Intelligent networking
S7INAP.1 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

Intelligent Networking

‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡

Overview Conceptual models Example services Configuration Programming Interface Programming examples Example program Debugging

S7INAP.2 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

IN - Introduction
‡ The Intelligent Network
Architecture to quickly create and deploy customer SERVICES Supports many services Is a standard - multi-vendor Distributed platform

‡ Example services supported by IN
Freephone Premium Rate Voice mail Call Diversion Call baring Local Number Portability UPT

S7INAP.3 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

‡ Local switch (service user access point) is monolithic and proprietary ‡ Local switch supports switching. call processing and database processing ‡ The same functionality may be duplicated between multiple nodes ‡ Different implementations create inter-working problems make enhancements complex ‡ The network operator is unable to quickly respond to customer requests S7INAP..The pre-IN years. .4 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd..

Pre-IN free-phone service Special µ800¶ exchange SSP 800 translation database Network routes call (signalling and voice) to special free phone exchange/ server Caller dials freephone 800 number 1-800-1234567 800 number is translated and forward routed to destination SSP PSTN Local exchange SSP Local exchange 1-755-997612 S7INAP.5 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .

physical circuit switching SS7 SSP S7INAP. .Classic IN physical Architecture Intelligent Peripheral Play-back announcements Service Control Point Control and database functions SCEP/ SMP Service Creation Environment Point/ Service Management Point Service administration SCP IP PSTN SSP Service Switching Point .6 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

B-party no answer) Record and transmit statistics to the SCP Process SCP requests and replies Service filtering S7INAP.Function of the IN SSP ‡ Point of subscription for the service USER (this is not necessarily the SUBSCRIBER) ‡ IN features Detection of IN calls Generation and transmission of queries a SCP Generate and transmit state information to the SCP (B-party busy.7 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .

time.Function of the IN SCP ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Parameter (service) validation and authentication Process requests from SSP.8 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. subscriber dependant Control IP to play back standard announcements S7INAP. service. parameter. send responses Call routing. .

‡ IPs are dedicated to user interaction. . They provide high storage capacity together with numerous functions: Standard announcements Information collection via DTMF Speaker independent voice recognition Customized announcements Fast modification/customization of announcements Speaker dependent voice recognition Complex dialogues controlled via internal scripts Provision of conferencing resources (defined in CS-2) S7INAP. the main application being targeted towards general announcements.Function of the IP ‡ The functionality integrated into a Service Switching Point often provides restricted capabilities only.9 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

Function of the SCEP/SMP ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Service Administration Development and introduction of new services Modification of exsisting services Provides a Service Creation Environment (generally a graphical interface) S7INAP.10 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .

‡ The SSP analyses the number and determines that this is an IN call. ‡ The SSP contacts the SCP to determine how the call should continue. ‡ The SCP can optionally obtain further caller information by instructing the IP to play back announcements (I. .Generalised IN call flow ‡ User communicates with the SSP (dials the called party number). to collect PIN).11 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. modifying call data as appropriate to any subscribed services.e. ‡ The SCP instructs the SSP on how the call should continue. S7INAP.

Call progressed through to destination SSP S7INAP.12 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. Instructions IP 1. . Off hook and dial number 4 Announcement SS7 Network SSP 7.Simplified IN Call 2 & 5. How should the call be processed? SCP 3 & 6.

6 Multiple destinations SSP 3 1 SSP 4 SSP 5 S7INAP.Freephone service Example SSP SCP 2.13 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .

S7INAP. The SSP resumes call processing with the new destination address. The call is established. On reception of the Query.Freephone Service 1. A trigger set in the SSP causes an INAP query to be sent to the SCP. 3. 2. 0800 123456).14 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. . After the call is terminated. routing the call over the PSTN. Calling party dials the freephone number (e. the SSP sends charging information to the SCP. the SCP translates the freephone number to the µbest fit¶ destination.g. 4. 5. 6. containing the called and calling party information. The SCP sends the destination number back to the SSP and requests return of charging information once the call has completed.

15 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Televoting service Example SCP IP 4 3.6 1 2.5 SSP SSP S7INAP. .

The IP informs the SSP that the announcement has been played and is complete. The SCP determines that a prompt indicating successful registration of the vote is required. Calling party dials the televoting number. The SCP instructs the SSP to clear the call. The SCP analyses the dialled number and increments the appropriate vote count. . 4.16 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. The SCP sends a routing number of an appropriate IP able to play the televoting announcement. Switch recognises televoting call and sends a query to the SCP. The IP plays the announcement. 5. The SSP sends the completion status to the SCP 6. S7INAP. 2. 3.Televoting example 1.

17 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .Televoting service method (2) SCP IP 3 4 2 1.3 SSP SSP S7INAP.

18 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Televoting service method (2) 1 SCP initiates service filtering (televoting) at the SSP 2 Subscriber dials. 4 After a specified time. the SSP reports the televote count to the SCP. SSP informs SCP that the specified service has been activated 3 SCP instructs the SSP to play an announcement (using the IP) and release the call once the announcement has completed. or at specific defined time intervals set when the service was activated. . Steps 2 and 3 may be repeated many times! S7INAP.

IN CS-1 Benchmark services See Q. .19 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.1219 Annex A for example service flows Abbreviated Dialing (ABD) Attendant (ATT) Authentication (AUTC) Autorisation Code (AUTZ) Automatic Call Back (ACB) Call Distribution (CD) Call Forwarding (CF) Call Forwarding on Busy/Don¶t Answer Call Gapping (GAP) Call Hold with Announcement (CHA) Call Limiter (LIM) Call Logging (LOG) Call Queuing (QUE) Call Transfer (TRA) Call Waiting (CW) Closed User Group (CUG) Consultation Calling (COC) Customer Profile Management (CPM) Customized Recorded Announcement (CRA) Customized Ringing (CRG) Destination User Prompter (DUP) Follow-Me Diversion (FMD) Mass Calling (MAS) Meet-Me Conference (MMC) Multiway Calling (MWC) Off-Net Access (OFA) Off-Net Calling (ONC) One Number (ONE) Origin Dependent Routing (ODR) Originating Call Screening (OCS) Originating User Prompter (OUP) Personal Numbering (PN) Premium Charging (PRMC) Private Numbering Plan (PNP) Reverse Charging (REVC) Split Charging (SPL) Terminating Call Screening (TCS) Time Dependent Routing (TDR) S7INAP.

S7INAP. ‡ Between SSP and IP.Circuit related ‡ Between SSP and SCP: To exchange control information. INAP or proprietary.20 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Types of IN signalling ‡ Between SSPs: To directly control circuit switched connection or exchange information relating to a call that is in progress on a switched circuit (56 or 64kb/s) . and SCP and IP: May be ISUP. no physical bearer circuit exists between the SSP and SCP. This is non-circuit related or transaction based signalling. .

21 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .Protocol Model SSP IP SCP INAP ISUP TCAP SCCP MTP MTP ISUP INAP TCAP SCCP INAP TCAP SCCP MTP Note: There may also be an ISDN link between the SSP and IP S7INAP.

S7INAP. message sequences.22 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .ISUP ‡ To directly control switched circuit channels. ‡ Defines message formats.

‡ Each entity that communicates using SCCP is identified by its point code and sub-system number (or global title). ‡ Provides routing and addressing control.SCCP ‡ Signalling Connection Control Part ‡ A µthin¶ protocol layer allowing data to be exchanged between intelligent entities (sub-systems) through the SS7 network.23 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. ‡ Communication may be session based (connection oriented SCCP) or connectionless S7INAP. .

‡ Operations and their results are conveyed in µcomponents¶ within each dialogue. S7INAP. CONTINUE.TCAP (or TC) ‡ Transaction Capabilities Application Part ‡ Provides a structure for the invocation of operations at remote intelligent entities.non session based.session based. uses TC-UNI messages ‡ Structured dialogue . ‡ An exchange of messages is called a transaction at the SCCP interface and a dialogue at the INAP interface. END. ‡ INAP uses structured dialog only. ‡ Unstructured dialogue . requires BEGIN. .24 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

Component handling One state machine per invoked operation on the invoking side Each operation is identified by an invoke_id. Operation timer Controls the duration of a invocation state machine. maintenance and close down of dialogues Each dialogue is identified by a dialogue_id.25 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.TCAP control state machines Dialogue handling Establishment. S7INAP. .

All collected components of one dialog in one message 2. Single Components (primitives) 2.26 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. Collect Components 3.Communication TCAP & TCAP-User TC User Component Sublayer 1. Transaction Sublayer 3. . TCAP message SCCP MTP S7INAP. 1.

TCAP dialogue primitives
TC-Begin.Req; TC-Begin.Ind TC-Continue.Req; TC-Continue.Ind TC-End.Req(Basic); TC-End.Ind(Basic) TC-End.Req(Prearranged): Local termination of the transaction TC-User-Abort.Req; TC-User-Abort.Ind: µUser Information¶ informs about abort reasons (normal abort, error indication) TC-Provider-Abort.In: Sent by the transaction sub-layer of TCAP TC-Notice.Ind: Requested SCCP service was not available

S7INAP.27 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

TCAP component primitives
TC-Invoke.Req / Ind TC-Result.Last.Req / Ind TC-User-Error.Req / Ind TC-User-Reject.Req / Ind TC-Local-Reject.Ind / TC-Remote-Reject.Ind: Errors detected by TCAP:
Those errors are indicated to the user. The user decides whether the error shall be sent to the peer entity or not (controlled by sending the respective dialog handling primitive)

TC-Cancel.Req: TCAP user requests locally the abort of a previously invoked
operation and the cancellation of the related state

TC-Cancel.Ind: Indication of an operation timer expiration to the local TCAP user.
(Interpretation by the TCAP user depends on the operation class!)

S7INAP.28 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

IN Conceptual Model
Four planes (Q.120x) are used to model and abstract the IN functionality: Q.1202 - Service Plane (SP) Uppermost, describes services from the users perspective. Hides details of implementation from the user Q.1203 - Global Functional Plane (GFP) contains Service Independent Building Blocks (SIBs), reusable components to build services Q.1204 - Distributed Functional Plane (DFP) models the functionality in terms of units of network functionality, known as Functional Entities (FEs). The basis for IN execution in the DPF is the IN Basic Call State Model. Q.1205 - Physical Plane (PP) Real view of the physical network.

S7INAP.29 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

SP/GFP Service Q.30 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.1213 Translate Screen Basic call process Charging Global Functional Plane SIB S7INAP.1212 (Not defined!) One number Reverse charging Service feature Service Plane Q. .

‡ It has a defined interface. ‡ Some Service Creation Environments operate on SIBs S7INAP. Charge. ‡ SIBs are combined to implement a Service.31 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. Log Call Information. ‡ CS-1 SIB examples: Authenticate. ‡ SIBs are independent of the IN Services. ‡ It is a re-useable building block. . ‡ It is independent of the physical implementation. defining a complete activity. with a specified number of inputs and outputs. Screen.SIBs A SIB has the following characteristics: ‡ Exists in the Global Functional Plane.

CS-1 Points of Initiation Call originated Address collected Address analysed Call arrival Busy No Answer Call acceptance Active state End of call CS-1 Points of Return Continue with existing data Proceed with new data Handle as transit Clear call Provide call party handling Initiate call S7INAP. .32 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.BCP and POI ‡ Special SIB called the Basic Call Process (BCP). ‡ The GFP defines the Point of Initiation (POI) and the Point of Return (POR) between the BCP and any other SIB or sequence of SIBs. ‡ This interacts with the other SIBs.

e. . This means that the ³busy´ situation shall not be monitored for during the second attempt. S7INAP.33 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. i. due to ³busy´ or ³no answer´ during the first attempt. meets a ³no answer´ situation then an announcement shall be played to the caller. rerouting on ³busy´ or ³no answer´ If a re-routed call.e.Freephone modeling with CS-1 SIBs Translate Charge_1 (Calling free of charge) Charge_2 (Record for subscriber) Translate Translate UI SIB Chain 1 SIB Chain 2 POR POI Proceed Busy with new data SIB Chain 3 SIB Chain 4 POI Address Analyzed BCP Service Features POR POI POR POI POR Proceed No AnswerProceedNo Answer Clear with new with new Call data data Calling line is set free of charge The service subscriber is to be charged The first call attempt shall be routed to an alternative destination if the first destination is busy or does not answer. i.

.GFP/DFP (For CS-1) Q.1213 Basic call process POI POR SIB n Global Functional Plane SIB n BCM Q.1214 CCF SSF SCF SDF SRF Distributed Functional Plane Functional Entity S7INAP.34 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

35 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Functional Entities ‡ Basic Call handling Call Control Agent Functions (CCAF) .service data SRF ‡ Service Management Functions System Management Functions (SMF) .models the users telephone Connection Control Function (CCF) .specification and testing S7INAP.service logic Service Data Function (SDF) .basic switching Specialised Resource Function (SRF) . maintenance Service Management Agent Functions (SMAF) .additional media management ‡ Service Execution Functions Service Switching Functions (SSF) .service provisioning.interface to SCF Service Control Function (SCF) . .MMI for SMF service Creation Environment Function (SCEF) .

.36 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.FE and SIB association (CS-1) CCF/SCF Authenticate Algorithm Charge Compare Distribution Limit Log Call Information Queue Screen Service Data Mgt Status Notification Translate User Interaction Verify Basic Call Process SCF SRF SDF S7INAP.

1215 Physical Plane INAP Communication S7INAP.DFP and the Physical Plane Distributed Functional Plane SCF Q.37 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .1214 SDF SSF SRF Functional Entity SCP SDF SSP IP Q.

CS1 physical FE distribution SCP SMAF SCF SMF IP SDF SCEF SMP SRF SDF SDP SN SCF SSF CCF SDF SRF SCF SSF CCF CCAF SDF SRF Voice Transport Signaling Optional FE SSP SS7 Network S7INAP.38 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .

an IP provides capabilities necessary for services with user dialogues An IP is controlled by the service logic A Service Node (SN) comprises all functions needed to provide services (Service Control Function. .39 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. Service Data Function.e. Service Node ‡ ‡ ‡ S7INAP. Service Switching Function.FE definition of IP and SN Intelligent Peripheral ‡ ‡ ‡ An IP (Intelligent Peripheral) contains the Specialized Resource Function only. Obviously there are additional functions useful concerning management. Call Control Function and Specialized Resource Function A Service Node is able to provide complete services independent on other networks components Service Nodes may be also called Intelligent Network in a Box The mentioned functions represent the minimum function set of a Service Node. i. service creation and other areas.

Service Node architecture INAP to SCP MAP to HLR Management SCEF INAP to SSP SCF SSF/ CCF SDF Bearer Control (DSS1 or ISUP) SRF S7INAP.40 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .

.41 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. efficient and cheap (good cost performance ratio) implementation of services for small service providers Easy introduction into existing networks based on connection via standard signaling protocols (EDSS1. ISUP) Reduction of #7 signaling load Lower traffic concentration S7INAP.SN features ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Internal proprietary interfaces between its components The service logic can directly access the voice channel Besides voice now numerous data communication protocols and applications may be used Flexible.

‡ Fax messaging Record fax messages during busy hour to retransmit during off-peak charing period. .Example SN capabilities ‡ Voice messaging subscribers record own messages which are distributed through the network (according to a distribution list).42 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. ‡ Electronic mail S7INAP. ‡ Short Message Service Gateway to email networks.

43 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. ‡ Each SIB is modelled by the SCF controlling other FE¶s. .Service Modelling in the CS-1 DFP ‡ SIBs are modelled in the DFP by interactions between Functional entities. SIB n Basic call process SIB n SCF CCF SSF SDF S7INAP. ‡ The BCP is modelled in the DFP by the Basic Call State Model in the CCF.

.The Basic Call State Model ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ BCSM Standard definition of call processing states and events Switch and manufacturer independent Trigger Detection Points are pre-defined in both the Originating Basic Call State Model OBCSM and the Termination Basic Call State Model (TBCSM) ‡ Non-interruptable sequences of processing are called Points-InCall (PIC) S7INAP.44 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

which may be armed (active) or not armed (inactive) ‡ DPs may be armed statically for a long period to implement a particular IN Service.45 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.IN Triggers ‡ A normal call becomes an µIN call¶ if a special condition is recognised during the call handling ‡ Recognition of such a condition µtriggers¶ a query to an external control component (SCP) ‡ Recognition takes place at pre-defined Detection Points in the call handling. ‡ DPs may be armed dynamically to report particular events and errors. . S7INAP.

Types of Triggers ‡ Two types of processing on satisfying a DP: Suspend call processing and request instructions Request : TDP_R Continue Call processing and issue Notification to SCF Notification : TDP_N S7INAP. .46 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

CS-1 originating BCSM O_Abandon 10 1.47 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. Collect_info Collected_info 2 Route_select_failure 4 Analysed _info 3 5 O_No_Answer O_Answer 9 O_Disconnect 7 6 O_Called_party_busy Detection Point (DP) 3. Analyse_info 4. O_Active 8 O_Mid_call S7INAP. O_Null & Authorise Origination_Attempt Orig_attempt Authorised 1 6. Routing_&_alerting 5. . O_Exception Point in Call (PIC) 2.

dialed number not available. Service Logic specifies the ³no answer time´ for SSP DP7 : O_Answer Called subscriber answers: SSP receives e. F-key) recognized during call DP9 : O_Disconnect A or B side hangs up DP10 : O_Abandon Call set-up discontinued by the A-side S7INAP. network overload DP5 : O_Called_Party_Busy Destination busy DP6 : O_NO_Answer Caller does not answer in predefined time. DP2 : Collected_Information Pre-defined number of dialed digits is collected DP3 : Analyzed_Information Dialed digits are analyzed DP4 : Route_Select_Failure Routing failed : no free channel.48 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. an ANM DP8 : O_Mid_Call Signal (hook flash. .OBCSM Triggers ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ DP1 : Origination_attempt_authorized Call setup is recognized and authorized.g.

. T_Alerting 14 T_Answer 17 T_Disconnect 15 10. T_Exception T_Called_Party_busy 13 Point in Call (PIC) 8.CS-1 Terminating BCSM T_Abandon 18 7.49 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. T_Null & Authorise termination attempt Term_attempt Authorised 12 11. Select Facility & Present Call Detection Point (DP) T_No_Answer 9. T_Active 16 T_Mid_call S7INAP.

.50 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. function key) is recognized during the active connection DP17 : T_Disconnect Either A-side or B-side hangs up DP18 : T_Abandon Call set-up aborted by the A-side.e.TBCSM Triggers ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ DP12 : Termination_attempt_authorized an incoming call attempt is recognized and authorized DP13 : T_Called_Party_Busy Destination busy DP14 : T_No_Answer Called party does not answer during a given time DP15 : T_Answer Called line answers.g. I. hook flash. the SSP receives the ANM DP16 : T_Mid_Call Signal (e. can happen at any time and is considered normal S7INAP.

.Information Flows Two methods exsist for requesting SCF processing at a DP: DP Generic Only one information flow is used. S7INAP. High number of different information flows to analyse. DP Specific Dedicated information exchange for each DP. µInitial DP¶.51 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. The set of information elements (data) carried depends on the DP encountered. Easy to process. less paring effort. (Not specified for use in ETSI INAP).

time TC-CONTINUE Event: call. O_Disconn TC-CONTINUE Event: call. id = xxxxx Req BCSM event: O_Answer.52 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. id = xxxxx BCSM O_Answer. 0-800-xxxxxx TC-BEGIN Connect: call. id = xxxxx BCSM O_Disconnect.Freephone Example SSF SCF SDF 2 TDP-R Initial DP: fph. time TC-CONTINUE TC-END Analyse_info 3 Route_&_Alert 7 O_Active EDP-N 9 EDP-N S7INAP. .

53 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. . S7INAP.Operation: Initial DP ‡ Semantics: Report a trigger detection Establishes a control relationship between SSF and SCF ‡ Arguments: serviceKey calledPartyNumber callingPartyNumber bearerCapability redirectingPartyId «..

Operation: Connect ‡ Semantics Transfer the determined destination number to the SSF Continue the call set-up ‡ Arguments: destinationRoutingAddress calledPartyNumber callingPartyNumber redirectingPartyId cutAndPaste ... S7INAP.54 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .

The digits received from the SCP then serve as the leading digits of the destination address which has to be formed. . The digits already existing at the SSP will be added at the end ‡ Example: ± ± ± SSP receives ³123456789´ SCP instructs CutAndPaste = 4 and destination address = 503322 SSP generates destination address 503322 56789 S7INAP. ± ± ± The Cut&Paste value instructs the SSP to remove the first ³Cut&Paste´ digits from the dialed digits.55 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Parameter: Cut and Paste ‡ Describes how the digit string should be processed.

timer for DP6) S7INAP.g.. .56 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. (e.Operation: RequestReportBCSMEvent ‡ Semantics: ± arming of event detection point at the SSP for call monitoring ‡ Arguments: ± list of elements of type BCSMEvent ± Example: DP5 ( = busy) DP6 ( = no answer) «. ± Specify DP specific conditions/parameters.

Operation: EventReportBCSM ‡ Semantics ± Reporting of detected event detection points ‡ Arguments: ± eventTypeBCSM ± eventSpecificInformationBCSM ± legID S7INAP.57 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .

‡ INAP is defined on a FE basis rather than a physical view.INAP ‡ Allows communication between distributed IN Functional Entities.58 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. . S7INAP. ‡ Information flows defined in the DFP are implemented in the physical plane through the SS7 INAP protocol. ‡ INAP supports interactions between: CCF/SSF and SCF SCF to SRF ‡ INAP operations are grouped into Application Service Elements (ASE¶s). An ASE may be considered as being a collection of operations.

Single party (originating or terminating) controls the INAP call. Capability for multi-point control. defined by Q. Defined by Q.121x. S7INAP. .Capability Sets ‡ Capability Set = set of supported services and service features ‡ CS-1 Single ended/single point of control services.122x. ‡ CS-2 Enhancement to all CS-1 structure.59 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

.60 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Protocol layers Application MAP INAP TCAP SCCP MTP Layer 3 MTP Layer 2 MTP Layer 1 ISUP TUP S7INAP.

‡ Example Application Contexts: ‡ ³IN-CS-1-SSF-to-SCF-Generic-AC´ SCF-activation-ASE. ‡ An AC also defines which operation should initiate the dialogue. . Cancel ASE S7INAP. Connect-ASE ‡ ³IN-CS-1-SCF-to-SSF-status-reporting-AC Status-reporting ASE.61 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Application Contexts ‡ Application Service Elements are grouped into Application Contexts (AC¶s). ‡ An AC is typically a sub-set of the total INAP and specifies the parts of the protocol needed in the communication between two type of IN FE¶s.

DataKinetics INAP.62 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. ‡ Supports application context negotiation ‡ Supports operation with ITU-T/ETSI and ANSI TCAP. SSF or SRF. S7INAP. . ‡ FE independent. ‡ Tailored Suites of ASE¶s (INAP operations) ‡ Supported ASE¶s may be tailored to support any network or operator specific IN functions. ‡ Implements the Single Association Control Function (SACF) defined in ITU-T Q.1218 and ETS 300 374-1 ‡ Procedural API interface. Key Features ‡ Provides the INAP communication capability for the SCF.

63 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. SIU) Software Environment Programmer¶s Manual SCCP Programmer¶s Manual TCAP Programmer¶s Manual INAP Programmer¶s Manual S7INAP. . PCCS6.Documentation ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Platform User Guide (Septel cP.

‡ To access the ASN. .Programming Interface ‡ INAP is based on invoking an operation at a serving FE by the requesting FE. These operations are invoked within a session or ³dialogue´ between the two FE¶s.1 rules. the user may access the module directly. (Using MSGs). using ASN. ‡ Functional API library supplied with a procedural interface manages parameter Encoding/decoding as TCAP components.1 encoded data. S7INAP.64 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

‡ Enables INAP to support more than one local FE. (Hence a SCF and SRF may be implemented on the same stack).65 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Functional Entity Addressing ‡ When a dialogue is opened. . S7INAP. the user application must supply the SCCP address of the local and remote FE¶s in the SS7 network. ‡ Each local FE may be handled by a different user task (module_id). ‡ These can be included at the start of each dialogue or configured once (at initialisation) and referenced by a local logical code.

S7INAP.66 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. ‡ AC negotiation is required at dialogue initiation to determine if the receiving FE is able to support the requested AC. ‡ The INAP module can be configured to handle the AC negotiation automatically if the supported AC¶s are configured.Application Context Handling ‡ An Application Context (AC) is required for each dialogue between two IN FE¶s. raw AC data may be exchanged between the INAP module and the user allowing the user to perform the AC negotiation. . ‡ If required.

Module Capability ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Maximum number of FE¶s = 32 Maximum number of AC¶s = 32 Maximum number of simultaneous dialogues = 2048 Maximum number of simultaneous invocations = 2048 Supports all ETSI CS-1 Core INAP ACs¶: Core-INAP-CS1-SSP-to-SCP-AC Core-INAP-CS1-ASSIST-HANDOFF-TO-SSP-TO-SCP Core-INAP-CS1-IP-TO-SCP Core-INAP-CS1-SSP-to-SCP-AC Core-INAP-CS1-SCP-TO-SSP-TRAFFIC-MANAGEMENT Core-INAP-CS1-SCP-TO-SSP-SERVICE-MANAGEMENT Core-INAP-CS1-SSP-TO-SCP-SERVICE-MANAGEMENT S7INAP. .67 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

.68 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. 14 or 24 bit point codes ‡ Septel-SIU Set SCCP_LSS <protocol> to INAP S7INAP. maint_id Module id for management and maintenance event indications trace_id Module id for traced messages (debug only) base_usr_ogdlgid 1st dialogue id that will be used by the user for outgoing dialogues base_usr_icdlgid 1st dialogue id that will be used by INAP for incoming dialogues base_tc_ogdlgid 1st outgoing dialogue id to send to TCAP base_tc_icdlgid 1st incoming dialogue id expected from TCAP nog_dialogues maximum number of outgoing dialogues to support nig_dialogues maximum number of incoming dialogues to support num_invokes maximum number of active invokes (operations) to support options ANSI or ITU-T component formats. INAP_MSG_CONFIG user_id default application module id if no FE¶s configured TCAP_id module id used by TCAP (normally 0x14) mngt_id. Transparent AC handling.INAP Configuration ‡ Single message.

31). INAP_MSG_CNF_FE fe_reference (0.69 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.713.. .113 ‡ Septel-SIU INAP_FE <fe_ref> <options> <fe_addr> S7INAP. ANSI T1. Logical identifier unique to each configured FE FE options Local or Remote Local FE module ID Module ID identifying the user application process handling the local FE FE SCCP address length number of octets of data in the lFE SCCP address FE SCCP Address FE address formatted according to Q.FE Configuration ‡ Single message per FR.

Application Context AC data ‡ Septel-SIU INAP_AC <ac_ref> <ac> S7INAP. . INAP_MSG_CNF_AC application context reference logical identifier referencing the supplied AC.70 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. ac_len number of octets of data in application context.AC Configuration ‡ Single Message per AC.

link sets) Configure SCCP Configure SCCP Remote Signalling Points Configure SCCP Remote sub-systems Configure SCCP Local sub-systems Configure INAP Configure INAP FE¶s (optional) Configure INAP AC¶s (optional) S7INAP. .71 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Complete configuration sequence ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Configure Physical parameters (PCCS6) Configure MTP3 parameters (links.

72 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .Example configuration sub-system number = 0x0c module_id = 0x1d FE identifier = 5 Point code = 1 sub-system number = 0x0a FE identifier = 1 Local Point code = 2 sub-system number = 0x0d module_id = 0x2d FE identifier = 5 Remote sub-system number = 0x0b FE identifier = 2 S7INAP.

Example INAP configuration (1) * Issue configuration message to the SCCP module: * --maint_id * --mod_id ----SMB flags * ----options --------pc --SMB id * --sio --mgmt_id --SCCP inst * --ver --mtp_id ----max_sif M-t7740-i0000-fef-d33-r8000-p0083000233229e9e000000010110000000000000000000 * * Configure Local sub-systems * --mult_ind * --mod_id * --type --ssn * --ver --------spc M-t7741-i0000-fef-d33-r8000-000031401000000000c000000000000000000000000000000000000 M-t7741-i0000-fef-d33-r8000-p00031401000000000d000000000000000000000000000000000000 * Configure Remote SP's M-t7741-i0000-fef-d33-r8000-p000100000000000200000000000000000000000000000000000000 * Configure Remote sub-systems M-t7741-i0000-fef-d33-r8000-p00020000000000020a0000000000000000000000000000000000000 M-t7741-i0000-fef-d33-r8000-p00020000000000020b0000000000000000000000000000000000000 * S7INAP.73 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .

.74 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Example INAP configuration (2) * Issue configuration message to the TCAP module: * --mgt_id max_data---* --nsap_id ----nicd --nseq * --usr_id ----nogd ----bog --ndref * --mod_id ----flags ----ncpt --ninst * --ver --maint_id ----ninv ----bic --inst M-t7780-i0000-fef-d14-r8000-p001435339e9e00000400040008000010000080000410080200ff0 * * Issue configuration message to the INAP module: * * ----base_tc_icdlg_id * --reserved----base_tc_ogdlg_id * --trace_id options-------* --Tcap_id ----base_usr_icdlg_id * --user_id ----base_usr_ogdlg_id ----num_invokes * --maint_id ----nic_dlg * --mgmt_id ----nog_dlg M-t77f4-i0000-fef-d35-r8000-p77149e9e9e0000008000000080000400040008000000000000000 * S7INAP.

75 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.----------------------AC M-t77f6-i0000-fef-d35-r8000-p00000000000000000ba109060704000101010000 M-t77f6-i0001-fef-d35-r8000-p00000000000000000ba109060704000101010100 M-t77f6-i0002-fef-d35-r8000-p00000000000000000ba109060704000101010200 M-t77f6-i0003-fef-d35-r8000-p00000000000000000ba109060704000101010300 M-t77f6-i0004-fef-d35-r8000-p00000000000000000ba109060704000101010400 M-t77f6-i0005-fef-d35-r8000-p00000000000000000ba109060704000101010500 M-t77f6-i0006-fef-d35-r8000-p00000000000000000ba109060704000101010600 * * * S7INAP.Example INAP configuration (3) * Config Remote Functional Entites * --------addr * --addr len * --local FE module id * ----FE 1 ----options M-t77f7-i0001-fef-d35-r8000-p000000044302000a M-t77f7-i0002-fef-d35-r8000-p000000044302000b * * Config Local Functional Entites M-t77f7-i0005-fef-d35-r8000-p00011d044301000c M-t77f7-i0006-fef-d35-r8000-p00012d044301000d * * * Config Application Contexts * --AClen * reserved---------------. .

Example INAP configuration (4) * * Send UIS (to SCCP). hence all sub-system management requests are made to SCCP and are received from SCCP (module_id 0x33) S7INAP. . ssn = 0x0c and 0x0d : * --SSA M-tc744-i000c-fef-d33-r8000-p010100000000 * M-tc744-i000d-fef-d33-r8000-p010100000000 * * Sub-system status is maintained by SCCP.76 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

77 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .Message based API Message type INAP-SERVICE-REQ INAP-SERVICE-IND Value 0xc7f0 0x87f1 Usage Invoke an operation at a remote FE or respond to a invocation received from a remote FE Receive results or errors from operations invoked at a remote FE Issue dialogue command Receive dialogue event INAP_DIALOGUE_REQ 0xc7f2 INAP_DIALOGUE-IND 0x87f3 S7INAP.

. Parameters in Name-Length-Data format.2 1 NAME Dialogue primitive type octet.1 SIZE 1 len . Set to zero indicating end of message.78 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. MEANING INAP_MSG_DLG_REQ (0xc7f2) dialogue_ID Sending module_id INAP_MODULE_ID 0 0 0 0 Number of bytes of user data INAP Programmers Manual details other message specifications S7INAP.INAP_MSG_DLG_REQ MESSAGE HEADER FIELD NAME type id src dst rsp_req hclass status err_info len PARAMETER AREA OFFSET 0 1 len .

The dialogue is then terminated. Used to indicate that the user wishes to abort this dialogue. The INAP module will issue a Close Indication when the dialogue is terminated. INAP-U-ABORT-REQ 0x4 INAP-OPEN-RSP 0x81 S7INAP. Used to accept or reject a dialogue request from a remote FE.Dialogue primitive types INAP User to INAP Primitive INAP-OPEN-REQ Value 0x1 Usage Used to open a dialogue. Pre Arranged End: Used to indicate that the dialogue may be terminated locally when any active invocations have completed. The dialogue remains open. Any outstanding components are discarded. INAP-CLOSE-REQ 0x2 INAP-DELIMIT-REQ 0x3 Used to indicate that any components supplied should now be transmitted to the remote FE. Basic End: Used to indicate that any operations supplied should now be transmitted to the remote FE. .79 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. The INAP module assigns resources for the dialogue and awaits any INAP operations the user wishes to open the dialogue with. Any pending components sent to the INAP module will discarded.

Used to indicate that the dialogue has been aborted because of a network error. Used to indicate that all the components received have been sent to the user. Used to indicate that the remote FE has accepted the user¶s dialogue request. Used to indicate that all the components received have been issued to the user.80 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. The user should wait to receive the INAP-DELIMITER-IND before accepting the dialogue with the INAPOPEN-RSP primitive. Used to indicate that the remote user has aborted the dialogue. The dialogue is terminated. any outstanding components have been discarded. INAP-CLOSE-IND 0x2 INAP-DELIMITER-IND 0x3 INAP-OPEN-CNF INAP-U-ABORT-IND 0x81 0x4 INAP-P-ABORT-IND 0x5 INAP-NOTICE-IND 0x6 S7INAP. The user may subsequently receive service indication messages bearing components. Any outstanding components have been discarded. . The dialogue remains open. Used to indicate that an abnormal component was detected.Dialogue primitive types INAP to INAP User Primitive INAP-OPEN-IND Value 0x1 Usage Used to indicate a dialogue request from a remote FE.

81 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .Dialogue parameters The INAP Programmers Manual defines the parameters and which are required with each primitive type M O A B C Mandatory Optional Exclusive OR Exclusive OR Conditional D E L I M I T E R R E Q Parameter Destination address Originating address Destination reference Originating reference Result Refuse reason Release method User reason Application context name Application context index O P E N R E Q C L O S E ± R E Q U A B O R T R E Q O P E N R S P A B A B M O M M O C O O O O O S7INAP.

Used by the user application to provide the unsuccessful result of an operation invocation. Used by an API decode function to indicate a "provider" problem. . INAP-REJECT-REQ 0x4 S7INAP.82 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. This occurs if the decode function is unable to decode the received component. Used by the user application to provide the successful result of an operation invocation.Service component primitives INAP User to INAP Primitive INAP-INVOKE-REQ INAP-RESULT-REQ INAP-ERROR-REQ Value 0x1 0x2 0x3 Usage Used by the user application to request an operation invocation.

. Used by the INAP module to convey the successful result of an operation previously invoked by the user. Used by the INAP module to convey the unsuccessful result of an operation previously invoked by the user. INAP-ERROR-IND 0x3 S7INAP.83 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Service component primitives INAP to INAP User Primitive INAP-INVOKE-IND INAP-RESULT-IND Value 0x1 0x2 Usage Used by the INAP module to convey an operation invocation to the user application.

84 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .Service component parameters Component Type Parameter I N V O K E R E Q R E S U L T R E Q E R R O R R E Q R E J E C T R E Q Invoke ID Linked ID Component Op code Parent Ind Class Timeout Problem code M O M M O M M M M M M M M S7INAP.

1218 only) */ (12) /* (ITU Q.Pre-defined operation codes /* * SCF activation ASE */ #define INOP_InitialDP /* * Basic BCP DP ASE (ITU Q.1218 only) */ (2) /* (ITU Q.1218 only) */ (13) /* (ITU Q.1218 only) */ (6) /* (ITU Q.1218 only) */ (3) /* (ITU Q.1218 only) */ (11) /* (ITU Q. .1218 only) */ (10) /* (ITU Q.1218 only) */ (4) /* (ITU Q.1218 only) */ (9) /* (ITU Q.1218 only) */ #define INOP_TMidCall (15) /* (ITU Q.1218 only) */ /* * Advanced BCP DP ASE (ITU Q.1218 only) */ (7) /* (ITU Q.1218 only) */ (8) /* (ITU Q.1218 only) */ #define INOP_OriginationAttemptAuthorized #define INOP_CollectedInformation #define INOP_AnalysedInformation #define INOP_RouteSelectFailure #define INOP_OCalledPartyBusy #define INOP_ONoAnswer #define INOP_OAnswer #define INOP_ODisconnect #define INOP_TermAttemptAuthorized #define INOP_TBusy #define INOP_TNoAnswer #define INOP_TAnswer #define INOP_TDisconnect (0) See in_inc.1218 only) */ S7INAP.h (1) /* (ITU Q.85 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.1218 only) */ (5) /* (ITU Q.1218 only) */ #define INOP_OMidCall (14) /* (ITU Q.

Must be called before encoding or decoding a component. . Allows the user to specify the protocol (encoding format). S7INAP.Functional API Message buffer handling functions IN_alloc_message Allocate a message to send to INAP IN_free_message De-allocate message IN_send_message Send message to INAP Component Handling IN_init_component Parameters are detailed in the INAP Programmer¶s Manual Used to initialise component encoding/decoding.86 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

. Initialise Component CPT 2. Service Request Encoding Functions MSG S7INAP.Component encoding 1.87 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. Component Building Functions 3.

88 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. . which must be subsequently formatted into a message S7INAP.Component building functions Build Operation in Component Buffer API Functions IN_set_operation Write the operation code IN_set_error Write the error code IN_set_result Write the result IN_set_component_param Write the requested parameter All the above functions operate on the component buffer.

Service request encoding Service Request Encoding IN_code_operation_invoke Encode the component in an Invoke component IN_code_result Encode the component in a Result component IN_code_error IN_code_reject Encode the component in an Error component Encode the component in an Reject component S7INAP.89 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. .

. Read Component Buffer Functions MSG S7INAP. Initialise Component CPT 2.Component decoding 1. Decode Service Indication Functions 3.90 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

.De-code service indication IN_get_component_type IN_decode_operation IN_decode_result IN_decode_error Obtain received component type Decode the operation parameter Decode a result Decode an error component S7INAP.91 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

.Read component buffer IN_get_component_type IN_get_component_first_error IN_get_operation IN_get_component_param Return the type of the received component Determine the first error encountered during encoding Get received operation code Retrieve parameter from received component S7INAP.92 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

Dialogue handling API functions Send dialogue request API functions IN_set_dialogue_param Set a dialogue request parameter IN_dialogue_open Builds a dialogue open IN_dialogue_close Builds a dialogue close IN_dialogue_delimit Builds a dialogue delimit IN_dialogue_u_abort Builds a dialogue u_abort IN_dialogue_open_rsp Builds an open response dialogue primitive Read dialogue request API functions IN_get_dialogue_type Determine dialogue type in received message IN_get_dialogue_param Recover a parameter from a received dialogue S7INAP. .93 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.


IN_dialogue_open(dlg_id. IN_set_dialogue_param(INDP_orig_address. . S7INAP. enter the parameters and send to INAP. IN_send_message(user_id. len. h). dptr. No message is issued to the SS7 network at this point.inap_id.h). h). h = IN_alloc_message(). IN_set_dialogue_param(INDP_applic_context_index. dptr. h).h). len.Opening a dialogue Obtain a message structure. len.95 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. IN_set_dialogue_param(INDP_dest_address. dptr.

len. timeout. cpt). IN_code_operation_invoke( dlg_id.96 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. cpt). dptr. dptr. IN_init_component(prot_spec. IN_set_component_param( INPN_InvokeID. len. S7INAP. The user obtains a message. initialises a component structure and sent to the INAP module. dptr. h). IN_set_component_param( param1. IN_send_message(user_id. inap_id. IN_set_operation(op_name. . cpt. cpt). cpt). h). h = IN_alloc_message(). cpt).Sending an operation This may only be done on an opened dialogue. IN_set_component_param( param2. len.

h). IN_send_message(user_id. S7INAP. h = IN_alloc_message(). .h). IN_dialogue_delimit(dlg_id.Sending a delimit This is built and sent in a similar method as the Open.97 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.inap_id.

dptr. case INAP_MSG_DLG_IND : IN_get_dialogue_type(h..max_len.h). /* Process the parameters here */ break. break. h = GCT_receive(). switch (h->type) { case INAP_MSG_SRV_IND : .dptr. S7INAP. IN_get_dialogue_param(INDP_applic_context.h). IN_get_dialogue_param(INDP_refuse_rsn. dlg_type_ptr). switch (dlg_type_ptr) { case INDT_OPEN_RSP: IN_get_dialogue_param(INDP_result..h).Receiving an Open Response This is achieved by reading a message from the applications message queue using GCT_receive.lenptr.max_len. } relm(h). } break. .max_len.98 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.lenptr.lenptr.dptr.

S7INAP. switch (cpt_type) { case INCPT_INVOKE : IN_init_component(prot_spec. /* Process Invoke parameter here */ break. cpt). h). . dptr.99 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. h = GCT_receive(). IN_get_component_param(param2. &cpt_type). IN_decode_operation(cpt. switch (h->type) { case INAP_MSG_SRV_IND : IN_get_component_type(h. dptr. lenptr. lenptr.Decoding an operation This is achieved in the same way as recovering the dialogue open response. cpt). IN_get_component_param(param1.. . } break. cpt).. buffer_size. buffer_size. with a message type indicating a service indication. } relm(h).

IN_set_dialogue_param(INDP_release_method.100 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd. S7INAP.m). dptr. . m). len.Closing a dialogue The Close request is sent to end the dialogue with the remote system (this may be pre-arranged or basic).m). IN_send_message(user_id. m = IN_alloc_message(): IN_dialogue_close(dlg_id.inap_id.

S7INAP.101 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Other examples ‡ The INAP Programmers Manual Provides more API examples and message sequence charts. .

.Debugging ‡ Message tracing ‡ Software events ‡ Maintenance events * Activate Output Event .102 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.Trace Mask * --------non_prim_mask * --------ip_evt_mask * --------op_evt_mask M-t57fb-i0000-fef-d35-r8000-p0000000f0000000f0000007f * * Active Error Event Mask M-t57fc-i0000-fef-d35-r8000-pff00000000000007ff * * Active Maintainence Event Mask M-t57fd-i0000-fef-d35-r8000-p000000000000000001 * S7INAP.

INTU example program
DLG-IND (OPEN) SRV-IND (Invoke: Initial DP) DLG-IND (Delimit) DLG-REQ (OPEN-RESPONSE) SRV-REQ (Invoke:Connect) DLG-REQ (DELIMIT) DLG-REQ (CLOSE) (pre-arranged end) DLG-IND (CLOSE) TC-INVOKE TC-CONTINUE TC-END (pre-arranged)


S7INAP.103 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

INTU console
H:\SYSTEM7\RUN>intu -b0x8000 INTU: Example INAP application (C) 1998-1999 DataKinetics Ltd ============================================================= SS7-INAP-API Version 1.1 INTU module ID - 0x3d INAP module ID - 0x35 Number of dialogues - 0x0800 (2048) Base dialogue ID - 0x8000 Options set - 0x0300 INTU: INTU: INTU: INTU: INTU: INTU: INTU: INTU: INTU: INTU: INTU: INTU: State change for dialogue 0x8000 Dialogues: Active [1], Completed State change for dialogue 0x8000 State change for dialogue 0x8000 State change for dialogue 0x8000 Dialogues: Active [0], Completed State change for dialogue 0x8001 Dialogues: Active [1], Completed State change for dialogue 0x8001 State change for dialogue 0x8001 State change for dialogue 0x8001 Dialogues: Active [0], Completed from [0], from from from [1], from [1], from from from [2], IDLE to OPEN Successful [0], Failed [0] OPEN to PENDING_DELIMIT PENDING_DELIMIT to CLOSING CLOSING to IDLE Successful [1], Failed [0] IDLE to OPEN Successful [1], Failed [0] OPEN to PENDING_DELIMIT PENDING_DELIMIT to CLOSING CLOSING to IDLE Successful [2], Failed [0]
S7INAP.104 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

INTU - notes
‡ The received service key is checked to determine if it matches a pre-set value ‡ If the key matches, the service logic performs a number translation (from one known number to another) on receipt of the DELIMIT. ‡ If the called party address is not recognised, a ReleaseCall will be sent.

S7INAP.105 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.

1201 CS-1 GFP Q.1223 CS-2 DFP Q.1228 User Guide Q.1221 CS-2 GFP Q.1210 Q.1225 General Aspects Q.1204 Physical Plane Q.1203 Q.1201 Service plane Q.1214 CS-1 PP Q.1229 S7INAP.ITU-T IN specifications INCM Structure Q.1205 General Aspects Q.1202 Global Distributed Functional Functional Plane Plane Q.1218 User Guide Q.1290 CS-1 Structure Introduction Q.1213 CS-1 DFP Q.1208 Vocabulary of terms Q.1220 Q. .1221 CS-2 Service plane Q.1219 CS-2 Structure Introduction Q.1205 General Aspects Q.106 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.1224 CS-2 PP Q.1200 Principles Q.

.107 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.ETSI IN specifications ETS 300-374-1 ETSI Core INAP Part 1 ETS 300-374-2 ETSI Core INAP Part 2 ETS 300-374-3 ETSI Core INAP Part 3 S7INAP.

Their Application to Services¶ Igor Faynberg. Shah ISBN 0-07-021422-0 McGraw-Hill ‡ DataKinetics INAP Programmer¶s Manual S7INAP. Marc P.108 ¥1999 DataKinetics Ltd.1219 ‡ µThe Intelligent Network¶ Uyless Black. Lawrence R. . Gabuzda. ‡ µThe Intelligent network Standards. ISBN0-13-793019-4.Further reading ‡ ITU-T Q. Kaplan. Prentice Hall. Nitin J.

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