Subject: Origin and development of Educational Sociology Submitted to: Submitted by: Class Submission date: Remarks: _____________________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Dr. Asia Siddique Sadaf Naz M.S (First year) 11th Oct, 2011


Content  Introduction  Sociology of Education  Educational Sociology  Origin and development of Educational Sociology   First stage Second stage  Third stage  Conclusion 2 .

we can say that Education always considered as a tool for the development of society. Therefore. Sociology of Education An analysis of the sociological processes involved in the educational institution. in the long run. Origin and development of Educational Sociology The development of Educational sociology is divided into three significant stages.the first stage. All Prophets P. The last prophet.U. that is after second world war First stage This era is actually all about the work of Dewey and Durkheim. a microsociety.the second stage. As far as concern of systemize development of Educational Sociology. This area of study evolved out of the field of Educational sociology and emphasized the study within the institution of education. In Greek Plato and the other scholars suggested the education for the betterment of the society. Emile Durkheim saw the education as a social thing and argued: 3 . it was started in the beginning of twentieth century.W also gave the same message.the third stage. as well connected to the history too.H proposed that type of education. that is after first world war 3.B.Introduction Educational Sociology is not a very old subject of study. Educational Sociology Educational Sociology is the application of general principles and findings of sociology to the administration and process of education. He felt that there were tensions developing between village and town life of which both pupils and adults were quite unconscious. There were two basic terminologies used for this subject. 1. which is suitable and beneficent for the society.A. It is related to the sociology from the beginning of the Sociology. a social spirit of co-operation and mutual aid should be elicited. which both reflected the larger society outside and also sought. This approach attempts to apply principles of sociology to the institution of education as a separate societal unit. Therefore. that is actually on the work of John Dewey (1859-1952) and Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) 2. In order to achieve this aim. Dewey described that school is community in miniature. He had observed that the old simple life and the village community were inevitably breaking down and that social structure generally was changing. Sociology of Education and Educational Sociology. Hazrat Muhammad S. John Dewey was the first to appreciate the essential relationship between school and society.

E. Chancellor. Number of publication was published to discuss the relationship of education and society. Educational Sociology (1922) E.“It is society as a whole and each particular social milieu that determine the ideal that education realizes.R.” He further argued that the profound transformation which contemporary societies were then undergoing necessitated corresponding changes in the national education. Introduction of Educational Sociology (1917) C.T. Shea. Social Education (1907) D. Scott. Basis of Sociology (1916) W. Harris. the director of London University. Societies can survive only if there exists among its members a sufficient degree of homogeneity. Dynamic sociology (1883) C. in saying that never was a sociological approach more necessary for the educator. Robbins. Educational Sociology (1919) F. Social problems and education (1924) In 1937. Educational application of sociology (1920) Senedden. Social development and education (1909) Kings. institute of Education. He believed that there should 4 . education perpetuates and reinforces this homogeneity by fixing in the child. Groves.R. Social principles of education (1912) Second stage After the First World War. He concluded his lecture at Sorbonne with these words: ‘I don not believe that I am following a mere prejudice or yielding to an immoderate love for a science which I have cultivated all my life. But on the other hand. there were not only the economical problems was faced but also sociologically multidimensional problems was occurred. without certain diversity all co-operation would be impossible. the essential similarities that collective life demands. Smith. School as a social institution (1918) W. Some publications are mentioning below: Publications by other scholars • • • • • • • Kirk Patric.R. social dimensions of education (1912) Bet. another sociologist affected the role of education in society that is Fred Clarke. from the beginning. education assures the persistence of this necessary diversity by being itself diversified and specialized.L.A.’ Publications by other scholars • • • • • • W. it was understood that to enhance the relationship of education with the society. Clow. To eliminate the effects of war and enhance the collaboration among people. Educational review (1839) Lesterward.

a course of training teachers. in the present era. lecturer of sociology in London school of Economics. but as part of the process of influencing men and women. which. Prof. but also helps them to integrate the educational system to the society.” After the death of Mannheim. this subject is profoundly taught in the Teachers’ training institutions. In Man and Society he stated: “Sociologists do not regard education solely as a means of realizing abstract ideals of culture. Education can only be understood when we know for what society and for what social position the pupils are being planning in education and in his book Education and Social change.’ Third stage Third era started after Second World War to present. In 1940 Karl Mannheim. it was as social technique in itself and a means of social control. not only enhance the efficiency of the Educational process. Therefore. This article still has a lot to offer in a consideration of the content of and the difficulties involved in. and tries to correlate the education with the society. as the societies are developing Educational Sociology will also be effected and developed.A. Stewart spoke of the ‘traditionally cautious scrutiny’ which the study of sociology had received in Britain. In 1950 W. discuss the education as one of the dynamic elements in sociology. Stewart wrote an important article for the sociological Review. Clark worked further and published his freedom in the educative society. which was published in 1940. 5 . such as humanism or technical specialization. But this is not the end. Conclusion In the end. we can say that Educational Sociology is a new field of study of Education. and work efficiently for the society. which is likened to the Platonic educative society. Clarke stated that ‘we propose to accept unreservedly what may be called the sociological standpoint and to exhibit as well as we can its concrete application to the field of English education.

i.’ It is said by: Dewy Durkheim i. Scott iv.‘We propose to accept unreservedly what may be called the sociological standpoint and to exhibit as well as we can its concrete application to the field of English education.Dynamics of Sociology is written by: i. Sociological iii.E. iii. Kings 3. ii. Ethical iv.John Dewy firstly described the relationship between: i.After First World War problems occurred: i. All of above 4. Society and parents iv. School and society ii. Society and individual 2.Subjective question Q: Discus the origin of Educational Sociology and describe how Educational Sociology effected by the social changes? Objective questions 1. 6 . iv. Harris ii. Economic ii. ii. Lesterward iii.R. Groves wrote: Basis of Sociology School as a social institution Social problems and education None of above 5. School and parents iii.

Karl Mannheim Clark Stewart None of above i. Clark None of above 6.Karl Mannheim was basically: Educationist Psychologist Sociologist Economist 7.” It is discussed by: i.. “Education can only be understood when we know for what society and for what social position the pupils are being educated. iii. 7 . iv. ii.iii. iv. iv. ii. ii.

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