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Anthony Charles Lynton Blair (born 6 May 1953) is a British Labour Party politician who served as the Prime

Minister of the United Kingdom from 2 May 1997 to 27 June 2007. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Sedgefield from 1983 to 2007 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1994 to 2007. He resigned from all of these positions in June 2007. Blair was elected Leader of the Labour Party in the leadership election of July 1994, following the sudden death of his predecessor, John Smith. Under his leadership, the party used the phrases "New Labour" and "New Socialism" to define its policy, and moved away from its support of state socialism since the 1960s and created a new version of the ethical socialism that was last pursued by Clement Attlee. Critics of Blair claim that "New Labour" did not adhere to socialism as claimed, and that it effectively advocated capitalism. Blair subsequently led Labour to a landslide victory in the 1997 general election. At 43 years old, he became the youngest Prime Minister since Lord Liverpool in 1812. In the first years of the New Labour government, Blair's government implemented a number of 1997 manifesto pledges, introducing the minimum wage, Human Rights Act and Freedom of Information Act, and carrying outdevolution, establishing the Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, and the Northern Ireland Assembly. Blair's role as Prime Minister was particularly visible in foreign and security policy, including in Northern Ireland, where he was involved in the 1998 Good Friday Agreement. From the start of the War on Terror in 2001, Blair strongly supported the foreign policy of US President George W. Bush, notably by participating in the 2001 invasion of Afghanistan and 2003 invasion of Iraq. Blair is the Labour Party's longest-serving Prime Minister, the only person to have led the Labour Party to three consecutive general election victories, and the only Labour Prime Minister to serve consecutive terms more than one of which was at least four years long. He was succeeded as Leader of the Labour Party on 24 June 2007 and as Prime Minister on 27 June 2007 by Gordon Brown.On the day he resigned as Prime Minister, he was appointed the official Envoy of the Quartet on the Middle East. In May 2008, Blair launched his Tony Blair Faith Foundation.This was followed in July 2009 by the launching of the Faith and Globalisation Initiative with Yale University in the US, Durham University in the UK and theNational University of Singapore in Asia to deliver a postgraduate programme in partnership with the Foundation In an interview with Michael Parkinson broadcast on ITV1 on 4 March 2006, Blair referred to the role of his Christian faith in his decision to go to war in Iraq, stating that he had prayed about the issue, and saying that God would judge him for his decision: "I think if you have faith about these things, you realise that judgement is made by other people « and if you believe in God, it's made by God as well." A longer exploration of his faith can be found in an interview with Third Way Magazine. There he says that "I was brought up as [a Christian], but I was not in any real sense a practising one until I went to Oxford. There was an Australian priest at the same college as me who got me interested again. In a sense, it was a rediscovery of religion as something living, that was about the world around me rather than some sort of special one-to-one relationship with a remote Being on high. Suddenly I began to see its social relevance. I began to make sense of the world". On 14 November 2007, Blair launched the Tony Blair Sports Foundation, which aims to "increase childhood participation in sports activities, especially in the North East of England, where a larger proportion of children are socially excluded, and to promote overall health and prevent childhood obesity." On 30 May 2008, Blair launched the Tony Blair Faith Foundation as a vehicle for encouraging

which is usually offered to former Prime Ministers). . It was presented by former President Bill Clinton. On 13 January 2009. He was awarded the prize in May 2009." says its mission statement. Blair received an honorary law doctorate from Queen's University Belfast. "The Foundation will use its profile and resources to encourage people of faith to work together more closely to tackle global poverty and conflict. Reflecting Blair's own faith but not dedicated to any particular religion. Blair was awarded the Dan David Prize by Tel Aviv University for "exceptional leadership and steadfast determination in helping to engineer agreements and forge lasting solutions to areas in conflict". In May 2007. alongside former Taoiseach Bertie Ahern. On 22 May 2008. Blair was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom by President George W. Bush stated that Blair was given the award "in recognition of exemplary achievement and to convey the utmost esteem of the American people" and cited Blair's support for the War on Terror and his role in achieving peace in Northern Ireland as two reasons for justifying his being presented with the award. No such move has been made since. On 13 September 2010. On 16 February 2009. Pennsylvania. Blair was awarded the Liberty Medal at the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia. as well as working to tackle poverty. In February 2009. owing to his Scottish connections (rather than the Order of the Garter. before his resignation.different faiths to join together in promoting respect and understanding. for distinction in public service and roles in the Northern Ireland peace process. it was reported that Blair would be offered a knighthood in the Order of the Thistle. and Blair has reportedly indicated that he does not want the traditional knighthood or peerage bestowed on former prime ministers. he applied to set up a charity called the Tony Blair Africa Governance Initiative. the application was approved in November 2009. the Foundation aims to "show how faith is a powerful force for good in the modern world". Bush. and is awarded annually to men and women of courage and conviction who strive to secure the blessings of liberty to people around the globe.