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just a little something if you need help with slope. i realize that for some odd reason some things are missing or jumbled up. sorry, but its beyond my control.

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**Let’s start off with Direct Variation and Non-
**

Direct Variation.

• Direct Variation- forms a line on the graph that

passes through the origin. Its equation appears in

the form of y= m x. There is no added constant.

Example: GRAPH EQUATION

y= 9x

**• Non-Direct Variation- forms a line on the graph
**

that does not pass through the origin. Its equation

appears in the form of

y= m x + b. There is an added constant.

Example: GRAPH EQUATION

y= 9x+2

Your teacher just gave you 2 points, (3, -1) & (2,

7). She is asking you to write an equation with the

y- intercept using these points. You ask yourself,

how do I do this, the answer is simple. In a y-

intercept equation you have…

Slope

the y coordinate y= m x+

b the y intercept

the x coordinate

**You use one of the coordinate pairs given to fill in the
**

x and y, preferably, the coordinates with only positive

whole numbers. This just makes it that much easier to

solve the equation. Now it’s time to fill in the numbers

you know. In this case x and y. Your equation should

look like…

7=m (2) +b

Great! Now all you need to do is find m and b. Let’s

start with m. To find m you have to use the

coordinates to fill for its formula. Label your given

coordinates. One has pair should be labeled (x1, y1),

and the second should be labeled, (x2, y2). Like this…

X1, y1

(3, -1)

x2, y2 (2, 7)

Now fill in for m=y2-y1x2-x1

Your work should look like this: m=y2-y1x2-x1

m=7--12-3

m=8-1

m=-8

**Now you have one more number to fill in for. Now you
**

should have:

7=-8(2) +b

We have one more number to find out, and it is b. To

find out what b is equivalent to, we have to evaluate

for b. Like so…

7=-8(2) +b

7=-16+b

+16=+16

+ 23=

b b

We now have all the numbers we need. Now leaving

out x and y, fill in the equation y=m x+ b with the

numbers we found. Your final equation should look like

this:

***7=-8x+23***

When given the slope (m) and coordinates (x, y),

all you have to do is fill in an equation in the form

of y= m x+ b with the numbers you are given and

solve for b. When you figure out what b is, do as

we did in the previous problem and only fill in the

m and b in the equation. Here is an example of

how a question like this may look like.

Create an equation where m= 2, and your

coordinates are (1, 8).

***ALWAYS START WITH THE EQUATION OR

FORMULA***

y= m x+ b

8=2(1) +b

8= 2 +b

-2= -2 +b

6= b

So now you know your m and b. That’s great

because that is all you need to fill in the equation.

If you followed the steps your final equation

should look like this:

***y= 2 x+ 6***

A lot of times you will be asked to take an

equation, such as the one before, y= 2x + 6, and

graph it. There are 2 things you need to know in

order to be successful in your graphing. Here they

are:

**• Where the y- intercept is located.
**

• Where the slope is located.

**This is how you would locate these 2 terms on an
**

equation.

y= 2x + 6

the y- intercept

the slope

Unfortunately, in order to be able to be graphed, these

terms need to be changed a little.

• The slope has to be changed into a coordinate.

This is done by putting a 0, in front of the given

slope. The slope in this equation is 2, therefore it

will be changed into (0,2)

• The y- intercept needs to be changed into a

fraction in order to be used as the rise over run.

Since our y- int. is a whole number, it has to be put

over a 1 in order to be converted into a fraction.

The fraction should look like so: 6/1

When given a graph, all you need to do is label (0, 2)

and then use your slope, 6/1 as rise/run. That means

that after labeling the point, you go up six and across

right. When you get to that spot, make it a point, and

connect the points to form a line. Your last step is to

label the line with the equation you used to plot it in

the first place.

HELPFUL TIPS:

**➢ Don’t get scared when you see a linear
**

relationship that seems to be

➢ “backwards”. All this means is that the slope is

negative.

➢ When given a negative slope, take the same steps

you would for a positive slope but only make one

difference, change the quadrant where you plot it

in. Make sure that you plot it where it is supposed

to be.

➢ When given a table and you are told to tell what

the slope is, all you have to do is detect the

difference between x and y. For example if the x

row looks like: 2 I 4 I 6 I, then the change in x is 2,

this is your rise. Now you look at the y row, it

looks like so: 4 I 8 I 12 I, then the change in y is 4.

This is your run. When you put this together, your

rise/run should be 2/4.

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