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2005

1
A1. h 0 :
F( x + h ) F( x ) f ( x + h ) + g( x + h ) f ( x ) g ( x ) f ( x + h ) f (h ) g ( x + h ) g ( x )
=
=
+
h
h
h
h

:
F( x + h ) F( x )
f ( x + h ) f (h )
g( x + h ) g( x )
= lim
+ lim
= f ' (x ) + g' ( x ) ,
h
h
h
h 0
h 0
h 0
lim

F(x) = f(x) + g(x).


2.
__ __

x x 0 s,

s
, CV = __ .
x
:
__

x > 0 : CV =
__

x < 0 : CV =
.

s
__

x
s
__

x
. ( )
,
().
1
. ( ln x ) ' = x > 0,
x
().
.
fi , vi Fi , Ni ,
().
.
, ().
.
,
N(A)
N()
P(A) =
, P() =
.
N()
N()
N( ) N()
() = ()
=
() = (),
N() N()
().

.
, ().
:

2
. f x > 0 , : f = (0, +) .
. f f = f ' = (0, +) ,
f '(x) =

1
2 x .
x

. (1, 1) f, f(1) = 1,
ln1 12 = 1 = 1 = 1.
f (1, 1) y = 3x 2,
1
f(1) = 3, 2 1 = 3 = 1, :
1
2(1) = 3 + 2 = 3 = 3 2 = 1.

. x 2, :
1

lim f '(x) x 3 = lim 2 x x 3 = lim x 3 2 x x 3 =


x 2
x 2
x

x 2 x

= lim x 2 2x 4 = 22 2 24 = 4 32 .
x 2

= 1 = 1 () ,
:

lim f '(x) x 3 = 4 1 32 (1) = 4 + 32 = 36 .

x 2

3

__

x = x . :
__

__

__ __

x s, x , x , x + s

68%
= 34% .
2
__

__

__

__

x 2s, x s , x + s, x + 2s

95% 68% 27%


=
= 13,5% .
2
2

__

__

__

__

x 3s, x 2s , x + 2s, x + 3s

99,7% 95% 4,7%


=
= 2,35% .
2
2
__

__

, x 3s , x + 3s,+

100% 99,7% 0,3%


=
= 0,15% .
2
2

. 50%
__

20, x = 20 .
81,5%
__

__

__

__

x 3s, x 2s, x s, x
81,5% = 68% + 13,5%,
__
__
__

__

s,
x
+
2s

2s,
x + s .

(16, 22) :
__
__
__
__
x s = 16
x
=
s
+
16
x
=
s
+
16

x = s + 16
__
x + 2s = 22
s + 16 + 2s = 22
s + 2s = 22 16
3s = 6

__
__
__
__
x
=
s
+
16
x
=
2
+
16

x = 18 , x = 20 .
s = 2
s = 2
s = 2
__
22 s 2s = 16
s 2s = 16 22
3s = 6
x 2s = 16

__
__
__

__
x + s = 22
x = 22 s
x = 22 s
x = 22 s

s = 2
s = 2
s = 2
__
__
__
, .
x = 22 s
x = 22 2
x = 20

__
__

. 95% x 2s, x + 2s

__
__

x s, x + s , N* , = 2.

. R
6s. s = 2, R 12 .
__
R
f (x) = x 2 x + 4 x + 9s
2

12 2
f (x) = x ( 20 + 4 ) x + 9 2 = 6x 2 24x + 18 = 6(x 2 4x + 3) ,
2
R
f '(x) = 6(2x 4) = 12(x 2) .

:
f '(x) = 0 12(x 2) = 0 x 2 = 0 x = 2
f '(x) > 0 12(x 2) > 0 x 2 > 0 x > 2.
:
2

f(x)

+
+

f(x)

f [2, +) ,

f (, 2] ,

f x = 2
f (2) = 6(22 4 2 + 3) = 6(4 8 + 3) = 6 .

4
x 1 :
x +1
x +1
x + 1 2(x 1)
x + 1 2(x 1)
2
20

0
0
x 1
x 1
x 1
x 1
x 1
x + 1 2x + 2
3 x

0
0 , 1 < x 3
x 1
x 1
x, x = 2 x = 3, = {2, 3}.
A B = {2, 6} , 2, 6 A 2, 6 B .
A B = {1,3, 4} , 1,3, 4 A 1,3, 4 B .
1, 2,3, 4, 6 A .
5, 5 (A B) , ,
5 A , A B = {1, 2,3, 4, 5, 6} 5.

: = {1, 2, 3, 4, 6} = {1, 3, 4, 5}.


( ) 5 1
( ) 4 2
() 2 1
. ( ) =
=
= , ( ) =
= = , () =
=
= .
() 10 2
() 10 5
() 10 5
. ,
( ) 3
: = {1, 4, 5}, ( ) =
= .
( )
10
( ) 1
. : = {3} , ( ) =
= .
( )
10

( ) ( ) . , ,
:
(( ) ( )) = ( ) + ( ) = () ( ) + ( ) ( ) =
4 2
1 4+22 4 2
= ( ) + ( ) 2 ( ) = + 2 =
= = .
10 10
10
10
10 5
__
+ 3 + 5 9
. , 3, 5 x =
=
= 3
3
3
2

__

xi x
i =1
:
s 2 =
v
v

__

xi x
2
2
2
i =1
= ( 3) + (3 3) + (5 3) =
s2 =
3
3
2
2
2
2
2
(2 ) + 0 + (2 )
4 + 4
8 2
=
=
=
.
3
3
3
:
8 2
3 24
s 2 > 24
> 24 2 >
2 > 9 || > 3 < 3 > 3.
3
8
, = 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10,
() 7
= {4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10} () =
= .
() 10
3