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A Model of Reading
Reading is a multi-task activity. The reader has to know the words and comprehend. The reader should not use all of the gas to decode the words. The reader should reserve the energy for comprehension.
Word Study Phonics Spelling Vocabulary
Fluency Automaticity Prosody
Model Assisted Reading Practice- wide vs. deep Phrasing Synergy
Surface Level – Have to break through surface structure Deep Level
Comprehension Background Knowledge Comprehension Strategies Questioning Imagery Compare-Contrast Prediction Re-representation
com Fluency is the centerpiece of reading. Harvesting Words Making Words – Pat Cunningham and Tim Rasinski way Word Ladders Latin and Greek roots (older grades) Fluency – Automaticity and Prosody Automaticity – the ability to recognize words Prosody – Melody. Without fluency you can’t have comprehension. It is the bridge that connects the words to comprehension.timrasinski. rhythm and rhyme Expression – it adds meaning Using voice to make meaning .Tim Rasinski – www. Word Study – Phonics. Spelling and Vocabulary Phonics – The goal of phonics instruction is to not use phonics.
Pace: Reader is reading at an appropriate speed. Smooth reading with some breaks that are quickly corrected. Smoothness: Reader is reading smoothly with little hesitation. Mixture of slow and fast reading. Appropriate expression and volume. Total Score: ____/16 . 4. Choppy. paying attention to punctuation marks. Slow and hard to follow. 3. Frequent pausing. 1. 4. Occasional breaks in reading due to difficult words. or repeating words. Phrasing: Reader is reading at an appropriate speed. Consistent speed and easy to follow. 1. Some choppiness. Well-phrased in correct units with correct stress. 2. 3. ignores commas and end punctuation. No expression with a quiet voice. 3. 1. Several pauses and hesitations causing the passage to sound broken. Monotone. 4. no pauses 2. Some expression with a quiet voice. 2. 4. Reader is also reading loud enough for the audience to hear and with correct emotion.How fluently am I reading? Name of rater _____________________________ Name of reader ____________________________ -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Expression & Volume: Reader is reading passage with feeling. Some expression with an appropriate volume. 2. 1. Slow. pauses for breath mid-sentence. 3. sounding out words.
expressively. They will get a kick out of this! 2. I will be sending home a poem or short story for your child to practice.this. Each poem/short story will be taught during the day at school.like.Dear Families. (Read at a normal pace.. pace or smoothness). Listen as your child reads the poem/short story to you 2-3 times. quickly. 4.to.read. Do not slow down to let your child “keep up” with you.don’t.... We are very excited about reading with Fluency! Fluency is the ability to read accurately. with good phrasing AND with good comprehension.... Thank you in advance for all of the time you will spend reading with your child! Thank you for being a great listener! . Please follow these directions when the piece comes home each Friday.So. Send the Fluency Folder back to school on Monday.either!) 3. Please sign the Listener List. It should reflect they way we talk. Fluency is the centerpiece of reading! Each week.. phrasing... Reading should match our normal speech rate.Want..don’t... ...like. 6. Remind your reader to practice the “focus” for this week (expression & volume..we.this... Read the poem/short story together with your child...... Read the poem/short story to your child to demonstrate what a fluent reader sounds like. 1..talk. For example: We...
Lucky Listener List Date Listener’s Name Title Of Text .
net 4. Forms of Assisted Reading 1. www. Paired reading (Neurological Impress reading) – sit on right hand side. 3. he or she can develop fluency when reading orally with another reader who is more fluent. www. 2.com www.com . Captioned Video Text – Send home a note telling parents to turn on the cloze-captioning on the TV. Do 1 song over and over – Harvest words. Disney SingAlong Videos.heidisong.curricu-la-la-la.Assisted Reading Assisted reading refers to the notion that what a person cannot read fluently on his or her own. slightly behind reader – impress the language into the right hand side. Audio-Assisted Reading – Listen to books on tapes.storylineonline. Practice while listening. then do it independently.slightly more difficult. Read books at instructional level. Choral (Group Reading) – see different types on next page.
then another and another until all are reading. Call and Response (Echo): One student reads a line or two and the rest of the class responds by repeating the lines. Reverse Cumulative Choral Reading: The readers drop out or whisper as the reading progresses. Cumulative Choral Reading: An individual reads one line and another reader chimes in for the next line. or phrase he or she would like to read. and the whole group chimes in to read key segments chorally (Eric Carle Books). . You can reverse this by starting with the whole class and ending with an individual.More Than Round Robin! Refrain: One student reads most of the text. Line a Child: Each child reads individually 1-2 lines and the whole group reads the final line/lines together (Nursery Rhymes) Antiphonal: Class is divided into groups (boys/girls or 1. 2. and 3) and assigned to a section of text. Impromptu Choral Reading: All readers choose whatever line. This type of choral reading is great for emotional or dramatic texts. word.
Look for texts that can be performed for an audience. that have a strong sense of voice.com) • Cheers • Chants (jump rope chants) • Monologues • Dialogues • Journal Entries • Letters Informational text cannot be read with voice. These are texts that need to be rehearsed (practiced): • Scripts (Reader’s Theater) • Poetry • Song lyrics • Speeches (www.Repeated (Practiced) of Authentic Texts Look for texts that can be interpreted orally.americanrhetoric. . Practice to perform.
. Group 1: I’m as nice as a bunny.kidscount1234.com Quick as a Cricket Written by Audrey Wood Readers Theater Script by Shari Sloane Group 1: I’m as quick as a cricket Group 2: I’m as slow as a snail. Group 1: I’m as Group 2: small as an ant.Complete script in color as free PDF at www. Group 1: I’m as sad as a bassett. Group 2: I’m as happy as a lark. I’m as large as a whale.
storycart.literacyconnections. Reasonably priced.com http://loiswalker.html http://www.html http://bms.com http://www.asp?HREF=carrick/index.portageandmainpress.readingonline.com/rcswallow/ http://www.com http://home.com/classroomtheater/theater.net/readerstheater.com .readinglady.htm http://www.html http://www.vtaide.net/collection. Manitoba.us/mccormick/rt/RTHOME.margiepalatini.com/EnchantedForest/Tower/3235 http://www.htm www.sprynet. www.com 619-276-1948 Call for catalog.org/electronic/elec_index.timelessteacherstuff.com/png/theatre.readerstheatre. Portage and Main Press. Winnipeg.aol.teachingheart. www. Ask for “Texts for Fluency Practice” by Rasinski and Griffith .fictionteachers.benchmarkeducation.westport. Benchmark Education.Sources for Reader’s Theater Web Sources http.//www.com/ReadersTheater. Has excellent scripts available from grades one through adult literacy.htm http://home.htm http://www.ca/CITE/langrt.cdli.com/catalog/guidesamples.com For more fluency materials contact Teacher Created Materials (888-333-4551).com/rt/ http://www.ecsd.com Has at least 5 book collections of readers theater scripts from K throughGrade 8.readers-theatre.teacherspayteachers. Canada R3A 0A2 800-667-9673.sprynet.htm http://www.htm http://www.htm http://www.geocities.k12. 100-318 McDermot Ave.com/~palermo/radiokit.html http://hometown.ct.com Commercial Publishers Reader’s Theatre Script Service: www.Kim Adsit http://www/aaronshep..com/~palermo/intr_rdio.
classic-sf.niehs.ftmeade.or.niehs.theteachersguide.com/categories/patriotic.com/america/ http://folklyrics.lane.co.com/ChildrensSongs.whisperphones.html http://www.scoutsongs.html http://www.gov/kids/music.head-start.com Scholastic Sight Word Poems Flip Chart SC-9780545115940 .mil/songs.com/ http://www.htm http://www.uk/ http://www.htm http://www.army.nih.Websites for Finding Songs and Music Songs for Children http://judyanddavid.gov/kids/music.contemplator.html Whisper Phones – www.us/education/activities/music/index.nih.htm#index http://www.com/cma.bussongs.html Folk Songs and Songs of America http://www.
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