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A PAPER PRESENTATION ON

ROLL TOP LAPTOP

NALGONDA INSTITUTE OF TEHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE

PRESENTED BY: K.Greeshma ECE, M.Deepika ECE

ROLL TOP LAPTOPS


INRODUCTION:
Laptops are continuously changing. From the compelling components, various applications and thinner designs; to the memory storage, Wi-Fi capabilities and television viewing; theyve come a long way from the first bulky home computers, and evolved into a fashionable trend. Advancements in technology have led to more precise touch screens, longer range of wireless connections, and more compact devices capable of streaming video and audio while providing driving directions to any location within the network, simultaneously. German designer, Evgeny Orkin thinks he has found the answer with his Roll top concept. The main goal was to combine the laptop monitor and graphic tablet into one gadget and avoid additional accessories, he explains. He continued to say that consumers have the option to buy a computer and a graphic tablet with a touchscreen separately, but they are not able to use them as one laptop.

INCONVENIENCE IN CARRYING LAPTOPS: ORKIN says:


The main problem is that the laptop has two levels the level you can write on and the level you look at. With two separate planes, the entire screen cannot be utilized because the fold will hinder you, Orkin says. Another problem with modern day laptops is the many accessories and gadgets that accompany them. Even with the smaller designs, big bags are required to carry everything around, which can cause inconvenience and discomfort.

ORKINS idea:
Orkin thought of the roll-up laptop when working on his thesis for school. He was

interning at Schlagheck-Design in Germany under the direction of Julian Schlagheck, who specializes in product design, print design and product development. He also received guidance from Professor Peter Naumann of the University of Applied Science in Munich, and Georg Trost, Former designer of Fujitsu-Siemens Computers.

The concept of the Rolltop may seem a bit futuristic to some, but as Orkin explains, the technology is available and being produced, so a concept like this is neither impossible or improbable.

COMPONENTS:
Most of the components for the Rolltop already exist within the modern day designs such as the main board, processor, memory (flash), working memory, etc. The Rolltop does not have a CD/DVD reader or Floppy disc because [theyre obsolete]. Other components, such as the loudspeaker, Internet, web cam, USB ports and power supply are based in the cylinder in which the screen would roll around, says Orkin. Such a design would be perfect for students walking around campus grounds, business professional that travel regularly and home consumers who just like to keep themselves entertained when waiting to meet friends or relaxing in a coffee shop or at home.

Bringing Rolltop To Market :


The Rolltops success hinges on the utilization of OLED Technology, or organic light emitting diode. This technology would be the main component of the laptops monitor. It is tough, flexible and energy saving. All these qualities are very important to me, explains Orkin. Flexible to roll it, tough to draw on it, and energy saving to have a smaller battery than what is already being implemented. For Orkin to develop and produce his Rolltop design, he needs the capacity of a big company such as Panasonic, Samsung and Dell. He has had a lot of inquires and believes it can be a huge success once it starts rolling.

BENEFITS OF ORKINS DESIGN ROLLTOP:


1.One, the Rolltop combines the laptop, monitor and graphic tables without any problem (such as small display in monitor modus or fold on screen in graphic tablet modus). 2. Secondly, the Rolltop is an all-in-one gadget that integrates the power supply, loud speaker, laptop bag and mouse into one. You dont have to carry extra accessories. 3. Lastly, due to the new available technology, the design is very compact and possesses a completely new outlook.

With the one design model, Orkin hopes to catch the attention of major producers and distributors. He is very confident that his concept would be very attractive to consumers and sell big once it hits the market shelves.

All-In-One Rolltop Laptop by Orkin:


This newly designed laptop uses flexible Oled display on the panel and keyboard. Uses flexible Oled display on the panel and keyboard It replaces the conventional physical keyboard so the 13" laptop transforms into the graphics tablet with its 17" flatscreen Its a new concept in notebook design with a flexible display The Oled-Display technology has a multi touch screen All computer utilities from power supply thgough the holding belt to an interactive pen are integrated into this rolltop The shutter also incorporates the system's hardware itself The wireless station can recharge the PC which provides two USB ports for connecting peripherals.

ROLLTOP DESIGN:

ORKIN NEW DESIGN ROLLTOP:


The future computer should come in the form of the proposed Orkin Designs rolltop a conceptual computer that would have a screen rollable into bigger size, or just like traditional newspaper which you could roll it up when not in use.

The rolltop would come with a flexible OLED touchscreen display. Once its fully rolled out, itd serve as a 13-inch laptop/tablet, or a 17-inch dedicated computer display. The device would also come with a detachable hub with power adapter, a stylus and a couple of USB ports. This conceptual device shouldnt be too far from realistic, as OLED technology is getting matured, making one of these flexible screens would not be too difficult in the near future. At this years CEATEC JAPAN 2009, the name derived from Combined Exhibition of Advanced Technologies, held in Japan October 6 10, 2009, Denmark-based Orkin Design and Japans Sony literally rolled-out its multi-touch laptop. These laptops keep getting thinner and lighter, but as Jeremy Hsu commented on his posting to popsci.com some concept laptops take portable to a new level. Orkin Design's Rolltop consists of an OLED display that can start as a

rolled-up mat and deploy as a multi-touch 17-inch laptop. My beastly HP laptop just shed a tear of envy. The Orkin laptop can also transform into a tablet PC operable with a stylus, or become a standup flat screen display. A power adapter and other features fit with the carrying canister that comes with a convenient holding strap. While there really isnt anything unique from a technology perspective (it does however feature fabulous packaging), I was reminded and would think that it is only made possible and constructed with the broad range of rare metals: rare earth magnets in the voice coils, indium-tinoxide in the OLED screens, tantalum in the capacitors, lithium in the batteries, beryllium in the connectors and wires (especially in this model, I would think) etc.

PROVIDE EASE IN CARRYING:

As you will see in the picture, it is carried around with a strap over your shoulder and can then be unfurled, making it available to many different configurations. From a flat tablet to a traditional looking book style laptop.

Because the device as the flexible display it allows this new concept design growing out of the traditional bookformed laptop into unfurling and convolving portable computer. By virtue of the OLED-Display technology and a multi touch screen the weight of the computer is said to be that of a mini-notebook size. A width of 13 inch easily transforms into the graphics tablet, which with its 17-inch flat screen can be also used as a primary monitor. So you can use it as a flexible laptop, a graphical tablet, or even stand it up and you have a portable 17 TV screen.

STRUCTURE OF ROLLTOP:
Imagine a laptop so portable, you could roll it up like a yoga mat and carry it tucked under your arm with an attached strap. Now you dont have to imagine; this is the concept behind the Rolltop laptop from Orkin Design. The Rolltop laptop incorporates energy-efficient flexible OLED technology and a multitouch screen. As you unroll it, you get a laptop with a 13-inch screen. Flattened out, it becomes a graphics tablet for use with the enclosed stylus pen. On the back the Rolltop laptop is a stand that can be pulled out into a 17-inch display for viewing videos. A webcam, loudspeaker and power/data supply are included in the core cylinder. Imagine if you could roll up your laptop like a newspaper and open it when required, and what if you could turn your laptop into a primary monitor if you wanted to play some awesome video games. Well all these are possible with the cool new conceptual ROLL TOP Laptop concept, which is being touted as a Future Designer Laptop. Orkin Design has unveiled this cool new concept with the support of Schlagheck-Design and the device comes with a flexible display which can be rolled and carried wherever you want. This goes beyond the traditional book like laptops which are cumbersome to say the least.

Thanks to its OLED-Display technology and a multi touch screen, it can be used a laptop while it weighs as much as mini notebook. It comes with a 13 inch screen while being used a laptop and when being used as a monitor, you could get a cool 17 inches screen. Power supply, multi media integrated pen and even a holding belt are integrated in the ROLL TOP and it certainly is an all-in-one gadget.

FUNCTIONS OF ROLLTOP:
While the world awaits the launch of the Apple Tablet, a German company is already thinking about a much more distant future. The Orkin Design developed the prototype of an ultraportable notebook with foldable screen. Called Rolltop, the device promises to be the face of computers in the future You could carry your laptop like a newspaper by rolling it up, and making sure that you are not burdened by heavy laptop bags. While this is still a concept, we had written about the cool Microsoft Courier Tabletwhich comes with dual screens. You could also read about Cintiq, which allows you to write and draw better than with the help of pen and paper.

Well wrapped. German company takes seriously the concept of portable computer and develops a project that aims to be the notebook of the future. The fact that computers are becoming smaller and more powerful, but still can not do much with them, especially when it comes to mobility. Although small, all you can do, so far, is to raise the lid, type in key properties and close the lid. The Rolltop it is still a laptop, however, it goes much further.

STYLE AND DESIGN:


With a focus on style, lightness and mobility, the prototype abuses of new technologies in the field of flexible displays. According to the company developing the project, Rolltop will have a multitouch screen OLED flexible 17-inch, if the User use it as a tablet, or 13 inches if you use a notebook as "common.

In this picture you can see that the screen is stuck in a bar and it is responsible for storing all the hardware that the application requires. Because only one screen, apparently the HD, battery, plates and connections were transported to the bar, so the screen can stay thin and light. Unlike the prototype from Fujitsu, the computer of tissue, which would allow the User only perform basic tasks - no DVDs, hard disk, and webcam - the Rolltop includes tools that let more complete. On the hardware the User can count on a webcam, speakers, three USB ports and energy supplier.

We give you overview for the organic light emitting technology.

OLED Organic light emitting diodes displays are considered as the screens of the future. What is OLED?
OLED stands for Organic Light Emitting Diode. The organic in OLED refers to organic material. Carbon is the basis of all organic matter. Examples of carbon-based substances include sugar, wood and the majority of plastics. The LED stands for Light Emitting Diode and describes the process of converting electric energy into light. There are two types of OLEDs small molecule OLED and polymer OLED. Sony uses the small molecule type because it has a longer lifespan.

Whats so great about OLED?


Blazing fast response times, wide viewing angles, exceptional color reproduction, outstanding Contrast levels, and high Brightness. The nature of its technology lends itself to extremely thin and lightweight designs along with the ability to use it in a variety of different applications. OLED is the holy grail of TV Display technologies!

How does OLED work?


A Layer of organic material is sandwiched between two conductors (an anode and a cathode), which in turn are sandwiched between a glass top plate (seal) and a glass bottom plate (substrate). When electric Current is applied to the two conductors, a bright, electro-luminescent light is produced directly from the organic material.

How is color created?


OLED has more control over color expression because it only expresses pure colors when an electric Current stimulates the relevant Pixels. The OLED primary color matrix is arranged in red, green, and blue Pixels, which are mounted directly to a printed circuit board. Each

individual OLED element is housed in a special micro-cavity structure designed to greatly reduce ambient light interference that also works to improve overall color Contrast. The thickness of the organic Layer is adjusted to produce the strongest light for each of the colors red, green and blue used to render the color picture. The three colors are further refined by a color filter, which purifies each color without the need for a polarizer, rendering outstanding color purity. Organic light emitting diodes have been receiving a lot of attention over the world as a new type of display technology. OLEDs have many advantages over conventional display technologies. First, the fabrication process is easy, and devices are thinner and lighter than those fabricated by cathode ray tube (CRT) display technology. Second, there are also some advantages over liquid crystal (LCD) displays: OLEDS can be viewed from different angles and dont need a backlight. Finally, the drive voltage and power consumption are low. The first commercial OLED display was introduced by Pioneer Electronics as the front panel of a car stereo in 1997.

Advantages:
Lower cost in the future OLEDs can be printed onto any suitable substrate by an inkjet printer or even by screen printing, theoretically making them cheaper to produce than LCD or plasma displays. However, fabrication of the OLED substrate is more costly than that of a TFT LCD, until mass production methods lower cost through scalability. Roll-roll vapour-deposition methods for organic devices do allow mass production of thousands of devices per minute for minimal cost, although this technique also induces problems in that multilayer devices can be challenging to make due to registration issues, lining up the different printed layers to the required degree of accuracy. Light weight & flexible plastic substrates OLED displays can be fabricated on flexible plastic substrates leading to the possibility of flexible organic light-emitting diodes being fabricated or other new applications such

as roll-up displays embedded in fabrics or clothing. As the substrate used can be flexible such as PET, the displays may be produced inexpensively. Wider viewing angles & improved brightness: OLEDs can enable a greater artificial contrast ratio (both dynamic range and static, measured in purely dark conditions) and viewing angle compared to LCDs because OLED pixels directly emit light. OLED pixel colours appear correct and unshifted, even as the viewing angle approaches 90 from normal. Better power efficiency: LCDs filter the light emitted from a backlight, allowing a small fraction of light through so they cannot show true black, while an inactive OLED element does not produce light or consume power. Response time: OLEDs can also have a faster response time than standard LCD screens. Whereas LCD displays are capable of between 2 and 16 ms response time offering a refresh rate of 60 to 480 Hz, an OLED can theoretically have less than 0.01 ms response time, enabling up to 100,000 Hz refresh rate

Disadavantages:
Current costs: OLED manufacture currently requires process steps that make it extremely expensive. Specifically, it requires the use of Low-Temperature Polysilicon backplanes; LTPS backplanes in turn require laser annealing from an amorphous silicon start, so this part of the manufacturing process for AMOLEDs starts with the process costs of standard LCD, and then adds an expensive, time-consuming process that cannot currently be used on large-area glass substrates. Lifespan: The biggest technical problem for OLEDs was the limited lifetime of the organic materials. In particular, blue OLEDs historically have had a lifetime of around 14,000 hours to half original brightness (five years at 8 hours a day) when used for flat-panel displays. This is lower than the typical lifetime of LCD, LED or PDP technologyeach currently rated for about 25,00040,000 hours to half brightness, depending on manufacturer and model. However, some manufacturers' displays aim to increase the lifespan of OLED displays, pushing their expected life past that of LCD displays by improving light outcoupling, thus achieving the same brightness at a lower drive current. In 2007, experimental OLEDs were created which can sustain 400 cd/m2 of luminance for over 198,000 hours for green OLEDs and 62,000 hours for blue OLEDs. Water damage: Water can damage the organic materials of the displays. Therefore, improved sealing processes are important for practical manufacturing. Water damage may especially limit the longevity of more flexible displays. Screen burn-in: Unlike displays with a common light source, the brightness of each OLED pixel fades depending on the content displayed. The varied lifespan of the organic dyes can cause a discrepancy between red, green, and blue intensity. This leads to image persistence, also known as burn-in

UV sensitivity: OLED displays can be damaged by prolonged exposure to UV light. The most pronounced example of this can be seen with a near UV laser (such as a Bluray pointer) and can damage the display almost instantly with more than 20 mW leading to dim or dead spots where the beam is focused. This is usually avoided by installing a UV blocking filter over the panel and this can easily be seen as a clear plastic layer on the glass. Removal of this filter can lead to severe damage and an unusable display after only a few months of room light exposure.

Applications:
OLED technology is used in commercial applications such as displays for mobile phones and portable digital media players, car radios and digital cameras among others. Such portable applications favor the high light output of OLEDs for readability in sunlight and their low power drain. Portable displays are also used intermittently, so the lower lifespan of organic displays is less of an issue. Prototypes have been made of flexible and rollable displays which use OLEDs' unique characteristics. Applications in flexible signs and lighting are also being developed. Philips Lighting have made OLED lighting samples under the brand name 'Lumiblade' available online and Novaled AG based in Dresden, Germany, introduced a line of OLED desk lamps called "Victory" in September, 2011. OLEDs have been used in most Motorola and Samsung colour cell phones, as well as some HTC, LG and Sony Ericsson models.[75] Nokia has also introduced some OLED products including the N85 and the N86 8MP, both of which feature an AMOLED display. OLED technology can also be found in digital media players such as the Creative ZEN V, the iriver clix, the Zune HD and the Sony Walkman X Series.

CONCLUSION:
Besides leading to an extreme the concept of portable computer, the Rolltop succeeded in reuniting two of the largest consumer dreams of geeks on call: netbooks, objects of desire of any User who want to stay connected and up to date with new technology and tablets, even more famous after rumors of the launch of Apple Tablet. Thus, the folding notebook lets mobile fans delight in a notebook with touch-sensitive keys or a tablet for photo editing or performing more complex tasks. To use one of two devices, simply unroll the screen completely, in the case of the tablet, or bend it 90 degrees to enter text or surf the web with a 100% touchscreen notebook. To close the package dreams of consumption, it also lets you view videos or photos like a portable television. The screen has a support on the back. With this, you can leave it up and watch a movie while waiting for an email from your boss.

References: http://www.myrolltop.com/