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28 / 5 / 2005

1
. :
() = () + () (),
() ()
()
().
() 0, :
N ( A B ) N ( A) N ( B ) N ( A B )
=
+

N ( )
N ( ) N ( )
N ( )

 () = () + () ().
. . ,
, , .
.
.

(, ).
. . f
f(x) > 0
, ,
().
.

f, g

f (x) f(x)g(x) f (x)g(x)

=
g 2 (x)
g(x)

, ,

().
. (s2)
,
().
. ,
, () (), ().
:

1
2
3
4

2
.
/
xi

[4, 8)
[8, 12)
[12, 16)
[16, 20)

5
10
25
10
50

6
10
14
18



fi
i

0,1
0,2
0,5
0,2
1

. .

Fi

5
15
40
50

0,1
0,3
0,8
1

__

. x =

x v
i

i =1

5 6 + 10 10 + 14 25 + 18 10 660
=
= 13, 2 .
4
50

. 4() 2000 , ,

( ).
( 5, 58)
(
) , 10
[4, 8)
[8, 12), , 5 ( ),
5 + 5 = 10 .
( 1 77)


Ni
,
50

40
10,
[4, 10)
B
0 .
15
= +

, (8, 5) (12, 15),


A
5

:
4

10

8 12 16 20



,

5
10 15
2

5
= 15
2

5 = 8 +

15 = 12 +

= 5 8

5
= 2

5 = 8 +

10 = 4

= 15

5 .
= 2

(10, )

 = 10.


,

2

10, . 10
[4, 8), 10
[8, 12),
10 5 5 + 10 = 15 .
3
. x2 6x + 5 0  x 1 x 5, :
3x 15
3(x 5)
3
3
k = lim 2
= lim
= lim
= .
x 5 x 6x + 5
x 5 (x 1)(x 5)
x 5 x 1
4
. k =

3 1 5
3
, : X = 4 , 2 , 4 .
4

0 (), () 1 (), (),


(), () 5 .
4

, () () () (),
() < (), () = 3 () = 1 .
4

. (1). () = () + () () 
 () = () + () ()
7 1 3
7 4 6
5
 P(A) = 8 + 2 4  P(A) = 8 + 8 8  P(A) = 8 .
5 1
(2) ( ) = () ()  P(A B) = 8 2 
5 4
1
P(A

B)
=

P(A

B)
=


.
8 8
8
4
f (0, +)
(1) x 1 (x)
1
f(x) =
=

x2
x2 .
. (1, 1) f,
1
f (1) = = 1 , .
1
y = x + , (),
= f(1) = 1, (): y = x + .
, ,
1 = 1 +  = 2.
(): y = x + 2.


: 2x + 2y.
(x, y)
f,

1
x,
x

y =

1
,
x

:
2
g(x) = 2x + , x(0, +).
x
H g (0, +),
2 2x 2 2 2(x 2 1) 2(x 1)(x + 1)
g(x) = 2 2 =
=
=
.
x
x2
x2
x2
:
2(x 1)(x + 1)
>0 
g(x) > 0 
x2
x1>0
[ 2 > 0, x2 > 0, x + 1 > 1 > 0]
 x > 1.
:
0
1
+

g(x)

g(x)
x = 1,
g(1) = 4

1
M 1,
1

(1, 1),

.
. 1
y = x + 2,
_______

_______

___

x+c = x +c,

___

s x + c = s x , cx = c x , s cx =| c | s x , c , :
__

_________

___

___

y = x + 2 = x + 2 = x + 2 = 5 + 2 = 3
s y = s x + 2 = s x =| 1 | s x = s x = 2 .

2
,
.
1, 2, 3, 4, 5 5
y = x + 2, :
1 = 1 + 5, 2 = 2 + 5, 3 = 3 + 5, 4 = 4 + 5, 5 = 5 + 5.
4

__

x =5

i =1

=5

= 25

___

i x
=4
i =1
5
5

sx = 2

(
5

2
i

s 2x = 4

i =1

___ ___ 2
2

= 20
i
i x + x

i =1

10i + 25 = 20 .

i =1

:
5

__

y=

i =1

i =1

5
2

___

i y
=
s 2y = i =1
5
s y = 2 .
5

(i + 2)

(i ) +

i =1

i =1

5
i

+ 2 (3)

i =1

) (

+ 5 2

i =1

i =1

+5

25 + 10
= 3
5

) (
5

2
i

10i + 25

i =1

20
=4
5