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Competence How to Agree and Disagree Topic Conspiracy Theories: What if they were True? Greatest Conspiracy Theories in History Vocabulary Mainstream media, far – fetched, bizarre, to be biased, hoax, conspiracy theory, to foster, allegedly, to deceive, to threaten, to orchestrate, to tamper, footage, crosshairs, to empower, skeptics, to turn a blind eye, to launch, means, to claim, rogue, widespread, to cover up, flaw, sightings, tabloids, plot, pursue, plagiarism. Content To agree and disagree. Main and supporting ideas.
Sources: http://thebizzare.com/cool/greatest-conspiracy-theories-in-history/ http://www.maxwell.syr.edu/uploadedFiles/news/Conspiracy%20Theories.pdf http://platum2.unimet.edu.ve/platum http://www.englishpage.com http://www.esl-classroom.com http://wtf.thebizzare.com/bizarre/greatest-conspiracy-theories-in-history/ http://thebizzare.com/cool/greatest-conspiracy-theories-in-history Focus on Grammar. High Intermediate. New York: Longman.
or 4. A conspiracy theory is a perception of a possible conspiracy. is just an attempt to trick an audience into believing that something false is real. they are vulnerable as soon as they are exposed. A conspiracy is a secret plot to carry out some deed against a rival by a few insiders. 2. They ____________________. Hence. A conspiracy theory remains a theory until it is exposed and proven factual. or helplessness Mainstream media: a prevailing current or direction of activity or influence as the Media A. involving sensational contrasts or incongruities. The Anti-eating Face Mask. 1. very difficult to believe. Unless someone from the inside leaks the plans. by definition. but I did not believe him. individual. odd. Fill in the blanks with a word from the box. the country is characterized by ongoing conflicts and continuous aggression. is a ____________________ invention! Reading 1: Conspiracy Theories and Hoaxes By Alicia Arráiz November. No way! That Osama bin Ladem is working in a Midwest Mc Donald’s is too __________________. to diversions of the truth. The idea that the world population is manipulated by a powerful group of elitists may not be farfetched. It has been claimed that major events in history have been orchestrated by conspirators who “manipulate political happenings from behind the scenes”. Far-fetched: unlikely to be true. Bizarre: strikingly out of the ordinary. To be biased: prejudiced. 2007 Can you be easily deceived? Currently. the whole world seems rife with conspiracy theories. 3. To deceive: implies imposing a false idea or belief that causes ignorance. a new and novel device for preventing the consumption of food by an another. The terms “Conspiracy theory” and “hoax” seem to refer to big lies. highly improbable. favoring one person or side over 5. Some people defend conspiracy theories no matter what. on the other hand. It may be either true or false. or the plot is somehow discovered. A hoax. bewilderment. Some examples of these beliefs are: that AIDS was created to rid the world of the Black race. extravagant. eccentric.Unit I – How to Agree and Disagree Reading 1: Conspiracy Theories and Hoaxes Vocabulary before the reading. He tried ____________________ me about the cost of the car. conspiracies are not known until after the fact. the recent tsunami in . According to ___________________.
40 years after the first moon landing. Some Christians from the Protestant Millennial tradition see history winding down and the emergence of a one-world government combined with a one-world religion ultimately ruled by The Antichrist. According to Meyssan. When people live in constant fear. catastrophes. There are many reasons why multitudes resort to conspiracy theory: 1. Epidemics. would be George W. 3. The Internet. Behind this September 11th hoax.cbc. Why the increase in conspiracy theories? One writer remarked that conspiracies are the new opiate of the masses (Mary Jacobs. American politicians as Ronald Rumfield have been linked to the pharmaceutical company that owns the patent of the medication and have been accused of capitalizing on a virus that just isn't that much of a threat.S. for The New York Times’ columnist Paul Krugman. We have also heard Thierry Meyssan. End times Speculation. Tamiflu. wars. government is tampering the weather by shifting the jet streams in Alaska with secret giant jet fans.S. Moreover.html). Pentagon in Washington proved by the fact that the size of the hole left in the Pentagon was too small for that plane. depend on questionable characters and “seem like a waste of time”. . it is said that the swine flu was created in the laboratory by the same producers of the antiviral medication to treat it. These theories are not just being fostered by the unwashed masses. he concludes that the impact was caused by something much smaller that was fired by the American government itself.Asia was caused by Israel and the U. bizarre conspiracy theories have played a disturbingly large role in the current American political discourse. and thus make predicting events based on their conspiracy theories the focal point of their ministries. 4. 2. There are literally hundreds of sites given wholly to explaining world events by a powerful conspiracy (or conspiracies). The Distrust of Modern Government. In other words. conspiracy theories seem to make the complex and seemingly unexplainable world events more manageable. writer for the Dallas Morning News). it’s easy to attribute this growth and increase in power to conspiracy. The Complexity of the Times. As the government grows larger and intrudes into every area of our lives. the American Airlines Flight 77 did not hit the U. Although NASA has debunked each one of the arguments that support this bizarre allegation. More recently. at least in part. and terrorism are seen nightly on TV. weather events.S.ca/fifth/conspiracytheories/index. but often by well-placed. who challenges the official version of the September 11th terrorist attacks to the United States. we still hear that putting a man on the moon in 1969 has been the greatest hoax ever orchestrated by the American Government in order to win the space war against the Soviet Union. Bush who is blamed to have been moved by the desire to find a reason to put a hand on the Middle East oil. Instead. setting off a nuclear bomb on the ocean floor. Furthermore. the Iraq War was concocted at the president’s Crawford Ranch to help his oil buddies. highly-educated men and women. According to the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). A common example of a popular conspiracy theory is the Moon Landing. conspiracy theories involve wild allegations. the entire human landing program was carefully faked from start to finish. on legitimate questions”. the attacks on the World Trade Center are thought to have been controlled by radio beacons from the ground. (http://www. the U. But the CBC also admits that many of these theories “are based. author of the The Big Lie. Meyssan’s claims are developed in the TV program The Fifth Estate: Conspiracy Theories broadcast by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC) in 2004. political assassinations. there are still web pages and documentaries loaded with interesting pieces of evidence that uphold the moon hoax theory.
com/2009/03/21/bilderberg-conspiracy-theories-continue-to-haunt-obama/ '9/11 Conspiracy Theories Ridiculous' . The Skulls. Conspiracy. and The Matrix. why are we so sceptical about them? We may be trained to believe only what mainstream media says and fanatically close our eyes to other alternatives. What is the main idea or thesis statement in “Conspiracy Theories and Hoaxes”? ______________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ 2.youtube. Suggested sites: • • • • Secret Societies: The Bilderberg Group http: //www. however. That we call them “conspiracy theories”.com/watch?v=S12iLi_teXk&feature=related Bilderberg Conspiracy Theories Continue to Haunt Obama: http://streetknowledge. READING ACTIVITY 1.com/watch?v=Q_OIXfkXEj0 Bilderberg Group: _______________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ . and his forth-coming book on Masonry are according to his claim.youtube.wordpress.Al Qaeda: http://www. What conspiracy theories are mentioned in the article? __________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________ Find out what the Bilderberg Group is. its members and where they have met in the last 3 years. Fahrenheit 911. The DaVinci Code by Dan Brown. The recent best-selling novel. points to the fact that we are probably biased.com/watch?v=eDUMEEl_ajM&feature=related p: Secret Bilderberg Agenda 2008: http://www.5. Hollywood Movies and Contemporary Fiction. based on the truth. Some recent movies that contribute to endless speculations about conspiracies are: JFK. and The Firm.youtube. But.
1982 CIA ignores reports that Nicaraguan guerrillas are trafficking drugs — sparking conspiracy theory on the origin of crack cocaine epidemic. .influenced militia movement. 1951 Sen. Roosevelt provoked 1941 Pearl Harbor attack. .S. 1960s-1970s Kennedy assassination opens era of disbelief in government explanations. 11 attacks involve President George W. 2008 Presidential campaign spurs theories that Obama is Muslim. 1798 Anti-“Illuminati” propaganda reaches U. 1991 Televangelist Pat Robertson warns of global takeover plot. . 1986 “Iran-Contra” scandal reveals secret U. 2005 Popular Mechanics debunks conspiracy theories of the attacks. 2007 Poll shows 22 percent of respondents believe Bush knew about attack. 1975 Church Committee produces evidence of secret drug tests on U. . . 1776 Bavarian law professor founds “Illuminism” movement. Joseph McCarthy. falsely accuses secretaries of state and defense of being Soviet agents. 1958 John Birch Society founded to promote theory that Illuminati conspirators have penetrated government. . • 1940s-1950s World War II and Cold War prompt fear of takeover of U. 1945-46 Congressional hearings conclude Roosevelt didn’t purposely prompt Pearl Harbor attack. 1963 Assassination of President John F. 1962 Joint Chiefs of Staff chairman secretly proposes faked Cuban attacks to create pretext for U. . • 2000s Sept. Branch Davidian confrontation near Waco.S. 1944 Chicago Tribune alleges President Franklin D.S.. Obama’s former minister. 1987 Soviet-bloc scientists spread rumor that U. 1830s Anti-Catholic conspiracy theory flourishes. Obama appointee Van Jones resigns after disclosure he signed “truther” petition. Texas. .. Rev. citizens. Jeremiah Wright. 1840s-1850s “Slave Power” conspiracists see a federal takeover by slaveholding interests. 1993 Suicide of White House aide Vincent Foster prompts theories that President Bill Clinton and/or his wife. 1972 Revelations that government doctors injected black farmers with syphilis— the “Tuskegee Experiment” — fuel later suspicion that government invented AIDS. Kennedy provokes conspiracy theories still in circulation today. R Wis. Hillary. Bush in conspiracy theories.S. had Foster killed. military created AIDS. a secret society devoted to creating a world ruled by reason instead of clerics. 2009 “Birther” activists take their arguments to federal court. . endorses conspiracy theory on AIDS origin.S. plan to sell arms to Iran. spurs growth of conspiracist. 1997 Militia movement leader Linda Thompson calls “black helicopters” — a frequent element of conspiracy theories — part of a CIA-sponsored government takeover plot. . sparking fear that Thomas Jefferson seeks to destroy religion. military intervention in Cuba. Conspiracists help spur resistance to flu shots.Chronology 1700s-1850s European-inspired conspiracy theories evolve into American style conspiracism.S. later theories target President Barack Obama. . 2004 “Truther” conspiracy theorists demand investigation of government’s “deliberate” failure to prevent 9/11 attacks. • 1980s-1990s Conspiracy theories based on actual and imagined government misdeeds build a following. .
Americans aged over 36 believe most strongly in the JFK conspiracy. the majority of whites. those who are powerless believe that power is used covertly and unfairly. controls on lifestyle and a more authoritarian government. Virtually. Presumably most of the ten million downloads of Loose Change. while the 20 -35 age bracket contains most of those Americans who believe in a 9/11 conspiracy.Reading 2: Greatest Conspiracy Theories in History Why do people believe in conspiracy theories? That. of course is a loaded question. Dr. in one poll 90% of US citizens . Conversely. Conspiracy theories are also generational. blacks and Hispanics – believed that JFK had been killed in a conspiracy. Recent research suggests that whether you believe in conspiracy theories or not has much more to do with who you are more than the objective facts. For instance. many believe that HIV was genetically engineered in 1974 by the World Health Organization. no white people believe this. . Others have claimed that it was created by the CIA or the KGB as a means to reduce world population. the richer you are and the whiter you are in the USA the less likely you are to believe in a conspiracy theory. These skeptics cite a fall in global temperatures since last year and a leveling off in the rise in temperature since 1998 as evidence.i. an Internet exposé documentary about 9/11. In other words those who are empowered (rich and white folk) like to believe that the powerful act openly and fairly. On the other hand. poor people – especially if they are Hispanic Americans and African Americans – tend to believe. The Aids virus was created in a laboratory Based on the theories of Dr. We could have asked why some people refuse to believe any conspiracy theories. were made by these young Americans. William Campbell Douglass. Below you will find some of the most believed conspiracy theories in the US and worldwide: Global warming is a hoax Some climate change doubters believe that man-made global warming is a conspiracy designed to soften up the world’s population into allowing higher taxation.e. 20% of African Americans believe that the US Administration created AIDS to limit the population growth of the black minority. Douglass believed that it was a cold-blooded attempt to create a killer virus which was then used in a successful experiment in Africa. Of course. the figures vary from conspiracy to conspiracy.
knew about it in advance and covered up his failure to warn his fleet commanders. furthermore. The main reason given in support of the belief that Presley faked his death is that. Another version of this theory is that the CIA knew in advance this exchange would take place. terrorists exchanged suitcases: one with drugs for one with a bomb. on his grave. The CIA allegedly protected the suitcases containing the drugs and made sure they were not searched. Kennedy International Airport. the aircraft flying this route – a Boeing 747 – was destroyed by a bomb. either Presley or his parents tried to change the name to “Aron” to make it more similar to Presley’s stillborn twin. because the protected drug route was a rogue operation. 1988. that he went into hiding for various reasons. But “Aaron” is actually the genuine middle name for Presley. The remains landed around Lockerbie in southern Scotland. Elvis Presley faked his own death A persistent belief is that “the King” did not die in 1977.Pan Am Flight 103 Pan Am Flight 103 was Pan American’s third daily scheduled transatlantic flight from Heathrow to New York John F. the Netherlands. Apparently. . Many fans persist in claiming he is still alive. his middle name Aron is spelt as Aaron. Korea and the Soviet Union that a surprise attack on Pearl Harbor was coming and that. On December 21. Peru. Australia. Pearl Harbor was allowed to happen Theorists believe that President Franklin Roosevelt provoked the Japanese attack on the US naval base in Hawaii in December 1942. A popular theory for which no evidence has been produced suggests that the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) had set up a protected drug route from Europe to the United States – allegedly called Operation Korea – which allowed Syrian drug dealers to ship heroin to the US using Pan Am flights. Theorists believe that the US was warned by the governments of Britain. He apparently needed the attack to provoke Hitler into declaring war on the US because the American public and Congress were overwhelmingly against entering the war in Europe. On the day of the bombing. the Americans had intercepted and broken all the important Japanese codes in the run up to the attack. killing all 259 people on board and 11 people on the ground. but let it happen anyway. and were on their way to Washington to tell their superiors. This claim is allegedly backed up by thousands of so-called sightings. and the American intelligence officers on the flight had found out about it.
Two tabloid newspapers ran articles covering the continuing “life” of Presley after his death. to the British state. they intermarried with the noble families that would eventually become the Merovingian dynasty. including photos. Diana. had one or more children. Nasa and possibly others intentionally deceived the public into believing the landings did occur by manufacturing. Nasa faked the moon landings People who think that the Apollo moon landings were not all that they seemed at the time believe that Nasa faked some or all of the landings. fevered speculation continues. was murdered Despite an official inquiry that found no evidence of a plot by MI6 or any other entity to murder the princess and Dodi Fayed in 1997. and that those children or their descendants emigrated to southern France. telemetry tapes. including a broken leg from a motorcycle accident. and that Nasa and possibly others continue to actively participate in the conspiracy to this day. and rock samples. transmissions. Once there. The theory is that rogue elements in the British secret service decided that Diana’s relationship with Fayed was a threat to the monarchy and. whose special claim to the throne of France is championed today by a secret society called the Priory of Sion. in great detail. a film of the same name and a plagiarism battle in the courts. therefore. Those who believe in this – and they seem to number in their millions – think that Jesus married Mary Magdalene. A plot was hatched in which a white Fiat Uno carrying agents was sent to blind and disorientate driver Henri Paul as he sped through the Paris underpass pursued by photographers. Those who think that Nasa faked some or all of the landings base their theories on photographs from the lunar surface which they claim show camera crosshairs partially behind rocks. destroying. Later. Paul’s blood was switched with a sample of somebody who had drunk a lot of alcohol. Some of the theories surrounding this subject are that the Apollo astronauts did not land on the Moon. The trouble with the theory? Not a shred of evidence exists to support it. The Jesus conspiracy This theory launched a blockbusting novel (The Da Vinci Code). all the way up to his purported “real death” in the mid 1990s.Jesse Garon Presley. or tampering with evidence. Princess of Wales. a flag .
November 22. In recent years. the United States House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) of 1976 to 1979. Since the late 1990s the debate about Roswell has polarized with several former pro-UFO researchers concluding that the craft was. which involved high altitude balloons meant to detect sound waves generated by Soviet atom bomb tests and ballistic missiles. The ten-month investigation of the Warren Commission of 1963 to 1964. senior officers insisted that the only thing that had fallen from the sky had been a weather balloon. A flying saucer crashed at Roswell in 1947 The event that kick-started more than a half century of conspiracy theories surrounding unidentified flying objects (UFOs). He was fatally wounded by gunshots while riding with his wife – Jacqueline Bouvier Kennedy – in a motorcade. A report by the Office of the Secretary of the Air Force released in 1995. Something did crash at Roswell. part of a US military project and that it was. and other government investigations concluded . Within hours of the army telling reporters that it had recovered a crashed saucer. concluded that reports of alien bodies were likely a combination of innocently transformed memories of military accidents involving injured or killed personnel.30pm. and the recovery of anthropomorphic dummies in military programs like Project High Dive conducted in the 1950s. Haut died in 2005. Haut says in the affidavit -signed in 2002 – that he saw alien corpses and a craft and that he had been involved in a military cover up. the lack of stars over the lunar landscape and shadows falling in different direction. The conspiracy theory has been fanned by the US military repeatedly changing its story. 1947. including claims of a large military operation dedicated to recovering alien craft and aliens themselves. 1963. But further evidence has emerged – notably a signed affidavit by Walter Haut. New Mexico. most likely. indeed.planted by Buzz Aldrin moving in a strange way. in Dallas. sometime before July 7. the Roswell Army Air Field public affairs officer who had drafted the initial press release on July 8. 1947 and – at first – the US authorities stated explicitly that this was a flying saucer or disk – as shown by the splash story on that day’s Roswell Daily Record. A second report. released in 1997. at as many as 11 crash sites. some sort of weather balloon. former mortician Glenn Dennis claimed that he was involved in alien autopsies which were carried out at the Roswell air force base. In 1989. pictured. The assassination of John F Kennedy The 35th President of the United States was shot on Friday. Numerous witnesses reported seeing metallic debris scattered over a wide area and at least one reported seeing a blazing craft crossing the sky shortly before it crashed. These theories have been generally discounted but belief in them – particularly on the web – persists. witnesses have added significant new details. Texas at 12. concluded that the reported recovered material in 1947 was likely debris from a secret government program called Project Mogul. and alleged witness intimidation.
including one by the National Academy of Sciences. organized and orchestrated the attacks. Others believe that the Bush administration deliberately turned a blind eye to those warnings because it wanted a pretext to launch wars in the Middle East to usher in another century of American hegemony. policemen and people who were inside the towers at the time – claim to have heard explosions below the aircraft impacts (including in basement levels) and before both the collapses and the attacks themselves. the US air force was deliberately stood down or sent on exercises to prevent intervention that could have saved the lives of nearly 3. As with the assassination of JFK. September 11. the House Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA) found both the original FBI investigation and the Warren Commission Report to be seriously flawed. though none of these has been proven. have called into question the accuracy of the evidence used by the HSCA to support its finding of four shots. later studies. This final group points to video evidence which they claim shows puffs of smoke – so-called demolition squibs – emerging from the Twin Towers at levels far below the aircraft impact zones and prior to the collapses. In 1979. The assassination is still the subject of widespread speculation and has spawned numerous conspiracy theories.that the President had been assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald – who was himself shot dead by Jack Ruby while in police custody. At the milder end of the spectrum are the theorists who believe that the US government had prior warning of the attacks but did not do enough to stop them. Source: http://thebizzare.com/cool/greatest-conspiracy-theories-in-history . the official inquiry into the events – the 9/11 Commission Report – is widely derided by the conspiracy community and held up as further evidence that 9/11 was an “inside job”. The HSCA also concluded that there were at least four shots fired and that it was probable that a conspiracy existed. on the day itself. the conspiracy theories continue to grow in strength. A large group of people – collectively called the 9/11 Truth Movement – cite evidence that an airliner did not hit the Pentagon and that the World Trade Centre could not have been brought down by airliner impacts and burning aviation fuel alone. Scientific journals have consistently rejected these hypotheses. 2001 Thanks to the power of the web and live broadcasts on television. But doubts about the official explanation and the conclusion that Oswald was the lone gunman firing from the Texas Book Depository overlooking Dealey Plaza where Kennedy was hit surfaced soon after the commission report. Footage of the motorcade taken by Abraham Zapruder on 8mm film supported the growing belief that at least four shots were fired – not the three that the Warren Commission claimed.000 people. The moments of impact recorded on the film also suggested that at least one of the shots came from a completely different direction to those supposedly fired by Oswald – evidence backed up by testimony of several eye witnesses. However. the conspiracy theories surrounding the events of 9/11 – when terrorists attacked the World Trade Centre in New York and the Pentagon in Washington – have surpassed those of Roswell and JFK in traction. Many believed that several shots were fired by gunmen hiding behind a picket fence on a grassy knoll overlooking the plaza. several official and unofficial investigations into the collapse of the Twin Towers which concluded that structural failure was responsible and footage of the events themselves. Many witnesses – including firemen. They also believe that. Despite repeated claims by al-Qaeda that it planned.
____________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ . What is the flying saucer theory about? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Which of the conspiracy theory you read about is the one that you consider to have the best support? Why? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Which conspiracy theory has the worst arguments and why? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Why are conspiracy theories “generational”? ____________________________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Which conspiracy theory mentioned do you believe has plausible explanations or evidence? Explain.READING ACTIVITY 1.
Definition: _____________________________________________________________________________ 7. _______5.. The act of catching sight of something. To invest with power. Spread or scattered.. 1. b. b) His threat to kill me was quite explicit. _______6. Definition: _____________________________________________________________________________ 4. _______4. often concealed. b) The U2 black-and-white footage in Monterey was excellent. Lacking required authorization. To launch e. b) The Qaeda (Arabic for "the Base") group orchestrated the terrorist attack in New York and Washington Definition: _____________________________________________________________________________ 6. Definition: ____________________________________________________________________________ 5.a) He was on trial for allegedly murdering his wife.Vocabulary: A. especially legal power or official authority.a) The reporter tampered with the news about the UFO.a) The producers doubled the speed of the footage for the commercial.handed.a) Jack the Reaper threatened the lives of many. Definition: _____________________________________________________________________________ B. An imperfection. b) Was the JFK assassination by Lee Harvey Oswell another hoax pulled off by the CIA? Definition: _____________________________________________________________________________ 2. Match the word to its definition a. especially something unusual or searched for..a) Some people are easily deceived by the news. To empower _______1.a) The referendum turned out to be a hoax. _______3. To claim . _______2. Skeptics To turn a blind eye d. b) Corrupt police officers will tamper with the evidence in order not to be caught red. b) The con man deceived my sister when he told her she had won a free ticket to Hawaii. b) The alleged murderer could not be found anywhere.. Guess the meaning of the underlined word by context and then write the definition in the space provided.. supervision.. A person who habitually doubts the authenticity of accepted beliefs. Means f.a) Some people think that the government is orchestrating a plan to spread revolutionary ideas in schools. Definition: _____________________________________________________________________________ 3. Occurring or accepted widely. c.
I'm hungry. Likewise. I do. To set or thrust in motion. I am. ask for. Rogue h. The main verb used with these adverbs is determined by the verb used in the initial statement.g. owing to. Widespread i. Make sentences with the following words. _______8. I can. _______10. _______11. To demand. Cover up j. neither and either are frequently used when agreeing with a statement that has been made by another person. If the initial statement is positive Verbs initial statement agreement using so agreement using too -to beSo am I. too. To knowingly refuse to acknowledge something which you know to be real. 1. With the use of. Tabloid ___________________________________________________________________________ 2. To hide from view or knowledge. To ignore. All other verbs require the use of do in the agreeing statement. See the following chart. all other verbs So do I. Pursue ___________________________________________________________________________ 4. _______9. “So” and “too” are always used when agreeing with a positive statement. If a form of the “to be” verb is used in the initial statement then to be must be used in the statement of agreement. if a modal verb such as “can” is used then a modal verb must be used in the agreeing statement. If the initial statement is negative . Plot __________________________________________________________________________ 3. I can eat spicy food. C. too. Sightings _______7. I like chicken. too. Modal verbs So can I. too. “Neither” and “either” are always used when agreeing with a negative statement. or take as one's own or one's due. Flaw k. Plagiarism ___________________________________________________________________________ GRAMMAR: Statements of Agreement The adverbs so.
" For example. So do I. notice the position of the adverbs so. Negative Agreement For negative agreement. I'm not very hungry. / I do. neither and either. For example. / Me neither." and either in place of "too. too. / Me too. NOTE: • The words "so" and "too" are often used in expressions of positive agreement. / I'm not either. I can't drink soju. too.* A. and "so" at the beginning. Neither do I. A: I need to go to the bathroom. So and neither are both at the beginning of the phrase. A. use neither in place of "so. B: Neither am I.* *Note that neither is used with "positive" verbs and either is used with "negative" verbs. • Remember to use "question order" with so. A: I'm not hungry. A: I'm in a hurry. too. B. I don’t agree with death penalty. / I don't either. / We are too. So are we. / I do. . too. / Me neither. B: So am I. B: Neither do I.Verbs initial statement agreement using neither agreement using either -to beNeither am I. I can't either. Modal verbs Neither can I. / I don’t either. Too and either are both at the end of the phrase. B. Also. / I am. / Louise doesn't either. • "Too" usually comes at the end of the sentence. B: So do I. I don't like chicken. These expressions can also be used in the second or third person: They're from Luxembourg.* A: I don't have enough money anyway. / Me neither. I'm not either. I don't either. I recommend giving the murderer a life sentence. / Me too. all other verbs Neither do I. / Me too. Neither does Louise. Todd doesn't like spaghetti.
____So do I. . 6) Stan stopped to say hi to his neighbor. too. ____I am. ____I can. ____So is mine. too. ____So did I.GRAMMAR PRACTICE A. 5) I remember meeting Pam when I was a child. too. ____I am too. too. ____I do. ____So did I too. ____Neither did I. too. ____So do I. too. too. . 8) I was not ready to learn something new. ____I am. ____And I am. Examples: I come from Germany I do. ____I did. ____So am I. ____Neither can I. ____So was I. ____Should I. ____I wil. 1) I am an incredulous person. ____So did I. ____So am I. 4) Maria should do her homework now.copycat answer: I do too. 2) Pierre agreed to write his paper. ____I didn’t either.l too. 12) Betty isn’t risking losing her money. ____So was I. ____I was. 9) I can’t afford to buy a new laptop. ____Neither was I. 3) Sean claims to know a lot about the Jesus Conspiracy. ____Neither am I. ____So was I. B. ____So do I. 7) Kaye regrets telling a lie. Each student reads a statement and the other two react to agree or disagree.copycat answer: I do too. ____So do I. ____So did I. / I don’t I am 19 years old .that's how this game is played. ____I don’t either. or So do I. ____So did I.copycat answer: So am I. 10) She didn’t mean to hurt your feelings. The Copycat Game: A copycat is someone who agrees with everything you say. too. ____I didn’t either. ____So was I. ____I am. Choose the correct statement to AGREE with the first sentence to play the copycat game. ____I didn’t either. ____So can I. Imagine your young brother copying everything you say . or I am too. ____I do. too. ____So should I. too. 11) He doesn’t allow you to use his Honda. ____I do. ____I should too. or So do I. too. Examples: I'm tired I like cookies. ____So am I. ____So was I. ____So did I. too. ____I didn’t either. ____So do I. Get in groups of three students. ____I don’t either. . I suggest studying later. ____I am. ____Neither was I.
too. Original Statement: She is nice. So is he.So am I / I am. (they) . ______________________________ ___________________________ 3. Study the examples below: Negative Agreement EITHER or NEITHER (follows a neg. too. ______________________________ 5. aux. too. Neither can you. So did we. I haven't seen any UFOs. too.) (begins the response) Positive Agreement SO or TOO (begins the statement) (follows the aux. So do I. I went to a movie about the death of Lady Diana. So have they. your response will have it. (we) She hasn't been there. I've not been to Area 51. For example. Neither have they.) Response 1: So is he. ______________________________ ___________________________ REMEMBERTo communicate positive or negative AGREEMENT correctly. too. (you) She is trying hard. They haven't either. I believe conspiracy theories are real. I don't think Elvis Presley has been seen in public. (I ) She didn't finish it. I don't either. (we) She has been there. I was shocked to find out that Global Warming might be a hoax. (he) She likes him. (he) She doesn't like him. If the original statement contains the simple past of a verb. You can. 1. I cannot live without television. your response will contain the simple past AUXILIARY. ______________________________ 6. ______________________________ ___________________________ 4. if the original statement contains the verb TO BE in present tense. He isn't either. ______________________________ ___________________________ 8. or "DID". ______________________________ ___________________________ 2. She can't play piano. Neither did we. Response 2: He is. They have. Neither is he. you must REFLECT the AUXILIARY of the original statement in your response. ______________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ 7. ______________________________ 9. too. (he) Response 1: Neither is he. We did. Neither do I. I do. I'm writing a paper on September 11. Response 2: He isn't either. You can't either. too. He is. So can you. (I ) She finished it. ______________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ 10. (you) She isn't trying hard. I'm learning about conspiracy theories around the world. (he) . (they) She can play piano. Original Statement: She isn't nice. I have never been abducted. too. We didn't either.
She can’t ride a bicycle. So are we. He isn't learning how to type. 1. _________________________________________________________________ 4. She has gone home. Neither has she. either. So does he. either. I’m not going out tomorrow. b. _________________________________________________________________ 8. i. I was very tired this morning. You forgot the gift. 6. They have. 2. 3.(we) ___________________________ _____________________________ 5. She didn't. I can’t go to the party. 5. Neither are you. 2. We need help. _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ Part D. _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ _____________________________ Part C. 9. I am thirsty. We are. He needed me. Example: You want an ice cream. Answer with either or neither. 5. 1. He didn't watch the match. 6.EXTRA GRAMMAR PRACTICE Part A: Match the statement in the first column with a response in the second column. _________________________________________________________________ So did they. g. (you)___________________________ _____________________________ 3. 4. Part B. I need a holiday. . too. I’ve just had dinner. (she) ___________________________ _____________________________ 2. You're studying economics. (So am I/ So do I/ So can I. _________________________________________________________________ 2. I’ll be late tomorrow. You have. We will. h. too. too. 2. I went to bed late last night. d. either. I don’t like shopping. So will we. Neither am I/ Neither can I) 1. He doesn't eat French fries. Neither has he. too. 5. They haven't arrived. _________________________________________________________________ 5. either. f. He doesn't. He'll come by 8:00. He is my friend. (I) ___________________________ _____________________________ Part E: Write a statement that goes with each response. 4. c. I didn’t phone Alex last night. (I’m not either/ I can’t either. I didn't. 3. (they ) ___________________________ _____________________________ 4. 7. a. _________________________________________________________________ 6. Follow the example. 8. I can't. Answer with So or too. He hasn't worked there long. I don't remember. I am too/ I do too/ I can too) 1. Respond to the statements in two ways using the subject given. _________________________________________________________________ 3. So did I. 3. Neither is she. 4. _________________________________________________________________ 7. So do I. 1. e. I'm not working tonight.
It makes me want to stay home all day or go abroad. He said he is not coming until crime has improved.550 in 1999 to 16. Jane: _______________________________________ (I/disagree). Use the subject found in parenthesis. but personal safety comes first. Use each of the structures studied in class at least once. . Peter: _____________________________________ (brother/agrees). and I love this country. John: My sister has not come to Venezuela for 4 years because of the increased crime rate. I wouldn’t have thought it was so high! John: _______________________________________ (I/agree).Part F: Complete the following text agreeing or disagreeing with the opinions expressed. I am really upset at him. Do not use any informal expression. She says she read in a “travel guide” that you should not be out at night anywhere in Caracas.047 a year. I guess we are used to the numbers because we live here. Haven’t you seen the recent statistics? I read in the newspaper that crime increased from 4. Jane: _______________________________________ (our siblings/agree).
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