 14 Adjectives .

s eposition mmon Pr Co After Baada ya Without Bila yaBefore Kabla ya Beside Kando ya-In the middle Katikati-For the sake of Kwa ajili ya Far from Mbali naOutside Nje yaInstead of Badala ya-Below Under Chini ya-Like Example Kama vileNear. Mwizi hushikwa na mwizi mwenza A thief catches a thief Pr e p o s i t i o n 15 . Mla mbuzi hulipa ng’ombe He who eat a goat pays a cow 3.Close to Karibu na-In the middle of Katikati ya-For example Kwa mfano-In front of Mbele na-Behind of Nyuma ya -Among Baina ya-On top of Juu ya-Besides thatKando na – Between Kati ya— Because of Kwa ajiliBecause of sababu— Inside of Ndani ya— Since Tangu— East African Proverbs (Methali) 1. Adui mpende Love your enemy 2.

Usipo ziba ufa utajenga ukuta If you do not fill a crack you will build a wall 15. Mnyonge hana haki The weak has no right 13. Udongo upatize uli maji Mould the clay while it’s wet 14. Ubishi mwingi huleta magonvi Much arguing brings quarrels 9. 18 Mpanda ngazi hushuka He/she who climbs a ladder descents. Kufaa haku dhuru Being of use does no harm. 16. Mtoto akililia wembe mpe If a child cries for a razor. Haraka haraka haina baraka Harry hurry has no blessing. 17. . give it to him/her 5. Dalili ya Mvua ni mawingu Clouds are signs of rain 6. Msema kweli hakosi A truth teller makes no mistakes. Kuuliza sio ujinga Asking is not foolishness 10. Usifanye mashindano na mtu Never match one self with anybody 11. Chembe na chembe ni mkate A grain and a grain makes a bread 12. Kusikia sio kuona To hear is not to see 8. Hakuna kubwa lisilo na mwisho Every thing has an end 7.16 Proverbs 4.

Fatuma mchafu Dirty Fatuma 2. Nanywa supu na nyama naitupa I throw the meat but drink the soup ANSWER Kifagio Broom Kobe Totoise Macho Eyes Mwezi Moon Kikombe Cup Jani A leaf Muwa Sugar cane 17 . Popoo mbili zavuka mto Two bats crossing a river 4.les East African Ridd (vitendawili) i on RCd d lveesr s a t i o n s RIDDLE 1. Mzungu mgeni hatembei mchana A strange white man never walks in day light 5. Natembea na nyumba yangu I walk with my house 3. Mzungu ameshika kiuno White man holding his waist 6. Likitoka halirudi Once out never returns 7.

HUMAN BODY PARTS Arm Armpit Bone Breast Cheek Chest Chin Ear Elbow Eye Eye lid Face Fingure Foot Hair Hand Head Heart Heel Hip Intestines Jaw Kidney Knee Leg Liver Lungs Mouth Nail Mkono Mkwapa Mfupa Titi Shavu Kifua Kidevu Sikio Kisigudi Jicho Kope Uso Kidole Mguu Nywele Mkono Kichwa Roho Kisigino Nyonga Matumbo Taya Figo Goti Mguu Ini Mapafu Mdomo Kucha Neck Nose Rib Shoulder Skin Stomach Thing Throat Tooth Waist Shingo Pua Ubavu Bega Ngozi Tumbo Paja Koo Jino Kiuno COMMON HUMAN NAMES Ami Baba Baba kambo Babu Baharia Bibi Bin Binadamu Binamu Binti Bubu Bwana Dada Dalali Diwani Dobi Fukara Uncle (father) Father Step dad Grand father Sailor.Boatboy Wife/Grandmom Son Human being Cousin Daughter Dumb person Husband Sister Auctioneer Cocalar Cloth washer Poor person 18 .

/Nice Msajii Registery Msasi Hunter Mshenga A negotiatoer Msusi Hair plainter Mtumwa Slave Mume Husband Mwalimu Teacher Mwamu Brother in-law Sister in-law Mwana Son Mwashi Mason Mwenyekiti Chairperson Mwizi Theif Mzazi Parent Nahodha Captain Naibu Assistant Ngariba Circumiser 19 .Hakimu Magistrate Judge Hamali Porter Carrier Jasusi Spy Kaka Brother Kifunga mimba Last born Kifungua mimba First born Kilembwe Child of kituukuu Kilembwekeza Child of kilembwe Kiningini Child of kitukuu Kiranja Prefect Kitukuu Child of mjuukuu Kiwete Lame person Kiziwi Deaf person Malaika Angle Malenga Professional composer Malkia Queen Mama Mother Mama kambo Step mother Manju Song composer Mashua Boat Mbiomba Auntie (mother side) Mbunge Member of paliament Mchuuzi Hawker Mfalme Mfinyanzi Mhuni Mhuunzi Mjane Mjomba King Potter Bachelor Stone cutter Widow Uncle (Mother side) Mjukuu Grand son Mke Wife Mke mwenza Co-wife Mkora Crook Mkwe The inlaws Mpwa Nephew.

Nyanya Raisi Rafiki Rubani Saisi Shangazi Shemeji Sogora Sonara Tarishi Wakili Wifi Yaya Grandmother President Friend Pilot Bridegroom Dad sister Brother inlaw Drumist Gold smith Messanger Lawyer Sister inlaw Babysitter COMMON BIRDS Bee eater Hen Bittern Heron Caucal Hornbill Chick Kingfisher Cork Parrot Crow Partridge Dove Keremkereka Kuku Mumbi Korongo Dudu mizi Hondohondo Kifaranga Detepwani Jogoo Kasuku Kunguru Kware Njiwa Peacork Dove wild Quail Duck Sparrow Eagle Falcon Egret Turkey Sunbirds Oriole Finches Owl Flamingo Vulture Guinea fowl Gulls Goose Weaver bird Whimbrel Woodpecker Tausi Pugi Tombo Bata Shore Mwewe Kipanga Yangeyange Bata mzinga Chozi Kurumbizi Chiriku Bundi Heroe Tai Kanga Shakwe Bata Mnandi Membe Kigong’ota COMMON ANIMALS Chui Chura Dubu Duma Fahali Farasi Leopard Frog Bear Cheetah Bull Horse 120 .

Cattle Mongoose Mule Pig Porcupine Nyani Nyangumi Nyati Paa Paka Palapala Panya Papa Pofa Popo Punda Pundamilia Samaki Simbamarara Sokwe Tembo Monkey Whale Buffalo Swara Cat Sable antelope Rat Shark Eland Bat Donkey Zebra Fish Tiger Chipanzee Elephant SMALL ANIMALS Buibui Chawa Chungu Jongoo Kaa Kereng’ende Kipepeo Kiroboto Komba mwiko Konokono Kumbikumbi Spider Lice (human) White ant Millipede Crab Dragon fly Butterfly Flea Corkcroach Snail Termite 21 .Fisi Guruguru Kasa Kiboko Kifaru Kima Kinyonga Kobe Komba Kondoo Kongoni Kulungu Kuro Mamba Mbango Mbega Mbongo Mbuzi Mkunga Ndovu Ngamia Ngawa Ngendere Ngiri Ng’ombe Nguchiro Ngumbu Nguruwe Nungunugu Hyena Borrowing lizard Turtle Hippo Rhino Monkey Chamelion Tortoise Galago Sheep Hartebeest Bush buck Water buck Crocodile Wildpig Columbus monkey Buffallo Goat Mud fish Elephant Camel Civet cat Black monkey Wild pig Cow.

Kunguni Bedbug Mbu Mosquito Mbung’o Tsetsefly Mchwa Ant hills Mende Corkcroach Minyoo Worm Ng’e Scorpion Nyengere Black ant Nyenze Cricket Nyuki Bee Nyungi Wasp Nyungunyungu Earthworm Nondo Moth Nzi Housefly Nzige Locust Panzi Grasshopper Sisimizi Black ant Tandu Centipede Tekenya Jigger Utitiri Lice(fowl) Vunjanyungu Praying mantis COMMON TREES Mbuni Mbuyu Mchungwa Mdimu Mfenesi Mforosadi Coffee tree Baobab tree Orenge tree Lime tree Jack fruit tree Mulberry tree Mfuu Mgomba Mkoko Mkorosho Mkunazi Mkuyu Mkwaju Mlimau Mnanasi Mnazi Mpamba Mpaipai Mpera Mpingo Mpunga Mtende Mti mbao Mtofaha Muwa Mwembe Mzambarau Black berry tree Banana tree Cocoa tree Cashew tree Jujube tree Fig tree Tamarind tree Lemon tree Peniple plant Coconut tree Cotton plant Pawpaw tree Guaver tree Ebony tree Rice plant Palm tree Eucaliptus tree Rose apple tree Sugercane Mango tree Grape vine tree COMMON FRUITS Balungi Boga Chenza Chungwa Embe Fenesi Pomelo Pumpkin Tangerin Orenge Mango Jackfruit 22 .

Forosadi Fuu Kitungu Kitungu sumu Koko Korosho Kunazi Kuyu Limau Malenge Nanasi Nazi Ndimu Ndizi Nyanya Papai Pera Pilipili Tende Tikiti Tofaha Tomoko Ukwaju Zabibu Zaituni Mulberry Black berry Onion Garlic Cocoa Cashew nuts Jujube Mulberry Lemon Pumpkin Peniple Coconut Lime Banana Tomato Pawpaw Guaver Pepper Palm Water melon Rose apple Custard apple Tamarind Grape Olive Arshi Bashishi Bili Dia Dhamana Faini Fichuo Fidia Hongo Karadhaa Karo Kibarua Kiingilio Kiokozi Kivusho Mahari Marupurupu Masrufu Mchango Mkopo Mshahara Nauli Riba Ridhaa Rushwa Ujira COMMON PAYMENTS Ada Arbuni Doctor fee Deposite Murder fine Tip Bill Muder fine Guarantee Court fine Concealment Ransom Bribe Advance no interest loan School fees Wages Entry fee Reward Ferry fare Dowery Etra money from salary House keepinng money Contributions Loan Salary Fare Interest Compesation fee Bribe Wage 23 .

prize NAMES OF PLACES Bandari Baraza Bohari Boma Bunge Dungu Forodha Jukwaa Gane Ghala Ghuba Handaki Hekalu Hosipitali Ikulu Jandoni Joko Josho Kanisa Kilinge Kisima Kisiwa Harbour.Port Reception Ware house Homestead Paliament Stage plat form Custom house Stage Dometry Store Bay Inlet Trench Channel Temple Hospital State house Circumsion place Oven Washing place Church Dancing floor Well Island Kiwanda Kizimbi Korokoroni Machijinjoni Machungani Mahakama Maktaba Mimburi Mkahawa Mnadaa Msalani Mskiti Roshina Sebule Ulingo Waba Zahanati Zizi Factory Bird cage Cell Slaughter house Locutive Court Library Pulpit Restrant Coffee house Action place Toilet Mosque Balcony Dometry Platform Marshy place Dispensary Cowshed 24 .Urathi Ushuru Zawadi Inheretence Tax Present.

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