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VT8237R Plus SATA RAID User Guide

Edition
V1.0

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..................... 3 2..................... How to create RAID driver floppy disk ............................................ 16 2 ..................... Driver and RAID software installation ........ 13 6................... 4 3........... BIOS Configuration ................. Introduction ....... Installing SATA Hard Disks ............................................................ 5 4............................. 3 1................................................ Install W indows XP/W indows 2000 with RAID mode ............................................................................................... 11 5.............Contents Using Serial ATA RAID ............................................................

RAID 0 (Striping) RAID 0 reads and writes sectors of data interleaved between multiple drives. The RAID levels which the VIA VT8237R Plus SATA RAID Host Controller supports are RAID 0. The individual disk drives in an array are called members. This can prevent data loss if the operating system fails or hangs. please install identical drives of the same model and capacity when creating a RAID set. that identifies the drive as a member. If any disk member fails. Fault tolerance is achieved through data redundant operation. 1 and JBOD. The advantage of an Array is to provide better performance or data fault tolerance. The different methods are referred to as different RAID levels. it affects the entire array. For optimal performance. You may install two SATA hard disks on the motherboard for storage devices. Introduction RAID Basics RAID (Redundant Array of Independent Disks) is a method of combining two hard disk drives into one logical unit. where if one drives fails. Hard disk drives can be combined together through a few different methods. All disk members in a formed disk array are recognized as a single physical drive to the operating system. 1. 3 . The striping block size can be set from 4KB to 64KB. a mirrored copy of the data can be found on another drive. security levels and implementation costs. RAID 0 does not support fault tolerance. The configuration information of each member is recorded in the reserved sector.Using Serial ATA RAID This motherboard adopts VIA VT8237R Plus southbridge chipset that supports Serial ATA (SATA) hard disks. The disk array data capacity is equal to the number of drive members times the capacity of the smallest member. Different RAID levels represent different performance levels.

JBOD is not really a RAID and does not support fault tolerance. 4 . Due to the fault tolerance. 2. W hen any disk member fails. an extra drive called the . Installing SATA Hard Disks STEP 1: Install the SATA hard disks into the drive bays. data access will not be affected as long as there are other working drives in the array. Due to redundancy. the failure affects the entire array. the remaining drive will continue to function. JBOD (Spanning) A spanning disk array is equal to the sum of the all drives when the drives used are having different capacities.RAID 1 (Mirroring) RAID 1 writes duplicate data onto a pair of drives and reads both sets of data in parallel. Under a RAID 1 setup. STEP 4: Connect one end of the second SATA data cable to the motherboard’s secondary SATA connector (SATA_2). Spanning stores data onto a drive until it is full. can be attached. then proceeds to store files onto the next drive in the array. STEP 3: Connect the other end of the SATA data cable to the master SATA hard disk. if any RAID 1 drive fails. Such a drive will be activated to replace a failed drive that is part of a mirrored array. STEP 2: Connect one end of the SATA data cable to the motherboard’s primary SATA connector (SATA_1). the drive capacity of the array is the capacity of the smallest drive.spare drive. If one of the mirrored drives suffers a mechanical failure or does not respond. STEP 5: Connect the other end of SATA data cable to the secondary SATA hard disk.

Enter the BIOS setup program by pressing the <Del> key during the POST (Power-On Self Test ). then press <Enter>. 5 .3. 3. Press <Tab> key into User Window! The main menu of BIOS configuration utility is as below: A. Enter BIOS Configuration Utility W hen the system powers on. 4. Select the VIA OnChip IDE Device menu. Create Array The VIA VT8237R Plus supports RAID 0. 5. the following information will appear on screen. Press <F10> to save the BIOS setting and exit the BIOS setup program. Select the Integrated Peripherals item. BIOS Configuration Enter BIOS Setup program 1. Switch the SATA Mode option to [RAID]. 2. Follow the steps to create RAID. RAID1 and JBOD mode. Press the <Tab> key to enter BIOS configuration utility.

Use arrow keys to select disk drive(s). Select the option Start Create Process and press <Enter> to setup hard disks for RAID system. STEP 3: Select RAID 0 for performance from the menu and press <Enter>. 3-4. 3-3. Continue? (Y/N) Press <Y> to confirm or <N> to return to the configuration options. STEP 2: Select the option Array Mode. then press <Enter> key to display the pop-up menu of RAID system setting. 6 . Select the option Select Disk Drives. proceed to step 3-4. Please continue with the next step if you want to manually configure the RAID array. Otherwise. Guide to Configure RAID 0 STEP 1: Select the option Create Array in the main menu of BIOS configuration utility. An asterisk is placed before the selected drive. From this point. then press <Enter>. then press <Enter> to mark selected drive. then press <Enter> to set array block size. 3-1. 3-2. Select the option Block Size. then press <Enter> key. Use arrow keys to move selection bar on items and press <Enter> to select. Then the confirmation message appears: The data on the selected disks will be destroyed. you may choose to auto-configure the RAID array by selecting Auto Setup for Performance or manually configure the RAID array for striped sets.a. A list of valid array block sizes are displayed on a pop-up menu.

From this point. Otherwise. then press <Enter>. 3-3. then press <Enter> to mark selected drive. Please continue with the next step if you want to manually configure the RAID array. Then the confirmation message appears: Save the data on source disk to mirror after creation? (Y/N) Press <Y> to confirm or <N> to return to the configuration options. you may choose to auto-configure the RAIDarray by selecting Auto Setup for Data Security or manually configure the RAID array . An asterisk is placed before the selected drive. STEP 3: Select RAID 1 for data protection from the menu and press <Enter>. proceed to step 3-3. Select the option Select Disk Drives. Use arrow keys to select disk drive(s). STEP 2: Select the option Array Mode. 3-1. 3-2. then press <Enter> key to display the pop-up menu of RAID system setting. then press <Enter> key. Select the option Start Create Process and press <Enter> to setup hard disk for RAID system. 7 .b. Guide to Configure RAID 1 STEP 1: Select the option Create Array in the main menu of BIOS configuration utility.

From this point. Use arrow keys to select disk drive(s). Then the confirmation message appears: The data on the selected disks will be destroyed. then press <Enter> key. Guide to Configure JBOD STEP 1: Select the option Create Array in the main menu of BIOS configuration utility. Select the option Start Create Process and press <Enter> to setup hard disk for RAID system. you may choose to auto-configure the RAID array by selecting Auto Setup for Capacity or manually configure the RAID array for striped sets.c. then press <Enter> key to display the pop-up menu of RAID system setting. 3-1. 3-2. then press <Enter>. Otherwise. An asterisk is placed before the selected drive. STEP 2: Select the option Array Mode. STEP 3: Select RAID SPAN for capacity from the menu and press <Enter>. Please continue with the next step if you want to manually configure the RAID array. 3-3. then press <Enter> to mark selected drive. Select the option Select Disk Drives. 8 . Continue? (Y/N) Press <Y> to confirm or <N> to return to the configuration options. proceed to step 3-3.

STEP 2: Select the member of an array that is to be deleted and press <Enter>.B. then press <Enter> key. To delete a RAID. 9 . A warning message will show up. Deleting a disk array will destroy all the data on the disk array except RAID 1 arrays. Delete Array A RAID can be deleted after it has been created. use the following steps: STEP 1: Select the option Delete Array in the main menu of BIOS configuration utility. press Y to delete or press N to cancel.

C. The serial number is assigned by the disk drive manufacturer. Then highlight the target disk array and press <Enter>. Serial Number View Highlight Serial Number View and press <Enter>. D. Boot disk array cannot be selected if the operating system does not boot from the disk array. its boot setting will be canceled. Select Boot Array User can select a disk array as boot device if user wants to boot operating system from an array. Highlight the Select Boot Array item. Use arrow key to select a drive. press <Enter> and the channel column will be activated. 10 . If user selects a disk array that has a boot mark and press <Enter>. the selected drives serial number can be viewed in the last column.

exit the utility. Install Windows XP/ Windows 2000 with RAID mode STEP 1. Press the <F6> when the following pictures appear: STEP 4. then reboot the computer. STEP 5. Insert the RAID floppy disk that you can find it in the package. Set RAID mode in BIOS Configuration Utility. 11 . Press <S> to specify additional device. STEP 2. STEP 3.4. Insert a W indows XP/ W indows 2000 installation CD. Then press <Enter> to continue.

press <Enter> to continue. Press <F8> to resume the normal windows installation process 12 . W hen the following picture appears. STEP 7.STEP 6. Press <Enter> to continue. Select the operating system you want to install.

insert the driver CD. Driver and RAID software installation Microsoft Windows Driver Installation After W indows has finished booting up. it will be automatically started every time W indows is initiated. Double click on the system tray icon to launch the main interface of the utility. The RAID software is installed simultaneously with driver installation. 13 . The icon will appear in the system tray of the tool bar to indicate that GUI software is currently running. Install VIA RAID driver. Getting Start After installing the GUI software.5.

View by Devices Create Mirror Array (RAID 1) Create Span Array (JBOD) Create Stripe Array (RAID 0) Create RAID 0+1 (Not available ) Remove Array Add/Remove Spare disk (Not available) Check All Disk View Event log Help Topics 14 . Click on these toolbar buttons to execute their specific functions. The left windowpane displays the controller and disk drives and the right windowpane displays the details of the controller or disk drives.The main interface is divided into two windows and the toolbar above contain the main functions.

15 .View Online Help Click on to launch the Help Topics. It is recommended that you read through the help articles before using RAID utility.

Step 10.5-inch standard model FDD. Click “Go” to start. Step 7. Note: Please make sure 3. RAID floppy tool will format your floppy. The driver CD will automatically display main menu screen. Click the 32 bit or 64 bit RAID driver which depend on the operation system type you want to install. Click “Go” to start. so please take care. Click “Create RAID Floppy” button. Click “Accessories” button. Step 2. Click “OK” to finish the steps. then click “OK”. Step 2. Select floppy drive from the list. Step 3. “RAID floppy creation complete.5-inch standard model FDD is used. In other motherboards Step 1. Step 5. “RAID floppy creation complete. then click “OK”. Select floppy drive from the list. Step 8. RAID floppy tool will format your floppy. Insert the driver CD into CD-ROM drive under W indows operation system. Step 4. Step 5.” message will be displayed. Step 6. Insert one floppy into your 3. Step 6. Insert one floppy into your 3. Insert the driver CD into CD-ROM drive under W indows operation system. then start to create RAID driver. Step 9. Click “OK” to finish the steps. Step 4. Step 7. 16 . Click the 32 bit or 64 bit RAID driver which depend on the operation system type you want to install. How to create RAID driver floppy disk A.6. Step 3. The driver CD will automatically display error screen. Warning: Formatting will erase ALL data on your floppy disk. After finished. Click “Create RAID Floppy” button.” message will be displayed. then start to create RAID driver. Step 8.5-inch standard model FDD. Step 9. After finished. B. In this motherboard Step 1.