The International Telecommunication Union (Union internationale des télécommunications, in French) is the specialized agency of the United Nations
which is responsible for information and communication technologies. ITU coordinates the shared global use of the radio spectrum, promotes international cooperation in assigning satellite orbits, works to improve telecommunication infrastructure in the developing world and establishes worldwide standards. ITU also organizes worldwide and regional exhibitions and forums, such as ITU TELECOM WORLD, bringing together representatives of government and the telecommunications and ICT industry to exchange ideas, knowledge and technology. The ITU is active in areas including broadband Internet, latest-generation wireless technologies, aeronautical and maritime navigation, radio astronomy, satellite-based meteorology, convergence in fixed-mobile phone, Internet access, data, voice, TV broadcasting, and nextgeneration networks. ITU is based in Geneva, Switzerland, is a member of the United Nations Development Group and its membership includes 192 Member States and around 700 Sector Members and Associates. The United Nations maintains an International Telecommunication Union (ITU), which has three functions—to maintain and extend international cooperation for the improvement and rational use of telecommunication, to promote the development and efficient use of technical facilities, and to harmonize the actions of nations. The ITU's mission The ITU's mission is to enable the growth and sustained development of telecommunications and information networks, and to facilitate universal access so that people everywhere can participate in, and benefit from, the emerging information society and global economy. The ITU assists in mobilizing the technical, financial, and human resources required to make this vision real. For the last 20 years, ITU has been coordinating efforts of government and industry and private sector in the development of a global broadband multimedia international mobile telecommunication system, known as IMT. Since 2000, the world has seen the introduction of the first family of standards derived from the IMT concept. Since May 2007, there are more than 1 billion IMT-2000 subscribers in the world. IMT-Advanced provides a global platform on which to build the next generations of mobile services - fast data access, unified messaging and broadband multimedia - in the form of exciting new interactive services. A major priority of the ITU is bridging the so-called "digital divide" by building adequate and safe information and communication infrastructure and developing confidence in the use of cyberspace through enhanced online security. The ITU also concentrates on strengthening emergency communications for disaster prevention and mitigation, especially in less developed regions.
television programmes.The ITU comprises three sectors. particularly to provide broadband services. ITU's Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) coordinates this vast and growing range of radiocommunication services. orbital positions and other parameters of satellites. vegetation patterns and greenhouse gases – helping us predict famines. First elected by the ITU Membership to the Directorship in 2010. as well as the international management of the radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbits. Switzerland. “in order to avoid harmful interference between radio stations of different countries”.
. each managing a different aspect of the matters handled by the Union: Radiocommunications Satellites enable phone calls. notification and registration. to allocate spectrum and register frequency allocation. ITU is required. The international spectrum management system is therefore based on regulatory procedures for frequency coordination. François Rancy of France. ITU-R has a permanent secretariat. The ITU Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and is responsible for radio communication. Space services are vital in monitoring and transmitting changes in such data as ocean temperature. and participating in ITU-R conferences and study group activities – where important work is done on mobile broadband communications and broadcasting technologies such as Ultra HDTV and 3D TV – is becoming an ever-higher priority for both governments and industry players. satellite navigation and online maps. The elected Director of the Bureau is Mr. according to its Constitution. demonstrates the need for global solutions to address the need for additional radio spectrum allocations and harmonized standards to improve interoperability. based at the ITU HQ in Geneva. or how the global climate is changing. the Radiocommunication Bureau. the path of a hurricane. The explosive growth of wireless communications. Its role is to manage the international radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbit resources and to develop standards for radiocommunication systems with the objective of ensuring the effective use of the spectrum. An increasing number of players need to make use of these limited resources.
Johnson was elected by the ITU Membership to the directorship for a 4-year term in November 2006 and was reelected for a second term starting January 2011. its standards carry more formal international weight than those of most other standards development organizations that publish technical specifications of a similar form.
. The international standards that are produced by the ITU-T are referred to as "Recommendations" (with the word ordinarily capitalized to distinguish its meaning from the ordinary sense of the word "recommendation"). hundreds of ITU standards allow systems to work – locally and globally. The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). as well as defining tariff and accounting principles for international telecommunication services. Primary function The ITU-T mission is to ensure the efficient and timely production of standards covering all fields of telecommunications on a worldwide basis. and the International Telegraph and Telephone Consultative Committee (CCITT. which is a United Nations specialized agency. The standardization work of ITU dates back to 1865. Since the ITU-T is part of the ITU. the Emmy award-winning standard ITU-T H. voice and video compression. known as Sector Members and Associates. home networking. In a typical year.264 is now one of the most popular standards for video compression.Standardization ITU standards (called Recommendations) are fundamental to the operation of today’s ICT networks. For Internet access. For instance. ITU will produce or revise upwards of 150 standards covering everything from core network functionality to next-generation services such as IPTV. ITU has been an intergovernmental public-private partnership organization since its inception and now has a membership of 191 countries (Member States) and over 700 public and private sector companies as well as international and regional telecommunication entities.  ITU-T has a permanent secretariat. as they become mandatory only when adopted as part of a national law. It became a United Nations specialized agency in 1947. it coordinates standards for telecommunications. you need to be part of the standardization discussions in ITU’s Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) . transport protocols. from French: Comité Consultatif International Téléphonique et Télégraphique) was created in 1956. the Telecommunication Standardization Bureau (TSB). which undertake most of the work of the Sector. The elected Director of the Bureau is Malcolm Johnson of the UK. based at the ITU HQ in Geneva. Without ITU standards you couldn’t make a telephone call or surf the Internet. with the birth of the International Telegraph Union. and myriad other aspects of ICTs. Switzerland. If your product or service requires any kind of international buy-in. It was renamed ITU-T in 1993.
such as its ITU Connect events or Connect a School. or pursuing your mandate for corporate social responsibility.
. ITU also regularly publishes the industry’s most comprehensive and reliable ICT statistics. Created in 1992. demonstrating global ICT leadership. known in English as the Telecommunication Development Bureau. learning how to put good policy into practice.Development ITU's Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D) has a programme to offer you – whether you are interested in entering or expanding your presence in emerging markets. expanding access to ICTs globally is in everybody's interest. its secretariat is the Bureau de développement des télécommunications (BDT). Connect a Community. it is responsible for creating policies. regulation and providing training programs and financial strategies in developing countries. In an increasingly networked world. ITU champions a number of major initiatives which encompass ITU's internationally-accorded mandate to ‘bridge the digital divide’. The ITU Telecommunication Development] Sector (ITU-D) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU).