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Department of Electrical Engineering

Faculty Member:____________________

Dated: ________________

Semester:__________________________

Section: ________________

EE-112: Electrical Network Analysis & EE-114: Engineering Circuit Analysis-II


Lab2: Analysis of Series RLC Circuit in Terms of Amplitude and Phase Angle
Name Reg. No Report Marks / 10 Viva Marks / 5 Total/15

Lab2: Analysis of Series RLC Circuit in Terms of Amplitude and Phase Angle
Equipment: Digital Oscilloscope, Function Generator, Multi-meter, Resistor, Inductor, Capacitor, Connection Cables Patch Box, Computer with Workbench software (for Part II only)

Outline: We shall analyze a series RLC circuit in terms of amplitude and phase angle of current and component voltages. We shall first calculate theoretical values and then make practical measurements. At the end we shall use computer software for simulating the circuit and finally compare our results.

Circuit Diagram:

R1=33 Ohm, L1=4.7mH, C1= 0.01uF Part I: Theoretical Analysis 1. Using the multi-meter, measure the actual values of the circuit elements. R () L (H) C (F)

2.

For f = 30kHz, calculate VR, VL and VC. = 2f = ________________ rad/s ZR () ZL = jL () ZC = 1/jC()

Zin = ZR + ZL + ZC = _____________________ = _________________ Let V1 = 10o volts (peak voltage and phase angle) IS = V / Zin = ______________________ mA = ________________ mA VR = IS ZR (V) VL = IS ZL (V) VC = IS ZC (V)

3.

For f = 40 kHz, Calculate VR, VL and VC. = 2f = ________________ rad/s ZR () ZL = jL () ZC = 1/jC()

Zin = ZR + ZL + ZC = _____________________ = _________________

Let V1 = 10o volts (peak voltage and phase angle) IS = V / Zin = ______________________ mA = ________________ mA

VR = IS ZR (V)

VL = IS ZL (V)

VC = IS ZC (V)

4.

For f = 50 kHz, Calculate VR, VL and VC. = 2f = ________________ rad/s ZR () ZL = jL () ZC = 1/jC()

Zin = ZR + ZL + ZC = _____________________ = _________________

Let V1 = 10o volts (peak voltage and phase angle) IS = V / Zin = ______________________ mA = ________________ mA VR = IS ZR (V) VL = IS ZL (V) VC = IS ZC (V)

5.

For f = 60 kHz, Calculate VR, VL and VC. = 2f = ________________ rad/s ZR () ZL = jL () ZC = 1/jC()

Zin = ZR + ZL + ZC = _____________________ = _________________

Let V1 = 10o volts (peak voltage and phase angle) IS = V / Zin = ______________________ mA = ________________ mA VR = IS ZR (V) VL = IS ZL (V) VC = IS ZC (V)

6.

Plot |V| against for VR, VL and VC using different colors

Describe the trend that you observe in your graph: __________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________ 7. Plot V against (phase of V against ) for VR, VL and VC using different colors

Describe the trend that you observe in your graph: __________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________

Part II: Simulation Steps: 1. Launch Multisim from the Windows Startup menu or its icon on the desktop.

2.

3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Select a sinusoidal voltage source and drag it onto the workspace below. Double click the icon to display properties of the source. Select 0.707V and 30 kHz (The voltage amplitude is 1V = 0.707 Vrms). Connect the Now select the basic components button and bring on to the workspace, one by one, a resistor, an inductor and a capacitor. Modify their properties as per the lab experiment. Connect the components by drawing wires between them. Select the multi-meter from the devices panel and connect at appropriate places. Connect an Oscilloscope at appropriate points with a common ground. Start the simulation by switching on the toggle switch on the right top corner. Stop it after 10 seconds. Record measurements of VR, VL and VC for 30 kHz, 40 kHz, 50 kHz and 60 kHz. Use the T1 and T2 markers of the oscilloscope to assist in calculating phase angle. Calculate IS = VR/ZR = VR/R ( This is the only way to calculate phase of current)
Caution! All Measured values are rms values. They must be converted to peak values to make a comparison with the theoretical values

11. Fre q Hz 30k 40k 50k 60k

Record as below: VR Ampl Angle

VL Ampl Angle Ampl

VC Angle Ampl

IS Angle

12.

Plot |V| against for VR, VL and VC using different colors

13.

Plot V against for VR, VL and VC using different colors

Part II: Practical Measurement

Steps:

1.

2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

7. 8. 9. 10.

Using the patch box, connect the circuit elements ensuring that no connection is loose. Connect Ch A of the oscilloscope across the circuit input (ie function generator) Using the oscilloscope, ensure that the source output is 1V amplitude (2VP-P) at 30 Khz. Using multimeter, measure the source voltage. Note that the multimeter reads rms voltage = 1/1.414 = 0.707 volts. Connect Ch B of the oscilloscope across the resistor and use the auto function to achieve a reasonable waveform. Measure the amplitude of VR Now measure the horizontal distance between the two waveforms. Is best to observe the difference at the zero crossing of both signals. You need to ensure that the x-axis of both signals accurately overlap. Calculate the phase difference between the two signals. Phase angle = (measured distance / Time period) x 360o Calculate circuit current I = VR / ZR Similarly measure VL and VC and record in the table below. Repeat Steps 2 8 for 40 kHz, 50 kHz and 60 kHz.

Fre q Hz 30k 40k 50k 60k

VR Ampl Angle Ampl

VL Angle Ampl

VC Angle Ampl

IS Angle

11.

Plot |V| against for VR, VL and VC using different colors

12.

Plot V against for VR, VL and VC using different colors

Comparison:

Parameter

Freq

Theoretical

Practical

Simulation

Ampl VR VR VL VL VC VC I I 30 kHz 60 kHz 30 kHz 60 kHz 30 kHz 60 kHz 30 kHz 60 kHz

Angle

Ampl

Angle

Ampl

Angle

Which parameter has the max percentage difference and how much is it?

What could be the reasons for difference between theoretical, practical and simulated values?