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## Pure Mathematics Module P4

Paper A

MARKING GUIDE

This guide is intended to be as helpful as possible to teachers by providing concise solutions and indicating how marks should be awarded. There are obviously alternative methods that would also gain full marks. Method marks (M) are awarded for knowing and using a method. Accuracy marks (A) can only be awarded when a correct method has been used. (B) marks are independent of method marks.

## Written by Shaun Armstrong & Chris Huffer

Solomon Press
These sheets may be copied for use solely by the purchasers institute.

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## P4 Paper A Marking Guide

1. (a) (b) f(1) = 1 5 + 17 13 = 0 (z 1) is a factor f(z) = (z 1)(z2 4z + 13) quad. gives z =
4 16 52 2

B1 M1 A1 M1 A2 (6)

## roots are 1, 2 3i, 2 + 3i

x dy + 3 y = e3 dx x x

2.

M1
3 x

int. fac. = e
3

dx

= e

3ln x

= x3

M1 A1

x dy + 3x2y = ex dx d 3 (x y) = ex dx x 3y = M1 M1 A1 (6)

x ex dx = ex + c y = e + c 3

3.

(a)

1 r ( r+1) 1

r + r +1 giving A = 1, B = 1
1 1

r ( r+1) r r +1 (b)

M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1 (6)

r =3

35

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ( r r +1 ) = ( 3 + 4 + 5 + ... + 35 ) ( 4 + 5 + ... + 35 + 36 ) 1 1 11 = 3 36 = 36

4.

## ( x 3)2 x +1 2 < 0 ( x 1)( x 7) <0 x +1

x 2 8 x + 7 x +1

<0

M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A2 (7)

## considering change of sign of factors gives x < 1 or 1 < x < 7 5. (a)

= =
5 6

O
7 6

=0
= =
3 2
6

B3

11 6

(b)

area = 6 = = giving
3 2 3 2

a
1 2
2

## (a cos 3 )2 d = 3a2 1 + cos 6 d

1 6

cos2 3 d

M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1 (9)

a2[ + a2

sin 6 ] 6 0

1 4

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6.

## (a) (b) (c)

2 solutions f(0) = 1; f(1) = 1.64 f cont. over interval, change of sign root f (x) = ex + 2 sin x e xn 2 cos xn xn +1 = xn xn e + 2sin xn giving 0.54 (2dp) f(0.535) = 0.0131; f(0.545) = 0.0144 change of sign root correct to 2dp f( 2) = 0.967629; f( 1) = 0.712725

B1 M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1

(d) (e)

2 +

## 0.967629 0.967629 + 0.712725

M1 A1 A1 (12)

= 1.42 (2dp) 7. (a) + 2 + i = 6 A(2 + i) + B(1 i) = 6(1 i)(2 + i) giving 2A + B + i(A B) = 18 6i 2A + B = 18 A B = 6 giving A = 4, B = 10 z = 1i 1+ i = 2 + 2i w = 2 + i 2 i = 4 2i Im(z) P O Q (c) z w = (2 + 2i) (4 2i) = 2 + 4i z w = (4 + 16) = 20 = 25
2 dx x = p sin t + q cos t , d 2 = p cos t q sin t dt dt

A 1 i

M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1 A1

(b)

1+ i

10

2 i

Re(z) B2 M1 M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1 M1 A1 A1 (14)

8.

(a)

p cos t q sin t 4p sin t + 4q cos t + 3p cos t + 3q sin t = sin t 2p + 4q = 0 2q 4p = 1 1 giving p = 1 , q = 10 5 (b) aux. eqn. m2 + 4m + 3 = 0 (m + 1)(m + 3) = 0 m = 1, 3 C.F. x = Aet + Be3t 1 gen. soln. x = Aet + Be3t 1 cos t + 10 sin t 5 dx = Aet 3Be3t +
dt
1 5

sin t +
1 5

1 10

cos t
1 2

M1 A1 = A 3B +
1 10

t = 0, x = 1, dx =
dt

1 2

gives 1 = A + B

and

M1 M1 A1

4 5

4 5
1 5

e3t

cos t +

1 10

sin t

A1

(15)

(75)

## P4A MARKS page 3

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## Question no. Topic(s)

1
complex nos.

2
1st order diff. eqn

3
series

4
inequality

5
polar coords

6
numerical methods

7
complex nos.

8
2nd order diff. eqn

Total

Marks Student

12

14

15

75

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