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Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text. Objective: Determine two or more main ideas of a story by using details from the text. Materials: A Migration Family By Larry Dane Bimner Lesson Sequence: 1. Lesson Introduction/ Anticipatory Set (Engagement) “ Boys and girls do you remember the book that I read during the read aloud yesterday? Yes, A Migration Family By Larry Dane Bimner. Can anyone tell me quickly what that story was about? Yes, great job!” 2. State Objective and Purpose “Today we are going to determine the main ideas of a story by finding and using details from the text.” “It is important to determine the main idea of a story because you can learn the significance of it or the message that the author is trying to teach. You learn the different meanings of the story through the main ideas.” 3. Teach and Model “There can be more than one main idea to a story. Today we are going to find two or more main ideas from the story that we read, A Migration Family By Larry Dane Bimner. What do you think could be some possible main ideas for this story?” Allow students to discuss with a partner, and let three students share their ideas. “Those are all excellent ideas! Let’s see if we can find details from the text that support these main ideas.” Display page eight on the projector in front of the class underline, “It is the promise of earning minimum wages that keeps them on the move. Workers and their families trek to el norte (the north) as the days grow warmer and the crops reach their peak. There is food to be pulled from the ground or plucked from the trees and vines, and migrant farm workers provide the muscle to do the pulling or plucking.”
“Boys and girls this detail from the text shows how hard the migrants work just to make minimum wage. They have to be very hard workers in order to make the money they need to live.” Display page sixteen in front of the class on the projector. Underline , “Its rumored that a nearby farmer will be looking for extra workers to pick strawberries. Somebody else mentions that a construction company will be hiring as many as 20 workers to help with a housing project. A fence company might need someone to dig holes.” “These migrants will take any job that they can. They need to work, sometimes very difficult jobs, in order to make the money that they need.” Both of these details show that the migrants are very hard workers. This is one of the main ideas in the story, A Migration Family By Larry Dane Bimner.” Guided Practice Pass out the main idea worksheet. “Fill out your name, and write down A Migration Family By Larry Dane Bimner next to Title of Text.” Have a projection of page eighteen displayed on the projector for the class to view. Underline “County authorities may order the camp destroyed. Juan worries this might be more than a rumor; he knows its happened before.” Have a projection of page thirty-six displayed on the projector next to page eighteen. Underline “All day, Juan has worried about the rumor that the camp where his family is staying might be demolished.” “Boys and girls write these details down on the worksheet, and then think about the main idea of them. Write down your main idea on the worksheet when you think you have thought of one.” Allow them time to write it down. Then let two students share their main idea with the class and have a discussion. “Those are both great examples of main ideas from this text that we could determine form the details.” Independent Practice/ Assessment “During your independent reading today I want you to find details in the text that you are reading that will allow you to determine two or more main ideas of the story.” “I will give you a second main idea worksheet during that time that you can fill out while you are reading.” Closure “Boys and girls what did we learn today?” “Why was it important?” “How has it changed you?” How will you know the lesson has been successful? I will know the lesson has been successful if the students are able to determine two or more themes of their independent story by using three supporting details from the text.