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“in order to understand the world we must understand ourselves, and in order to understand ourselves we must understand the world” Montuori
The GAIA model is one of the first holistic approaches of the Earth System, seen as a cybernetic system (with feedback and feed-before, specific to the conservation of a homeostasis in the Living – Environment relation) and as a real bioreactor allowing for the birth and preservation of Life.
( Lovelock & Margulis , 1974 . Lovebock 1988; Lenton 1988 ) . The Gaia Theory has already inspired ideas and practical applications for economic systems, policy, scientific inquiry, and other valuable work.
2004 Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Gaia Science Meetings
GREAT-ESF CONFERENCE State of the Art and the Gaia Perspective, 3 – 6 May 2011, Osservatorio Astronomico di Capodimonte, Naples, Italy (conference website) (Meeting Final Report) GREAT-ESF Workshop Gaia and Exoplanets: GREAT Synergies on the Horizon, 5-7 Nov 2012 (TBC), Torino, Italy GREAT-ESF Workshop Galaxy Modelling with a Gaia mock catalogue, 29 February - 2 March 2012, Universitat de Barcelona, Spain (workshop website) GREAT-ITN School Managing Complex Systems, 30 Jan - 3 Feb 2012, ESTEC, ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands (school website) GREAT-ITN School Introduction to the Science of Gaia, 23 - 27 January 2012, Lorentz Centre, University of Leiden, Leiden, The Netherlands (school website)
'' LIFE IS NOT ONLY A WRAPPER, BIOSPHERE, COVERING AN INERT EARTH. HE IS FULLY INVOLVED IN THIS DEVELOPMENT, ALONG WITH ROCKS AND ATMOSPHERE, A COMPONENT OF AN ENTITY CALLED GAIA – a living planet. '' MARCIAN BLEAHU
The Science of the Entire Earth starts from the following ideas:
• The modeling of geodynamic processes necessarily implies a non-linear approach of the Geo-Astrophysical interaction, the study of scale dependency of phenomena, as well as the study of the negentropic processes – which have been induced by the evolution of the Living- influence on the inorganic medium;
• On a planetary scale the geostasis is generated by the multiple interactions between the living and the geophysical medium, interactions which confer a unitary behavior to the ensemble (the GAIA model), of a new quality, which needs to be studied in a special ontological frame, based on the triad Information-Energy-Matter; • The human being is an “arhem” with a structured access in Reality through intro-opening (Drăgănescu model, quantum interactions) and with a dominant role in assuring a sustainable development.
The organization of courses (post-university level) and the coordination of R&D activities which have the structuring of the conceptual basis as a central objective, specific to an inter and trans disciplinary approach based on the triad InformationEnergy-Matter- which aims to define the Science of the Entire Earth (GAIA model) as well as to create adequate methodology and experimental research te chniques that satisfy the demands imposed by this new vision..
The first chairman of the UNESCO chair in Geodynamics
Prof. Dorel Zugrăvescu
The initiative group: From left to right: Dr. F. Munteanu, Dr. D.Zugravescu, Dr. C. Udriste
Romanian Academy Institute of geodynamics “Sabba S. Stefanescu” activities
•The study of space-time evolution of the relative displacements between blocks which are in contact in the Vrancea geodynamically active area, with a special concern for the Tulnici-Gresu profile; •The design of the methodology for an optimal emplacement of sensors able to highlight physical parameters causally linked to stress cumulating/ triggering in geodinamically active areas; •The study of geomagnetic, gravity and geothermal fields space-time evolution; implications in Geodynamics; •The study of possibilities to use information provided by the natural variations of the electromagnetic field, for a better knowledge of the tectonic blocks geometry, concerning especially certain geodynamically active areas; •The study of the connections between volcanism and geodynamically active processes, with a special concern for connections with major tectonic sutures; •Nonlinear analysis of geodynamic systems;
•Planet Earth as a living planet.
Caldarusani “The place where the Sky kiss the Earth”
Prof. dr. Böme
Vreancea zone- a geophysical natural laboratory
Prediction = Position+ Intensity + Time
Short-term prediction (hours to weeks) was successful in very few cases where precursory phenomena were evident Intermediate-term prediction (one month to 10 years) is considered fair for well monitored regions. Long-term prediction (10-30 years) is considered good for high slip rate faults but poor for very low slip rate tectonic provinces.
Earthquakes are the expression of “geocomplexity”
“the existence of periodic and irregular temporal windows in a specific seismically active region would imply that the degree of predictability itself changes with time” (Goltz, 1997, p. 158). So earthquakes are the expression of “geocomplexity” (Rundle et al., 2000) …..
Undecidability in earthquake faulting: a review A. Ribeiro 1, 2; J. Cabral 1; R. Taborda 1; L. Matias3, R. Caranova 1
A new approach: Complexity science
“ Complexity is not a methodology or a set of tools (although it does provide both). It certenly is not a “management fad”. The Science of Complexity provides a conceptual framework, a way of thinking, a way of seeing the World”
Eve Mitleton – Kelly,
Complexity Reasearch Programme, London school of Economics
To improve the earthquake prediction we need more information
- Electromagnetic survey (VAN) - Ionospheric perturbations before an earthquake - Earthquakes triggered by earth tide
150-170 140-160 130-150 120-140 110-130 100-120 90-110 80-100 70- 90
Tomography of the Vrancea seismic area using the semidiurnal lunar component M2 and solar component S2.
Seismic activity triggered by M2 (lunar tide component) Seismic activity triggered by S2 (solar tide component)
correlation area km number of earthquakes
(Cadicheanu et al., 2007, 2008)
To improve the earthquake prediction we need more information…
Biology bring a new insight…
form energy and matter to… information
20th century life sciences have been characterised by two major trends: • molecular and genetic reductionism. • semiotisation of nature.
semiotic processes were prevalent at the biochemical level (endosemiotics) semiotic processes linked to communications between organisms (exosemiotics) ( data, information, meaning, knowledge, wisdom ) Semantic processor
Infodynamics – Brooks and Wiley, 1986; Weber, et al., 1989; Weber and Depew, 1995; Goodwin, 1989; Salthe, 1993; - Sahleanu, 1972 (eseu de biologie informationala), Draganescu 1973 (Ortofizica)
information capacity increases spontaneously in developing systems, being produced along with physical entropy as the system grows and differentiates (the MEST law).
H + I = ct ????
The novelty is constantly and autonomously generated by the requirements of the second law of thermodynamics
The role of the observer
a science of the subjective
For several centuries, achievements in comprehending and applying the principles and mechanics of matter and energy had proceeded under the premise that subjective experience was at best irrelevant and frequently an obstruction to the practice of rigorous objective quantification.
Quantum physics + Artificial Inteligence + Complexity Science +
information controls system dynamics. Cognitive Science = a transdisciplinary approach to Nature
context and meaning, both of which are inherently subjective yet critical aspects of pragmatic information.
A question that need an answer: how to accommodate the classical approach with issues of
the observation of consciousness-related anomalies emerging in the behavior of complex physical or biological systems has provided evidence that the prevailing models of these regimes are inherently incomplete, and must be expanded to accommodate a participatory role for the observing mind.
The Academy of Romanian Scientists Theoretical approach
The Academy of the Technical Sciences Technical & experimental approach
Institute of Geodynamics ”Sabba S. Ștefănescu„ UNESCO chair in Geodynamics, Romaia
'' LIFE IS NOT ONLY A WRAPPER, BIOSPHERE, COVERING AN INERT EARTH. HE IS FULLY INVOLVED IN THIS DEVELOPMENT, ALONG WITH ROCKS AND ATMOSPHERE, A COMPONENT OF AN ENTITY, CALLED GAIA LIVE. '' MARCIAN BLEAHU
A first European project Vrancea seismic zone as a Natural Laboratory for GAIA studies
Astro & Geo & Bio
a holistic view named GAIA
Global self-regulation is a natural consequence of the interactions between the biota and the physical world; The holistic approach of viewing Gaia as one entity and comparing Gaia to a living organism seems to be legitimate and it has a practical use
Lovelock, J. E. 1987. Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth.
Remarks: - Living organisms and especial the MAN, are crucial parts in the behavior of GAIA (informational processors, quantum physics); - Geodynamical events, ecological events, social and economic behavior, are aspects of the GAIA life… - Understanding the GAIA phenomenon is crucial for defining a sustainable development on mankind.
Artificial Intelligence & Seismic monitoring system
Obs: The energy discharged by each seismic event is radiated/transferred to neighboring systems of equal or inferior hierarchical position. To understand the evolution of a seismic region it is necessary a network of complex monitoring system.
Designed and produced in the Institute
Understanding Natural Shapes and Forms
A new inter- and transdisciplinary Approach
From Complicated to … Complex
From Linear to Nonlinear
New concepts, new methodologies, new technologies, new sensors, new experimental setups…
- Capturing the information - Data processing - Types of representations Human Context - Global communications, interactions, networking - The science of Cognition, Neurosciences, Exploration into Insight (SELF) Geopolitical and Environment Context - The economical turbulences at global scale - Political Instabilities - Climatic changes
Capture of information - Smart sensors - Biosensors - Nano-sensors - Micro-video camera, IR, UV… - Global networks
The firs quantum-radio Printable Nano-senzors
Observing the all picture
Procesing (data mining) and data representations
Levels in the structure of Matter -different criteria -different intentions, perspectives -different results -different consequences
Acad. Eugen Macovschi
Biostructures Anorganic matter
Sirit & soul Fire
GAS, Thoughts , Air LIQUID, Sentiments, Water,
SOLID, Facts, Earth,
An initiate approach– Earth, Water, Air, Fire
Levels of "complexity" in approaches 1 Causal approach The basic LAWS of nature • The impact law • The conservation of energy law • Ohm's law • Maxwell's laws
Systemic approach ( teleonomy ) • Architecture; • Elements, relations, borders, flux of energy and matter; Memory, Comparison, Decision • Messages • Information The general theory of Hierarchical Systems
A FUNCIONAL approach
A trans-disciplinary approach - The Consciousness problem - Form System to Arhem - Spiritual dimensions Form Homo Faber... to Homo Universalis
The structure of the totality of the levels of Reality or perception is a complex structure: every level is what it is because all the levels exist at the same time. (Nicolescu, 2008, p. 10)
ARHEM = quasi-system made out of structural and phenomenological elements, which possess the property of consciousness. Belongs to the class of intro-open systems. Reality with an architecture which is not only limited to the system.
GAIA – the living planet
10370 p. 4300 illus., 2040 in color. In 11 volumes • Assembles for the first time the concepts and tools for analyzing complex systems in a wide range of fields • Reflects the real world by integrating complexity with the deterministic equations and concepts that define matter, energy, and the four forces identified in nature 4.749,00 € • Benefits a broad audience: undergraduates, researchers and practitioners in mathematics and many related fields
Understanding the BRAIN, the Mind, Consciousness
Left A cognitive engine, a “computer”capable to generate algorithms, to optimize, to memorize, stabilize the body in a physical world, governed by entropy is "fueled" by the information brought by the organs of sense Right interface with a phenomenological world, detached form space and time; related to moods and sensations , sensitive to intuitions a gateway to the ineffable, magic operates with its own language. It is intro-open into the orthoexistence
is an opening to the world material.
Creating, acting, living in physical world we gain values in a spiritual world
Reason (Truth) Soul (Freedom)
Information Energy- Matter Science of the whole Earth Consciousness
A critical point for Human speace
Restructuration, dramatic changes
CONCLUSIONS: This model holds true that: • life affects the environment: all living organisms alter the environment by extracting free energy and by excreting waste with high entropy, a metabolic process that secures the production of negenthropy (life perpetuation , Schrödinger 1944). • the growth, reproduction included, of Life is made according to exponential laws;
• the inorganic environment constraints the emergence and perpetuation of life : for each environment variable there is a value for which a specific organism is developing at a maximum rate ; • once Life has emerged under several forms that multiply according to the given conditions , the development of each species in the context of a limited environment with finite resources is subject to natural selection; the outcome is that species able to best adapt to a specific context become dominant species.
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