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Characteristic of Tray column  Predictable hydraulic and mass transfer behavior  Moderate to high pressure drop per tray

 Can be scaled to large diameters  Low cost  Suitable for fouling service  Feed point flexibility is easy

Characteristics of Packed Columns  Low pressure drop / smaller diameter  Random packing scale-up for HETP is difficult; structured packing scale-up is predictable  HETP prediction less well developed than for trays  Low to moderate cost for random packing; high cost for structured packing  Not suitable for fouling service  Feed point flexibility is difficult