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From hot spots to

Coolthreads
Alain Geenrits
Systems Practice Sun BeLux
alain.geenrits@sun.com
http://blogs.sun.com/bitstream
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Sun's Eco
Innovation

2
Innovation Across the Product Line
Sun SPARC Sun SPARC Enterprise
Enterprise T1000/2000
Servers
Sun Fire X4600 Sun Fire X4500
Sun Blade
6000
Netra T2000
Sun Fire x64
Clients Storage

Sun Ray 2 Project Blackbox Sun StorageTek Sun StorageTek
6540 SL8500
Disk Array Tape Library
3
“Greening” Our Own Datacenters
And Sharing Our Experiences
• Scalable, Repeatable, Modular
'pod' architecture
> Modular power busway
> Adaptable cooling systems
> Simplified cabling
• Energy-efficient technology
• Metering and measurement
• Cross-function design team
• Quick, Easy wins
4
Sun Bay Area Campus Upgrade
Reduces Space and Utility Costs
Before After Results
● Servers: 88 (v880) ● Servers: 58 ● 4,813 users served
● Space: 1,320 SF (44 (Sun SPARC with two-thirds the
racks x 30 Enterprise T2000) equipment
SF/rack)738 arrays, ● Space: 120 SF (4
292TB racks x 30 ● 91% reduction in floor
● Power: SF/rack)225 arrays space
122 kW load with 713TB (44 to 4 racks)
(88 x 1381/Watts ● Power: 11.6 kW load ● 88% drop in utility costs
average sustained (58 x 200/Watts
per server) average sustained ($107.4K annual,
per server) equipment alone)
● Cost: $122K
annual utility costs ● Cost: $14.6K ● 244% storage capacity
(88 x $1390/year) annual utility costs increase with 70% less
(58 x $251/year) arrays
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Bay Area Datacenter Consolidation
$1M/year in cost savings, in addition to power and space
• Increase compute power by over 450%
> (from 2,177 to 1,240 servers)

• Increase storage capacity by over 240%
> ( from 738 to 225 storage devices)

• Decommission more than 5,000 devices
> Servers, Storage, Network

• Reduce carbon emissions by 3,227 metric tons
• Improve server utilization by up to 85%
> Cut energy costs by over 60% ($860,000 savings in 9 months)
> Get nearly $1M in rebates & awards from Silicon Valley Power
6
European Datacenter Consolidation
Achieve 50% Utility Reduction and 80% Space Compression
• 80% reduction in server/storage space
• 50% reduction in power and cooling
costs: $118K/year power savings
• Replaced 22 older server models with 4
standard Sun high-efficiency models
• Optimized power from 2kW to 9kW per
rack
• Enhanced storage utilization and
management
• Improved performance and availability
7
The POD Architecture
A group of racks or benches with a common hot or cold
aisle used as a building block to simplify datacenter
design for power, cooling, & cabling

Vendor Independent, Slab or Raised Floor, Flexible, Scalable, High Density 8
The POD Architecture
A group of racks or benches with a common hot or cold
aisle used as a building block to simplify datacenter
design for power, cooling, & cabling

Vendor Independent, Slab or Raised Floor, Flexible, Scalable, High Density 9
10
Systems

11
Upgrade for Maximum Efficiency
Maximize Performance, Minimize Power and Space

50x+ Lower Cost !

64 Threads in 1997 64 Threads in 2007
E10K Niagara 2
Full Rack Size 1U 40x
9620 W Power 24x Est. 410 W
(Systems at peak utilization)

1,800 lbs. Weight Est. 45 lbs. 40x
~150k tpm Performance >2x Est. ~325k tpm
12
Energy Waste at Low Utilization:
High %Utilization Saves More than Best Power Saving HW/SW
160
@10%utilization Watts
5x power waste
140 Watt/perf
per unit of work!
120
Watts ( & watt/perf)

100

80
@30%utilization
Significant energy
60 2x power waste! efficiency only above
60% Utilization!
40

20
Good Datacenter Policy & Sun's
0
Virtualization Drives Up Utilization
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100
%Utilization
13
Energy Efficient by Design
• Sun Blade energy efficient
chassis design
> High efficiency cooling via straight
through airflow design
> Shared power and cooling: 15% more
energy efficient than rack servers
> Single stage DC to DC power
conversion
• SPARC CoolThreads technology
> Energy efficient octal core,
32 thread design
• Sun Blade power tools
> Real time system power reporting
14
Smart Packaging: More Gains
Eco-Responsible Performance Breakthrough
SPECjAppServer2004
Multi-tier Java benchmark for B2B
transaction processing

3x+ Sun Blade 6000
configured with 10 Sun
The
Performance/
Blade T6300 Server
Watt Modules
• Beats IBM Blade solution by
Sun Blade 6000 Delivers 89% using only ½ the energy
Highest Result Ever Using • Faster and 2.5x more power
Less Than 1/2 the Energy efficient than HP Itanium2
In Less Than 1/4 the Space solution in ¼ the space
SPEC, SPECjAppServer are reg.TM of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. Results as of 08/20/2007. For the latest, visit http://www.spec.org * See Disclosure Slide 15
Modular Design Scales For The Future
Same chassis from single core to quad core

• Eco-Friendly designs AMD Opteron™ processors

should accommodate Seamless Transition to Quad-core

several generations of Designed to maximize server density and minimize transitions

processors and memory
upgrades
Future 32-way

16-way

8-way

4-way
16
x64 Eco Innovations

• AMD-based System Innovations
> Dual and Quad core
> PowerNow!
> AMD-V
> Dual Dynamic Power Management
> Hypertransport Links

17
x64 Eco Innovations

• Intel-based System Innovations
> Intel® Core™ microarchitecture
– Intel® Intelligent Power Capability
– Intel® Advanced Smart Cache
– Intel® Smart Memory Access
> Enhanced Intel® Speedstep™
Technology
> Intel® Virtualization Technology

18
Higher levels of performance

SPEC, SPECjbb are reg.TM of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. Results as of 08/20/2007. For the latest, visit http://www.spec.org
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Sun Fire X4500--Thumper
Incredibly High Throughput and Storage Density

Sun Fire X4500
= Server + Switch +
Storage Arrays

48 TeraByte
Integrated System

Solaris ZFS

20
Optimize Your Footprint with Sun
World's Largest Data Warehouse Reference Architecture
• 10x savings on annual
electricity bill
• 10x reduction in CO2
emissions per year
• Certified to accommodate
over 1PB of source data
> Six trillion SQL records
> 1 billion emails,
documents & images
• Shrink storage footprint
by a factor of 6x
a. As of August, 2007, the electric rate of $0.11 per KWh is used based on the Energy Information
Administration at http://eia.doe.gov.
b. Typical pollutant factor of 1.34 lb. of CO2 per KWh
(http://www.eia.doe.gov/cneaf/electricity/page/co2_report/co2report.html)
c. Based on the average weight of the storage and server equipment that would be needed.

21
VMware - Proven Scalability & Consolidation
42 virtual servers will consolidate onto one Sun Fire X4600 Server

Reduce complexity
and save Energy

21 Microsoft Windows 2003 Servers 21 Red Hat Enterprise Linux Servers
• 7 Mail Servers running MS • 7 File Servers running dbench
Exchange 2003 • 7 Web Servers running Apache with
• 7 Java Order Entry Servers running SPECweb2005
JRockit utilizing SPECjbb2005 • 7 OLTP Database Servers running
• 7 Standby Servers Oracle® 10g utilizing Swingbench

Lionbridge - http://www.lionbridge.com/competitive_analysis/reports/sun/sun_galaxy_4_performance_study.pdf, Proven Scalability Product Brief -
www.sun.com/servers/x64/x4600/VMScaling-Final3.pdf, Proven Scalability White Paper - www.sun.com/servers/x64/x4600/VMScalability-wp.pdf
22
CoolThreads

23
Once Upon A Time...
• GHz was king
• One architecture for everything
• Out of performance? Add a new server!

24
But Sun Thought Differently
• Pioneered multi-core in 2000
• Introduced UltraSPARC T1 in 2005
• 32 threads in 8 cores at <80W

25
And It Was The Right Time
• Web workloads still exploding
• Power&cooling are major concerns
• Consolidation is key driver

26
We Were Very Careful
• New technology
• Single-threaded vs.
multi-threaded
• Careful with floating-point
• Lots of trainings/workshops
• Tools for:
> Assessing workloads
> Optimize deployments
> Optimized web stack
opensparc.net/cool-tools.html
27
And Had A Lot Of Success!
“We are ecstatic with the cost, throughput performance,
“We improve
and power
performance
economics
so much and reduc
of the Sun Fire™ T2000 servers...
We experienced a 50% decrease
in server power consumption.”

“[The Sun Fire T2000 servers] utilize less space and
“Numbers
consume
don't
muchlie: less
We experienced
energy whileadeliverin
300% p

$700M+ in revenue since Dec. 2005 introduction
Winner--Best Midrang
Sun Fire T200
“These servers could save
companies millions.”
28
Then, we Introduced UltraSPARC T2
• Double the throughput
• Double the memory
• Better single-threaded
performance
• Built-in 2x 10 GbE
• Free, efficient virtualization
• Free, fast crypto

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UltraSPARC T2: Server on a Chip
42 GB/s read, 21 GB/s write 2–8 DIMMs

Dual-channel Dual-channel Dual-channel Dual-channel
• 8 SPARC V9 cores @ 1.2–1.4GHz FB-DIMM FB-DIMM FB-DIMM FB-DIMM
> 8 threads per core
> 2 execution pipelines per core
x10 write
> 1 instruction/cycle per pipeline x14 read
> 1 FPU per core Memory Memory
@ 4.0 GT/s
Memory Memory
> 1 SPU (crypto) per core controller controller controller controller
> 4 MB, 16-way, 8-bank L2$ L2$
L2$
L2$
Bank
L2$ L2$
L2$ Bank
L2$ L2$
L2$ Bank
L2$
L2$ L2$
Bank
Bank Bank Bank Bank Bank Bank Bank Bank
4 MB L2$
• 4 FB-DIMM DRAM controllers Crossbar
Crossbar

• 2.5 GHz x 8 PCI-Express interface 16 KB I$
8 KB D$
16 KB I$
8 KB D$
16 KB I$
8 KB D$
16 KB I$
8 KB D$
16 KB I$
8 KB D$
16 KB I$
8 KB D$
16 KB I$
8 KB D$
16 KB I$
8 KB D$

• 2 x 10 Gb on-chip Ethernet FPU
SPU
FPU
SPU
FPU
SPU
FPU
SPU
FPU
SPU
FPU
SPU
FPU
SPU
FPU
SPU

• Technology: TI 65nm New
C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8
8 threads per core
2
• Die size: 342mm 2 execution pipes
1 op/cycle per pipe
Sys I/F
• Power: < 95 W (nominal) NIU
buffer switch
PCIe
core

10 Gb Ethernet SSI, JTAG X8 @ 2.5 GHz
Debug port 2 GB/s each direction
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UltraSPARC T2 Performance
Leadership Across All Tiers of the Datacenter
Model Benchmark
SE T5220 SPECweb2005
SE T5120 & T5220 SPECjbb2005
SE T5220 Lotus Domino Notes

NEW
SE T5220 SPECjAppServer2004 2–Node
SE T5120 SAP SD 2-Tier
SE T5120 Database Tier, SPECjApp
SE T5220 SSL Performance, SPECweb2005
SE T5120 & T5220 SPEC CPU2006
SE T5220 SPEC OMPM2001

Unrivalled Performance / Watt & Efficiency
See Benchmarks on www.sun.com
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Built-in Wirespeed Security

• Leading cryptography performance
> Over 30x greater RSA1024 performance than 2-socket IBM
p510
> 15.6x better AES128 performance than crypto acclerator
card

• Best SSL performance per watt
> 2.2x better performance/watt than 4-socket HP DL585G2
> 1.6x better performance/watt than 2-socket HP DL380G5

• Supports ten most common ciphers and
secure hashing functions
> RC4, DES, 3DES, AES-128, AES-192, AES-256, MD5,
SHA-1, SHA-256, RSA 1024

*See substantiation slides.
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Now, we added UltraSPARC T2plus
• Multi-Socket UltraSPARC T2 Systems
• Double throughput (again)
• Double memory (again)
• Double bandwidth
• Free, Efficient Virtualization
• Free, Fast Crypto

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• Per Socket
> 8 cores @1.2GHz or 1.4GHz
UltraSPARC T2 Plus: > 64 Threads per socket
Multi-Socket US T2 > 4MB L2$
> 8 FPU's, 1 per core
> 8 Crypto cores, 1 per core
FB-DIMM FB-DIMM FB-DIMM FB-DIMM
> DES, 3DES, AES, RC4,
4x SHA1, SHA256, MD5,
Coherency RSA to 2048 key,
FB-DIMM FB-DIMM FB-DIMM FB-DIMM
Links
ECC,CRC32

MCU MCU
> 2 mem. Controllers, 16
CU CU CU CU DIMMS
L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ L2$ > 25Read+13WriteGB/s Memory
BW
Full Cross Bar
> One x8 PCIe interface
CO C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7

FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU FPU
• Per system
MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU MAU > 2 sockets glue-less
> 4 sockets using UST2 Plus

System I/F PCI-Express ●

XBR

> 16 or 32 PCIe lanes on 2 or

SSI x8 @2.5GHz
Bus ●Power ~105W 4GBytes/s 4 Socket systems
<1.5W/thread bi-directional
• 65nm process technology 34
Breakthrough Internet Infrastructure
Economics
Java Application Servers Run Faster, with Less Power,
Less Heat, Less Space
and Lower Costs Sun SPARC Enterprise T5240
3,331.31 SPECjAppServer2004 JOPS@Standard - 720 Watts

Performance Perf/Watt Space
IBM p570
2 x 4.7GHz POWER6 2.8x 4x 1/2
Processors, AIX 5L
Dell PowerEdge 2900
2 x 3GHz Xeon Processors,
Windows Server 2003
5.1x 2.5x 40%
See Legal Substantiation Slides 35
Breakthrough Backoffice Economics
ERP and Database
Applications Run Faster, Sun SPARC Enterprise T5240
4.170 SAP SD 2-Tier Users or 2,085 Users/RU
in Less Data Center Space

Performance Space Users/RU
HP DL380G5
2 x 3.16GHz Xeon Processors, 1.7x Same 1,218
Windows Server 2003

HP DL580G5
4 x 2.93GHz Xeon Processors, 1.13x 1/2 926.3
Windows Server 2003

IBM p570
2 x 4.7GHz POWER6 2.1x 1/2 508.8
Processors, AIX 5L

See Legal Substantiation Slides 36
Welcome To The CoolThreads Family
Powerful, Eco-Efficient, Cool

T1000 T2000 T6300 T5120 T5220 T6320 T5140 T5240
Height 1 RU 2RU Blade 1RU 2RU Blade 1RU 2RU
Cores 8 8 8 8 8 8 16 16
Threads 32 32 32 64 64 64 128 128
RAM 32GB 64GB 32GB 64GB 64GB 64GB 64GB 128GB
Disks 2 4 4 4 8 4 4 16

37
And We Just Got Started!
Scottsdale
128 Threads
128 GB RAM Very
New
Sun Blade T6300 Sun Blade T6320
64 Threads
32 Threads 64 GB RAM
32 GB RAM T5440
256 Threads
256 GB RAM
SPARC Enterprise
T5140/T5240
128 Threads
SPARC Enterprise 128 GB RAM
T5120/T5220
64 Threads
64 GB RAM
Sun Proprietary/Confidential: Sun Employees and Sun Partners Only
Sun Proprietary/Confidential: Internal / NDA Customers Use Only
Project
Blackbox
39
Project Blackbox
The World’s First Virtualized Datacenter


40% lower
cost cooling

1/4 the space

Reduces C02
emissions by
213 metric
tons annually

* than traditional datacenters
40
Project Blackbox – Ecological Benefits
• 40% lower cooling costs vs traditional datacenter!
> Significant lifetime savings
– Over 4 MW of electricity
– Saving of $300K+
– Reduced CO2 footprint

• 8X smaller footprint
> Less impact to immediate environment
• Portable form-factor
– Can locate near renewable energy sources and away from
congested metro centers

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Final Thought: Floating Data Centers
• Tier1-Tier3 ECO Data Centers at US & International Ports
• Capacity: 4000 racks and over 350 black boxes
• 75MW of power, free cooling from ocean water
• Six months time to market, up to 40% less than traditional build

• At the end of a dock instead of the end of a
street 42
From hot spots
to Coolthreads
Alain Geenrits
alain.geenrits@sun.com

43
Great resources
•http://slx.sun.com
> great learning videos
•http://www.sun.com/bigadmin
> everything + the forums
•http://blogs.sun.com
> not only bitstream ;-)

44
Disclosures
Sun Fire T1000 Server and Sun Fire T2000 Server power ratings taken from measurements collected during actual benchmark runs. Sun
Fire T2000 Servers equipped with 450 Watt Power Supply Units

Sun Fire T1000 (8 cores, 1 chip) 10466 SPECweb2005. IBM System x3650 (4 cores, 2 chips) 9182 SPECweb2005. Dell PowerEdge 2850 (4
cores, 2 chips) 4,850 SPECweb2005SPEC, SPECweb reg tm of Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. Results from
www.spec.org as of 08/20/2007. IBM x3650 power calculated as 70% of maximum input power using xSeries Power Configurator -
version 4.4.2.28.

Sun Fire T2000 (8 cores, 1 chip) 16407 SPECweb2005; HP DL380 G5(8cores, 4 chips) 13257 SPECweb2005; IBM p5 550 (4 cores, 2 chips)
7881 SPECweb2005. SPEC, SPECweb reg tm of Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. Results as of 08/20/2007.

SPEC, SPECjAppServer are reg.TM of the Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. Results as of 08/20/2007. For the latest, visit
http://www.spec.org. Comparisions are based on published results: 10 Sun Fire T6300 (80 cores, 10 chips) and 1 Sun Fire E6900 (48
cores, 24 chips): 8253.21 SPECjAppServer2004 JOPS@Standard. 6 HP rx6600 (48 cores, 24 chips) and HP 9000 Superdome (64 cores, 32
chips): 7629.45 SPECjAppServer2004 JOPS@Standard. 20 IBM xSeries BladeCenter HS20 (40 cores, 40 chips) and IBM eServer p5 570
(16 cores, 8 chips): 4368.02 SPECjAppServer2004 JOPS@Standard.HP rx6660 power calculated as 70% of maximum input power
reported 07/25/07: http://h20341.www2.hp.com/integrity/cache/392325-0-0-225-121.html. IBM HS20 power calculated as 70% of maximum
input power using xSeries Power Configurator - version 4.4.2.28. Sun Blade 6000 power was measured during the actual benchmarks.

Legal Notice: Sun's power calculators are subject to change without notice and are provided "as is" without warranty of any kind,
express or implied. Sun Microsystems does not make any representations regarding the use, validity, accuracy or reliability of the tool.
The entire risk arising out of the use of these tools remains solely with the customer. In no event shall Sun Microsystems be liable for
any direct, consequential, incidental, special, punitive or other damages, even if Sun is negligent or has been advised of the possibility
of such damages, arising from use of these tools or the information provided herein.

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Pricing Substantiation
Sun SPARC Enterprise T5240 Comparisons:
DL580G5, - Base server price for HP DL580G5 with 4 x Intel Xeon x7350 2.93GHz processors, 16 x 2GB FB-DIMMs, Slimline DVD-
ROM/CD-RW drive, 2 x 146GB 10k rpm SAS, RAID 1, Redundant PSUs, 2 x 1 Gigabit Ethernet, HP iLO Select Pack, 4 x 1GbE,
Microsoft Windows 2003 Enterprise Edition with 25 CALs . Virtualization price for VMware ESX Virtual Infrastructure Standard 4
Processor License with 1 year coverage. 10GbE price for 2 x SR-fiber NC510F PCI-E adaptors. Crypto Acceleration price for Sun
Crypto Accelerator 6000. From Sun Store pricing www.sun.com 01/25/08. Pricing from HP Store, www.hp.com, 02/15/08
IBM pricing from Sun Market Intelligence, 02/13/08. IBM p550 configured with 2 x 4.2 GHz Power6 processors, 16 x 2 GB DDR 2
DIMMS, 2 x 146 GB SAS HDD, RAID, 4 x 1GbE ports, 2 x 1700 Watt PSU, DVD-ROM, Rail kit, AIX 6.1. IBM Virtualisation costs
based price of Hardware Management Console, IBM 10GbE costs based on Short Range fiber
Sun SPARC Enterprise T5240 configured with 2 x 1.2 GHz UltraSPARC T2 Plus 8 Core processors, 16 x 2 GB FBDIMMS, 2 x 146 GB
SAS 2.5” HDD, RAID, 4 x 1GbE ports, 2 x 1100 Watt PSU, Slim DVD RW, Rail kit, 2 x 10GbE XAUI Adaptors, Solaris 10

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Benchmark Disclosure
SAP and all SAP logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries. Results of two-tier SAP SD
Standard Application Benchmarks as of April 9, 2008: The SPARC Enterprise Model T5240, 2 processors / 16 cores / 128 threads, UltraSPARC T2
Plus, 1.4 GHz, 8 KB(D) + 16 KB(I) L1 cache per core, 4 MB L2 cache per processor, 128 GB main memory; Number of benchmark users & comp.:
4,170 SD (Sales & Distribution); Average dialog response time: 1.97 seconds; Throughput: Fully Processed Order Line items/hour: 418,000, Dialog
steps/hour: 1,254,000; SAPS: 20,900; Average DB request time (dia/upd): 0.085 sec / 0.238 sec; CPU utilization of central server: 99%; Operating
System central server: Solaris 10; RDBMS: Oracle 10g; SAP ECC Release: 6.0. The SAP certification number was not available at press time and
can be found at http://www.sap.com/benchmark. Sun SPARC Enterprise T5120 (1x1.4 GHz UltraSPARC T2 processor, 8 cores, 64 threads) running
Solaris 10, Oracle 10g and the SAP ERP application Release 6.0 (2005) & 2,175 SAP SD benchmark users, Cert#200705. IBM System p570 (2 x
4.7 GHz POWER6 processors, 4 cores, 8 threads) 32 GB mem) running Oracle 10g, AIX 5L Version 5.3. SAP ECC Release 6.0 - 2035 SD
benchmark users, 10180 SAPS, 1.99 sec avg response time, Certification number 2007037. HP ProLiant DL380 G5, (2x3.16 Ghz Quad-Core Intel
Xeon Processor Model X5460, 8 cores, 8 threads) running Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition, SQL Server 2005 and the SAP ERP application
Release 6.0 (2005) & 2,436 SAP SD benchmark users. Certification number 2007064. HP ProLiant DL580 G5, (X7350, 2.93 4x 2.93 Ghz Quad-
Core Intel Xeon Processor Model X7350, 8 cores, 8 threads) running Windows Server 2003 Enterprise Edition, SQL Server 2005 and the SAP ERP
application Release 6.0 (2005) & 3,705 SAP SD benchmark users, 18530 SAPS. Certification number 2007056.

Sun SPARC Enterprise T5240 (2 x 1200 Mhz UltraSPARC T2 Plus, 128GB), 6 partitions, Solaris [TM] 10,Lotus[R]Domino 7.0.1, 65,000 NotesBench
R6iNotes users, $2.84 per user, 55,101 NotesMark tpm, 224 ms avg. IBM x3650 (2 x 3GHz Intel Xeon 5160, 24GB), 4 partitions, SuSE Linux
Enterprise Server 9.0 SP3, Lotus[R]Domino 7.0, 22,000 NotesBench R6iNotes users, $3.47 per user, 17,777 NotesMark tpm, 3.056 seconds avg.
IBM p5 560Q (4 x 4 core 1.8GHz Power 5+, 64GB), 6 partitions, AIX 5L V5.3, Lotus[R] Domino 7.0.1, 5,000 NotesBench R6iNotes users, $4.89 per
user, 46,193 NotesMark tpm, 848 ms avg. HP BL480C (2 x 2.66GHz Intel Xeon X5355, 8GB), 3 partitions, Windows Server 2003, Lotus[R] Domino
7.0, 27,000 users, $13.27 per user, 23,117 NotesMark tpm, 0.764 seconds avg NotesBench R6iNotes. More info www.notesbench.org
IBM x3650 power consumption obtained from IBM Power configurator for system configured with 2 x Xeon 5160 3.0GHz processors, redundant PSU,
12 x 2GB DIMMs, and 2 x 74GB SAS drives, on 24/8/07.
http://www-03.ibm.com/systems/bladecenter/powerconfig/. IBM p 560Q power rating of 1820W is estimated as 70% of maximum PSU rating
published here on 03/26/07 Sun SPARC Enterprise T5240 power consumption taken from measurements made during the benchmark run.

SPEC, SPECjAppServer are registered trademarks of Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. All results from www.spec.org as of 4/5/08.
SPECjAppServer2004: Sun SPARC Enterprise T5240 (16 cores, 2 chip) 3,331 JOPS@Standard. IBM p 570 (4 cores, 2 chips) 1,197.51
JOPS@Standard. Dell 2900 (4 cores, 2 chips) 652.93 JOPS@Standard. HP rx2660 (4 cores, 2 chips) 874.17 JOPS@Standard. HP BL460c (8 cores,
2 chips) of 2056.27 JOPS@Standard. IBM p 570 power rating of 1040W is estimated as 80% of maximum PSU rating published here on 4/4/2008:
Dell PE 2900 power rating of 350 W is estimated as 70% of maximum PSU rating published here on 4/4/2008: Sun HP rx2660 power rating of
560 W is estimated as 70% of maximum PSU rating published here on 4/4/2008: SPARC Enterprise T5240 power consumption of 720 watts
reported during benchmark run.

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Benchmark Disclosure
SPEC, SPECjbb reg tm of Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. All results as of 04/09/08 on http://www.spec.org. Sun SPARC Enterprise
T5240 results submitted to SPEC. Other results as of 04/01/08 on www.spec.org Sun SPARC Enterprise T5240 (2 chips, 16 cores) 373,405
SPECjbb2005 bops, 23,338 SPECjbb2005 bops/JVM. IBM p 550 (4x4.2GHz Power6 chips, 8 cores) 333,779 SPECjbb2005 bops, 83445
SPECjbb2005 bops/JVM. HP rx6600 (4 x1.6 GHz Intel Intanium2 chips, 8 cores) 158174 SPECjbb2005 bops, 39544 SPECjbb2005 bops/JVM. IBM p
570 (2x4.2GHz Power6 chips, 4 cores) 175,474 SPECjbb2005 bops, 87737 SPECjbb2005 bops/JVM. Dell PowerEdge 6950 (4 chips, 8 cores)
176909 SPECjbb2005 bops, 44,227 SPECjbb2005 bops/JVM. Dell 6950 power rating of 1100W is estimated as 70% of maximum PSU rating
published here on 4/4/08 IBM p 570 power rating of 1040W is estimated as 80% of maximum PSU rating published here on 06/07/07 HP rx6600
power rating of 1120W is estimated as 70% of maximum PSU rating published here on 03/23/08 Sun SPARC Enterprise T5240 power consumption
taken from measurements made during the benchmark run.

SPEC, SPEC OMPM2001 , SPEC OMPL2001 registered trademarks of Standard Performance Evaluation Corporation. Sun SPARC Enterprise T5240
server, (2x1.4 GHz, UltraSPARC T2 Plus chips, 16 cores, 128 threads) 25,488 SPEC OMPM2001. Competitive results from www.spec.org as of April
7, 2008. IBM System p5720 (2x4.7GHz POWER6 chips, 4 cores, 8 threads) 20,433 SPEC OMPM2001. IBM System p5 550 (2x2.1GHz POWER5+
chips, 4 cores, 8 threads) 19,983 SPEC OMPM2001. Unisys ES7000/One (32 x3.4GHz Xeon 7140 chips , 64 cores, 64 threads) 24,632 SPEC
OMPM2001.

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