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2003

1
. = ,

:
( ) = () + ()

() = () + () 1 = () + ().
. f
f (x 0 + h) f (x 0 )
x 0 , lim
, h R*
h 0
h
, .
. ,
, , .
__

. (CV) x
__

x 0 s

s
, CV = __ .
x
2
. f :

x 2 1 0 x 2 1 | x | 1 x 1 x 1.
: A f = (, 1] [1, +) .
. f A f = (, 1] [1, +)
A f ' = (, 1) (1, +)

f '(x) =

1
2

2 x 1

2x =

x
x2 1

f '(3) =

3
2

3 1

3
3
3
3 2
=
=
=
.
4
9 1
8 2 2

f x = 3 f '(3) =
. x 2, :

3 2
.
4

f (x) 3
x2 1 3
lim h(x) = lim
= lim
= lim
x 2
x 2
x 2
x 2
x 2
x2
2

= lim

x 2

= lim

x 2

x2 1 3
(x 2)

(x 2)

x2 1 + 3

x2 4

2+2
22 1 + 3

x2 1 + 3
=

= lim

= lim

x 2

x 2

x2 1 3
(x 2)

x2 1 3
(x 2)

x2 1 + 3

(x 2)(x + 2)
(x 2)

x2 1 + 3

= lim

x 2

)(

x2 1 + 3

x2 1 + 3

x+2
x2 1 + 3

)=

2+2
4
4
2
2 3
=
=
=
=
.
3
4 1 + 3
3+ 3 2 3
3

3
() = 30,
= {2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 26, 28, 30} () = 15
={5, 10, 15, 20, 25, 30} () = 6.
( ) 15 1
( ) 6 1
. P(A) =
=
= P() =
=
= .
() 30 2
() 30 5
. 1
:
( ) 3
1
= {10, 20, 30} ( ) = 3 ( ) =
=
= .
( )
30 10
:
15 6
3 15 + 6 3 18 3
( ) = ( ) + ( ) ( ) =
+
=
=
=
30 30 30
30
30 5
2
:
= {2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24, 25 26, 28, 30}
( ) 18 3
( ) = 18, P(A ) =
=
= .
( )
30 5
. 1
:
= {2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 14, 16, 18, 22, 24, 26, 28} ( ) = 12
( ') 12 2
( ') =
=
= ,
( )
30 5
6 24 4
( ') = 1 ( ') = 1
=
= .
30 30 5
:
15 24 12 15 + 24 12 27 9
( ') = ( ) + ( ') ( ') =
+

=
=
= .
30 30 30
30
30 10
2
:

= {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 22, 23, 24, 26, 27, 28,
29}
= {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 16, 17, 18, 19, 21, 20, 22,
23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30} ( ) = 27,
( ') 27 9
P(A ') =
=
= .
( )
30 10
. 1
, [( ) ( ) = ],
:
P(( ' ) (A ')) = P( ' ) + P(A ') = ( ) + ( ) =
= ( ) ( ) + ( ) ( ) = ( ) + ( ) 2 ( ) =
15 6
3 15 + 6 6 15 1
=
+ 2 =
=
= .
30 30
30
30
30 2
2
:
= {1, 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27, 29},
= {2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 14, 16, 18, 22, 24, 26, 28},
= {5, 15, 25},
( )( ) = {2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 22, 24, 25, 26, 28}
(( )( )) = 15
(( ' ) (A ')) 15 1
P(( ' ) (A ')) =
=
= .
( )
30 2
4

__

x = x . :
__

__

__ __

x s, x , x , x + s

68%
= 34% .
2

__

__

__

__

x 2s, x s , x + s, x + 2s

95% 68% 27%


=
= 13,5% .
2
2
__
__
__
__

x 3s, x 2s , x + 2s, x + 3s

99,7% 95% 4,7%



=
= 2,35% .
2
2
__

__

, x 3s , x + 3s,+

100% 99,7% 0,3%


=
= 0,15% .
2
2

.
50%
__

65 Kg, x = 65Kg .
__

47,5% x = 65Kg 75 Kg 47,5% =


__

34% +13,5%, : x + 2s = 75Kg .


: 65 + 2s = 75 2s = 75 65 2s = 10 s =
. CV =

s
__

10
s = 5.
2

5
1
1
= < ,
65 13 10

.
__

__

. x 2s = 55Kg x + s = 70Kg ,
55Kg 70Kg 13,5% + 68% = 81,5%.
__

__

. x 2s = 55Kg x s = 60Kg ,
55Kg 60Kg 13,5%. , :
27
13,5% = 27 0,135 = 27 =
= 200 .
0,135