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Name __________________ Date __________________ Period __________________

Pre-Test Homework Cells


Directions: Use your notebook to answer the following questions correctly. Star any questions that youre not sure about so that you can ask them before the test!!! (PLAN AHEAD YOU WILL NEED ABOUT 30 minutes to do this homework!) 1. Finish this sentence All living things are made of ___________. 2. True or False. Bacteria are made of cells. ___________ 3. True or False. An adult human being is made of 500 cells. ___________ 4. Cells were not discovered until __________________ were invented in the 1600s. 5. The first person to discover cells in plants was: a. Anton van Leeuwenhoek b. Robert Hooke 6. Anton van Leeuwenhoek was the first person to see ________________ cells under a microscope using some found on his own teeth.

7. Which part of the microscope can be rotated to change the magnification of the slide that
you are viewing? a. Eyepiece b. Fine focus knob c. Objective lenses

8. Which part of the microscope can be rotated to focus the image?


a. Diaphragm b. Objective lenses

c. Coarse Focus Knob 9. Both plant and animal cells have a ______ goes inside the cell. a. cell wall b. cell membrane c. chloroplast d. nucleus 10. Both plant and animal cells have a round ________________ which holds the cells DNA. a. cell wall b. cell membrane c. nucleus d. mitochondria ________________ to protect and control what

11. This part of plant and animal cells holds the water in cells. It is much larger in plant cells.
a. vacuole b. nucleus c. mitochondria d. chloroplast

12. This part of the cell creates energy from the food that animals, humans or plants eat or make
so the cell can work. a. vacuole b. nucleus c. mitochondria d. chloroplast 13. This green organelle only found in plant cells, helps plant cells capture energy from the sun. a. vacuole b. nucleus c. mitochondria d. chloroplast 14. A _______ _______ is only found in plant cells and it helps provide structure and support for plant cells since they do not have a skeleton to hold up their cells. a. cell wall b. cell membrane

c. nucleus d. mitochondria 15. This is the boss of any cell. It is found in the command center of the cell, called the nucleus. a. Chloroplasts b. DNA c. Cell membrane d. Mitochondria 16. During this process, stem cells change into cells with special jobs like muscle cells, brain cells and red blood cells. a. Specialization b. Differentiation c. Mitosis d. Osmosis 17. Stem cells are cells that dont have a specific _ _ _ yet. 18. Stem cells usually come from the many divisions of a ___________ egg. a. old b. fertilized c. chicken 19. This is the name of the process which creates more cells out of one cell. a. Specialization b. Differentiation c. Mitosis d. Osmosis 20. When cells are getting ready to multiply the DNA inside the nucleus first coils to form ______________. (Check your mitosis notes for the correct word, very important!)

21. During the first step in mitosis, the DNA inside the parent cell _________ to make
chromosomes. a. straightens out b. doubles c. replicates

d. coils 22. During the second step in mitosis, the chromosomes inside the nucleus then. a. Disappear b. Replicate c. Uncoil d. Dissolve

22. Draw what happens to the chromosomes in the third step of 23. In this third step of mitosis, the parent cell is getting ready to.. a. Die b. Divide

mitosis.:

24. In the last step of mitosis, the parent cell divides and produces two daughter cells with
a. identical chromosomes (coiled DNA) b. half as many chromosomes than the original parent cell c. twice as much DNA as the parent cell. 25. You know that the picture above is an animal cell because a. it does not have a nucleus b. it does not have a vacuole c. it does not have a cell membrane

26. You know this is a (animal/plant) _____________ cell because only these type of cells have chloroplasts.

27. Maria is looking at a green creature underwater, she wonders if it is a plant or sea-animal, what could she do to check if the see creature is a plant or an animal? Answer: ___________________________________________________________________ 28. If a person was studying the DNA of a fish, they could find the fishs DNA in the fish cells. a. Cytoplasm b. Cell membrane c. Nucleus d. Vacuole 29.Which one of the following is something true that ALL cells can do? a. multiply b. make food c. have a cell wall

30. Plant cells can make their own _________ from sunlight.

31. Animal cells are cells that belong to animals and ___________. Use the plant cell below to answer questions 32 through 37. A B C D

E F

32. The structure labeled A is a: _________________________ 33. The structure labeled B is a __________________________ 34. The structure labeled C is a __________________________ 35. The structure labeled D is a __________________________ 36. The structure labeled E is a __________________________ 37. The structure labeled F is a __________________________