# Math 241 Project: Double Integrals Over General Regions

Group: Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante Date: May 11, 2007 Instructor: Dr. Linda Patton

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project β Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante πΆππππ’π‘π

π‘ππ π·ππ’πππ πΌππ‘πππππ: π

cos max π₯ 2 , π¦ 2
0 ππ¦

ππ₯ πππππ

ππ‘ πππ¦ πππππ‘ π₯, π¦ , max π₯ 2 , π¦ 2 πππ’πππ  π‘ππ ππππππ ππ π‘ππ π‘π€π π£πππ’ππ  π₯ 2 πππ π¦ 2 . πΈπ₯ππππππ‘πππ

:
Before attempting to compute the integral given, we must first recall some facts which enable us to better properly set up the requried steps to reach a correct solution. We know from Math 141 and 142 that the definite integral of a single variable gives us the area over a continuous region defined by π(π₯), where π β€ π₯ β€ π. Now for double integrals, we want to be able to integrate a function π not just over rectangles but also over regions π· of more general shape defined by π(π₯, π¦). π· is a bounded region, which means that π· be can be enclosed in a rectangular region π. Referring back to the integral given to us to compute, it is seen from the limits of integration that the rectangular region π is bounded by the intervals: 0 β€ π₯ β€ π , 0 β€ π¦ β€ π Consequently, those limits represent a square. This means the region π· defined by cos πππ₯ π₯ 2 , π¦ 2 is enclosed by the square region which we will call π. However, since the function is dependent on whether π₯ or π¦ is the larger value, the region π must be split into two regions π·1 and π·2 in order to define where π₯ and π¦ are maximums within π. Because π·1 and π·2 are Type 1 and Type 2 regions, respectively,

We must use the property of: If π = π·1 βͺ π·2 , then π π, π ππ¨ = πΊ
π«π π

(π, π) ππ¨ + π«π π

π, π ππ¨

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project β Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante π ππππππ

π π·ππππππ ππ¦ π‘ππ π·ππ’πππ πΌππ‘πππππ
0

cos max π₯ 2 , π¦ 2 ππ¦

ππ₯:

By taking a close look at the region π, we can see that max π₯ 2 , π¦ 2 = Therefore: ππ¨π¬ π¦ππ± π± π , π² π = ππ¨π¬ π± π , ππ¨π¬ ππ , π¦ β€ π₯ π¦ β₯ π₯ π₯

2 , ππ π₯, π¦ ππ  ππ π·2 π¦ 2 , ππ π₯, π¦ ππ  ππ π·1

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project β Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante ππππ’π‘πππ

:
Using the property: π

π₯, π¦ ππ΄ = π
π·1 π

(π₯, π¦) ππ΄ + π·
2 π

π₯, π¦ ππ΄

And taking into account : cos x 2 , cos π¦ 2 , π¦ β€ π₯ π¦ β₯ π₯

cos max x 2 , y 2

=

We can rewrite the double integral as:

cos(max) ππ΄ = π
π·1

cos(max) ππ΄ + π·
2

cos(max) ππ΄

Or equivalently: ππ¨π¬(π¦ππ±{π± π , π² π }) ππ¨ = πΊ
π«π ππ¨π¬

(π² π ) ππ¨ + π«π ππ¨π¬

(π± π ) ππ¨

And from what we have defined π·1 and π·2 to be from the graph, we must determine the limits of integration for each of those regions.

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project β Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante

For the double integral: cos(y 2 ) ππ΄ π·
1

We see that we must integrate with respect to π₯ first because integrating cos(π¦ 2 ) is an impossible task. With that considered, the limits are represented by the intervals 0 β€ π₯ β€ π¦ and 0 β€ π¦ β€ π in the π·1 region.

Thus, the double integral becomes: π
=π π=π ππ¨π¬

ππ ππ ππ π
=π π=π

Evaluation: π¦
=π π₯=π¦

cos π¦ 2 ππ₯ ππ¦ = π¦
=0 π₯=0 π¦ =π π₯=π¦

cos π¦ 2 ππ₯ ππ¦ = π¦
=0 π₯=0 π¦=π

cos π¦ 2 π₯ π¦
=0 π¦ =π π¦

ππ¦ = 0

cos π¦ 2 π¦ β cos π¦ 2 0 ππ¦ = π¦
=0 π¦ =π

cos π¦ 2 π¦ ππ¦ = π¦
=0

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project β Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante

U-Substitution: π’ = π¦ 2 , ππ’ = 2π¦ππ¦, ππ¦ = π¦
=π ππ’

2π¦

cos π’ π¦ π¦
=0 π¦ =π ππ’

= 2π¦

1 2

cos π’ ππ’ = π¦
=0

1 π sin π’ = 2 0 1 π sin π¦ 2 = 2 0 1 sin(π 2 β sin 02 2 π π¬π’π§(ππ ) π =

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project β Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante

For the double integral: cos(x 2 ) ππ΄ π·
2

We see that we must integrate with respect to π¦ first because integrating cos(π₯ 2 ) is an impossible task. With that considered, the limits are represented by the intervals 0 β€ π¦ β€ π₯ and 0 β€ π₯ β€ π in the π·2 region.

Thus, the double integral becomes: π
=π π=π ππ¨π¬

ππ ππ ππ π
=π π=π

Evaluation: π₯
=π π¦ =π₯

cos π₯ 2 ππ¦ ππ₯ = π₯
=0 π¦ =0 π₯=π π¦ =π₯

cos π₯ 2 ππ¦ ππ₯ = π₯
=0 π¦ =0 π₯=π

cos π₯ 2 π¦ π₯
=0 π₯=π π₯

ππ₯ = 0

cos π₯ 2 π₯ β cos π₯ 2 0 ππ₯ = π₯
=0 π₯=π

cos π₯ 2 π₯ ππ₯ = π₯
=0

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project β Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante

U-Substitution: π’ = π₯ 2 , ππ’ = 2π₯ππ₯, ππ₯ = π₯
=π ππ’

2π₯

cos π’ π₯ π₯
=0 π₯=π ππ’

= 2π₯

1 2

cos π’ ππ’ = π₯
=0

1 π sin π’ = 2 0 1 π sin π₯ 2 = 2 0 1 sin(π 2 β sin 02 2 π π¬π’π§(ππ ) π =

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project β Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante

Conclusion: At this point we have computed the volume of each region π·1 and π·2 within the region π. For reiteration, we state again that the entire region is the combination or union of π·1 and π·2 , or simply put: πΊ = π«π βͺ π«π And according to that property, the following property must also be true: π π, π ππ¨ = πΊ
π«π π

(π, π) ππ¨ + π«π π

π, π ππ¨

But in order to differentiate where π·1 and π·2 start, we had to recognize where π₯ and π¦ are maximums in π. From careful inspection of the graph, it was clear the line π¦ = π₯ was the boundary separating π·1 and π·2 , using the fact that π₯ is a max below the line and π¦ is a max above the line. This lead us to establish the limits of integration for π·1 and π·2 , and consequently allowed for the computation of the volumes for π·1 and π·2 : Volume of π·1 : π π¬π’π§(ππ ) π Volume of π·2 : π π¬π’π§(ππ ) π And since: cos(max{x 2 , y 2 }) ππ΄ = π·
π·1

cos(y 2 ) ππ΄ + π·
2

cos(x 2 ) ππ΄ ππ : πππ

π£πππ’ππ ππ πππ  πππ₯ π₯ 2 , π¦ 2 π·

1 1 cos(max{x 2 , y 2 }) ππ΄ = sin(Ο2 ) + sin(Ο2 ) = π¬π’π§(ππ ) 2 2