Engineering Mechanics (Statics) Ex. 7.

6 :

7-1

Analysis of Beams & Compound Beams

A weight W rests on beam AB of negligible weight. The string connecting the load is passing over a smooth pulley. Show that reaction at A is W (l – a) (l + a) . (Refer Fig. Ex. 7.6).

Fig. Ex. 7.6 Soln. : Draw F.B.D of block and beam. (Refer Fig. Ex. 7.6(a)). For block : For beam :

 Fy = 0  Fy = 0

T – W + RC = 0 …(1) T – RC + Ay = 0

RC = (W – T) Substituting value of RC We get, Ay = RC – T = (W – T) – T Ay = W – 2T …(2)

 MA = 0

RC  a – T  l = 0 RC  a = T  l (W – T) a = T  l  Wa = T (a + l) Wa  T = a+l …(3)

Substituting this value in Equation (2) Wa Ay = W – 2 a + l

[ ]

= Ay  Reaction at A RA

W(a + l) – 2 Wa – Wa + Wl = a+l a+l W (l – a ) = l+a W (l – a ) = proved. l+a

Fig. Ex. 7.6(a)

Ex.7.8 : A beam 10 m long is loaded as shown in Fig. Ex.7.8. Find reactions at supports.

Fig. Ex.7.8 Soln. : Here given loading is a varying load so to find out total load and its point of application (centroid) using integration method.

Ex. RA + RB = 1750 Ex.7.3 (10)4 = 1750 N 4 10 10 = ∫ –e1 dA = ⌠ x  y  dx = ⌠ (100 x + 0.7.3 5 – Ax = 11000 m3 11000 –  x = 1750 = 6.7. B.13 : Determine the reaction components at A. Ex.3 x3 ) dx = 100 x + 0.285 = 0  RB = 1100 N   RA = 650 N  …Ans. Refer Fig. Also find value of load W if reaction at support G is found to be 25 kN.7.3 x5 ] 2 5 10 0 = 100 (10)2 (10)5 2 + 0.13 .8(b)].7.8(a). Ex.  MA = 0  Fy = 0 RB  10 – 1750  6. E and F.3 (4) 0 0 The distance of centroid is given by. [Refer Fig. Ex.7.7.8(a) Fig.8(b) Select an elementary strip of thickness dx as shown in Fig. Ex. Fig.285 m from y-axis Conditions of equilibrium. Ex. – Ax ⌡ ⌡ [ ] 10 0 = 100 (10) + 0. D. The area of strip dA = y  dx 10 10 x4  Total area bounded = ⌠ y  dx = ⌠ (100 + 0.3 x4) dx x ⌡ 0 ⌡ 0 = [100 x2 + 0.13.Engineering Mechanics (Statics) 7-2 Analysis of Beams & Compound Beams Fig.

67 + Dy – 7.B.19 kN Fy = 0 RE + Dy – 7.  Ax = Dx = 0 Consider beam GF Use.19 + Ay = 0  Ay = – 40.  MA = 0 (36  2) – 12 – (RB  4) + W (6) = 0 72 – 12 – 198. Ex.D.67 kN 25 + RF – 6 – RE = 0 RF = 6 + 33.19  4 + 6W = 0  W = 122.5  5) + RB = 0  RB = 198. : F.06 kN Ay = 40. all horizontal components are equal to zero.5  5) + RB  1 = 0  (– 33.02 kN  Consider beam CA.13(a) Since beam does not carry any horizontal force. MD = 0 – RE  7 + (7. MF = 0 (RE  3) + (6  4) – (25  5) = 0  RE = 33.5 – 198.5 – RB = 0 33.13 kN  – W – 36 + RB + Ay = 0 – 122. Use.67 kN  Fy = 0 Consider beam ED.7.13 – 36 + 198.19 = 0  Dy = 172.67 – 25 RF = 14. of beams 7-3 Analysis of Beams & Compound Beams Fig.Engineering Mechanics (Statics) Soln.06 kN  Fy = 0 . Use.67  7) + (7.

Fx = 0 – RA + P1 + RB – P2 = 0  RB = P2 – P1 – RA = 176. If w = 1000 kg/m3 for water find reaction at A and B.58 (2) = 6 R 3 A  RA = 41. Fig.46 RB = 56.17(a) Analysis of Beams & Compound Beams Ends…. It is subjected to water pressure from sides.58 – 78.58 kN  acting at 6/3 = 2 m from ‘B’ Apply conditions of equilibrium Fig. Soln.7. Ex. : Water pressure 1 2 1 P1 = 2 wh1 = 2  1000  9.48 – 41.Engineering Mechanics (Statics) 7-4 Analysis of Beams & Compound Beams Ex.17.48 kN  acting at 4/3 m from B 1 2 1 P2 = 2 wh2 = 2  1000  9.46 kN  …Ans.7.7.81  (6)2 = 176580 N = 176. Ex. Ex.64 kN  …Ans.81  42 = 78480 N = 78. .7.17 : When closed vertical sluice gate is supported along the lines AA and BB normal to the plane of Fig.17 MB = 0 – P1 (4/3) + P2 (2) – RA (6) = 0 – 78.48 (4) + 176.

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