Math 241 Project: Double Integrals Over General Regions

Group: Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante Date: May 11, 2007 Instructor: Dr. Linda Patton

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project – Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante πΆπ‘œπ‘šπ‘π‘’π‘‘π‘’

𝑑𝑕𝑒 π·π‘œπ‘’π‘π‘™π‘’ πΌπ‘›π‘‘π‘’π‘”π‘Ÿπ‘Žπ‘™: πœ‹

cos max π‘₯ 2 , 𝑦 2
0 𝑑𝑦

𝑑π‘₯ π‘Šπ‘•π‘’π‘Ÿπ‘’

π‘Žπ‘‘ π‘Žπ‘›π‘¦ π‘π‘œπ‘–π‘›π‘‘ π‘₯, 𝑦 , max π‘₯ 2 , 𝑦 2 π‘’π‘žπ‘’π‘Žπ‘™π‘  𝑑𝑕𝑒 π‘™π‘Žπ‘Ÿπ‘”π‘’π‘Ÿ π‘œπ‘“ 𝑑𝑕𝑒 π‘‘π‘€π‘œ π‘£π‘Žπ‘™π‘’π‘’π‘  π‘₯ 2 π‘Žπ‘›π‘‘ 𝑦 2 . 𝐸π‘₯π‘π‘™π‘Žπ‘›π‘Žπ‘‘π‘–π‘œπ‘›

:
Before attempting to compute the integral given, we must first recall some facts which enable us to better properly set up the requried steps to reach a correct solution. We know from Math 141 and 142 that the definite integral of a single variable gives us the area over a continuous region defined by 𝑓(π‘₯), where π‘Ž ≀ π‘₯ ≀ 𝑏. Now for double integrals, we want to be able to integrate a function 𝑓 not just over rectangles but also over regions 𝐷 of more general shape defined by 𝑓(π‘₯, 𝑦). 𝐷 is a bounded region, which means that 𝐷 be can be enclosed in a rectangular region 𝑅. Referring back to the integral given to us to compute, it is seen from the limits of integration that the rectangular region 𝑅 is bounded by the intervals: 0 ≀ π‘₯ ≀ πœ‹ , 0 ≀ 𝑦 ≀ πœ‹ Consequently, those limits represent a square. This means the region 𝐷 defined by cos π‘šπ‘Žπ‘₯ π‘₯ 2 , 𝑦 2 is enclosed by the square region which we will call 𝑆. However, since the function is dependent on whether π‘₯ or 𝑦 is the larger value, the region 𝑆 must be split into two regions 𝐷1 and 𝐷2 in order to define where π‘₯ and 𝑦 are maximums within 𝑆. Because 𝐷1 and 𝐷2 are Type 1 and Type 2 regions, respectively,

We must use the property of: If 𝑆 = 𝐷1 βˆͺ 𝐷2 , then 𝒇 𝒙, π’š 𝒅𝑨 = 𝑺
π‘«πŸ 𝒇

(𝒙, π’š) 𝒅𝑨 + π‘«πŸ 𝒇

𝒙, π’š 𝒅𝑨

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project – Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante πœ‹ π‘…π‘’π‘”π‘–π‘œπ‘›

𝑆 𝐷𝑒𝑓𝑖𝑛𝑒𝑑 𝑏𝑦 𝑑𝑕𝑒 π·π‘œπ‘’π‘π‘™π‘’ πΌπ‘›π‘‘π‘’π‘”π‘Ÿπ‘Žπ‘™
0

cos max π‘₯ 2 , 𝑦 2 𝑑𝑦

𝑑π‘₯:

By taking a close look at the region 𝑆, we can see that max π‘₯ 2 , 𝑦 2 = Therefore: 𝐜𝐨𝐬 𝐦𝐚𝐱 𝐱 𝟐 , 𝐲 𝟐 = 𝐜𝐨𝐬 𝐱 𝟐 , 𝐜𝐨𝐬 π’šπŸ , 𝑦 ≀ π‘₯ 𝑦 β‰₯ π‘₯ π‘₯

2 , 𝑖𝑓 π‘₯, 𝑦 𝑖𝑠 𝑖𝑛 𝐷2 𝑦 2 , 𝑖𝑓 π‘₯, 𝑦 𝑖𝑠 𝑖𝑛 𝐷1

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project – Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante π‘†π‘œπ‘™π‘’π‘‘π‘–π‘œπ‘›

:
Using the property: 𝑓

π‘₯, 𝑦 𝑑𝐴 = 𝑆
𝐷1 𝑓

(π‘₯, 𝑦) 𝑑𝐴 + 𝐷
2 𝑓

π‘₯, 𝑦 𝑑𝐴

And taking into account : cos x 2 , cos 𝑦 2 , 𝑦 ≀ π‘₯ 𝑦 β‰₯ π‘₯

cos max x 2 , y 2

=

We can rewrite the double integral as:

cos(max) 𝑑𝐴 = 𝑆
𝐷1

cos(max) 𝑑𝐴 + 𝐷
2

cos(max) 𝑑𝐴

Or equivalently: 𝐜𝐨𝐬(𝐦𝐚𝐱{𝐱 𝟐 , 𝐲 𝟐 }) 𝒅𝑨 = 𝑺
π‘«πŸ 𝐜𝐨𝐬

(𝐲 𝟐 ) 𝒅𝑨 + π‘«πŸ 𝐜𝐨𝐬

(𝐱 𝟐 ) 𝒅𝑨

And from what we have defined 𝐷1 and 𝐷2 to be from the graph, we must determine the limits of integration for each of those regions.

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project – Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante

For the double integral: cos(y 2 ) 𝑑𝐴 𝐷
1

We see that we must integrate with respect to π‘₯ first because integrating cos(𝑦 2 ) is an impossible task. With that considered, the limits are represented by the intervals 0 ≀ π‘₯ ≀ 𝑦 and 0 ≀ 𝑦 ≀ πœ‹ in the 𝐷1 region.

Thus, the double integral becomes: π’š
=𝝅 𝒙=π’š 𝐜𝐨𝐬

π’šπŸ 𝒅𝒙 π’…π’š π’š
=𝟎 𝒙=𝟎

Evaluation: 𝑦
=πœ‹ π‘₯=𝑦

cos 𝑦 2 𝑑π‘₯ 𝑑𝑦 = 𝑦
=0 π‘₯=0 𝑦 =πœ‹ π‘₯=𝑦

cos 𝑦 2 𝑑π‘₯ 𝑑𝑦 = 𝑦
=0 π‘₯=0 𝑦=πœ‹

cos 𝑦 2 π‘₯ 𝑦
=0 𝑦 =πœ‹ 𝑦

𝑑𝑦 = 0

cos 𝑦 2 𝑦 βˆ’ cos 𝑦 2 0 𝑑𝑦 = 𝑦
=0 𝑦 =πœ‹

cos 𝑦 2 𝑦 𝑑𝑦 = 𝑦
=0

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project – Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante

U-Substitution: 𝑒 = 𝑦 2 , 𝑑𝑒 = 2𝑦𝑑𝑦, 𝑑𝑦 = 𝑦
=πœ‹ 𝑑𝑒

2𝑦

cos 𝑒 𝑦 𝑦
=0 𝑦 =πœ‹ 𝑑𝑒

= 2𝑦

1 2

cos 𝑒 𝑑𝑒 = 𝑦
=0

1 πœ‹ sin 𝑒 = 2 0 1 πœ‹ sin 𝑦 2 = 2 0 1 sin(πœ‹ 2 βˆ’ sin 02 2 𝟏 𝐬𝐒𝐧(π…πŸ ) 𝟐 =

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project – Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante

For the double integral: cos(x 2 ) 𝑑𝐴 𝐷
2

We see that we must integrate with respect to 𝑦 first because integrating cos(π‘₯ 2 ) is an impossible task. With that considered, the limits are represented by the intervals 0 ≀ 𝑦 ≀ π‘₯ and 0 ≀ π‘₯ ≀ πœ‹ in the 𝐷2 region.

Thus, the double integral becomes: 𝒙
=𝝅 π’š=𝒙 𝐜𝐨𝐬

π’™πŸ π’…π’š 𝒅𝒙 𝒙
=𝟎 π’š=𝟎

Evaluation: π‘₯
=πœ‹ 𝑦 =π‘₯

cos π‘₯ 2 𝑑𝑦 𝑑π‘₯ = π‘₯
=0 𝑦 =0 π‘₯=πœ‹ 𝑦 =π‘₯

cos π‘₯ 2 𝑑𝑦 𝑑π‘₯ = π‘₯
=0 𝑦 =0 π‘₯=πœ‹

cos π‘₯ 2 𝑦 π‘₯
=0 π‘₯=πœ‹ π‘₯

𝑑π‘₯ = 0

cos π‘₯ 2 π‘₯ βˆ’ cos π‘₯ 2 0 𝑑π‘₯ = π‘₯
=0 π‘₯=πœ‹

cos π‘₯ 2 π‘₯ 𝑑π‘₯ = π‘₯
=0

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project – Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante

U-Substitution: 𝑒 = π‘₯ 2 , 𝑑𝑒 = 2π‘₯𝑑π‘₯, 𝑑π‘₯ = π‘₯
=πœ‹ 𝑑𝑒

2π‘₯

cos 𝑒 π‘₯ π‘₯
=0 π‘₯=πœ‹ 𝑑𝑒

= 2π‘₯

1 2

cos 𝑒 𝑑𝑒 = π‘₯
=0

1 πœ‹ sin 𝑒 = 2 0 1 πœ‹ sin π‘₯ 2 = 2 0 1 sin(πœ‹ 2 βˆ’ sin 02 2 𝟏 𝐬𝐒𝐧(π…πŸ ) 𝟐 =

Math 241-03 Dr. Linda Patton Calculus 4 Project – Double Integrals Over General Regions

Andrew Manalastas Sean Mitchell Drew LaPlante

Conclusion: At this point we have computed the volume of each region 𝐷1 and 𝐷2 within the region 𝑆. For reiteration, we state again that the entire region is the combination or union of 𝐷1 and 𝐷2 , or simply put: 𝑺 = π‘«πŸ βˆͺ π‘«πŸ And according to that property, the following property must also be true: 𝒇 𝒙, π’š 𝒅𝑨 = 𝑺
π‘«πŸ 𝒇

(𝒙, π’š) 𝒅𝑨 + π‘«πŸ 𝒇

𝒙, π’š 𝒅𝑨

But in order to differentiate where 𝐷1 and 𝐷2 start, we had to recognize where π‘₯ and 𝑦 are maximums in 𝑆. From careful inspection of the graph, it was clear the line 𝑦 = π‘₯ was the boundary separating 𝐷1 and 𝐷2 , using the fact that π‘₯ is a max below the line and 𝑦 is a max above the line. This lead us to establish the limits of integration for 𝐷1 and 𝐷2 , and consequently allowed for the computation of the volumes for 𝐷1 and 𝐷2 : Volume of 𝐷1 : 𝟏 𝐬𝐒𝐧(π…πŸ ) 𝟐 Volume of 𝐷2 : 𝟏 𝐬𝐒𝐧(π…πŸ ) 𝟐 And since: cos(max{x 2 , y 2 }) 𝑑𝐴 = 𝐷
𝐷1

cos(y 2 ) 𝑑𝐴 + 𝐷
2

cos(x 2 ) 𝑑𝐴 𝑖𝑠: 𝑇𝑕𝑒

π‘£π‘œπ‘™π‘’π‘šπ‘’ π‘œπ‘“ π‘π‘œπ‘  π‘šπ‘Žπ‘₯ π‘₯ 2 , 𝑦 2 𝐷

1 1 cos(max{x 2 , y 2 }) 𝑑𝐴 = sin(Ο€2 ) + sin(Ο€2 ) = 𝐬𝐒𝐧(π…πŸ ) 2 2