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Science1 ________________________________ _________ Earthquake 1. It is the vibration of Earth produced by the rapid release of energy. a. magnitude b. evolution c.

earthquake d. faults 2. The point within Earth where the earthquake starts. a. epicenter b. focus c. center d. fault 3. These are large fracture of the Earths crust. a. faults b. focus c. epicenter d. bedrock 4. The adjustments that follow a major earthquake often generate small earthquakes. a. foreshocks b. pre-shock c. aftershock d. post shock 5. The term used to denote the springing back of the rock to its original shape. a. reformation b. elasticity c. elastic rebound d. reformation rebound 6. A small earthquake that often precedes a major earthquake. a. foreshocks b. pre-shock c. aftershock d. post shock 7. These are instruments that record earthquake waves. a. seismographs b. seismology c. seismograms d. seismographs 8. Earthquakes are repetitive. a. true b. false c. maybe d. not at all times 9. The word seismos means _______ a. shock b. bounce c. shake d. spring 10. The following are dangers related to earthquake, except a. fire b. landslide c. tidal wave d. seismic sea waves 11. A seismogram shows all three types of seismic waves, except a. P waves b. surface waves c. Sea waves d. Secondary waves 12. Seismic waves that travel along Earths outer layer a. P waves b. surface waves c. tectonic waves d. S waves 13. It is located using the difference in the arrival times between P and S wave recordings, which are related to distance. a. epicenter b. focus c. center d. fault 14. Waves that travel along Earths outer layer. a. S waves b. P waves c. body waves d. surface waves 15. Waves that travel through Earths interior. a. S waves b. P waves c. body waves d. surface waves 16. Other term for Tsunami a. surface waves b. tidal waves c. seismic sea waves d. Secondary waves 17. Produced by stress changes in solid rock due to the injection or withdrawal of magma a. volcanic earthquakes b. volcano-tectonic earthquakes c. tectonic earthquakes d. long period earthquakes 18. Produced by the injection of magma into surrounding rock a. volcanic earthquakes b. volcano-tectonic earthquakes c. tectonic earthquakes d. long period earthquakes 19. This is an area along a fault where there has not been any earthquake activity for a long period of time. a. seismic area b. fault c. focus d. seismic gap 20. This layer is composed of an iron-nickel alloy and has average density of nearly 11 g/cm3 a. crust b. focus c. core d. mantle 21. A measure of the degree of earthquake shaking at a given locale based on the amount of damage a. magnitude b. aftershock c. intensity d. level September 2, 2011 Score:

22. The measurement that was developed relies on calculation that use data provided by seismic records to estimate the amount of energy released at the source of the earthquake. a. magnitude b. aftershock c. intensity d. level 23. Faults which move along the direction of the dip plane a. strike-slip faults b. normal faults c. dip-slip faults d. oblique-slip faults 24. Faults which show both dip-slip and strike-slip motion a. strike-slip faults b. normal faults c. dip-slip faults d. oblique-slip faults 25. Faults which move horizontally and are classified as either right-lateral or left-lateral a. strike-slip faults b. normal faults c. dip-slip faults d. oblique-slip faults 26. It is the study of earthquake waves. a. seismographs b. seismograms c. seismology d. seismography 27. Damage total. Waves seen on the ground surfaces. (Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale) a. XIII b. X c. XII d. XI 28. Name of the large landmass formed when Wegener placed all the continents together like a puzzle a. Platue b. Pangaea c. Plaque d. Plate 29. Damaging shocks.(Richter Magnitudes) a. 4.0-4.9 b. 5.0-5.9 c. 6.0-6.9 d. 7.0-7.9 30. Where two plates move apart, resulting in upwelling of material from the mantle to create new sea floor a. convergent plate boundaries b. divergent plate boundaries c. transform fault boundaries c. divergent fault boundaries 31. This is used to determine the distance to the epicenter. a. travel-time graphs b. magnitude c. moment magnitude d. seismogram 32. The greatest energy is released by earthquake along a path around the outer edge of the Pacific Ocean known as the__________ a. Pacific ring of fire b. circum-Pacific belt c. Pacific tectonic plate d. Marianas trench 33. This scale is based on the amplitude of the largest seismic wave recorded in the seismogram. a. Modified Mercalli Intensity Scale b. Ritcher scale c. moment magnitude d. weighing scale 34. Major earthquakes. Inflict serious damage.(Richter Magnitudes) a. 4.0-4.9 b. 5.0-5.9 c. 6.0-6.9 d. 7.0-7.9 35. This is derived from the amount of displacement that occurs along the fault zone and is the most widely used measurement for earthquakes. a. magnitude b. moment magnitude c. intensity d. travel-time graphs