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DYWIDAG Strand Anchor Systems DYWIDAG Strand Anchor Systems DSI’s Experience and Service dsi has been a pioneer in the design, manufacturing and supply of anchor systems. we have successfully promoted and expanded the use of ground anchors worldwide. As a full service organization, dsi can help during the design process with selection of the proper anchor system, shop drawings and specifications as well as field assistance during installation, testing and grouting operations. our fabrication facilities strategically located throughout the usA and Canada, coupled with an extensive network of local sales centers, provide prompt and reliable response to customer needs. most orders can be supplied from inventory with short lead times. dsi’s ground anchors are manufactured specifically for each project so that unique specifications and project requirements can be met. by eliminating site fabrication, consistent quality and performance of the anchors are assured. us Capitol building – washington, dC System Description dsi’s multistrand rock and soil Anchor system is based on the proven prestressing technology of the dywidAg post-tensioning system and decades of experiences in anchor technology for permanent and temporary applications. basic system components: n 0.6" dia. 7 wire 270 ksi (1862 mpA) strands – bare or epoxy coated bearing plate wedge plate wedges n n n the system is extremely versatile and can be adapted to meet specific project requirements. 2 Contents bluestone lake dam – hinton, vA golden gate bridge – san Francisco, CA dywidAg strand Anchor systems ................................................... 01 temporary Anchors ........................................................................... 04 permanent Anchors ........................................................................... 05 Anchor design ................................................................................... 06 Anchor properties .............................................................................. 07 Anchor types and Corrosion protection ............................................ 08 Anchor installation, stressing and monitoring equipment ................ 10 post grouting, Additional geotechnical products ............................ 11 35-0.6" epoxy Coated strand Anchor diemer waste water treatment plant – yorba linda, CA 3 DYWIDAG Temporary Strand Anchors bearing plate wedge plate wedges greased and hot melt-plastic extruded strand (unbonded length) post-grout line (optional) spacer Centralizer bare strand (bond length) retaining walls dam stabilization bridges structures Applications prestressed rock and soil anchors have become an important tool for the geotechnical or structural design engineer. their safe and reliable use in both permanent and temporary applications is accepted throughout the world. Anchors are most commonly referred to as tiebacks for installation angles of 15°-50° from horizontal or tiedowns (51°-90° installation angle). Soil Anchors soil anchors are pressure grouted tendons installed in either cohesive or non-cohesive soil or loose rock. the anchors transfer forces into the ground through the prestressing steel and grout body. in the free stressing length the anchor remains free to move. Typical Uses for Soil Anchors n Anchoring of support structures for excavations such as sheet pile walls, soldier piles with lagging, drilled piles, slurry walls, and concrete retaining walls. Counteracting uplift forces in structures subjected to buoyancy and lateral loads. stabilization of eccentrically loaded foundations. stabilization of natural or excavated slopes. n n n dowd land slide – i70, Co 4 DYWIDAG Permanent Strand Anchors with DCP (double corrosion protection) wedge plate wedges Cover Cap (optional) bearing plate with trumpet greased and hot melt-plastic extruded strand (unbonded length) Corrugated plastic sheathing end Cap spacer Centralizer post-grout line (optional) bare strand (bond length) tower Foundations Foundation uplift Anchors slope stabilization Rock Anchors rock anchors are post-tensioned tendons installed in drilled holes for which at least the entire bond length is located in rock. the anchor force is transmitted to the rock by bond between the grout body and the rock. rock anchors can remain unbonded in the free stressing length allowing the anchor to be checked and re-tensioned at any time. in such cases, adequate corrosion protection for the stressing anchorage and the free stressing length must be provided. on the other hand, the free stressing length can also be fully grouted after the anchor has been stressed, in which case future load adjustment is no longer possible. Typical Uses for Rock Anchors n resist external and uplift forces caused by wind or seismic event. tie back retaining walls. stabilize eccentrically located foundations, slopes, rock walls, and cuts. increase the stability of dams or large bridge foundations. n n n epoxy Coated strand Anchors for a dam upgrade 5 Anchor Design Anchor Capacity Although there is no theoretical limit to the capacity of a multistrand anchor, practical considerations such as drill hole size and the availability of material handling equipment limit the size of an anchor to 91-0.6" (15.2 mm) dia. strands in most cases. larger anchors can be manufactured, but the practicality and economics of their use should be thoroughly evaluated before they are incorporated into a design. bullfinch place, portland, or Stress Levels dywidAg strand Anchor systems may be stressed to the allowable limits of the American Concrete institute Code no. ACi 318. the maximum jacking stress (test load) for anchors shall not exceed 0.80 fpu of the prestressing steel. the lock off load depends on the specific requirements of the project. initial load transfer force at lock-off shall not exceed 0.70 fpu. wedges shall always be seated at a load that is greater than 0.50 fpu. the final (working) prestress level is dependent on: n n n n n Anchor Length no theoretical length limit exists, however, considerations should be made to allow for practical drilling and material handling. the unbonded length of an anchor is determined by the location of the failure plane and/or the location of competent ground capable of resisting the anchor force. A minimum unbonded length of 15 ft is recommended for strand anchors, so that load losses associated with seating of the wedges will not result in major decrease of prestress force. the bond length of the anchor depends on: n Literature publications below are useful guides for selecting and designing temporary and permanant ground anchor systems. Application installation procedure stressing sequence rigidity of the structural system seating losses n n n n Capacity of the ground (ground conditions) hole diameter installation practices drilling method grouting method Recommendations for Prestressed Rock and Soil Anchors, published by the pti (post-tensioning institute), www.post-tensioning.org post grouting can significanly improve the holding capacities of anchors in soil and reduce the bond length. (see page 11). Geotechnical Engineering Circular No. 4 - Ground Anchors and Anchored Systems, published by the Federal highway Administration (FhwA), www.fhwa.dot.gov 6 Anchor Properties dywidAg strand Anchors utilize 0.6" dia. 7-wire, low relaxation 270 ksi strand conforming to Astm A416 (bare strand) or Astm A882 (epoxy coated strand). Number of Strands [ea] 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 12 15 19 27 37 48 54 61 Nominal Cross Section Area (Aps) [in2] 0.217 0.434 0.651 0.868 1.085 1.302 1.519 1.736 1.953 2.604 3.255 4.123 5.859 8.029 / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / [mm2] 140 280 420 560 700 840 980 1,120 1,260 1,680 2,100 2,660 3,780 5,180 6,720 7,560 8,540 Ultimate Strength (Fpu x Aps) [kips] 58.6 117.2 175.8 234.4 293.0 351.6 410.2 468.8 527.4 703.2 879.0 / / / / / / / / / / / / [kN] 261 521 782 1,043 1,303 1,564 1,825 2,085 2,346 3,128 3,910 4,953 7,038 9,645 Prestressing Force 0.80 Fpu x Aps [kips] 46.9 93.7 140.6 187.5 234.4 281.3 328.2 375.0 421.9 562.6 703.2 890.7 / / / / / / / / / / / / / [kN] 208 417 625 834 1,043 1,251 1,460 1,668 1,877 2,503 3,128 3,962 5,631 7,716 0.70 Fpu x Aps [kips] 41.0 82.0 123.0 164.1 205.1 246.1 287.2 328.1 369.2 492.3 615.3 779.4 / / / / / / / / / / / / / [kN] 182 365 547 730 912 1,095 1,277 1,460 1,642 2,190 2,737 3,467 4,927 6,751 8,758 9,853 0.60 Fpu x Aps [kips] 35.2 70.3 105.5 140.6 175.8 221.0 246.2 281.3 316.4 422.0 527.4 668.0 949.4 / / / / / / / / / / / / / / [kN] 156 313 469 626 782 938 1,095 1,251 1,408 1,877 2,346 2,972 4,223 5,787 7,507 8,446 9,540 Nominal Weight (bare steel only) [lbs/ft] 0.74 1.48 2.22 2.96 3.70 4.44 5.18 5.92 6.66 8.88 11.10 14.06 19.98 27.38 35.52 39.96 45.14 / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / / [kg/m] 1.09 1.64 3.27 4.46 5.51 6.55 7.74 8.78 9.97 13.24 16.52 20.98 29.76 40.78 52.83 59.38 67.12 1,113.4 / 1,582.2 / 2,168.2 / 1,265.8 / 1,734.6 / 1,107.6 / 1,517.8 / 1,968.9 / 2,215.1 / 1,301.0 / 1,687.7 / 1,898.6 / 2,144.8 / 10.416 / 11.718 / 13.237 / 2,812.8 / 12,512 3,164.4 / 14,076 3,574.6 / 15,901 2,250.2 / 10,009 2,531.5 / 11,261 2,859.7 / 12,721 2,502.2 / 11,131 Aps = Area prestressing steel Fpu = minimum ultimate strength Anchor Properties – DCP Components & Wedge Plates g wedge plate Max. No. of 0.6" Strands* [ea] 3 4 7 9 12 15 17 24 27 Corrugated Sheathing O.D. [in] 2.4 3.6 3.6 3.6 4.7 4.7 4.7 5.8 6.9 / / / / / / / / / / [mm] 61 92 92 92 120 120 120 148 176 Pipe O.D. [in] 4.5 4.5 4.5 5.6 6.6 6.6 8.6 8.6 8.6 / / / / / / / / / / [mm] 115 115 115 142 169 169 220 220 220 Wedge Plate Ø G [in] / Ø G [mm] 4.7 4.7 5.6 5.5 6.3 7.1 7.9 9.4 9.4 / / / / / / / / / 120 120 143 141 161 181 200 241 241 H [in] 2.0 2.0 2.4 2.2 2.6 2.8 3.4 4.1 4.1 / H [mm] / / / / / / / / / 51 51 61 55 66 70 87 105 105 bearing plate trumpet pipe o.d. Corrugated sheathing o.d. * based on the use of a single max. 1/2" i.d. grout tube please consult with your local sales office for systems exceeding 27 strands. bearing plate sizes are dependent on project specific conditions. dsi staff can assist with sizing of bearing plates. 7 h Anchor Types and Corrosion Protection Temporary Anchor Anchor with Single Corrosion Protection (PTI-Class II) Anchor with Double Corrosion Protection (PTI-Class I) n Grout Protected Bond Length n Greased & PE Extruded Unbonded Length n Grout Protected Bond Length n Greased & PE Extruded Unbonded Length n Grout Filled Bond Length Encapsulated n Greased & PE Extruded Unbonded Length Cover Cap wedge wedge plate bearing plate wedge wedge plate bearing plate trumpet Cover Cap wedge wedge plate bearing plate trumpet unbonded length greased & pe or pp extruded strand in unbonded length unbonded length greased & pe or pp extruded strand in unbonded length unbonded length greased & pe or pp extruded strand in unbonded length Corrugated sheathing spacers along bond length spacers along bond length spacers along bond length bond length bare strand in bond length Centralizer bond length bare strand in bond length Centralizer bond length bare strand in bond length Centralizer end Cap Typical Uses: Temporary Applications with a service life of ≤ 24 Month Typical Uses: Anchor in known non-aggressive ground (refer to PTI Recommendations) Typical Uses: Permanent Application where a pre-grouted sheathing is an advantage 8 Anchor Types and Corrosion Protection Anchor with Double Corrosion Protection (PTI-Class I) Anchor with Epoxy Coated Strand (PTI-Class I) Anchor with Epoxy Coated Strand (PTI-Class I) n Grout Filled Corrugated Sheath Full Length n Two Stage Grouted Hole n Optional: Corrugated Sheathing (not shown) n Greased & PE Extruded Unbonded Length n Optional: Corrugated Sheathing Cover Cap wedge wedge plate bearing plate greased & pe or pp extruded strand in unbonded length trumpet unbonded length (= second stage grout) Cover Cap wedge wedge plate bearing plate trumpet Cover Cap wedge wedge plate bearing plate greased & pe or pp extruded epoxy Coated strand in unbonded length unbonded length trumpet unbonded length option A: greased & pe/pp extruded in unbonded length option b: without bond breaker Corrugated sheathing Corrugated sheathing (optional) epoxy Coated strand bare strand in bond length spacers along bond length spacers along bond length bond length (= First stage grout) spacers along bond length bond length Centralizer epoxy Coated strand Centralizer bond length Centralizer end Cap end Cap Typical Uses: All Permanent Applications Typical Uses: Large Capacity Permanent Anchors Typical Uses: Large Capacity Permanent Anchors 9 Anchor Installation, Stressing and Monitoring Equipment Installation Equipment uncoiling equipment is utilized to ensure efficient and safe installation of anchors while minimizing the risk of damage to the corrosion protection system. various manual and motorized styles of uncoilers are available for rent to meet your project specific needs. horizontal uncoiler ”lAzy susAn” vertical uncoiler Stressing Equipment dsi has a large fleet of stressing equipment that enables our customers to test and lock off anchors of any size. the stressing jacks are complemented by stressing chairs, pulling heads and hydraulic pumps for safe and efficient stressing operations. Customized equipment has been provided for many jobs with difficult access or for high capacity anchors. our in house engineering staff is well equipped to work with you on your job specific details and requirements. 1500 kn JACk (2-7 strands) equipped with ez Chair tensa 2600 JACk (8-12 strands) equipped with power seating 2000 ton JACk (91 strands) Load Monitoring Equipment our new dynA® Force elasto-magnetic sensor allows for short and long term monitoring of anchor loads through calibrated sensors and a power stress unit (read out box) that displays loads in kips with an accuracy of +/- 1 %. sensors can also be utilized in the bond length of the anchor to verify its performance. please refer to our dynA® Force elastomagnetic sensor brochure for further technical information. strand sensor power stress unit 10 Post Grouting of Anchors post grouting of anchors can significantly improve the load carrying capacity of anchors in cohesive soils by increasing the skin friction of the anchor grout body with the soil. the primary grout body in the bond length of the anchor is fractured by introducing additional grout through a post grout line with pressures up to 1200psi [8mpa]. post grouting of anchors that initially failed load test acceptace criterion can improve the capacity of the anchor and result in a passing subsequent test. Anchors can be installed with a single or multiple post grout lines. strands benefits of post-grouting are illustrated in the table below. this table was developed by dr. helmut ostermayer of the technical university of munich based on actual test results. (kN/m2) (psi) 600 80 500 Corrugated sheathing outer layer of Corrosion protection primary grout sandy silt very stiff to medium hard with postplasticity (marl) grouting silty clay light to medium plasticity Clay medium plasticity Clay medium plasticity very stiff with post-grouting stiff/very stiff with/without post-grouting stiff without post-grouting post grout line drill hole section prior to post grouting strands Corrugated sheathing Cement grout body after post grouting (enlarged grout body) (ft) 20 30 7 8 9 10 11 (m) skin friction M 400 60 300 40 200 20 100 0 0 10 1 2 3 4 5 6 primary grout (all pieces) post grout line drill hole section after post grouting bond length lo Additional Geotechnical Products from DSI (downloadable versions are available at www.dsiamerica.com) DYWIDAG Driven Ductile Iron Pile DYNA® Force Elasto Magnetic Sensor DYWI® Drill Hollow Bar Systems DYWIDAG Soil Nails DYWIDAG Bar Anchor Systems DYWIDAG Tie Rods DYWIDAG Micropiles 11 DYWIDAG-Systems International USA Inc. 320 marmon drive bolingbrook, il 60440 phone (630) 739-1100 Fax (630) 739-5517 e-mail: dsiamerica@dsiamerica.com www.dsiamerica.com 1263 newark road toughkenamon, pA 19374 phone (610) 268-2221 Fax (610) 268-3053 e-mail: dsiamerica@dsiamerica.com www.dsiamerica.com 1314 s. Central Ave south suite 100 kent, wA 98032 phone (253) 859-9995 Fax (253) 859-9119 e-mail: dsiamerica@dsiamerica.com www.dsiamerica.com 2154 south street long beach, CA 90805 phone (562) 531-6161 Fax (562) 531-3266 e-mail: dsiamerica@dsiamerica.com www.dsiamerica.com 4732 stone drive tucker, gA 30084 phone (770) 491-3790 Fax (770) 938-1219 e-mail: dsiamerica@dsiamerica.com www.dsiamerica.com 2400 hwy 287 n. suite 106 mansfield, tx 76063 phone (817) 473-6161 Fax (817) 473-1453 e-mail: dsiamerica@dsiamerica.com www.dsiamerica.com 3300 sw 50th Avenue davie, Fl 33314 phone (954) 318-1105 Fax (954) 318-1107 e-mail: dsiamerica@dsiamerica.com www.dsiamerica.com DYWIDAG-Systems International Canada Ltd. Eastern Division 37 Cardico drive gormley, on l0h 1g0 Canada phone (905) 888-8988 Fax (905) 888-8987 e-mail: ecd@dsiamerica.com www.dsicanada.ca Quebec Office C.p. 412 st. bruno, Quebec J3v 5g8 Canada phone (450) 653-0935 Fax (450) 653-0977 e-mail: ecd@dsiamerica.com www.dsicanada.ca Western Division 19433 96th Avenue, suite 103 surrey, bC v4n 4C4 Canada phone (604) 888-8818 Fax (604) 888-5008 e-mail: wcd@dsiamerica.com www.dsicanada.ca Calgary Office 2816-21 street n.e., suite 204 Calgary, Alberta t2e 6 z2 Canada phone (403) 291-4414 Fax (403) 250-5221 e-mail: wcd@dsiamerica.com www.dsicanada.ca ArgentinA AustrAliA AustriA belgium bosniA And herzegovinA brAzil CAnAdA Chile ChinA ColombiA CostA riCA CroAtiA CzeCh republiC denmArk egypt estoniA FinlAnd FrAnCe germAny greeCe guAtemAlA hondurAs hong kong indonesiA irAn itAly JApAn koreA lebAnon luxembourg mAlAysiA mexiCo netherlAnds norwAy omAn pAnAmA pArAguAy peru polAnd portugAl QAtAr russiA sAudi ArAbiA singApore south AFriCA spAin sweden switzerlAnd tAiwAn thAilAnd Please note: This brochure serves basic information purposes only. Technical data and information provided herein shall be considered non-binding and may be subject to change without notice. We do not assume any liability for losses or damages attributed to the use of this technical data and any improper use of our products. Should you require further information on particular products, please do not hesitate to contact us. turkey united ArAb emirAtes uruguAy usA venezuelA 04324-1US/01.10-web st united kingdom ww w.dsia me ric a .c o m w ww.dsic a na da .c a