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Unified RAN Backhaul Architecture

Karrthik Venu Consulting Systems Engineer Cisco Systems

© 2009 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential


Agenda for the Session
Market and Technology
Trends and Evolution

Unified RAN Backhaul Architecture
Four Step Migration Requirements Building Blocks

Unified RAN Backhaul Industry
Standards and Certification Products and Services

Summary and Wrap up


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential


Market Trend
Voice ARPU down, although cell phones to be supported are growing fast (2.5 B Phones in 2006, going to 5 B in 2012), looking for data revenue growth Cost-per-bit of traditional circuit based backhaul is too high to support required expansion Gigabit Ethernet costs less than an STM1 while providing far more bandwidth Operators would like to cap investment in legacy technologies (TDM, ATM) in favour of an architecture with a future for Enterprise and Residential along with Future Mobile Services RAN bandwidth requirements grow by an order-of-magnitude to support 3G and 4G data services HSPA, IPTV, Video Streaming, Gaming, etc. IP Vendors entering Mobile Space with acquisitions & partnerships Radio Vendors looking to go all IP/Ethernet route in some cases (cf. NSN Node B plans)
Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Cisco Confidential


APAC Mobile Traffic Growth and Trends

Implication: APAC constitutes Majority of the Global Cell sites


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential


Implication: Mobile Backhaul consists of a mixture of Connection Types. Air connectivity dominates in Asia

Implication: Mobile Backhaul will need to support a mixture of Connection Protocols


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Confidential


7 Mbps MIMO 2x2 DL: 28 Mbps UL: 11 Mpbs HSDPA: 64 QAM or MIMO HSUPA: 16QAM Always on scaling 64 QAM OFDMA DL: 42 Mbps UL: 11 Mpbs HSDPA: 64 QAM and MIMO LTE DL: 100 Mbps UL: 50 Mpbs OFDMA HSDPA: 16 QAM DL 14.Wireless Broadband Evolution Driving backhaul capacity Rel-99 Rel-5 Rel-6 Rel-7 Rel-8 Rel-9 Rel-8 WCDMA DL: 384 kbps UL: 384 kbps HSDPA DL: 1.8 – 14.4 Mbps UL: 5. All rights reserved.4 Mbps ~10Mbps throughput per 1+1+1 site (5MHz) ~80 Mbps per 1+1+1 site (10MHz) 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011+ Scale • BW Growth 100% yr/yr • All-you-can-eat data plans • Billions of devices/subs/flows © 2006 Cisco Systems.8 – 14. Cisco Confidential Trends • Broadband apps going mobile • Fixed-mobile convergence • Integrated wireline/wireless PE 6 Presentation_ID .4Mbps UL: 384 kbps HSUPA DL: 1. Inc.7 Mpbs HSDPA: Always on scaling HSUPA: 5.

3GPP Mobile Network Architecture Increase Throughput and Reduce Latency Data PSTN Internet PSTN Internet PSTN Internet PSTN VoIP Internet GMSC GMSC GGSN GMSC GGSN SAE-GW Direct Tunnel cSGSN Direct Tunnel PS Domain CS Domain CS Domain PS Domain MGW MGW CS Domain SGSN MGW BSC RNC RNC PS Domain BTS Node B Node B eNodeB Pre Rel 99 Rel 99 • 2G GSM – GPRS/EDGE • 3G UMTS • Circuit Switched Voice/Data • Packet Switched Data • T1 Access / CHOC Core • ATM-IMA acc. Cisco Confidential © 2006 Rel 4-7 • All IP Core introduced (R4) • Separation of Data/Ctl planes (R7) • Ethernet Transport (R5) • Radio Ctl pushed toward NodeB • Direct Tunnel/Flat IP introduced Rel 8+ • LTE /SAE Specified • CS Domain collapsed -> VoIP • Ctl plane fully decoupled • Direct NodeB Connectivity 7 MME . Inc.Integrated CTL/Data Plane Integrated Plane • All rights reserved./CHOC Core • Presentation_ID CTL/Data Cisco Systems.

Cisco Confidential 88 . All rights reserved. Inc.Architecture Requirements From 2G/3G To LTE Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems.

Current RAN Architecture 2G BTS 3G Node B 2G BTS 3G Node B 2G BTS 3G Node B STM1c ChSTM1 2G BTS 3G Node B SDH ATM Switch BSC RNC 2G BTS 3G Node B Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems. Inc. Cisco Confidential 9 . All rights reserved.

xDSL Cisco 7600 IP.1. Metro. Deploy Alternate (IP) backhaul for Data Traffic 2G BTS 3G Node B MWR 2941 RNC IP. Metro Data ChSTM1 SDH Voice & Clocking ATM Switch Cisco 7600 BSC STM1c 2G BTS 3G Node B 2G BTS 3G Node B Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems. Inc. Cisco Confidential 10 . All rights reserved.

All rights reserved. IP Node B xDSL ME3400E IP Node B Presentation_ID MWR 2941 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Metro STM1c Cisco 7600 SDH Cisco 7600 Cisco 7600 BSC 2G BTS 3G Node B IP. Metro.2. Metro. Cisco Confidential 11 . Inc. Deploy IP Node B IP Node B 2G BTS 3G Node B RNC MWR 2941 IP. xDSL Cisco 7600 2G BTS 3G Node B IP.

Metro. Inc. Metro Cisco 7600 BSC 2G BTS 3G Node B IP Node B Presentation_ID MWR 2941 © 2006 Cisco Systems. Migration into IP RAN Enter the Pseudo wire IP Node B IP Node B ME3400E 2G BTS 3G Node B IP. Cisco 7600 SDH IP. Cisco 7600 Cisco 7600 2G BTS 3G Node B MWR 2941 IP. Cisco Confidential 12 .3. All rights reserved. xDSL RNC STM1c MWR 2941 IP. Metro. Metro.

Inc.Network Offload GGSN/PGW MPC/ EPC Standard Services RAN-CDN Video IP-RAN AIR Offload Internet Call Localization 3G/ 4G NB Wi-Fi Presentation_ID © 2006 Cisco Systems. Cisco Confidential 13 . All rights reserved.

2 Mbps: 3-4 xE1 for 3G 1 xE1 for 2G 4xE1 Leased Lines might still be an affordable solution BSC Aggregation and controller sites RNC Cell sites and Access Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Inc. Cisco Public 14 .Typical installed Backhaul Architecture PDH MWR typically with up to 32xE1 4xE1 4xE1 16xE 1 4xE1 32xE1 4xE1 BSC Fiber rings based on SDH – ideal for real-time traffic STM-4/16 Aggregation in TDM / SDH no “statistical gain” 2xSTM-1 ATM aggregation STM-16/64 4xE1 HSPA < 7.

Cisco Public 15 .Evolution towards Packet backhaul Packet MWR adaptive Modulation BSC Packet rings Statistical Aggregation 3G Packet or Hybrid IuB LTE 1xE1 for 2G Packet Leased Lines BSC Cell sites and Access Aggregation and controller sites RNC Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Inc.

A closer look to Microwave domain ATM IuB Support of PWE for legacy TDM and ATM Pre-aggregation 1+1 MW protection Packet IuB / LTE Access MW tree Aggregation fiber ring Controller site Legacy MW Packet MW fiber Aggregation MW ring Packet Microwave Ring Traffic protection Packet MW access High spectral efficiency Adaptive modulation Access MW ring Packet MW access ring High spectral efficiency Ring protection AGGREGATION ACCESS 16 Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Inc. Cisco Public .

Cisco Public 17 .LTE/SAE System Components Simplified and flattened RAN S1-c Base Station to MME the edge with IP to interface Multi-homed to multiple MME pools SCTP/IP resource management. etc. profile download. All rights reserved. etc. handovers •Radio based • Interacts with MME for all signaling plane MME GW processing • Exchanges user plane traffic with Serving GW eNodeB E-UTRAN Control Plane with 2G/3G interworking • Handles all signaling traffic (no user plane traffic) • Interacts with eNodeB and Serving GW to control tunnels. paging. incl. • Interacts with HSS for user authentication. S11 MME to SAE GW • Interacts with SGSN for 2G/3G GTP-c Version 2 SGW SGW PDN GW Data Plane anchoring for 3GPP Access S5Subscriber-awareGW Plane anchoring for all SAE GW to PDN Data Networks with X2 inter base station interface 2G/3G interworking Access Networks GTP or PMIP based macro mobility SCTP/IP Signalling • Anchor point for 3GPP GTP tunneling following handover IP Access Networks • Common anchor point for all IP Access only (2G/3G/LTE) Networks (3GPP and non-3GPP) MME GW • Processes all IP packets to/from UE • Assigns/owns IP-address for UE (v4/v6) • Controlled by MME S1-u Base Station to SAE GW • Processes all IP packets to/from UE • Uses network-based mobility towards PDN GTP-u base micro mobility GW (GTP or PMIPv6) • Can be in home and/or visited network Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Inc.

All rights reserved.LTE Network Requirements No longer Pt-to-Pt relationship with multipoint requirements Different traffic types with different transport requirements “X2” interface introduces direct communicationSGW between eNodeBs SGW PDN GW MME GW Network intelligence for advanced services and traffic manipulation MME GW More Distributed architecture for GW S1-u Base Station to SAE GW placement & local break-out GTP-u base micro mobility Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 18 . Inc.

All rights reserved.LTE/SAE Architectural Requirements LTE/SAE factors Direct “X2” interface & Network Requirement Distributed network intelligence Distributed Data-plane Gateway intelligence IPSec gateways (IKEv2) requirement in the Aggregation Intuitive and secure networking IPv6 and IPv4 support mandated Multicast and Multicast VPN support Packet and Physical Layer options Optimal platform and network design required Extensive UNI QoS capabilities required Intelligent network identification and forwarding Optimised and simplified IP/MPLS fast convergence Troubleshooting and fault isolation/SLA metrics 19 handover between eNodeBs Distributed architecture. Inc. Cisco Public . traffic offload/Insertion/Caching IPSec requirement in the backhaul Authentication and Security framework IPv6 framework fully defined Multicast requirements Synchronisation (Freq. increased Bandwidth. & Phase) requirements Strict Latency requirement (LTE/SAE standard) Intelligent H-QoS requirements Wholesale offering with Multi-Operator Core Network Simplified Fast Convergence options OAM mechanisms & Performance monitoring Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems.

Inc.Unified RAN Deployment Scenarios Metro Cell  Site Access  node BSC RNC SGW Core Metro Ethernet  Layer 10 GE or  IPoDWDM Backbone Layer Access Layer GE Ring or  Pt‐to‐Pt E N‐PE Option 1 Option 2 Option 3 Option 4 Native L2 L2VPN Native L2 L2VPN IP L2VPN L2VPN L3 MPLS VPN L3 MPLS VPN L3 MPLS VPN L3 MPLS VPN L3 MPLS VPN L3 MPLS VPN Option 5 Option 6 Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 20 . All rights reserved.

it will provide ARP resolution and routing functions. Each IP NodeB is assigned to a different IP subnet from RNC. all NodeB and RNC are working independently on different IP subnets. the network requirements on radio equipment will be lessen. the traffic is required to be routed at the RNC. Cisco Public 21 . Inc. However. and perfect isolation among IP NodeBs. for each new connection or connection to be modified. On NodeB side. RAN modification/expansion causes both network and radio to change accordingly In Routed Transport . Using IP routing in the network.Switched versus Routed Transport In Switched Transport . the network connection is required to establish. not only the VLAN ID is to be re-assigned but also the IP address of radio equipment. All rights reserved. there is no network reconfiguration such as VLAN tear-down and reconfigure to accomplish this service change. In return. Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. For any traffic sent by one Node B destined to any subnet. IP NodeB sends ARP end-to-end to reach RNC to learn RNC’s MAC IP RNC is become IP gateway of IP NodeB. The P2P connection provide full control of each IP NodeB/RNC communication. also no need to reconfigure the VLAN number nor the IP gateway. One P2P connection is established for each NodeB to reach RNC. If adding new RNC or a NodeB is re-attached to another RNC for more resource.

Cisco Public 22 . All rights reserved.Survey Question #1 How do you see various Unified RAN backhaul architectures evolving ? We see a clear need and trend of migration from TDM to IP for 2/3/4 G and Next Generation Data Services We prefer using existing TDM and ATM network with EoSDH for Mobile Data We need to understand the value of Unified Backhaul for Any G services from TCO / Service Architecture point of view We want a seamless migration leveraging existing architectures Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Inc.

Unified Backhaul Synchronization Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 23 23 . Inc. All rights reserved.

Cisco Public 24 . All rights reserved. Inc.Synchronization Requirement Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems.

Cisco Public 25 . Inc. hence is not subjected to Switching Delay and Variations SSU act as Slave Tier in SyncE Hierarchy Fiber Interfaces to be used vs Copper Synchronization of Phase (e. for E-MBMS) is still to be Standardized for SyncE Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems.g. All rights reserved.Synchronization 1: SyncE BTS Agg Agg RNC Aggregation Packet Network SyncE SyncE (SSU) SyncE (PRC) Synchronous Ethernet (SyncE) offers End to End Transport of Frequency Synchronization Each device in the Aggregation and Access Network will need to support SyncE SyncE is transmitted on the Physical Layer.

g. This enables: mitigating the number of Hops. Inc. Ensure Next Generation (IP) Microwave has minimal PDV when Adaptive Modulation is enabled.Synchronization 2: IEEE1588-2008 RNC Pre-Agg Aggregation Packet Network Agg Master/Boundary Clock Grand Master Clock IEEE1588-2008 Centralized Grand Master Clock (PRC) at Aggregation Deployment of Master/Boundary Clock at appropriate site e. > 10 hops. The Boundary clock helps correct the PDV on the local interface scaling the endpoints since each Master/Boundary Clock is able to then act as a Master to endpoints downstream Redundancy towards the upstream Grand Master Clock as it’s able to work with Active and standby clocks Packet Delay Variation (PDV) is key. Cisco Public 26 . All rights reserved. Options in Next Generation (IP) Microwave that can correct the PDV on the Interface Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems.

All rights reserved. Cisco Public 27 . Inc.Ethernet Clocking Mechanism Comparisons Advantages GPS PRC/BITS 1588-2008 SyncE/ESMC NTPv4 Reliable PRC Relatively cheap Frequency and phase Reliable PRC Generally Available Disadvantages Antenna required US Govt owned No Phase Need to maintain TDM in all Ethernet deployment Requires Master w/ PRC Performance influenced by network Undefined Profiles in SP environments No Phase Every node in chain needs to support Packet Based (Frequency and Phase) Physical layer (Frequency) Packet Based (Frequency and Phase) Not as robust as 1588-2008 Open standard Some proprietary implementations Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems.

Cisco Public 28 28 . Resiliency and Security Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Inc.Unified RAN QoS .

Cisco Public 29 . 5 5 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 0 Draft MPLS EXP Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Audio/video applications OAM Medium Audio/Video Applications VoIP (non GBR) For Future use Low Latency Data TCP. Bulk reporting .. FTP. Inc.Backhaul – Sample traffic profile QCI 1 3 Control 2 4 5 6 COS2 COS2V Class COS1 IP Markings EF CS5 EF AF41 AF31 CS4 AF32 AF33 7 COS3 AF21 CS2 8 9 COS4 (Default) AF22 / AF 23 CS0 AF11 Priority* * High High High High High High Low Low High High Low Low Low 10% BWR CBWFQ 20% BWR CBWFQ 30% BWR CBWFQ 40% BWR CBWFQ Egress BW 30% Max Scheduler Priority Traffic Type Voice (GBR) Gaming All Signaling Some OAM Conversational Video Multimedia Streaming IMS Signaling GETS data. UDP.. OAM. All rights reserved.

Inc. All rights reserved.Fixed and Variable delays Packetization delay Serialization delay Processing delay Propagation delay Queuing delay Variable Delay Fixed Delays Propagation delay is fixed only if the path for all Traffic between source and destination does not change QoS addresses Queuing delay Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 30 .

Port-based shaping . Inc. All rights reserved.Unified RAN QoS Ingress QOS: -Traffic classification Egress QOS: .Set MPLS EXP Egress QOS: .Per-VLAN Shaping .Port-based shaping .Port-based Scheduling .Per-VLAN Scheduling Ingress QOS: . Cisco Public 31 .6 Queues based on EXP EAN Egress QOS: .Per-VLAN Shaping .Per-VLAN Scheduling CSN ESN Egress QOS: .6 Queues based on EXP Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems.Port-based Scheduling .

Encrypted Passwords Area MPLS Forwarding MPLS Feature no mpls ip propagate-ttl [forwarded | local] VRF maximum route Purpose • Enables MPLS core privacy by hiding number of hops in MPLS core • Configuration of mid.Unified RAN Security Area MAC Address (CAM Table Overflow) Broadcast/ Multicast Storms Layer 2 Features Port Security. All rights reserved. Disable Password Recovery. Not Telnet). Inc.and maximum threshold of number of VRF routes • MD5-based authentication of LDP sessions • Global configuration or per LDP peer MPLS Control Plane MD5 LDP session authentication Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. per VLAN MAC Limiting Storm Control Purpose Per VLAN MAC-Limiting Effect Limited to Bridge-Domain Hijack Management Use Encrypted Access (SSH. Cisco Public 32 . OOB Management.

All rights reserved. PVSTP (<2 sec.3ad LACP (Sub-second. Inc. any topology) Multicast Fast Convergence (sub-second.Unified RAN Resiliency Ethernet Switching EtherChannel. any topology) MPLS Switching Fast IGP Convergence Pseudowire redundancy MPLS TE-FRR Link & Node protection 2G BTS 3G BTS IP NodeB LTE/SAE CPE Core Network Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. ATM RNC 10GE Ring 33 . Cisco Public Access node FE GE Ring Agg node Core-Agg node GE. applicable to parallel links) MST. segment topology) Flexlink (applicable to parallel links) IP Routing Fast IGP convergence (sub-second. 802. topology agnostic) REP (<50ms achievable.

Inc. All rights reserved.Unified RAN Network Monitoring Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 34 34 .

Cisco Public 35 . All rights reserved.Backhaul Network: TDM versus PSN Variances TDM IP/MPLS Circuit Switched Domain Dedicated Bandwidth Time Division Multiplex Tools Loop BERT Time Division Multiplex Assessment Circuit: UP/Down Errors Latency Packet Switched Domain Statistically Multiplexed Bandwidth Packet Switched Network Tools Loop BERT Ping Traceroute IP SLA & Net Flow Protocol Debug Packet Decode L3 and L2 filters Packet Switched Network Assessment Circuit: UP/Down Errors Latency Loss Jitter IP Maximum Transmit Size L2 and L3 Convergence Time Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Inc.

All rights reserved. Jitter and Packet Loss Performance Parameters One-way Frame Delay One-way Frame Delay Variations Frame Loss Rate Network Availability Network Objectives 10 ms average. Cisco Public 36 .99% or higher Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Inc.Unified RAN Assurance Enable IP SLA between the cell-site and Aggregation Nodes Collect Latency. 15 ms max < 4 ms 1 x 10-7 99.

Cisco Public 37 .How Does Cisco IOS IP SLAs Work? Management Application 1. 5. set thresholds Measure Network Poll SNMP or CLI for measurement results Source IP SLAs Measure IP Host Trigger Other Operations Based on Thresholds/Timeouts Target IP SLA Responder Measure Performance Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. configure responder Schedule operations If needed. Configure source router If needed. 2. 6. All rights reserved. 3. 4. Inc.

Cisco Public 38 38 . All rights reserved.Unified RAN Provisioning Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Inc.

Typical Deployment Models Drawback analysis Staging facility Remote Site Network NOC 1. NOC to telnet and push configuration to branch devices 6. What if you sent the device to the wrong branch? Error prone and not scalable for IP RAN Access Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Need to manually coordinate with the NOC 4. All rights reserved. Staging effort (including unpacking/packing) 3. Inc. Need to poke hole in firewall if presented 5. Two-shipping 2. Cisco Public 39 .

Device is connected and initiates DHCP/TFTP requests for bootstrap 4. 2. device operational. Inc.Deployment Model with CE (2) True Zero Touch Deployment DHCP/tftp bootstrap <config-data> Blah Blah Blah … </config-data> Network Config <config-data> Blah Blah Blah … </config-data> S S L Branch Office or Customer Premises Configuration Engine 1. Device loads bootstrap. CE identifies the device and sends the full configuration to the device. All rights reserved. Cisco Public 40 . Device shipped from Cisco manufacturing to branch with no config. config agent loads the configuration. Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. initiates connection to CE 5. CE is notified to add the device and associated with a configuration template 3.

Inc. Cisco Catalyst software images. Anywhere Cisco IOS Software and Cisco Catalyst software images can be activated and the device reloaded and verified Configuration commands can be applied immediately prior to image activation Web GUI or Web Services Interface Web Services XML and SOAP network Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Cisco IP Phone images. Cisco Public 41 . and security) Image Distribution Cisco IOS Software images. VPN. music-on-hold (MOH) files. All rights reserved. and more Image Activation: Any File.Beyond Initial Deployment Configuration and Image Services Customer or Partner Application Configuration Changes Secure configuration updates to thousands of devices in minutes Secure distribution of service configuration (voice. interactive voice response (TCL IVR) files. intrusion protection system (IPS) files. Cisco Security Manager files.

All rights reserved. Cisco Public 42 42 .Unified RAN Dimensioning Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Inc.

Inc. Cisco Public 43 .Backhaul Dimension Approach Link Capacity is obtained by average of peak traffic of all connection over a long term statistical analysis B is over provisioning factor – varies based on DCH or HSDPA overhead Link Capacity should meet delay requirement defined Application and Radio functions Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.

Inc. several users will share the cell and there will be small variations in busy time mean During Quiet time. All rights reserved. a single user may have the whole cell to themselves and this is when peak UE and cell throughput will be achieved Dimension the Backhaul for Busy Time mean BW which is considerably lower than peak BW Over Subscriber Top – Down and Over Provision Down – Top Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 44 .Why Oversubscription Not all users are connected all the time Connected users are not using full bandwidth During busy times.

we’re just trying to get the networks up and running Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.Survey Question #2 How important is Clocking and QoS to your future Backhaul Network ? We prefer existing TDM for Clocking and QoS We see a clear need for IP Clocking and QoS due to phase and data service like VOIP . Inc. Cisco Public 45 . Video etc requirement They are equally important and critical Neither is important right now.

Transport Standards Evolution with MEF and Broadband (MPLS) Forum Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Inc. Cisco Public 46 46 . All rights reserved.

2G. User-Network Interface requirements 3. Cisco Public 47 . Inc.Metro Ethernet Forum 22 The New MEF 22 Specification 1. 3G. LTE) 2. Service Requirements Service definitions Clock synchronization for application support 4. Provides generic specification for Carrier Ethernet backhaul architectures for mobile networks (2G.g. Includes guidance for migration strategy Key Areas Addressed Migration from Legacy Networks Scalability Evolution with multiple Mobile Networks e. 4G. 3G and 4G Circuit Emulation Services Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved.

Broadband (MPLS) Forum . All rights reserved. Inc.Backhaul MPLS adds Carrier Grade Capabilities Scalability Resiliency Manageability Traffic Engineering & QoS Multiservice Traffic Isolation Co-existence of Multiple Transport Options Support of Multi-media traffic Reliability Critical Strategic Asset for new Revenue Generation Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 48 .

All rights reserved. Cisco Public 49 49 .High Scalable Architecture EANTC Mega Test Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Inc.

5M Active Subscribers. Inc. EANT Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. most in‐depth test. 3G and LTE. independent.  and IP RAN Backhaul  Independent Light Reading ‐ EANTC Testing not funded by Cisco Realistic Test simulates realistic mobile operator’s network  for 2G. Inc. Cisco Cisco Public Confidential 50 . including: Comprehensive Data Center. © 2010 Cisco Systems. 4500+  Emulated Base Stations “By far the largest and most in‐depth public. IP Core.Largest. Mobile Packet Core. 1. All rights reserved. third‐ party test of mobile infrastructure vendor performance ever. All rights reserved." Carsten Rossenhövel Managing Director.

1 μs) ASR 9000 S ASR TimeWa ASR9000 T 9000 tch C ASR 9000 Emulated (e)NodeB S T C Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. 6. Cisco Public CRS-3 CRS-3 ASR1000 ME3800 ASR 9000 2G/TDM 3G/ATM Clock Ethernet 51 .0.50 PPB / 50ns ) 9 9000 Meets LTE Multimedia Broadcast Media Services (+/.100X Competitive Solutions ME3800 Counter SyncE or 1588 only solutions (+/.05 ppm) A BTS A A Frequency – 9 ns NodeB N N N ASR 9000 Phase – 40 ns ME3800 MWR2941 760 9 HP Differentiation . All rights reserved. and 24 Hours) Emulated ANUE Impairment Generator Inserted between MWR and ME3800 Emulated Effective Hop Count –BSC 13 A (e)NodeB RNC X S T Benefits C 760 .Seamless Uninterrupted Roaming ME3600 9 GPS Antenna Nexus 7000 ASR5000 S T C SGSN A Results: GGSN 760 X ASR Comparable to SONET/SDH accuracy (+/.8261 Clock Synchronization (2.High Quality of Experience .“Hybrid” Synchronization Symmetricom Master Clock Test Case: RFC1588/SyncE ITU G. Inc.

High Availability Symmetricom SGSN Master Clock MME Test Case : RFC1588/SyncE GPS Antenna Link Resiliency – Loss of Signal / Unidirectional Data EmulatedMPLS Links ANUE .Inserted in REP and Emulated BSC 7600 Node Power Failure A (e)NodeB RNC X S Benefits T High Quality of Experience C 760 Always “ON” Services ASR5000 ME3600 9 SGSN Out of Service Results: A 760 REP Access – 50 ms / 357 ms (Fast Hello) GGSN MPLS ASR X 9 REP MPLS Aggregation – 28 ms / 120 ms (BFD) FRR 9000 X AX BTS Node Failure – 170 ms A X A Lossless Recovery NodeB N N N ASR 9000 ME3800 MWR2941 760 Differentiation: 9 HP Robust Topology Agnostic Ethernet and MPLS Resiliency ME3800 Counter 2X Competitive Platforms – Node/Ethernet/Unidirectional Data Loss ASR 9000 S ASR TimeWa ASR9000 T 9000 tch C ASR 9000 Emulated (e)NodeB S T C Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public Nexus 7000 S T C CRS-3 CRS-3 ASR1000 ME3800 ASR 9000 2G/TDM 3G/ATM Clock Ethernet 52 . All rights reserved. Inc.

Quality of Experience Symmetricom SGSN Test Case : MME 2G/3G/LTE Traffic GuaranteesMaster Clock RFC1588/SyncE GPS Antenna Five Traffic Classes Per Mobile Profiles Emulated REP and MPLS FRR Disabled Emulated BSC 10G RAN Aggregation Link Failure (7600) A (e)NodeB RNC 10G MPLS Link Failure (7600/9000) X S T Benefits C High Quality of Experience with Massive760 Scale ASR5000 Optimized Service Aware Transport ME3600 9 SGSN Guaranteed Premium Service Level Agreements X A 760 GGSN MPLS ASR X 9 Out of Service Results: REP FRR 9000 X BTS Lossless for High Priority (EF) Traffic (Voice. Clock) A Lossless for Streaming Video (AF) NodeB N ASR 9000 Only Best MWR2941 affected by network congestion effort traffic ME3800 760 9 HP Differentiation: ME3800 Counter leading QoS performance and scale Industry ASR 9000 S ASR > 1 Million Mobile Flows Per Metro TimeWa ASR9000 T 9000 tch C ASR 9000 Emulated (e)NodeB S T C Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public Nexus 7000 S T C CRS-3 CRS-3 ASR1000 ME3800 ASR 9000 2G/TDM 3G/ATM Clock Ethernet 53 . Inc. Control. All rights reserved.

Cisco’s Comprehensive IP Architecture Centralized or Distributed Offload at any Network Point Nexus 5000 Nexus 7000 UCS Data Center CRS IP Core Cisco Traffic and Video Adaptive Optimization Intelligent Routing Monetization & New Models ASR1000 ASR 5000 Packet Core ME 36/3800 MWR 2941 7600 ASR 9000 Mobile Backhaul Optimized for Cloud Services Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. Cisco Public 54 . Inc. All rights reserved.

. Design Design Cisco Public Deploy Implement Operate Operate / Optimize 55 .Acceptance Testing . All rights reserved.Gap Analysis Design .Operations Staff Training Operate .Low-Level Design .Best Practices for Clocking.Operations Team Mentoring . SetUp Time Rqmts.Call Drop Rate. .Cisco Services for IP-RAN Lifecycle Framework IP-RAN Requirements Workshop . Inc.QoS.Resiliency Rqmts.Solution Optimization Program Management Discover Prepare / Plan Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems.Implementation Plan .Traffic Migration .System Implementation .Technology Concept Development Readiness Assessment – Detailed IP-RAN Business Requirements – IP-RAN Operational State – Tools & Skills – MPLS Network Readiness Assessment .Operations Plan Deployment -Cell-site and RNC Integration .NMS Implementation .Solution Infrastructure Remote Monitoring and Management .High-Level Design .Pilot .Break Fix Support for HW/SW Optimize Base Operate Plus: .High-Level Business Needs and Service Strategy . .Solution Triage . Latency Solution Definition .System Acceptance Test Plan . IP-SLA. QoS etc.

Inc. Cisco Public 56 . All rights reserved.Unified RAN Backhaul Overall Lessons Learned Have a clear vision of where the RAN network architecture is going Establish from the very beginning Technology. Services and Network roadmaps and manage platforms to support the key features to a specific timescale Spend effort and time developing stringent deployment processes and procedures to ensure quality and completeness of solutions Stringent interoperability testing Develop meaningful monitoring and Provisioning systems that provide timely information for the capacity planning team to measure traffic levels and forecast upgrades Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems.

Cisco Public 57 .Presentation_ID © 2009 Cisco Systems. All rights reserved. Inc.