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A PROJECT REPORT ON BRITANNIA INDUSTRIES LIMITED

SUBMITTED BY: ____________________

UNDER GUIDANCE OF: _____________________

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

In todays rapidly changing business environment, organizations have to respond quickly to requirements for people. The Financial market has been witnessing growth which is manifold for last few years. Many private players have entered the economy thereby increasing the level of competition. In the competitive scenario it has become a challenge for each company to adopt practices that would help the organization stand out in the market. The competitiveness of a company of an organization is measured through the quality of products and services offered to customers that are unique from others. Thus the best services offered to the consumers are result of the genius brains working behind them. Human Resource in this regard has become an important function in any organization. All practices of marketing and finances can be easily emulated but the capability, the skills and talent of a person cannot be emulated. Hence, it is important to have a well-defined recruitment policy in place, which can be executed effectively to get the best fits for the vacant positions. Selecting the wrong candidate or rejecting the right candidate could turn out to be costly mistakes for the organization. Therefore a recruitment practice in an organization must be effective and efficient in attracting the best manpower.

HISTORY OF BISCUITS
Sweet or salty. Soft or crunchy. Simple or exotic. Everybody loves munching on biscuits, but do they know how biscuits began? The history of biscuits can be traced back to a recipe created by the Roman chef Apicius, in which "a thick paste of fine wheat flour was boiled and spread out on a plate. When it had dried and hardened it was cut up and then fried until crisp, then served with honey and pepper." The word 'Biscuit' is derived from the Latin words 'Bis' (meaning 'twice') and 'Coctus' (meaning cooked or baked). The word 'Biscotti' is also the generic term for cookies in Italian. Back then, biscuits were unleavened, hard and thin wafers which, because of their low water content, were ideal food to store. As people started to explore the globe, biscuits became the ideal travelling food since they stayed fresh for long periods. The seafaring age, thus, witnessed the boom of biscuits when these were sealed in airtight containers to last for months at a time. Hard track biscuits (earliest version of the biscotti and present-day crackers) were part of the staple diet of English and American sailors for many centuries. In fact, the countries which led this seafaring charge, such as those in Western Europe, are the ones where biscuits are most popular even today. Biscotti is said to have been a favorite of Christopher Columbus who discovered America! Making good biscuits is quite an art, and history bears testimony to that. During the 17th and 18th Centuries in Europe, baking was a carefully controlled profession, managed through a series of 'guilds' or professional associations. To become a baker, one had to complete years of apprenticeship - working through the ranks of apprentice, journeyman, and finally master baker. Not only this, the amount and quality of biscuits baked were also carefully monitored. The English, Scotch and Dutch immigrants originally brought the first cookies to the United States and they were called teacakes. They were often flavored with nothing more than the finest butter, sometimes with the addition of a few drops of rose water. Cookies in America were also called by such names as "jumbles", "plunkets" and "cry babies".

As technology improved during the Industrial Revolution in the 19th century, the price of sugar and flour dropped. Chemical leavening agents, such as baking soda, became available and a profusion of cookie recipes occurred. This led to the development of manufactured cookies. Interestingly, as time has passed and despite more varieties becoming available, the essential ingredients of biscuits haven't changed - like 'soft' wheat flour (which contains less protein than the flour used to bake bread) sugar, and fats, such as butter and oil. Today, though they are known by different names the world over, people agree on one thing - nothing beats the biscuit! Some interesting facts on the origin of other forms of biscuits: The recipe for oval shaped cookies (that are also known as boudoir biscuits, sponge biscuits, sponge fingers, Naples biscuits and Savoy biscuits) has changed little in 900 years and dates back to the house of Savoy in the 11th century France. Peter the Great of Russia seems to have enjoyed an oval-shaped cookie called "lady fingers" when visiting Louis XV of France. The macaroon - a small round cookie with crisp crust and a soft interior - seems to have originated in an Italian monastery in 1792 during the French Revolution. SPRING-uhr-lee, have been traditional Christmas cookies in Austria and Bavaria for centuries. They are made from a simple egg, flour and sugar dough and are usually rectangular in shape. These cookies are made with a leavening agent called ammonium carbonate and baking ammonia. The inspiration for fortune cookies dates back to the 12th and 13th Centuries, when Chinese soldiers slipped rice paper messages into moon cakes to help co-ordinate their defence against Mongolian invaders.

Britannia

The story of one of India's favorite brands reads almost like a fairy tale. Once upon a time, in 1892 to be precise, a biscuit company was started in a nondescript house in Calcutta (now Kolkata) with an initial investment of Rs. 295. The company we all know as Britannia today. The beginnings might have been humble-the dreams were anything but. By 1910, with the advent of electricity, Britannia mechanized its operations, and in 1921, it became the first company east of the Suez Canal to use imported gas ovens. Britannia's business was flourishing. But, more importantly, Britannia was acquiring a reputation for quality and value. As a result, during the tragic World War II, the Government reposed its trust in Britannia by contracting it to supply large quantities of "service biscuits" to the armed forces. As time moved on, the biscuit market continued to grow and Britannia grew along with it. In 1975, the Britannia Biscuit Company took over the distribution of biscuits from Parry's who till now distributed Britannia biscuits in India. In the subsequent public issue of 1978, Indian shareholding crossed 60%, firmly establishing the Indianness of the firm. The following year, Britannia Biscuit Company was re-christened Britannia Industries Limited (BIL). Four years later in 1983, it crossed the Rs. 100 crores revenue mark. On the operations front, the company was making equally dynamic strides. In 1992, it celebrated its Platinum Jubilee. In 1997, the company unveiled its new corporate identity - "Eat Healthy, Think Better" - and made its first foray into the dairy products market. In 1999, the "Britannia Khao, World Cup Jao" promotion further fortified the affinity consumers had with 'Brand Britannia'. Britannia strode into the 21st Century as one of India's biggest brands and the pre-eminent food brand of the country. It was equally recognized for its innovative approach to products and marketing: the Lagaan Match was voted India's most successful promotional activity of the year 2001 while the delicious Britannia 50-50 Maska-Chaska became India's most successful product launch. In 2002, Britannia's New Business Division formed a joint venture with Fonterra, the world's second largest Dairy Company, and Britannia New Zealand Foods Pvt. Ltd. was born. In recognition of its vision and accelerating graph, Forbes Global rated Britannia 'One amongst the Top 200 Small Companies of the World', and The Economic Times pegged Britannia India's 2nd Most Trusted Brand. Today, more than a century after those tentative first steps, Britannia's fairy tale is not only going strong but blazing new standards, and that miniscule initial investment has grown by leaps and bounds to crores of rupees in wealth for Britannia's shareholders. The company's offerings are spread across the spectrum with products ranging from the healthy and economical Tiger biscuits to the more lifestyle-oriented Milkman Cheese. Having succeeded in garnering the trust of almost one-third of India's one billion population and a strong management at the helm means Britannia will continue to dream big on its path of innovation and quality.

PRODUCTS

Tiger Banana Britannia is committed to help secure every child's right to Growth & Development through good food everyday. Purposefully taking forward the credo of 'Eat Healthy, Think Better ', we have launched a new variant under our power brand TIGER - TIGER BANANA - power packed with IRON ZOR & and with the delightful taste of banana. IRON ZOR helps make mind sharper and body stronger. A Rs.4 pack has as much IRON ZOR as that in 1 kg of Banana. R&D in Britannia has spent considerable time to develop this nutritious and delightful snack for children. Britannia Tiger Banana packed with IRON ZOR and goodness of Banana is accessible to all, being available in convenient packs priced at Rs.2, Rs.4 and Rs.10.

NutriChoice SugarOut Sounds like yesterday when people commented that healthy foods meant "compromising on the taste." NutriChoice SugarOut is the most novel product range to have been introduced in the market. The product is not just sweet but tastes great, and yet contains no added sugar. This is because NutriChoice SugarOut is sweetened with "Sucralose," derived from sugar, which provides the same sweetness as any other biscuit, without the added calories of sugar.

This range is available in 3 delicious variants namely Litetime, Chocolate cream, and Orange cream, targeted towards all health sensitive people. It is also relevant for consumers with sugar related ailments. We are sure that you will be pleasantly delighted with its great taste and equally surprised to know that it has no added sugar.

Don't be taken for a ride when you read "Sugar Free" label on many biscuit packs marketed in India or abroad. Even with 100% no-added sugar, wheat-cereals in biscuits have their own natural sugar content. Britannia has chosen to represent these biscuits with "No Added Sugar" claim, as there is no added sugar in the processing of NutriChoice SugarOut. Britannia 50-50 Pepper Chakkar The launch of the latest 50-50 variant left everybody guessing "What it eez?" From TV ads, radio, outdoor and in-store display materials to events, a website and SMS and email blasts, traditional and new media were blended synergistically to create excitement and curiosity about the unique taste of the biscuit. The tangy and distinctive pepper flavoured biscuit, that's thin and crispy and more like a snack, caught the imagination of a younger audience craving something to nibble on. The 50-50 Pepper Chakkar launch is truly a case of leveraging the marketing mix to best advantage.

NutriChoice Digestive Biscuit Nothing can be more difficult than making small efforts in our daily life towards healthy and active living. 24/7 we are engrossed in our busy schedules; skipping meals, missing walks, along with inadequate sleep and frequently eating-out, all take a heavy toll on our health. At least with the new and improved NutriChoice Digestive Biscuit, we have one less thing to worry about. Made with 50% whole-wheat and packed with added fibre (10% of our daily dietary needs), these delightfully tasty biscuits are amongst your healthiest bites of the day. In your next visit to a shop just look out for its Goldengreen international carton pack.

Try one and you'll know that you've made one smart choice - NutriChoice. Treat Fruit Rollz All kids who have relished the yummy creamy treasures of Britannia Treat in exciting flavors, have yet another reason to celebrate! Britannia Treat launches the amazingly yummy Treat Fruit Rollz!! These tasty soft rolls are filled with real fruits and provide a healthy yet mouth-watering treat to the kids. Fruit Rollz comes in four masti fruit flavours - Juicy Apple, Strawberry Surprise, Tangy Orange and Delicious Dates! Want to know a little secret? They make the best tiffin treats! So during snack time what better than to munch on the delicious and healthy Fruit Rollz and discover the yummy fruit flavor from within the shells. Keeping up with Britannia's platform of 'taste bhi, health bhi', Fruit Rollz is indeed a yummy snacking option for kids, while keeping the Moms assured about the goodness provided by the fruit filling. So go on and treat yourself to the lip-smacking snack!

New Britannia Milk Bikis Milk Bikis, the favourite growth partner of Kids, now brings greater value and delight to all with its new product and pack design. Recently re-launched in its existing Southern & Eastern markets, and extended across India, the new Milk Bikis is all set to add excitement and appeal to nutritious food. Whoever said that good food needs to look dull and boring, will just have to take a look at Milk Bikis. With a unique and attractive honeycomb design and an enhanced product experience, the new biscuit prompts the Kids will love it reaction amongst mothers. The milk goodness in the recipe is now enhanced with SMART NUTRIENTS 4 vital vitamins, iron and iodine, proven to aid mental and physical development in growing kids. The premium packaging, besides appealing to kids, also ensures that the biscuits remain fresh and crisp. So, whether its breakfast time or snack time at school, rest assured that kids will look

forward to munching these crunchy, milky biscuits which even helps in their development. And yes, adults wont be far behind in reaching out for a pack

Financial Analysis Britannia's gross sales turnover increased to Rs 18,179 mn in 2005-06 from Rs 16,154 mn in the previous year, registering a growth of 13%. Operating profit at Rs 1,763 mn increased by 7%, profit before tax and exceptional items at Rs. 1,958 mn declined by 19% against 2004-05 , impacted by the profit on sale of long term investments that accrued to 'other income' last year.

[Fig- 2.1: Gross Sales of Britannia] The Company achieved these results despite significant increases in input cost, particularly sugar, fuel and oils, coupled with aggressive pricing in the industry. Your Company's focused initiatives on commercialising market place opportunities, supply chain efficiencies and overall cost management resulted in its top line growth and profitability. Operating margin at 10.3% in 2005-06 compared with 10.9% in the previous year was impacted by the inflation in input costs. Despite stiff competition, your Company stabilised and held its overall market share at 31.7% in volume and 38.8% in value for the last year. Exports turnover during the year was Rs 111.71 mn against Rs 71.65 mn in 2004-05, a growth of 56%

[Fig 2.2: Earning per Share of Britannia]

[Fig 2.3: Graph of Share Movement of Britannia Industry on the BSE]

THE INDUSTRY
Biscuits derive its name from a French word meaning twice backed bread; Biscuits in general have a good shelf life, which is higher than all other snack items available in the market. India is the second largest producer of biscuits in the world after the U.S.A. but still the per capita consumption is only 2.3 kg/year of developed countries. As per the latest survey done by N.C.A.E.R., 49 biscuits are consumed in rural areas. The penetration of biscuits into households stands at an average of 83.2% with the rural penetration at 77% and urban penetration at 88%. Biscuits are reserved for the small scale sector but there are strong possibilities of the industry being deserved in line with the government policy of liberalization. The net effect thus would be greater choice for the consumer as well as a check on the costs. The country production of the biscuits during 2004-05 was 18.6 Lac tons of which 1/2 were manufactured by the organized sector. The industry turn over was 5322.7 Crores of which organized sector contributed 2519.3 crores. Britannia, makers of Britannia biscuits, doubled capacity from 25 tonnes a day to 50 tonnes and plans to be a national brand soon. In an aggressive mode, the North dominated biscuit player has increased its ad budget to Rs. 5 crore this year from Rs. 3 crore last year. Britannia has also recently invested about Rs. 5 crore in the modernization and expansion of its production and packing its production capacity of 40 tonnes per day to 100 tonnes per day by next year. The aim: to take the current turnover of Rs. 50 crore to Rs. 100 crore by the year. The low priced brand claims to have a 15 per cent market share in the North and is aggressively eyeing a bigger bite of the Rs. 2,500 crore biscuit industry. The brand plans to gain a 40 per cent market share in the North by the year of. The company's strategy has been to attract new consumer segments and widen its consumer base with its well packaged low priced offerings. Britannia's success has also come from its formidable. It gives me great pleasure to introduce the Summer Training Report. It is based on the survey conducted in East Delhi region on Biscuit industry. The applicability of various branding strategies play crucial role in marketing in product. the applicability has

grown due to the liberalization, competition and technological changes taking place in corporate world. In this project the various branding strategies adopted by the company has been studied and compared on the basis of current market scenario. It gives the idea about the market share enjoyed by the different companies in the Biscuit Industry. It provides the adequate coverage of many issues related to biscuit industry. The objective of this report is to give the market share of Britannia biscuits in the Indian capital (New Delhi). It has been made possible by knowing the consumer's behaviour and by studying the patterns adopted by the retailers. It gives us very precise view about the existing demand of Britannia biscuits and demand of their products as compared to other competitors. It also highlights the changing market trends and consumer preferences, why they have shifted from finally pack to pouch pack. The annual growth rate of the industry is about 12.5%. However, the growth of cream biscuits, assorted or special variety is the range of 30-40%. The organized sector consists of large, medium and small scale biscuit manufacturers who produce packed biscuits. The major players in this sector are Britannia, Bakemans, and Parle, etc. the unorganized sector comprises of small bakery units, cottage and household type manufacturing plants. These units distribute their biscuits in the surrounding vicinity of their manufacturing locations of say 20-50 kms. The country production of biscuits during 2005-06 is estimated to be about 19.5 lack tons. Out of which 1/2 again is expected from unorganized sector.

MARKETING STRATEGY
Marketing is not Euclidean geometry a fixed system of concept. Rather marketing is one of the dynamic fields with in the management arena. The market faces continually a new challenge everyday and companies must respond to it positively. Therefore it is not surprising that new market idea keep surfacing to meet new market place challenges. The market process is applicable to more than goods and services. Anything related to market including ideas, events, policies, prices and personalities comes under market strategy. However it is important to emphasize opportunity in the market through market strategy. Following strategies adopted by the organization. A strong quality of the product and customer satisfaction: Customers always believe in good quality product. in my survey I found that in percentage term more people is quality conscious and not price conscious. Customer satisfaction is very important part of the organization that at any cost they have to fulfill. A growing relationship with customer and customer retention: Nowadays a good relation with customer is very important for organization. Sale is totally depending on the relation with the customers. Customer's retention is also a major aspect for growing business. It means keep the old customer and try to make new customer. Focus on competitors activity: Every organization should must be careful about it's competitors step, because they can disturb the growing sales process of the organization. A growing emphasis on global thinking and local marketing planning: Companies are increasing by pursuing market beyond their borders. When they enter other countries they must follow the tradition of that country and also they make plan for local market that which type of product has more demand and how can it run in the market.

Promotional Strategy Under the market strategy promotional idea is very important. Organization provides some schemes or rebates to retailers or consumers. They make advertisement according to convenient of the people and the feature of the product. So on the basis of marketing strategy a organization runs in the market. It is several types of which makes helpful to increase sales and turnover of the organization.

COMPETITORS
Generally all organizations have competitors in the market. A particular organization always comprises with other same business and according to market share we clarify the brand of product is giving more challenge to my product. I found many products which can be compared with Britannia Biscuit. As a conclusion I found that particularly in my provided area Britannia is really doing well and its performance is on surprising level. During the field work and after intensive study it was found that main competitor of PRIYAGOLD biscuits is BRITANNIA as the market leader. In my provided area the share of the market is as follows. BRITANNIA PRIYAGOLD PARLE-G PURE FOOD OTHERS 48% 20% 16% 8% 8%

When we compared with other businesses then we follow the quality, price, distribution system, promotional strategy etc. of the competitors Britannia in this area is doing well. So this is the comparison with other biscuits brands. According to our findings we found that BRITANNIA is the market leader followed by BRITANNIA biscuits. These two biscuits companies the lion's share in the 2,200 crore biscuits industry.

MARKET POTENTIAL
Market potential of the BRITANNIA is much positive in competitive era and will sure cover the maximum market share of biscuit product. Potentiality of any product depends upon the futuristic performance of the product. it depends that how much retailers have potentiality to be permanent seller of BRITANNIA. For great potentiality it is necessary to improve those factors which are going to effect retailers. In my study I found some factors which can help to cover great potentiality. These factors are following: Scheme delivery should in perfect determining time. Some places distributors not able to cover his particular area. That should be improved. Scheme facility should be regular as much as possible. Small pack also should be in the market. Always collect the views of retailers. It gives psychological effect on the retailers about care ness by manufacturing company.

These factors are very important for the organization. If company is able to improve these all factors then definitely its market share will more increase. Retailers will take more interest to sell Britannia biscuit and customer will also enjoy for it. So potentiality is very high to Britannia biscuit in positive direction.

PRODUCTS

Britannia NutriChoice Oat Cookies For the first time in India we have Britannia NutriChoice 'Diabetic Friendly' Essentials specially designed for people with diabetes. There's no longer a need to avoid snacks or go hungry while traveling or at work. Rather approach snacking in a healthy way with our Oat Cookies. Britannia NutriChoice Oat Cookies are scientifically created to suit the special lifestyle and nutrition needs of diabetics to manage extreme swings in blood sugar. They are tasty, crunchy and convenient option for those mid-meal pangs. In addition, the oat fiber lowers rise in blood sugar, helps control blood cholesterol and helps you feel satisfied and active for longer. Britannia NutriChoice Ragi Cookies For the first time in India we have Britannia NutriChoice 'Diabetic Friendly' Essentials specially designed for people with diabetes. There's no longer a need to avoid snacks or go hungry while traveling or at work. Rather approach snacking in a healthy way with our Ragi Cookies. Britannia NutriChoice Ragi Cookies are scientifically created to suit the special lifestyle and nutrition needs of diabetics to manage extreme swings in blood sugar levels. They are tasty, crunchy and convenient option for those mid-meal pangs. Ragi helps lower blood glucose levels and in a rich source of magnesium, which is instrumental for the production of important enzymes. Our Ragi Cookies are a good source of fiber, both soluble and insoluble, for heart and digestive health. Veg Cakes Britannia Veg Cakes is every vegetarian's dream come true! 100% vegetarian cake with all the softness and delight a cake should have. Every slice is soft and fluffy, stuffed with real fruit bits, to give you a cake that is truly delicious, down to the last slice. Add to this zero cholesterol and a 3 month shelf life and you have a healthy, convenient snack to enjoy any time, anywhere. Grab a pack of Britannia Veg Cake today. Masti ka Green Signal! Flavour: Twisty Fruity Price and sizes: Rs. 15/- for 75 gm pack. Nutrichoice Health Starter Kit 2010 - Britannia Nutrichoice launches a New Year pack - the Nutrichoice Health Starter Kit . Created for everyone who makes a New Year resolution to become healthy and does not follow through on it. The Health Starter Kit contains a range of healthy biscutis - 1 pack each of Nutrichoice Hi-Fiber Digestive, Nutrichoice 5 Grain and Nutrichoice

CONCLUSION
Human Resource in a company has a lot of variables that are dependent on it. These variables either directly or indirectly have an effect on the overall performance of the organization. Since it is an important function the employees need to have a good knowledge as to how they are being apprised. From this study we are able to understand that the employees of BRITTANIA have a positive feeling about the system that is being followed this shows that the performance appraisal techniques (Important Function) undertaken in BRITTANIA are of international standards. Some suggestions for improvement in the system have been identified