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Bank of Baroda
Zonal Office Bank of Baroda Tower
Nr Law Garden, Ellis Bridge
Dist.: Ahmedabad.
[ Torrent Power Ltd : HT - 287 ]

CRYSTAL CONTROLS
309, Abhishree Complex, Opp. Star India Bazaar,
Satellite, Ahmedabad 380 015, Ph: 2692 3306,
M - 9825050100, Email: crystalcontrol@gmail.com

Save Energy, It Pays

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Acknowledgment
We are very much thankful to Shri Satya naryan Sharma
[ Principal & Dy. Gen. Manager ] of M/s Bank of Baroda Staff Collage and
Shri N. R. Shrivasatava [ Chief Manager P & E Plng ]
opportunity

to

contribute

in

their

endeavor

of

assigning this

efficient

energy

management. We are also thankful to technical staff for coordination and


co-operating us during Energy Audit Study.
Energy Audit Team

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Details of Consumer

Name of Consumer

M/s Bank of Baroda

Name of Consumer as per bill

M/s Bank of Baroda

Name of Contact Person

Satya Naryan Sharma [ Dy. G M ]

Address[Office]

Bank of Baroda Staff Collage,


Bank of Baroda Towers
Opp. Law Gardan Ahmedabad

Phone No

+91 079- 26473042

Fax No

+91 079- 26460825

Email address

pe.gujarat@bankofbaroda.com

Contract Demand

375 kw

Purpose of Consumer

Carporate Office

Consumer No

HT - 287

Name of Suppliers office

Torrent Power Ltd.

Period of Audit

June 10 July 10

Date of Submission Report

25 July 2010

Proposed annual Energy Saving in terms of


[A]

Units

54904.0

[B]

Rupees

556343.0

338000.0

Proposed investment

Remarks :- M/s Bank of Baroda had taken several steps in energy conservation
measures for reduction of energy. Little area Natural light are utilized . Lighting in
Hall area is renovated.

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C O N T E N T S
Acknowledgment
Executive Summary of Study
Implementation Schedule
1.0

General

1.1

Introduction

1.2

2.0

1.1.1

Manufacturing Process

1.1.2

Production Rate

1.1.3

Major Electricity Consuming Area

Electricity Consumption bill Analysis


1.2.1

Contract Demand charges and penalty

1.2.2

Energy Consumption, Contract Demand & Energy Source

1.2.3

Calculation for load factor

1.2.4

Variations in Max. Demand in last months bill available

1.2.5

Variations in Unit Consumption in last months bill available

Performance Evaluation of major Utilities & Process equipments


2.1

Electrical Distribution System

2.1.1

Transformers

2.1.2

Power Factors

2.1.3

Metering & Monitoring Status

2.1.4

Max demand

2.1.5

Harmonics

2.1.6

Energy Efficient Motor

2.2

Electrical Process Equipments

2.3

CPP/ D G Set

2.4

Pumps and Blowers

2.5

Compressed Air System

2.6

Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

2.7

Cooling Tower

2.8

Induction Furnace

2.9

Electrolysis Equipments

2.10

Lighting

3.00

General Energy Conservation tips


3.1
3.2

List of Instrument used in Energy Audit study


List of Auditors

Note : Following Section No are not applicable ( 2.5, 2.8, 2.9, )

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Executive Summary [ Bank of Baroda ]


Sr.
No.

Area of Energy Conservation


Measure

Anticipated
Annual Saving
in Kwh
4960

Anticipated
Annual Saving
in Rs.
31248

Anticipated
Investment
in Rs.
100000.0

Pay Back
Period
in Months

1.

Re vamping of Transformer

2.

PF Improvement

11853

74675.6

160000.0

25.7

3.

TOU kwh Reduction

19680

14760

00

Immidate

4.

VFD in AHU Blower fan

5643

354994.8

40000.0

13

5.

Light Fixture Modification in AHU room

3300

20790

30000

12

TIC Contrller in C T fan

4320

27216

8000

3.5

Removing Extra Fitting & CFLs

5148

32659

00

Immidate

54904

556343.4

338000

Implementation Schedule
Sr.
No

Area of Energy Conservation Measure

Re vamping of Transformer

PF Improvement

TOU kwh Reduction

VFD in AHU Blower fan

Light Fixture Modification in AHU room

TIC Contrller in C T fan

Removing Extra Fitting & CFLs

Proposed Implication schedule

For, Bank of Baroda.

For, Crystal Controls

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1.0 General
Globalization has made tremendous changes in the world & concept of Energy
Conservation left behind by doing Energy Audits. Energy saved is Energy
Generated the global mantra now in this world. Energy is essential to life & its
conservation has become as absolute necessity. The requirement of energy
has gone up in last few years & would touch unimaginable preparation of
population explosion & improvement of living standards.
Energy Audits mean lot of things & common meaning are :

Using less Energy in particular application

Finding ways to purchase particular form of energy at lower cost. This is


usually accomplished by negotiation with energy providers.

Shifting to different energy resources at lower costs.

Using Free or Renewable energy sources that considered being more


desirable, or less undesirable, with regards to non efficiency concerns such as
availability and pollution. Conservation of Water, Fuels & Materials, a well as
energy sources.

Considerable efforts are required by all sectors of society. Constant R & D is


also required towards improving the Thermal Efficiency of the building,
Electrical equipments, Industrial process, Heating & Cooling equipments.

lot

of

experience

knowledge

and

hard

work

required

for

energy

conservations. The most important is that every one has to keep him self
abrest with the latest and emerging technologies to in corporate in industry.

M/s Bank of Baroda tower is banking operation sector in Gujarat


region and managed by highly qualified team of managers by General
managers for Operations. Bank has established Staff Training Collage in
campous for qualitative workman ship to attract customer from all over India
as well as from world.

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1.1

Introduction
M/s Bank of Baroda Tower is Carporate Building, where Operation of Gujarat
region banks are doen and in Staff collage training to staff is doen. Normaly Admn
Building is operating general shifts, while staff collage energy consumption is
round the clock, due to training staff stays. Bank of Baroda has taken HT power
supply 375 Kw from Torrent Power Ltd. Admn Building has eight floors with base
ments & Collage has four floors. Chilling plant is installed in building basement.
Natural light were utilize in building.

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Electrical System Profile

Power Supply

11 Kv

Power Supply Company

Torrent Power Ltd.

Consumer Service No

HT - 287

Contract Demand

375 Kw

Electricity Bill Analysis


Sr.
No.

Month

Max
Demand
(Kw)

Energy
(kwh)

TOU
Kwh

P.F. Total Bill Amt. Energy


Charges
(Cos )
(Rs.)
Rs./kwh
0.93
424171
6.392

Load
Factor

Dec 09

236

66358

27413

Jan 10

225

60910

24968

0.94

393639

6.463

77.346

Feb 10

245

62165

25735

0.99

399879

6.433

75.516

Mar 10

271

80128

33428

0.99

499557

6.234

84.479

Aprl 10

334

105765

49380

0.98

649037

6.137

75.396

May 10

408

121368

54575

0.98

718864

5.923

68.542

June 10
262.2

75065.2

32185

0.966

473257

6.331

76.421

496694

215499

Average
Total

77.247

3085147

Observation : Average Monthly Electricity Energy bill of M/s Bank of Baroda tower is
473257 Rs. /month

and Average Unit Consumption is 75065 kwh /Month. The

Actual Monthly Consumption varies significantly due to change in operation of Air


Condition plant. Higher Energy consumptions are found in May - JuneJuly. The bill
consists of Government duty charges and Fuel surcharges. Average Power Factor
during measurement was good in main incoming. There were Harmonics found in
system due to UPS & Computers & other equipments. Avg. load factor was found
nearly 65 % to 75%, this is due to Operating of tower in day only.

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Energy Consumption:

Average Monthly Electricity Consumption Kwh

75065

Avg CPP/ DG Consumption

NA

Avg TOU Consumption Kwh

32185

Sanctioned Contract Demand in Kw

375

Average Max. Demand in Kw

262

Average Total Monthly bill in Rs.

473257

Max. Demand Consumption Pattern


Max Demand pattern

450

400

350

300

250
MD in Kw
200

150

100

50

0
Dec 09

Jan 10

Feb 10

Mar 10

Aprl 10

May 10

Month

Energy Consumption Pattern


Energy Consumption pattern

140000

120000

100000

80000
Kwh
60000

40000

20000

0
Dec 09

Jan 10

Feb 10

Mar 10

Aprl 10

May 10

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2.0 Performance evaluation of utility :


2.1.1 Transformer :

Transformer is static device, which transfer electrical energy volts

from higher volt to lower volt & vice versa. There are two types of losses in
transformer [a] No load losses (Iron losses), which is constant & [b] Variable
losses i.e. Copper losses, which varies at square of load on Transformer &
temperature. According to IS 2026:1962, gives Transformer losses. It is generally
recommended to keep loading on Transformer between 45 to 50 %.
M/s Bank of Baroda tower. has sanction HT power of 375 Kw for from
Torrent Power Ltd.

There are two Transformers, One for to main building and

another for Staff College. The supply in coming Voltage is High Tension at 11 KV.
For isolation, HT breakers are installed in out going feeders.

Transformer with losses : When as actual Transformer is put on load, there is


Iron losses in the core and copper losses in the windings & these are not entirely
negliable. Even when the Transformer is on No load, the primary in put current is
not wholly reactive. The primary in put current in no-load condition has to supply
[A] iron loses to core i.e. Hysteresis losses [B] Very small amount of copper
losses in primary (there being no cu losses in secondary as it is open). Hence the
no load primary input current is not 900C behind voltage but lags it by an angle
The no load primary current I0 is very small as compared to full load
current. It should be about 1 % of full load current. As no load primary current is
very small, No load primary copper losses are negliable small, which mean that no
load primary input is practically equal to the iron losses in the transformer.

KVAR Required Transformer :

Transformer Rating in Kva x % Impedance of Transformer


200

(630 Kva x 4.8 %) / 200

15.00 kvar

Fixed Capacitor on Transformer :


Transformer
No 1

Transformer
No 2

250 Kva

630 Kva

Impedance Percentage

4.2

4.8

Fixed Capacitor to be installed

06

15

Description
Transformer Capacity

10

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Efficiency Measurement of Transformer :
Transformer Description
Capacity in Kva

250

630

HV / LV Volts

11000/433

11000/433

HV / LV Amps

13.2/ 328

32 / 787

% Impedance

4.2%

4.81%

Vector Group

DYn11

DYn11

Frequency

50 Hz

50 Hz

Type of Cooling

ONAN

ONAN

Initial Reading [HT ]


Final reading [HT ]
Energy Consumed in HT side

194.0

Energy Consumed in Lt side

190.0

Loading on Transformer in %

32.86

Measured load in Kva

207.0

Losses measured Kw

4.0

No Load losses Kw

0.8

Load copper loss in Kw

3.20

Transformer In put Kw

194.00

Transformer Out put Kw

190.00
97.94

Transformer Efficiency

Observations: Two No of Transformers installed in building [250 Kva ] Collage


Building & [ 630 kva ] Admn. Building. Higher capacity Transformer is idel in
night hr, while in Collage building transformer has negliable load. It is advisable
to shut off one transformer 25 Kva and total load should be transfer to 630 Kva.
This will reduse energy consumption by No load losses of system.

Loading

pattern on Transformer during audit study was shown below. Fixed capacitor &
APFC are installed on Transformer out going L T Panel. Only Fixed Capacitors
are installed in collage. Capacitors required for Transformer out going as per
calculations given below. No load losses in Transformer are not measurable
although total losses measured on % loading and found higher side due to
harmonics in system.

Transformer Losses are Optimum at 45- 50 % loading.

Efficiency evolution done on the basis of measurement on Load measurement


and % loading on transformer.

11

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Improvement in Capacity Factor with Amorphorous Core Transformer:


Reduction in No Load Losses : The Bank of Baroda tower has installed different
rating Transformer in building. There are total two no of Transforms installed.
Transformers loading are also different in each section. Looking to the load
pattern of maximum demand variation, installed capacity of the Transformer is
enough. Power factor was not maintained. Amorphous core type Transformers
should be best option if replaced by existing transformers. Installation of
Amorphous core type Transformer would save considerable amount of energy
during the whole year. The no load losses of the Transformer mainly consist of
iron loss which occur continuously through out the whole year irrespective of the
load on the load on the transformer. The no load losses (iron losses) of the
Transformer is the major concern in any transformer design. The iron losses
consist of following two parts.

Iron Losses (No load losses) = Hysterics Losses + Eddy Current Losses
Iron losses, the eddy current in the Transformer core material produces
eddy current losses. They depend upon the thickness of the core material.
Manufacturing the core into very fine thin sheet & laminating these fine sheets of
the core. While Hysterics losses are the heat losses generated due to magnetizing
& demagnetizing. The Higher the resistance observed by the core molecules in
magnetizing & demagnetizing, the higher would be Higher would be heat loss
(Hysterics loss). Consequently, no load Losses would be higher. Hysterics Losses
can only be controlled by the core material, which has low amount of heat losses
when its molecules experience magnetizing & demagnetizing cycle. For that,
amorphous core material serves purpose.
Amorphous metal exhibit a structure in which the metallic molecules occur
in a random pattern & have non-crystalline alloy steel just like glass. As there are
no grains, the fluxes experience least resistance in any direction. As opposed to
the rigid grain structure of the silicon steel, this unique structure enables easy
magnetizing & demagnetizing. Thus, easier the magnetic switching, the lower the
core loss would be.

12

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Advantage of Amorphous Core Transformer:

Reduction in No Load Losses : Compared to conventional Transformer in


amorphous metal, switching is accomplished with very low energy loss as due to its
superior hysterics properties & very low thickness of material. This will reduce 80%
no load losses & reduction in operation Cost.

Better Short Circuit Strength : The unique feature of the Transformer is the
rectangular winding made from copper sheet. As a result of the construction the
axial component of the Short circuit forces are almost eliminated.

Special

compacting & epoxy bonding between the layers makes the entire coil as one
homogeneous mass, which has better withstanding capability of the radial
component

of

short

circuit

forces

as

compared

to

conventional

winding

arrangement. The use of Copper sheet makes almost elimination of Hot spots.
Low maintenance cost. Compact structure and easy erection & commissioning cost.

Comparison of Core Losses [ Amorphous Core & CRGO Core Transformer ]


Sr.
No Transformer
Capacity
( Kva)

No Load losses in
(watts)

CRGO
Amorphous
Core Type
Core

Saving in
Losses
(watts)

% Saving in
No load
losses
(Kwh)

Annual Energy
Saving in
No Losses
(Kwh)

Saving
@ Rs.5.0
per Kwh

1.

25

100

25

75

75.00

657.0

3285.0

2.

63

180

45

135

75.00

1182.6

5913.0

3.

100

260

60

200

76.92

1752.0

8760.0

4.

315

920

120

800

86.96

7008.0

35040.0

5.

400

930

150

780

83.87

6832.8

34164.0

6.

500

990

250

740

74.75

6482.4

32412.0

7.

630

1100

300

800

72.73

7008.0

35040.0

8.

750

1200

320

880

73.33

7708.8

38544.0

9.

800

1250

330

920

73.66

8059.2

40296.0

10.

1000

1450

350

1100

75.86

9636.0

48180.0

11

1250

1800

410

1390

77.22

12176.4

60882.0

12.

1500

2100

490

1610

76.67

14103.6

70518.0

13.

1600

2100

490

1610

76.67

14103.6

70518.0

14.

2000

2500

500

2000

80.00

17520.0

87660.0

15.

2500

2800

550

2250

80.36

19710.0

98550.0

13

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Sample Calculation on Reduction in No-load losses with Amorphous Core Transformers

No load losses of Existing 630 Kva Transformer

: 1.100 Kw

No load losses of 630 Kva Amorphous Transformer

: 0.300 Kw

Saving in No Load Losses

: 1.1 Kw 0.300 Kw = 0.700Kw

Total annual Energy Saving

: 0.700 Kw x 8000 Hr = 5600 kwh

Total annual Saving in Rs. @ 6.3 /Kwh

: 35280.0

Anticipated Cost Amorphous Transformer 630 Kva : 8,00,000/- [ @ 1200 Rs/ Kva]

Sample Calculation on Reduction in No-load losses with one Transformer :

No load losses of Existing 250 Kva Transformer

: 0.620 Kw

Energy Saving in Nl Losses

: 0620 Kw x 8000 hr

Total annual Energy Saving

: 4960 Kwh

Annual Saving in Rs. @ 6.3 /Kwh : 31248.0

14

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Dry Type Transformer
Rating in
Kva

Max Losses at
50% Loading
[Kw ]

Max Losses at
100% Loading
[Kw ]

UP to 22 Kv Class

Max Losses at
50% Loading
[Kw ]

Max Losses at
100% Loading
[Kw ]

UP to 33 Kv Class

100

0.94

2.40

1.12

2.40

160

1.29

3.30

1.42

3.30

200

1.50

3.80

1.75

4.00

250

1.70

4.32

1.97

4.60

315

2.00

5.04

2.40

5.40

400

2.38

6.04

2.90

6.80

500

2.80

7.25

3.30

7.80

630

3.34

8.82

3.95

9.20

800

3.88

10.24

4.65

11.40

1000

4.50

12.00

5.30

12.80

1250

5.19

13.87

6.25

14.50

1600

6.32

16.80

7.50

18.00

2000

7.50

20.00

8.88

21.40

2500

9.25

24.75

10.75

26.40

Oil Filled Transformed


Rating in
Kva

Max Losses at
Max Losses at
50% Loading
100% Loading
[Kw ]
[Kw ]
UP to 11 Kv Class

Max Losses at Max Losses at


50% Loading
100% Loading
[Kw ]
[Kw ]
UP to 33 Kv Class

100

0.52

1.80

0.56

1.82

160

0.77

2.20

0.78

2.58

200

0.89

2.70

0.90

3.00

250

1.05

3.32

315

1.10

3.63

1.30

4.30

400

1.45

4.63

1.52

5.10

500

1.60

5.50

1.95

6.45

630

2.00

6.64

2.30

7.60

1000

3.00

9.80

3.45

11.35

1250

3.60

12.00

4.00

13.25

1600

4.50

15.00

4.85

16.00

2000

5.40

18.40

5.70

18.00

2500

6.50

22.50

7.05

23.00

15

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2.1.2 Power Factor:


Induction motors are characterized by power factors less than unity, leading
to lower overall efficiency associated with plant electrical system. The impact of PF
correction includes reduced Kva demands& hence reduced utility demand charged.
It also reduced I2R losses in cable in upstream & reduces voltage drop in cables. It
should be noted that Capacitor improve power factor from the point of installation
back to generation side. The size of capacitor required for particular motor depends
upon the no load reactive KVA drawn by motor.

M/s Bank of Baroda tower has

installed fixed capacitors in Staff College for distribution system and APFC panel in
main Admin building for power factor correction.

Measurement of Capacitor Bank [ BOB Tower ]:


Sr.
No.

Description

Location

R-Phase

Y-Phase

B-Phase

15.8

15.7

15.9

Derated

15.8

15.8

15.8

Derated

Derated
Derated

15 Kvar x 1 Bank

22

15 Kvar x 1 Bank

22

15 Kvar x 1 Bank

22

15 Kvar x 1 Bank

22

15 Kvar x 1 Bank

APFC Panel

Current In

Rated
Current

22

Remark

15 Kvar x 1 Bank

15 Kvar x 1 Bank

22

15 Kvar x 1 Bank

22

12.6

15.8

12.9

15 Kvar x 1 Bank

22

00

15.7

15.7

10

15 Kvar x 1 Bank

22

22

150 Kvar

Measurement of Capacitor Bank [ Staff Collage ]:


Sr.
No.

Description

Current In

Location

Rated
Current

R-Phase

Y-Phase

B-Phase

31.2

31.8

30.8

30.7

30.5

Derated

30.5

31.3

Derated

25 Kvar x 1 Bank

Fixed Cap

34.0

25 Kvar x 1 Bank

Fixed Cap

34.0

25 Kvar x 1 Bank

Fixed Cap

34.0

25 Kvar x 1 Bank

Fixed Cap

34.0

25 Kvar x 1 Bank

Fixed Cap

34.0

25 Kvar x 1 Bank

Fixed Cap

34.0

Remark

Derated

150 Kvar

16

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Observations : The M/s Bank of Baroda has installed fix type Capacitor bank &
APFC to maintained instant power factor & never achieved Avg. power factor more
than 0.97. This is due to change in load pattern of process machinery. The
Reactive power factor system requires modifications to achieve power factor near
to unity. Some of the capacitors are found Derated which need replacement.
Transformer compensation fixed capacitors shown above should be installed.
Below show the reduction in Transformer losses by improving power factor.
Measurement shows the poor power factor, which need to be improve.

Reduction in Losses In Transformer


Description

Unit

Transformer Capacity

500

Transformer Impedance

5.02

Transformer Current Sec.

666

Actual Load in Kw

230

Actual Load in Kva

238

Actual Load in Amp

562

Present Avg. PF

0.97

Required Avg. PF

Actual Kvarh

10

Total Energy consumed/ month

11

Reduction in Losses is given by

12

Reduction in Losses in %

13

Reduction in Losses in kwh/month @ 2%

14

Total Reduction in Losses/ annum

11853.27

15

Saving in Rs @ 6.3/Kwh

74675.6

16

Cost of RTPFC with filter 100 kvar

160000

17

Pay back period in Month

25.711

Conclusion :

Remarks

0.992
75065
100 100 ( Present PF / Desire PF ) 2

4.4
987.77

It is advisable to installed RTPFC panel in system with

harmonic filters & replaced the derated capacitors banks for reduction in
system losses.

17

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Adverse Effects of Over Compensation / Leading PF

Extra Power loss in Capacitors. Transformer losses Increased, which requires


higher

capacity than the required to supply the same Kw load.

Over heating of the Cable & Switch gear that increases cable losses.

The current would be higher which puts extra stress on the LT switchgear
reducing the

useful life of the switchgear & Cables.

Voltage will increase at the point of common coupling of capacitors. So the


higher the kvar, the higher voltage at the point of capacitors installation.

Draw backs of fixed type PF improvement systems.

Manual switching in/out and monitoring of PF constantly required.

Manual error in switching in/out during night/low load period leads to


capacitive loads leading to un necessary stressing of the capacitors and RKVAH
recording resulting in final losses.

Over stressing of capacitors during light loads may leads to capacitor drift/
Derating there by reducing useful life.

Capacitors remains continuously energize irrespective of load hence life


expectancy of the capacitors is reduces
RTPFC System has following unique Operating & Safety advantage:

Capacitor life is enhanced as No inrush current due to precise auto zero voltage
search logic. No current or Voltage surge. Hence life of Transformer increases.

The RTPFC dismisses the need of manpower and any sort of supervision.

Solid-state device are used to work at very low voltage, as result no


chattering. Also there is no moving part-involved maintenance cost negligible.
One controller, which display all electrical parameters.

The RTPFC dismisses the need to switch off capacitor on D G set. i.e.
reduction in losses. It also reduces the Copper losses in Transformer by
maintaining constant PF.

18

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2.1.3 Metering & Monitoring Status:


Roll of Proper Metering System : A large amount of electricity being handled by
electrical department in industry, even 1 % of electrical saving in losses would
provide substantial financial benefits to utilities. To release the benefits, a
systematic approach to install metering system at number of places. The reduction
of technical losses, up gradation scheme to reduce losses accrued by power supply
system, machine and man. Development of comprehensive energy accounting
system would enable quantification of loss in different segments of the system and
their segregation. Proper and accurate meters, metering system and practice are
essential for effective and correct energy accounting. It also gives the needs of the
management Informations systems for adopting Continuous Energy accounting,
which is the bonus to the management.
Observations :

Mostly LT 3 ph 4 wire energy meters are at the most placed in

the plant. These meters provided the voltage/ ammeters meters to monitor the
plant electrical parameters at various places. A millimeters and hand held clip-on
meter is also used for measuring the motor data. The total energy consumption is
taken out on GEB meter only. As these reading are taken manually and calculating
is

laborious

task

and

create

errors.

Installation

of

Microprocessor

based

instrumentation at load feeders and respective feeders helps complete monitoring


the energy consumption. This meter provides kW, volt, ampere, PF, and cumulative
energy consumption. This will also remove to maintain the logbook and necessary
removal of electromechanical meters and their maintenance. These meters have
high accuracy and precise reading in digital, which can be read by simply operator
also.

Objectives of Energy Accounting

Identifications of high-energy consumption areas.

Identification for losses due to equipments.

Line losses caused by resistance of Conductor of cable.

Weak and inadequate & UN planed net working.

Transformer and regulator losses. [Copper & No load loss]

Die electric losses in underground cables.

Power factor losses due to poor power factor in down stream equipments.

Inadequate reactive compensation at load points.

Voltage droop & over load loss.

Incorrect operation of machine

Increasing the load by installation of excessive size of motors.

19

Crystal Controls

Areas required metering:

M/s Bank of Baroda tower should installed energy

meters in floor wise distribution & Chiller machine for day to day measurements.
As there is lane facility available and meters are connected but not working. BMS
Software should be installed to monitor the energy consumption daily basis chiller
machine for reduction in TOU kwh.

Conclusion:

Any energy conservation goal will be successful only when all the

employees in the plant will involve. To full fill the task for energy accounting,
Engineers are motivated for energy accounting scheme effectively & trained
appropriately and encourage their support and give them awards for their energy
saving initiative. It can there fore be seen that taking an Energy Audits will be
extremely beneficial to all consumers whether it is Industries, Hotels or domestic
consumers. Energy audit are one of those happy tasks which while leading to
immediate improvement in the profitability and economic viability of the industries.
It also benefit to the nation to use scarce resources more efficiently.

2.1.4

Maximum Demand:
M/s Bank of Baroda tower

has crossed Max Demand in some of months due to

change in working pattern of Air Condition plants in summeronly. although it is


found that utilization of energy & M D is nearly constant. The consumption varies
due to variation of air condition load. Demand registered during the month is
demand measured during preset interval (Normally 30 Min. duration and this is
reset at the end of bill cycle. It is important to Not that while Max Demand recorded
it is not as instantaneous demand drawn, as is offend misunderstand but the time
integrated demand over predefined recording cycle. Maximum Demand registered
during the month is demand measured during preset interval (normally 30 min.
duration) and this is reset at the end of billing cycle.

20

Crystal Controls

Time of Uses Charges :


These are units generated at the time of peak hrs 6.0 am to 10 am in
morning and 6.0 pm to 10 pm in evening. Consumer has to pay 0.70 paisa for said
units these are mostly 1/3 of total unit generated. The charges are not applicable
for customers having Contract demand less then 500 Kva, although if Max demand
exceed beyond 500 Kva then charges are applicable.
Sr.
No.

Month

Energy
(kwh)

TOU
Kwh

TOU Charges
@ Rs 0.75/kwh

Dec 09

66358

27413

20560

Jan 10

60910

24968

18726

Feb 10

62165

25735

19301

Mar 10

80128

33428

25071

Aprl 10

105765

49380

37035

May 10

121368

54575

40931

Average

75065.2

32185

26937

Remarks

Energy analysis
Avg. Daily TOU kwh reduction

82 kw

[ with one machine & two pumps ]

TOU Kwh reduction/ annum

19680

[ @ 240 day working ]

Annual Saving in Rs

14760

[@ Rs 0.75 / kwh

Observations : Normaly Chiller machine are switch on early to maintain temp in


building & bank working starts avg. on 10.30 am. Both machnes with Chiller
pump 7 condensor pumps are running avg. 10 to 12 hr a day. This will cause
increases in Time of Uses charges.

Conclusion : It is advisable to plan out to start one Chiller with auxlaries after
10.00 pm, there will be reduction in TOU chared Avg. 82 kwh / day

21

Crystal Controls

2.1.5 Harmonics:
Major causes of Harmonics: Devices that draw non-sinusoidal currents
when a sinusoidal voltage is applied create harmonics. Frequently these devices
develop that convert AC to DC. How ever in real life situation varies devices like,
diodes, silicon control rectifiers, PWM system, Thyrister, Voltage & Current
chopping Induction & Arc furnaces, are also deployed for various requirements
and due to varying impedance characteristics. These non liner loads caused
distortion in voltage and current wave farms, which is of increasing concern
indecent time. Harmonic occurs as spikes at interval which are multiples of the
main supply frequency and these distorted the pure sine wave from of the supply
voltage & current.
Harmonics are multiples of fundamental frequency of an electrical
power system. Example The fundamental frequency is 50 Hz, then the 5th
harmonic is 5 times that frequency or 250 Hz. Like wise 7th harmonic is seven
times of fundamental or 350 Hz and so on for higher order Harmonics.
Harmonics can be discussed in terms of Current and Voltage. A 5th Harmonic
current is simply a current flowing at 250 Hz on 50 Hz system. The 5th Harmonic
current flowing through system, Impedance creates a 5th harmonic Voltage.
Harmonic is expressed in Terms of Total Harmonic Distortion [THD]. When
harmonic current flow in system they are known as poor power quality or
Dirty power Other causes of poor power quality includes Transient such as
voltage Spike, Surges, Sags & ringing. Because they repeat in each cycle,
Harmonies are regarded as steady state cause of poor quality power.

Adverse Effects of Harmonics in System

Blinking of Incandescing light Transformer Saturation.

Capacitor failures Harmonics Resonance.

Circuit Breaker failure, heating of Switches gear & Cable Inductive heating

Electronic Equipment Failure Voltage Distortion.

Flickering of tub light & pre-matured failures Transformer Saturation.

Fuses blown of & tripping of MCBs Inductive heating.

Failures of Motors [over heating ] Voltage drop

Neutral Conductor & terminal failure Inductive heating

Power Interference on Voice Communication Harmonic Noise

Over heating in Transformers Inductive heating

22

Crystal Controls

Solutions for Harmonics: Distortion in Voltage and current waveform is not


desirable in electrical net work, because of their adverse impact on connected
equipments. It is there for prudent to installed tuned harmonic filters close to loads
generating harmonics current. Harmonic current are filtered at the source reliving
the net work from evil effect of harmonic. The harmonic filters are Capacitors bank
connected in series with reactor. The required reactor value is calculated based on
load & housed in cubical panel with suitable switch gear. The filter system injects
required inductive Kvar to the network to improve power factor below the harmonic
frequency

and

beyond

harmonic

frequency.

Thus

prevent

amplification

of

harmonics.
Harmonic Distortion Limits [ IEEE - 519,1992 ]

Isc/IL

H < 11

11<h<17

17<h<23

23<h<35

35 <h

THD

< 20 *

4.0

2.0

1.5

0.6

0.3

5.0

20 < 50

7.0

3.5

2.5

1.0

0.5

8.0

50 < 100

10.0

4.5

4.0

1.5

0.7

12.0

100 < 1000

12.0

5.5

5.0

2.0

1.0

15.0

15.0

7.0

6.0

2.5

1.4

20.0

> 1000

Note : All power generations equipments is limited those value regardless their Isc/IL
Ic

Short Circuit current at Point of Common Coupling corresponding to system MVA level

IL

Fundamental Full Load current.

Harmonics number.

11<h<17 Represents all harmonics between 11& 16


THD

Total Harmonic Distortions

Out Going
Sr.
Description
No.

Volt

Current

Power

(V)

(A)

(Kw)

P.F.
(Cos )

Reactive
Power
(kvar)

Apparent
Power
(Kva)

Voltage
Thd.

Current
Thd

1.

R-Phase

10740

22.9

313.82

0.735

287.37

426.75

1.6

6.7

2.

Y-Phase

10730

22.7

310.74

0.735

287.31

426.62

1.6

6.8

3.

B-Phase

10730

22.8

311.20

0.733

286.00

423.46

1.6

6.7

Neutral

23

Crystal Controls
Bank of Baroda Zonal office measurement :
Date
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009

Time
11:45:20 AM
11:45:40 AM
11:46:00 AM
11:46:20 AM
11:46:40 AM
11:47:00 AM
11:47:20 AM
11:47:40 AM
11:48:00 AM
11:48:20 AM
11:48:40 AM
11:49:00 AM
11:49:20 AM
11:49:40 AM
11:50:00 AM
11:50:20 AM
11:50:40 AM
11:51:00 AM
11:51:20 AM
11:51:40 AM
11:52:00 AM
11:52:20 AM
11:52:40 AM
11:53:00 AM
11:53:20 AM
11:53:40 AM
11:54:00 AM
11:54:20 AM
11:54:40 AM
11:55:00 AM
11:55:20 AM
11:55:40 AM
11:56:00 AM
11:56:20 AM
11:56:40 AM
11:57:00 AM
11:57:20 AM
11:57:40 AM
11:58:00 AM
11:58:20 AM
11:58:40 AM
11:59:00 AM
11:59:20 AM
11:59:40 AM
12:00:00 PM
12:00:20 PM
12:00:40 PM
12:01:00 PM
12:01:20 PM
12:01:40 PM
12:02:00 PM
12:02:20 PM
12:02:40 PM
12:03:00 PM

Vrms
10740
10740
10730
10730
10730
10720
10720
10730
10730
10730
10720
10720
10730
10740
10740
10750
10750
10750
10760
10770
10770
10780
10780
10780
10780
10770
10770
10770
10770
10770
10770
10770
10770
10780
10780
10780
10780
10790
8350
0
6530
10810
10810
10810
10810
10810
10820
10810
10820
10810
10820
10820
10820
10820

Arms
22.9
22.9
22.7
22.8
22.7
22.5
22.6
22.4
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.7
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.5
22.6
22.6
23.1
22.6
22.5
22.6
22.8
22.8
22.7
22.7
22.7
22.5
23.1
22.8
22.6
22.7
22.6
22.5
22.9
22.6
22.7
22.7
22.5
22.6
22.8
22.6
22.8
22.9
22.8
23.2
22.7
22.7
22.6
22.7
22.8
23.1
22.8
22.5

Kw
313.95
313.82
310.74
311.20
309.98
307.94
309.55
307.06
309.41
308.90
307.91
310.54
307.31
307.79
308.32
307.49
309.38
309.15
312.08
310.22
308.11
309.38
312.12
311.07
311.28
310.82
310.48
308.57
314.27
312.59
309.73
311.14
310.24
309.04
314.17
309.77
313.09
311.39
235.61
0.00
178.75
310.91
312.60
311.87
312.64
316.58
311.84
311.33
309.64
311.59
312.68
315.19
313.19
308.09

Kwh +
1.744
3.488
5.214
6.943
8.665
10.376
12.095
13.801
15.52
17.236
18.947
20.672
22.379
24.089
25.802
27.511
29.229
30.947
32.681
34.404
36.116
37.834
39.568
41.297
43.026
44.753
46.478
48.192
49.938
51.674
53.395
55.124
56.847
58.564
60.309
62.03
63.77
65.5
66.809
66.809
67.802
69.529
71.266
72.998
74.735
76.494
78.226
79.956
81.676
83.407
85.144
86.895
88.635
90.347

Kvar
287.37
287.31
286.00
286.37
285.29
283.60
284.05
281.15
281.98
281.88
282.33
285.43
282.96
284.16
283.29
283.65
284.55
286.41
294.18
286.26
285.70
286.62
290.36
289.46
287.52
286.67
286.40
284.77
291.43
287.41
285.09
286.95
286.47
285.24
288.79
286.37
287.10
288.36
0
0
0
287.22
289.88
294.38
291.07
296.92
288.69
288.63
288.26
289.35
289.96
294.35
291.36
286.16

KVA
426.75
426.62
423.46
423.98
422.40
419.74
421.25
417.52
419.93
419.45
418.89
422.81
418.95
420.07
419.97
419.58
421.62
422.55
429.82
423.42
421.51
423.03
427.37
426.09
425.07
424.15
423.72
421.18
429.51
425.80
422.23
424.50
423.38
421.79
427.89
423.06
426.05
425.50
326.95
0.00
259.73
424.57
427.62
430.03
428.37
434.93
426.26
425.82
424.35
426.50
427.69
432.27
428.92
421.83

PF
0.735
0.735
0.733
0.734
0.733
0.733
0.734
0.735
0.736
0.736
0.734
0.734
0.733
0.732
0.734
0.732
0.733
0.731
0.726
0.732
0.731
0.731
0.73
0.73
0.732
0.732
0.732
0.732
0.731
0.734
0.733
0.732
0.732
0.732
0.734
0.732
0.734
0.731
0
0
0
0.732
0.731
0.725
0.729
0.728
0.731
0.731
0.729
0.73
0.731
0.729
0.731
0.732

Vthd
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
0
0
1.2
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.6

Athd
6.7
6.8
6.7
6.4
6.6
6.7
6.6
7.2
7.2
7.1
6.9
6.3
7.2
6.7
7.1
7.2
7.2
6.6
5.8
7.1
7.3
7.2
6.3
6.6
7.2
7.2
7.1
7.2
5.8
6.6
7.2
6.9
6.7
6.9
6.6
6.8
7.2
6.5
0.7
7.1
2.8
7.2
7.1
6.8
6.8
5.5
7.1
7.1
7.2
7.1
6.9
6
6.6
7.5

24

Crystal Controls
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009

12:03:20 PM
12:03:40 PM
12:04:00 PM
12:04:20 PM
12:04:40 PM
12:05:00 PM
12:05:20 PM
12:05:40 PM
12:06:00 PM
12:06:20 PM
12:06:40 PM
12:07:00 PM
12:07:20 PM
12:07:40 PM
12:08:00 PM
12:08:20 PM
12:08:40 PM
12:09:00 PM
12:09:20 PM
12:09:40 PM
12:10:00 PM
12:10:20 PM
12:10:40 PM
12:11:00 PM
12:11:20 PM
12:11:40 PM
12:12:00 PM
12:12:20 PM
12:12:40 PM
12:13:00 PM
12:13:20 PM
12:13:40 PM
12:14:00 PM
12:14:20 PM
12:14:40 PM
12:15:00 PM
12:15:20 PM
12:15:40 PM
12:16:00 PM
12:16:20 PM
12:16:40 PM
12:17:00 PM
12:17:20 PM
12:17:40 PM
12:18:00 PM
12:18:20 PM
12:18:40 PM
12:19:00 PM
12:19:20 PM
12:19:40 PM
12:20:00 PM
12:20:20 PM
12:20:40 PM
12:21:00 PM
12:21:20 PM
12:21:40 PM

10810
10810
10820
10810
10810
10810
10820
10820
10820
10820
10820
10820
10810
10810
10810
10810
10810
10820
10820
10810
10810
10810
10810
10810
10810
10810
10810
10810
10800
10800
10800
10800
10810
10810
10810
10800
10800
10800
10810
10810
10820
10820
10820
10820
10810
10810
10820
10820
10820
10820
10810
10820
10820
10830
10830
10840

22.5
22.5
22.7
22.5
22.6
22.6
22.7
20.9
17.8
17.8
17.9
17.9
18.0
17.9
17.9
17.9
17.8
18.0
18.1
17.9
17.9
17.8
17.8
17.7
17.7
17.8
17.7
18.0
17.8
17.9
17.9
17.8
17.7
17.8
17.9
18.1
18.1
18.3
17.9
17.9
17.9
18.1
17.8
17.8
17.9
17.8
17.8
18.0
17.9
18.3
18.1
17.8
17.8
17.8
17.9
18.7

309.30
307.76
309.79
308.30
309.80
309.76
312.24
281.46
233.97
233.30
235.33
236.55
237.84
235.27
236.57
235.11
234.60
234.64
237.25
234.78
235.03
233.73
233.73
231.92
233.40
233.83
233.31
237.09
234.46
235.03
234.66
233.32
232.61
233.34
236.10
238.07
237.48
241.21
234.77
235.97
235.47
236.92
232.91
232.06
234.71
233.21
233.82
236.35
234.86
239.21
236.91
233.40
233.78
233.75
234.71
245.00

92.065
93.775
95.496
97.209
98.93
100.651
102.386
103.949
105.249
106.545
107.853
109.167
110.488
111.795
113.109
114.416
115.719
117.022
118.34
119.645
120.951
122.249
123.548
124.836
126.133
127.432
128.728
130.045
131.348
132.653
133.957
135.253
136.545
137.842
139.153
140.476
141.795
143.135
144.44
145.751
147.059
148.375
149.669
150.958
152.262
153.558
154.857
156.17
157.475
158.803
160.12
161.416
162.715
164.014
165.318
166.679

286.81
286.15
290.44
287.68
287.34
288.08
289.38
270.90
237.13
237.23
237.29
237.45
238.40
236.91
237.01
236.46
236.79
241.19
241.38
236.75
237.48
236.32
236.18
234.83
234.77
235.08
234.85
239.64
236.33
237.68
237.78
236.17
235.06
235.48
237.33
240.80
241.26
242.40
236.90
237.77
237.933
240.48
237.03
236.71
239.22
237.83
236.64
237.93
237.49
243.65
241.91
236.83
237.61
238.15
239.56
251.32

423.10
421.55
425.74
422.92
423.85
424.31
426.98
392.19
335.33
334.91
336.43
337.38
338.73
335.84
336.93
335.52
335.27
338.36
340.04
335.55
336.21
334.55
334.45
332.24
333.27
333.74
333.17
338.67
334.83
336.17
335.97
333.97
332.91
333.68
336.87
340.40
340.11
343.61
335.56
336.96
336.78
339.47
334.49
333.68
337.30
335.26
334.85
337.53
336.14
343.04
340.27
334.66
335.46
335.78
337.34
352.49

0.732
0.732
0.727
0.728
0.732
0.732
0.731
0.715
0.697
0.696
0.699
0.701
0.702
0.721
0.702
0.721
0.699
0.693
0.697
0.699
0.699
0.698
0.698
0.698
0.720
0.721
0.721
0.699
0.721
0.699
0.698
0.698
0.698
0.699
0.712
0.699
0.698
0.702
0.699
0.721
0.699
0.697
0.696
0.695
0.695
0.695
0.698
0.7
0.698
0.697
0.696
0.697
0.696
0.696
0.695
0.695

1.6
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7

7.2
7.4
6.6
7.1
7.3
7.2
7.1
7.3
10.8
10.8
10.9
11.3
10.2
10.2
10.6
10.6
10.2
9.9
9.6
10.6
10.6
10.8
10.9
10.9
11.6
10.8
10.8
9.1
10.1
9.9
10.1
10.3
11.3
10.9
10.6
9.5
8.9
9.6
10.4
10.2
10.4
9.8
10.9
10.9
10.9
10.9
10.9
10.8
10.8
8.9
9.1
10.7
10.6
10.5
10.1
8.4

25

Crystal Controls
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
6/26/2009

12:22:00 PM
12:22:20 PM
12:22:40 PM
12:23:00 PM
12:23:20 PM
12:23:40 PM
12:24:00 PM
12:24:20 PM
12:24:40 PM
12:25:00 PM
12:25:20 PM
12:25:40 PM
12:26:00 PM
12:26:20 PM
12:26:40 PM
12:27:00 PM
12:27:20 PM
12:27:40 PM
12:28:00 PM
12:28:20 PM
12:28:40 PM
12:29:00 PM
12:29:20 PM
12:29:40 PM

10830
10830
10830
10840
10840
10840
10840
10840
10840
10840
10840
10840
10840
10850
10850
10850
10850
10850
10860
10870
10870
10860
10860
10860

19.3
19.1
19.2
19.1
19.4
19.3
19.1
19.2
19.2
19.1
19.4
19.3
19.4
19.2
19.1
19.1
19.0
19.2
19.2
19.2
19.2
19.2
19.1
19.2

252.41
250.51
250.88
250.27
253.86
253.04
250.08
251.16
251.06
251.16
254.48
252.59
254.11
251.51
250.51
249.81
249.40
251.11
251.52
250.50
251.63
252.25
250.64
251.56

Energy Consumption pattern

168.081
169.473
170.866
172.257
173.667
175.073
176.462
177.858
179.252
180.648
182.062
183.465
184.877
186.274
187.666
189.053
190.439
191.834
193.231
194.623
196.021
197.422
198.815
200.212

257.92
256.00
256.64
255.60
259.43
259.84
257.12
257.84
256.27
255.36
260.62
258.21
259.15
256.73
255.92
255.26
255.56
257.07
257.70
260.32
257.39
257.56
256.09
257.34

362.63
360.09
360.76
359.66
364.67
364.31
360.52
361.72
360.68
360.15
365.71
362.95
364.60
361.22
360.05
359.17
359.09
361.25
361.98
363.22
361.83
362.44
360.30
361.63

0.696
0.695
0.695
0.695
0.696
0.694
0.693
0.694
0.696
0.697
0.695
0.695
0.696
0.696
0.695
0.695
0.694
0.695
0.694
0.689
0.695
0.695
0.695
0.695

1.6
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.6
1.6
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7
1.7

9.2
9.6
9.4
9.8
8.9
8.8
9.5
9.3
9.8
9.9
8.3
9.1
8.8
9.4
9.7
9.8
9.9
9.5
9.5
9.9
9.7
9.7
10
9.4

HT Volt & Amp measurement :

3.000E+3
3.000E+3

100.0
100.0

2.500E+3
2.500E+3
80.00
80.00

2.000E+3
2.000E+3
V
60.00
60.00
A

W
1.500E+3
1.500E+3

40.00
40.00

1000
1000
20.00
20.00

500.0
500.0
0.000
0.000
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
11:45:20.000
11:45:20.000AMAM

44:20.000
44:20.000(M:S)
(M:S)
88Min/Div
Min/Div

6/26/2009
12:29:40.000 PM

Harmonic Trend :

44:20.000
44:20.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
88 Min/Div
Min/Div

6/26/2009
12:29:40.000 PM

Power Factor Trend :

12.00
12.00

10.00
10.00

8.000
8.000

%6.000
6.000

4.000
4.000

2.000
2.000

0.000
0.000
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
11:45:20.000
11:45:20.000AM
AM

0.000
0.000
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
11:45:20.000
11:45:20.000AM
AM

44:20.000 (M:S)
88 Min/Div
Min/Div

6/26/2009
12:29:40.000 PM

0.80
0.80
0.75
0.75
0.70
0.70
0.65
0.65
0.60
0.60
0.55
0.55
0.50
0.50
0.45
0.45
0.40
0.40
0.35
0.35
0.30
0.30
0.25
0.25
0.20
0.20
0.15
0.15
0.10
0.10
50.00E-3
50.00E-3
0.000
0.000
6/26/2009
6/26/2009
11:45:20.000
11:45:20.000AM
AM

44:20.000
44:20.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
88 Min/Div
Min/Div

6/26/2009
12:29:40.000 PM

26

Crystal Controls
HARMONICS MEASUREMENT
Waveform I
18.98 Arms, 10.35 %THD
100
90
80
70
60
50
40
30
20
10
0

10

15

20
25
30
6/26/2009 - 12:24:38.801 PM

35

40

45

50

Waveform I
(%)
H01 100.0
H02 0.2
H03 0.2
H04 0.1
H05 7.2
H06 0.1
H07 4.3
H08 0.0
H09 0.4
H10 0.2
H11 4.6
H12 0.1
H13 3.8
H14 0.2
H15 0.1
H16 0.1
H17 0.3
H18 0.0

H19
H20
H21
H22
H23
H24
H25
H26
H27
H28
H29
H30
H31
H32
H33
H34
H35
H36

(%)
0.3
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.1
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

H37
H38
H39
H40
H41
H42
H43
H44
H45
H46
H47
H48
H49
H50

(%)
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0

Main incoming Admn Building :


Date
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010

Time
1:07:20 PM
1:07:40 PM
1:08:00 PM
1:08:20 PM
1:08:40 PM
1:09:00 PM
1:09:20 PM
1:09:40 PM
1:10:00 PM
1:10:20 PM
1:10:40 PM
1:11:00 PM
1:11:20 PM
1:11:40 PM
1:12:00 PM
1:12:20 PM
1:12:40 PM
1:13:00 PM
1:13:20 PM
1:13:40 PM
1:14:00 PM
1:14:20 PM

Vrms
412.1
412.2
412.0
412.3
412.1
412.4
412.6
412.3
412.4
412.7
412.6
412.5
412.2
412.2
412.3
412.4
412.1
412.0
412.1
412.1
411.7
411.9

Arms
288.8
290.9
294.6
290.0
292.2
291.5
291.4
298.7
290.3
293.0
288.6
290.4
289.6
298.3
292.5
291.9
292.7
291.2
293.6
291.2
292.6
290.0

Watt
191798.3
193337.6
195969.0
192285.8
193375.8
193125.1
193548.7
198380.8
192604.4
194566.5
191522.5
192696.3
192034.7
198470.5
193629.2
193244.6
193604.2
192642.6
194295.9
192421.2
193486.3
191828.3

W-hours
1065.6
2139.6
3228.4
4296.6
5370.9
6443.8
7519.1
8621.2
9691.3
10772.2
11836.2
12906.7
13973.6
15076.2
16151.9
17225.5
18301.1
19371.3
20450.7
21519.7
22594.7
23660.4

VAR
75621.3
75875.1
76234.3
76990.7
78169.6
77902.8
76997.2
78466.9
77126.0
77650.5
76667.1
77179.8
76791.9
77363.6
78491.3
78318.5
78581.7
78160.6
78643.8
78733.1
78131.4
77628.6

VA
206169.2
207697.2
210279.3
207127.8
208581.1
208248.1
208304.0
213336.5
207474.4
209492.0
206298.9
207579.7
206821.4
213018.1
208935.8
208516.1
208947.3
207895.9
209611.8
207907.3
208667.0
206942.9

PF
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93

Vthd
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.3
2.5
2.4
2.6
2.6
2.6
2.2
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.5
2.4
2.5

27

Athd
7.3
6.9
6.2
7.4
7.2
7.3
7.0
6.0
7.3
7.0
7.8
7.6
7.6
5.8
7.2
7.3
7.1
7.1
6.6
7.2
6.7
7.5

Crystal Controls
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010

1:14:40 PM
1:15:00 PM
1:15:20 PM
1:15:40 PM
1:16:00 PM
1:16:20 PM
1:16:40 PM
1:17:00 PM
1:17:20 PM
1:17:40 PM
1:18:00 PM
1:18:20 PM
1:18:40 PM
1:19:00 PM
1:19:20 PM
1:19:40 PM
1:20:00 PM
1:20:20 PM
1:20:40 PM
1:21:00 PM
1:21:20 PM
1:21:40 PM
1:22:00 PM
1:22:20 PM
1:22:40 PM
1:23:00 PM
1:23:20 PM
1:23:40 PM
1:24:00 PM
1:24:20 PM
1:24:40 PM
1:25:00 PM
1:25:20 PM
1:25:40 PM
1:26:00 PM
1:26:20 PM
1:26:40 PM
1:27:00 PM
1:27:20 PM
1:27:40 PM
1:28:00 PM
1:28:20 PM
1:28:40 PM
1:29:00 PM
1:29:20 PM
1:29:40 PM
1:30:00 PM
1:30:20 PM
1:30:40 PM
1:31:00 PM
1:31:20 PM
1:31:40 PM
1:32:00 PM
1:32:20 PM
1:32:40 PM
1:33:00 PM

411.8
411.6
411.5
411.9
411.7
411.8
411.8
411.6
411.5
411.6
411.6
411.4
411.6
411.5
412.0
412.0
411.8
411.9
412.0
411.7
411.9
411.9
411.9
411.8
411.8
412.0
412.1
412.0
412.0
412.0
412.0
411.8
411.7
412.0
412.1
412.1
412.2
412.5
412.4
412.4
412.3
412.3
412.1
411.9
412.0
412.0
412.0
412.0
412.0
412.0
412.0
411.7
411.6
411.5
411.7
411.7

291.5
291.1
293.1
290.0
296.1
290.4
290.7
295.0
292.4
291.4
289.4
297.5
287.8
293.1
288.5
292.7
295.1
291.2
287.7
290.4
288.6
289.5
288.1
295.0
292.2
289.8
288.3
288.6
286.0
289.1
287.1
290.1
297.0
291.8
287.9
286.7
288.6
288.0
290.5
289.7
290.9
286.7
290.6
292.2
291.4
291.9
291.5
288.3
284.5
286.9
286.8
287.6
289.2
292.3
293.2
291.2

192980.3
192881.4
193650.2
191935.3
196521.1
192115.7
192518.2
195414.5
193588.5
192622.8
191282.3
197231.4
190217.8
194036.1
190834.3
194297.0
195953.0
193237.5
190684.7
192290.7
191387.9
191704.2
190612.9
195531.0
194037.5
192320.6
191283.0
191301.1
189195.2
191354.1
189943.6
191890.9
197001.4
193327.2
190733.5
189891.0
191343.5
191118.3
193045.2
192726.2
192964.5
189927.9
192719.2
193659.5
193242.2
193453.4
193315.8
190934.8
188492.8
190082.5
189730.8
190479.6
191418.0
193131.4
194107.0
192395.7

24732.5
25804.1
26879.9
27946.2
29038.0
30105.3
31174.8
32260.5
33336.0
34406.1
35468.8
36564.5
37621.3
38699.2
39759.4
40838.9
41927.5
43001.0
44060.4
45128.7
46191.9
47257.0
48315.9
49402.2
50480.2
51548.6
52611.3
53674.1
54725.2
55788.3
56843.5
57909.6
59004.0
60078.1
61137.7
62192.6
63255.7
64317.4
65389.9
66460.6
67532.6
68587.8
69658.5
70734.3
71807.9
72882.6
73956.6
75017.4
76064.6
77120.6
78174.6
79232.9
80296.3
81369.2
82447.6
83516.5

77520.1
76868.7
78507.5
77389.2
77396.1
77548.5
77120.0
77777.0
77416.7
77973.5
77470.0
77800.8
77110.6
77474.8
77444.6
76787.6
76876.8
76456.4
76147.8
76958.5
76033.3
76993.7
76938.1
77722.4
76362.6
76248.1
76101.3
76464.4
76651.0
77277.9
76993.7
77604.4
77789.1
77420.0
76557.1
76532.3
76688.5
76444.3
76262.4
75553.1
77164.5
76528.7
76900.5
77210.1
77012.2
77341.6
76880.6
76739.1
75627.6
76290.5
76853.0
76109.1
76731.8
78227.6
77806.7
78249.0

207972.1
207637.0
208962.1
206950.1
211217.8
207178.3
207393.0
210325.4
208497.1
207808.2
206376.8
212023.3
205254.7
208932.7
205950.6
208924.9
210498.5
207815.1
205327.4
207120.8
205939.2
206588.9
205555.3
210415.5
208526.4
206885.6
205867.1
206018.9
204133.3
206370.8
204955.9
206992.7
211806.6
208259.4
205526.1
204734.0
206140.1
205840.1
207565.0
207007.9
207823.0
204766.7
207496.5
208486.9
208023.5
208342.4
208044.8
205779.4
203098.8
204822.5
204705.4
205123.3
206226.1
208374.2
209122.1
207703.6

0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93

2.4
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.2
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.1
2.6
2.3
2.6
2.3
2.2
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.3
2.3
2.4
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.5
2.6
2.5
2.1
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.5
2.6
2.5
2.6
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.5

28

7.1
7.0
7.3
7.5
6.0
7.6
7.3
6.2
6.6
7.1
7.4
5.5
7.8
6.6
7.8
6.4
6.2
6.9
7.6
7.5
7.4
7.5
7.8
6.4
6.5
6.9
7.0
7.3
8.0
7.4
7.8
7.4
5.7
6.7
7.2
7.7
7.5
7.8
7.0
6.8
7.4
7.9
7.0
6.8
6.8
6.8
6.9
7.7
8.1
7.6
8.1
7.4
7.1
7.1
6.7
7.2

Crystal Controls
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010

1:33:20 PM
1:33:40 PM
1:34:00 PM
1:34:20 PM
1:34:40 PM
1:35:00 PM
1:35:20 PM
1:35:40 PM
1:36:00 PM
1:36:20 PM
1:36:40 PM
1:37:00 PM
1:37:20 PM
1:37:40 PM
1:38:00 PM
1:38:20 PM
1:38:40 PM
1:39:00 PM
1:39:20 PM
1:39:40 PM
1:40:00 PM
1:40:20 PM
1:40:40 PM
1:41:00 PM
1:41:20 PM
1:41:40 PM
1:42:00 PM
1:42:20 PM
1:42:40 PM
1:43:00 PM
1:43:20 PM
1:43:40 PM
1:44:00 PM
1:44:20 PM
1:44:40 PM
1:45:00 PM
1:45:20 PM
1:45:40 PM
1:46:00 PM
1:46:20 PM
1:46:40 PM
1:47:00 PM
1:47:20 PM
1:47:40 PM
1:48:00 PM
1:48:20 PM
1:48:40 PM
1:49:00 PM
1:49:20 PM
1:49:40 PM
1:50:00 PM
1:50:20 PM
1:50:40 PM
1:51:00 PM
1:51:20 PM
1:51:40 PM

411.5
411.2
410.9
410.7
410.8
410.9
410.7
410.7
410.6
410.7
410.6
410.4
410.4
410.5
410.3
410.2
410.5
410.4
410.3
410.3
410.2
410.0
409.9
409.9
410.0
409.9
410.0
409.9
410.0
410.1
410.1
409.9
410.1
410.1
410.0
410.1
410.0
409.9
409.9
410.0
409.9
410.0
409.8
409.4
409.5
409.5
409.6
409.3
409.1
409.4
409.2
409.0
409.0
409.1
409.2
409.0

287.8
288.7
292.1
296.9
293.8
289.9
291.0
289.3
292.0
291.7
291.8
292.4
292.9
290.3
293.3
296.6
288.2
293.6
292.6
289.6
287.8
290.9
293.0
289.6
289.5
292.5
292.9
287.9
288.0
285.7
288.7
295.2
287.9
289.8
292.7
289.0
289.7
289.1
288.5
288.1
290.0
289.6
289.4
296.3
292.2
290.2
286.0
290.6
291.4
286.7
290.0
296.2
296.0
293.7
290.3
295.5

190036.3
190633.6
193173.4
196310.6
194123.4
191438.3
191859.8
191150.2
193115.2
192786.2
192723.3
192536.6
193329.2
191170.4
193179.2
196005.8
189819.1
193787.8
192407.7
190356.2
189162.3
191432.0
192941.2
190181.6
190212.8
192382.0
193119.3
189120.7
189182.2
187835.8
189936.4
194506.8
189227.0
190725.6
192649.5
189997.7
190584.5
190000.9
189676.4
189522.6
191188.1
190879.5
190780.1
195494.2
192236.6
190953.7
188134.5
191056.3
191759.8
188461.1
190616.6
195255.3
195104.7
193211.6
190816.1
194569.3

84572.2
85631.3
86704.5
87795.1
88873.6
89937.1
91003.0
92064.9
93137.8
94208.8
95279.5
96349.2
97423.2
98485.3
99558.5
100647.4
101702.0
102778.6
103847.5
104905.0
105955.9
107019.5
108091.4
109147.9
110204.7
111273.4
112346.3
113397.0
114448.0
115491.5
116546.7
117627.3
118678.6
119738.2
120808.5
121864.0
122922.8
123978.4
125032.1
126085.0
127147.2
128207.6
129267.5
130353.6
131421.6
132482.4
133527.6
134589.0
135654.4
136701.4
137760.4
138845.1
139929.0
141002.4
142062.5
143143.5

77404.5
77175.2
77054.7
78167.7
77709.6
77113.0
77898.7
76503.0
76515.9
76956.6
77062.7
78431.8
77348.9
77952.2
78313.6
77621.4
77274.2
77649.0
79050.9
78294.8
77841.6
77781.6
77872.6
78229.7
78099.8
78378.5
77469.6
77616.6
77817.4
76918.6
77482.4
78237.0
77752.9
77576.8
78062.0
77879.8
77740.7
77661.1
77421.0
77262.7
76569.0
76664.2
76345.7
77027.3
77632.1
76998.3
76162.9
77321.6
76836.7
76401.8
77149.4
76951.3
76892.7
77419.9
77113.1
77395.2

205196.5
205664.6
207976.9
211301.4
209100.8
206386.9
207071.4
205891.8
207726.6
207581.5
207562.0
207899.8
208230.1
206453.5
208450.4
210817.7
204947.0
208767.7
208014.9
205830.2
204552.8
206632.2
208065.0
205643.1
205623.1
207737.7
208078.6
204428.7
204562.0
202974.9
205134.9
209652.6
204578.8
205901.0
207866.1
205341.2
205831.9
205260.8
204871.4
204666.7
205951.5
205700.2
205489.6
210123.0
207322.3
205894.6
202967.5
206110.5
206582.2
203359.2
205638.7
209875.4
209710.7
208147.3
205811.6
209400.3

0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.92
0.92
0.92
0.93
0.93
0.92
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.92
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93

2.5
2.4
2.3
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.4
2.3
2.4
2.4
2.2
2.5
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.5
2.5
2.6
2.5
2.2
2.6
2.4
2.4
2.5
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.2
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.3
2.3
2.5
2.4
2.2
2.2
2.4
2.5
2.3

29

7.7
7.2
6.8
5.9
6.6
7.3
7.3
7.1
6.6
6.7
6.9
7.3
6.6
7.3
6.7
5.7
7.6
6.2
7.0
7.4
7.5
7.0
6.5
7.6
7.6
6.9
6.4
7.8
7.9
8.0
7.4
5.8
7.6
7.0
6.4
7.4
7.1
7.2
7.5
7.5
6.9
7.5
7.3
5.8
7.1
7.5
7.7
6.7
6.6
7.7
7.0
5.7
5.8
6.7
7.4
6.3

Crystal Controls
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010

1:52:00 PM
1:52:20 PM
1:52:40 PM
1:53:00 PM
1:53:20 PM
1:53:40 PM
1:54:00 PM
1:54:20 PM
1:54:40 PM
1:55:00 PM
1:55:20 PM
1:55:40 PM
1:56:00 PM
1:56:20 PM
1:56:40 PM
1:57:00 PM
1:57:20 PM
1:57:40 PM
1:58:00 PM
1:58:20 PM
1:58:40 PM
1:59:00 PM
1:59:20 PM
1:59:40 PM
2:00:00 PM
2:00:20 PM
2:00:40 PM
2:01:00 PM
2:01:20 PM
2:01:40 PM
2:02:00 PM
2:02:20 PM
2:02:40 PM
2:03:00 PM
2:03:20 PM
2:03:40 PM
2:04:00 PM
2:04:20 PM
2:04:40 PM
2:05:00 PM
2:05:20 PM
2:05:40 PM
2:06:00 PM
2:06:20 PM
2:06:40 PM

409.0
408.9
408.8
408.8
408.7
408.4
408.3
408.1
408.0
407.9
408.1
408.3
408.1
408.1
408.1
408.2
408.4
408.2
408.3
408.2
408.1
408.4
408.3
408.2
407.9
407.9
408.0
408.1
408.4
408.4
408.3
408.3
408.3
408.4
408.4
408.1
407.9
407.8
407.7
407.6
407.4
407.2
407.2
407.3
407.4

291.7
291.5
293.6
290.6
290.0
290.4
290.5
289.7
294.1
295.4
288.3
288.7
291.5
287.6
292.6
291.4
288.4
296.3
290.6
291.2
297.2
289.1
290.6
291.9
296.4
290.3
290.1
294.3
290.4
289.9
294.9
292.3
290.9
285.7
287.4
292.0
290.7
291.1
290.9
289.0
290.2
291.8
290.4
291.7
288.1

191637.6
191676.1
193290.3
190924.6
190347.3
190398.5
190291.1
189563.2
193002.0
193954.0
189202.5
189504.3
191166.3
188677.6
192467.4
191183.2
189269.5
194582.2
190597.2
191158.5
195247.1
189633.5
190827.5
191830.9
195007.7
190248.9
190221.9
193768.4
191075.7
190445.3
194149.3
192380.9
191325.7
187422.4
188504.9
191631.0
190473.0
190780.3
190329.9
189281.5
189901.9
191217.7
190509.5
191672.9
189016.6

144208.1
145273.0
146346.8
147407.5
148465.0
149522.8
150579.9
151633.1
152705.3
153782.8
154833.9
155886.7
156948.8
157997.0
159066.3
160128.4
161179.9
162260.9
163319.8
164381.8
165466.5
166520.0
167580.1
168645.9
169729.2
170786.2
171843.0
172919.5
173981.0
175039.0
176117.6
177186.4
178249.3
179290.6
180337.8
181402.4
182460.6
183520.5
184577.9
185629.5
186684.5
187746.8
188805.2
189870.0
190920.1
190.92

77481.1
76846.5
76797.2
76770.0
77025.0
77347.8
77481.9
77569.7
77286.2
77157.6
75963.0
76149.9
76994.5
75961.5
75937.0
76893.4
76318.2
77775.1
76936.9
76695.5
77701.4
76773.0
76552.8
76208.7
76491.2
76786.8
76474.8
75833.6
75589.8
76175.7
76188.2
75743.1
75690.7
75804.0
76217.5
76937.9
76954.4
76911.7
77350.9
76347.5
76732.0
76216.8
75317.6
74974.7
74984.7

206709.1
206509.0
207989.2
205784.1
205342.6
205511.2
205462.1
204821.2
207905.0
208741.9
203884.4
204234.2
206089.8
203395.4
206909.9
206070.2
204077.3
209551.3
205542.2
205972.4
210143.1
204585.8
205610.7
206415.4
209473.2
205162.5
205021.3
208079.4
205488.5
205116.0
208565.9
206758.1
205757.1
202172.5
203331.8
206501.9
205432.1
205701.2
205447.9
204099.9
204820.5
205851.1
204859.6
205815.6
203347.9

0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93

2.5
2.4
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.3
2.2
2.4
2.5
2.5
2.5
2.3
2.4
2.5
2.3
2.4
2.4
2.2
2.5
2.4
2.3
2.1
2.5
2.5
2.2
2.4
2.5
2.2
2.3
2.4
2.6
2.5
2.4
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.4
2.5
2.4
2.4
2.3
2.4

30

7.3
7.0
6.4
6.8
7.4
7.3
7.4
7.5
6.3
5.8
7.3
7.5
7.3
7.7
6.2
6.9
7.4
6.2
7.2
6.9
5.8
7.4
6.9
6.5
5.5
7.3
7.3
5.9
7.0
7.5
6.2
6.5
6.7
7.8
7.5
6.8
7.2
7.1
7.3
7.2
7.2
6.9
6.9
6.2
6.9

Crystal Controls
Loading pattern Kw & Kva
230.0E+3
230.0E+3
225.0E+3
225.0E+3
220.0E+3
220.0E+3
215.0E+3
215.0E+3
210.0E+3
210.0E+3
205.0E+3
205.0E+3
W
VA
200.0E+3
200.0E+3
195.0E+3
195.0E+3
190.0E+3
190.0E+3
185.0E+3
185.0E+3
180.0E+3
180.0E+3
175.0E+3
175.0E+3
170.0E+3
170.0E+3
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
1:07:20.000
1:07:20.000
PM
PM

59:20.000
59:20.000(M:S)
(M:S)
11
11Min/Div
Min/Div

Voltage pattern

Current pattern
325.0
325.0

450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
415.0
415.0
V410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0
370.0
370.0
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
1:07:20.000
1:07:20.000PM
PM

6/19/2010
2:06:40.000 PM

320.0
320.0
315.0
315.0
310.0
310.0
305.0
305.0
300.0
300.0
295.0
295.0
A
290.0
290.0
285.0
285.0
280.0
280.0
275.0
275.0
270.0
270.0
265.0
265.0
260.0
260.0
59:20.000
59:20.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
11
11 Min/Div
Min/Div

6/19/2010
6/19/2010
1:07:20.000
1:07:20.000PM
PM

6/19/2010
2:06:40.000 PM

Harmonics Voltage & Current

59:20.000
59:20.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
11
11 Min/Div
Min/Div

6/19/2010
2:06:40.000 PM

59:20.000
59:20.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
11
11 Min/Div
Min/Div

6/19/2010
2:06:40.000 PM

PF pattern
1.020
1.020

8.500
8.500
8.000
8.000

1.000
1.000

7.500
7.500

0.98
0.98

7.000
7.000

0.96
0.96

6.500
6.500
6.000
6.000

0.94
0.94

5.500
%5.500
5.000
5.000

0.92
0.92

4.500
4.500

0.90
0.90

4.000
4.000
3.500
3.500

0.88
0.88

3.000
3.000

0.86
0.86

2.500
2.500
2.000
2.000
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
1:07:20.000
1:07:20.000PM
PM

0.84
0.84
59:20.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
11
11 Min/Div
Min/Div

6/19/2010
2:06:40.000 PM

6/19/2010
6/19/2010
1:07:20.000
1:07:20.000PM
PM

31

Crystal Controls
Harmonics Voltage
100
% 50

1.5

1.0

% 1.0
0.50

% 0.50

0.0
1
Vh1

1
1
Vh2
Vh3
6/19/2010 - 1:33:00.000 PM

1
Vh4

0.0
1
Vh5

1
Vh6

1
1
1
Vh7
Vh8
Vh9
6/19/2010 - 1:33:00.000 PM

1
Vh10

1
Vh11

1
1
1
Vh12
Vh13
Vh14
6/19/2010 - 1:33:00.000 PM

1
Vh15

1
1
1
Ah12
Ah13
Ah14
6/19/2010 - 1:36:20.000 PM

1
Ah15

Harmonics Current
100

6.0

% 50

3.0

4.0

2.0

1.0

0.0
1
Ah1

1
1
Ah2
Ah3
6/19/2010 - 1:36:20.000 PM

1
Ah4

2.0

0.0
1
Ah5

1
Ah6

1
1
1
Ah7
Ah8
Ah9
6/19/2010 - 1:36:20.000 PM

1
Ah10

1
Ah11

Observation: Bank of Baroda [ Zonal office + Staff College ] Gujarat operations has sanction
Contract Demand 375 Kw and has touches to peak value in one or two month. Penalties were paid
for excessive kw. Although Avg. Max demand never touches to max peak in any month. The fixed
charges were paid on min. basis. [ 85% of 375 kw ]. This shows that the Contact Demand is enough.
Energy consumption varies significantly due to change in loading pattern of air conditioning.
Measurement done in HT side of Zonal office building, when both chiller machines are
running and one chiller machine off. System Average Power Factor is not good & need
improvement.

An APFC panel is installed where more than 50% capacitors are

not

working [Failed ]. No fixed fixed capacitors are installed in distribution. Low PF is


undesirable from energy saving point of view. I.e. increases losses in system.

32

Crystal Controls

Ups
45.00E+3
45.00E+3

40.00E+3
40.00E+3

35.00E+3
35.00E+3
W
VA
30.00E+3
30.00E+3

25.00E+3
25.00E+3

06/17/10
06/17/10
11:53:15.000
11:53:15.000
AM
AM

29:40.000
29:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
55Min/Div
Min/Div

Voltage pattern

06/17/10
12:22:55.000 PM

Current pattern

450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
415.0
415.0
410.0
V410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0
370.0
370.0

62.00
62.00
60.00
60.00
58.00
58.00
56.00
56.00
A
54.00
54.00
52.00
52.00
50.00
50.00
48.00
48.00

06/17/10
06/17/10
11:53:15.000
11:53:15.000AM
AM

29:40.000
29:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
55 Min/Div
Min/Div

06/17/10
12:22:55.000 PM

Harmonics Voltage & Current

46.00
46.00
06/17/10
06/17/10
11:53:15.000
11:53:15.000AM
AM

29:40.000
29:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
55 Min/Div
Min/Div

06/17/10
12:22:55.000 PM

PF pattern

55.00
55.00

0.72
0.72

50.00
50.00
45.00
45.00

0.70
0.70

40.00
40.00

0.68
0.68

35.00
35.00

0.66
0.66

%30.00
30.00

0.64
0.64

25.00
25.00
20.00
20.00

0.62
0.62

15.00
15.00

0.60
0.60

10.00
10.00
5.000
5.000
06/17/10
06/17/10
11:53:15.000
11:53:15.000AM
AM

0.58
0.58
29:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
55 Min/Div
Min/Div

06/17/10
12:22:55.000 PM

06/17/10
06/17/10
11:53:15.000
11:53:15.000AM
AM

29:40.000
29:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
5 Min/Div

06/17/10
12:22:55.000 PM

33

Crystal Controls

Out Going Feeder Measurement


Reactive
Power
(kvar)

Apparent
Power
(Kva)

Volt
Thd.

Current
Thd

0.955

6.63

21.47

2.6

26.2

12.22

0.975

2.75

12.58

2.4

20.6

99.4

67.53

0.942

22.22

71.32

2.5

14.7

414

137.2

93.87

0.954

33.15

98.54

2.4

13.6

Third Floor

414

125.2

87.58

0.952

28.35

94.15

2.1

14.2

Fourth Floor

414

113.2

77.20

0.952

24.63

81.05

2.2

13.4

Fifth Floor

414

77.2

51.98

0.935

20.43

55.95

2.2

16.4

Sixth Floor

414

99.5

60.62

0.943

20.33

71.32

2.2

14.3

Sr.
No.

Locations

Volt
(V)

Amp.
(A)

Power
(Kw)

(Cos )

1.

Basement 1 & 2

414

30.2

20.52

2.

Ground Floor

414

17.4

3.

First Floor

414

Second Floor

P.F.

Seventh Floor

414

145.7

100.72

0.962

28.42

104.64

2.5

10.6

10

Eighth Floor

419

164.8

112.33

0.945

38.21

118.52

2.1

16.3

11

Ninth Floor

415

34.2

22.51

0.952

9.85

27.84

2.5

7.9

34

Crystal Controls

2.3 CPP & D G Set


M/s Bank of Baroda has installed D G Sets for stand by supply, when licensee
power interruption is there. Diesel engine is the prime mover, which drives as
alternator to produce electrical energy. In diesel engines air is drawn in to cylinder
and compressed to high ratio [14:1 to 25:1 ]. During this compression the air is
heated to temperature of 700 - 9000 C. A metered quantity of fuel is injected in to
cylinder, which ignites spontaneously because of high temperature. Hence it is known
Compression ignition engine.

Specifications :
DG1

Capacity

625 Kva

Make

Kirloskar

Voltage

415 Volt

Current

875

Speed

1500 rpm

Power Factor

0.80

Normally D G Sets are running when there is interruption in power supply.

The

average load Kw can be taken on each Alternator. No measurements are done at the
time audit. Sp power generation can not be derived from data collected from plant. It
is advisable to run D G set on more than 75 % load to get Max efficiency.

Potential of Waste heat recovery can be calculated as below :


Kw output/ hr x 8kg gas/ kw
Kw out put x 0.25 k cal/kg0 C X ( Tg 1800 C)
In put to D G Set

100 %

Out puts

35 %

Electrical Output

04 %

Alternator losses

33 %

Stack losses through Flue Gases

24 %

Coolant losses

04 %

Radiation losses

Thermal Energy

35

Crystal Controls

2.6 Air Conditioning System :


Refrigeration and Air conditioning system play a vital component of energy
consumption

in Commercial Building.

Selection of appropriate

type

of Air

conditioning equipments is very essential at the design stage. Selection of


equipment is based on type of demand and accordingly the equipments falling
under this category. Each one has its merit and demerits of its own installation and
should be based on process requirement. Following points have to be considered for
energy conservation aspects. The performance of refrigeration chiller is known as
Specific Energy Consumption in terms of Kw/Ton and it varies according to
type of Compressor & Capacity. The figures below are best operating values found
in industries at the time of audits based. An Avg. Temp 22 0C and Relative humidity
60% and chiller which generates chilled water at 7 0C.

Centrifugal chillers for high capacity and base load requirement.

Screw chiller for moderate capacity and varying load requirement.

Reciprocating chiller for low/moderate & fluctuating load.

Sp energy consumption has to be taken into consideration while finalizing with M/c.

Vapour absorption machine should be installed where west heat source are available
in place of conventional.
Sr
No
1

Window Air Conditioner

Air Cooled

Capacity
range in Tr.
0.75 2.0

Wall mounted Split Air Conditioner

Air Cooled

1.5 3.0

Package Unit with Externally placed Condenser

Air Cooled

Package Unit with Internally placed Condenser

Air Cooled

Reciprocating chiller, DX Type

Water Cooled

20 100

1.0 1.1

Reciprocating chiller, Chilled water Gen type.

Water Cooled

50 200

0.89 0.90

Reciprocating chiller, Chilled water Gen type.

Air Cooled

50 200

0.90 1.0

Screw Chiller chilled water Gen type.

Water Cooled

100 200

0.89 0.90

Screw Chiller chilled water Gen type.

Air Cooled

100 200

0.60 0.65

10

Centrifugal Chillers

Water Cooled

> 300

0.56 0.60

Description

Type of
Cooling

5.0 7.5
10.0 15.0
5.0 7.5
10 & 15

Avg best
SEC Kw/Tr
1.8 2.0
1.5 1.7
1.2 1.4
1.0 1. 2

36

Crystal Controls
Motor Load Analysis:

Screw Chilling Plant

Compressor No 2

Measured Electrical Data


Volt Amp. Power P.F.
%
Volt Amp. Kw/HP RPM
Kvar Kva
Remark
(V) (A) (Kw) (Cos. )
Load
Fair
415 133 75/100 2900 406 93.6
61.6 0.94 22.2 65.3 73.9
Good
415 133 75/100 2900 406 114.6 69.4 0.86 42.1 82.6 83.3

Chiller Pump 1

415

22

11/15 1450 406

Chiller Pump 2

415

22

11/15 1450

Chiller Pump 3

415

22

11/15 1450

Description
Compressor No 1

Name Plate Data

19.4

11.3

0.83

7.42

13.65 90.4

Good

Chiller Parameters Analysis


Sr.
no
1
2

Description

Cihiller 1

Ambient Temp 0C.


Chilled water inlet Temp C
0

14.1

Chilled water outlet Temp C

8.5

Suction Pressure in PSI

4.6

Discharge Pressure in PSI

13.0

29.8

Condensor inlet Temp C


0

Condensor Out let Temp C

31.8

Oil Pressure in PSI

9.3

Motor Current in Amp.

92.6

10

Comp Ratio

11

Motor power in kw

Remarks

34.6
0

Cihiller 2

61.4

Chiller M/c No 1
Date
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010

Time
3:29:00 PM
3:29:20 PM
3:29:40 PM
3:30:00 PM
3:30:20 PM
3:30:40 PM
3:31:00 PM
3:31:20 PM
3:31:40 PM
3:32:00 PM
3:32:20 PM
3:32:40 PM
3:33:00 PM
3:33:20 PM
3:33:40 PM
3:34:00 PM
3:34:20 PM
3:34:40 PM
3:35:00 PM
3:35:20 PM

Vrms
405.8
405.7
405.5
405.5
405.7
405.6
405.6
405.4
405.3
405.4
405.7
405.8
406.0
406.1
406.1
406.2
406.6
406.7
406.8
409.7

Arms
73.2
73.1
73.0
72.8
72.5
72.5
72.5
84.3
91.0
90.6
90.6
90.8
91.2
91.6
92.0
92.3
92.5
92.6
92.6
15.1

Watt
47120.3
46995.0
46865.6
46751.9
46556.9
46523.1
46552.7
55148.0
59968.4
59708.6
59677.1
59861.6
60187.6
60488.4
60729.2
60966.5
61264.6
61339.6
61424.1
9103.3

W-hours
261.8
522.9
783.2
1043.0
1301.6
1560.1
1818.7
2125.1
2458.2
2790.0
3121.5
3454.1
3788.4
4124.5
4461.9
4800.6
5140.9
5481.7
5822.9
5873.5

VAR
20726.7
20856.5
20823.2
20819.1
20837.5
20873.5
20771.7
21588.7
22135.0
22155.7
22294.2
22340.2
22317.5
22379.7
22449.6
22419.6
22266.5
22272.0
22206.5
4163.0

VA
51477.5
51415.2
51283.5
51177.9
51007.3
50991.2
50976.7
59247.8
63923.1
63686.7
63705.5
63894.5
64192.1
64495.7
64745.8
64958.1
65185.5
65257.9
65315.0
10684.3

PF
0.92
0.91
0.91
0.91
0.91
0.91
0.91
0.93
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
0.94
-0.26

Vthd
1.90
1.80
1.70
1.80
1.90
2.00
1.90
2.00
2.00
1.80
2.00
1.90
2.00
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.00
2.00
2.00
2.20

37

Athd
3.80
3.60
3.40
3.50
3.70
4.00
3.90
3.60
3.30
3.10
3.30
3.20
3.30
3.50
3.40
3.40
3.40
3.30
3.30
5.60

Crystal Controls
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010
6/19/2010

3:35:40 PM
3:36:00 PM
3:36:20 PM
3:36:40 PM
3:37:00 PM
3:37:20 PM
3:37:40 PM
3:38:00 PM
3:38:20 PM
3:38:40 PM
3:39:00 PM
3:39:20 PM
3:39:40 PM
3:40:00 PM
3:40:20 PM
3:40:40 PM
3:41:00 PM
3:41:20 PM
3:41:40 PM
3:42:00 PM
3:42:20 PM
3:42:40 PM
3:43:00 PM
3:43:20 PM
3:43:40 PM
3:44:00 PM
3:44:20 PM
3:44:40 PM
3:45:00 PM
3:45:20 PM
3:45:40 PM
3:46:00 PM
3:46:20 PM
3:46:40 PM
3:47:00 PM
3:47:20 PM
3:47:40 PM
3:48:00 PM
3:48:20 PM
3:48:40 PM
3:49:00 PM
3:49:20 PM
3:49:40 PM
3:50:00 PM
3:50:20 PM
3:50:40 PM
3:51:00 PM
3:51:20 PM
3:51:40 PM
3:52:00 PM
3:52:20 PM
3:52:40 PM
3:53:00 PM
3:53:20 PM
3:53:40 PM

410.2
410.3
410.6
410.8
411.0
411.1
411.2
411.1
411.0
411.2
411.1
410.9
411.1
410.8
411.1
411.1
411.2
411.3
411.4
411.4
411.4
411.4
411.4
411.7
410.7
409.8
412.4
412.5
412.3
412.1
412.2
412.0
412.1
412.2
412.0
411.5
411.1
411.0
411.1
411.1
411.3
411.2
411.3
411.3
411.5
411.3
411.3
411.0
411.7
413.9
413.9
413.7
413.8
413.4
182.6

0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
15.0
46.6
62.6
72.6
72.8
72.8
72.7
72.6
72.2
72.1
72.1
79.8
88.2
87.7
87.3
87.2
87.0
87.1
86.9
86.8
86.8
86.8
86.9
86.9
64.8
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.4

-231.4
-231.3
-231.2
-231.9
-232.8
-233.0
-232.3
-231.1
-227.4
-225.2
-225.3
-224.7
-224.5
-223.8
-223.9
-223.5
-223.5
-226.5
-229.6
-229.1
-230.1
-228.7
-228.3
-228.7
6054.2
29054.9
39286.3
47211.5
47304.1
47323.6
47282.2
47111.7
46876.1
46773.4
46714.2
52404.0
58707.1
58263.9
58022.9
57892.9
57791.0
57863.6
57706.4
57665.5
57641.3
57610.1
57640.7
57597.3
42762.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
-36.3
129.8

5872.2
5870.9
5869.7
5868.4
5867.1
5865.8
5864.5
5863.2
5861.9
5860.7
5859.4
5858.2
5857.0
5855.7
5854.5
5853.2
5852.0
5850.7
5849.4
5848.2
5846.9
5845.6
5844.4
5843.1
5876.7
6038.1
6256.4
6518.7
6781.5
7044.4
7307.1
7568.8
7829.2
8089.1
8348.6
8639.7
8965.9
9289.6
9611.9
9933.5
10254.6
10576.1
10896.7
11217.0
11537.3
11857.3
12177.5
12497.5
12735.1
12735.1
12735.1
12735.1
12735.1
12734.9
12735.6

386.0
387.2
387.2
388.7
389.4
390.2
390.0
388.6
389.9
391.2
390.9
390.8
390.6
390.3
389.8
389.8
389.9
387.3
386.2
386.3
386.4
385.9
386.4
386.7
7998.4
14373.8
21134.5
21534.2
21574.1
21627.0
21590.7
21598.6
21565.0
21516.2
21567.6
22039.9
22517.0
22527.3
22423.8
22480.5
22467.1
22412.3
22572.8
22514.7
22520.2
22627.4
22682.1
22712.1
17347.4
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
48.1
0.0

450.1
451.1
451.0
452.6
453.7
454.5
453.9
452.1
451.4
451.4
451.2
450.7
450.5
449.9
449.6
449.3
449.5
448.7
449.3
449.2
449.7
448.6
448.8
449.3
10501.8
33090.0
44724.8
51890.8
51991.5
52031.3
51978.5
51826.8
51598.6
51485.0
51452.7
56882.2
62877.2
62467.3
62205.2
62104.4
62004.6
62052.5
61964.2
61905.0
61884.4
61894.5
61943.0
61913.6
46168.2
0.0
0.0
0.0
0.0
61.2
298.9

-0.51
-0.51
-0.51
-0.51
-0.51
-0.51
-0.51
-0.51
-0.50
-0.50
-0.50
-0.50
-0.50
-0.50
-0.50
-0.50
-0.50
-0.50
-0.51
-0.51
-0.51
-0.51
-0.51
-0.51
-0.38
0.90
0.87
0.91
0.91
0.91
0.91
0.91
0.91
0.91
0.91
0.92
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.93
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

2.20
2.10
2.10
2.20
2.20
2.10
2.20
2.20
2.00
2.20
2.20
2.00
2.20
2.10
2.20
2.10
2.20
2.20
2.20
2.20
2.20
2.20
2.10
2.20
1.90
1.90
1.90
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.10
2.20
2.10
2.10
1.90
2.10
2.10
2.00
2.20
2.20
2.10
2.00
2.00
2.20
2.20
2.10
1.90
2.20
2.30
2.30
2.20
2.00
2.20
0.00

38

5.50
5.30
5.30
5.30
5.30
5.30
5.30
5.40
5.40
5.40
5.40
5.40
5.40
5.40
5.50
5.40
5.50
5.40
5.40
5.40
5.30
5.40
5.40
5.50
5.00
4.10
4.20
4.10
4.30
4.10
4.20
4.20
4.30
4.10
4.10
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.50
3.70
3.90
3.60
3.50
3.50
3.80
3.80
3.70
3.30
4.70
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.20
0.00

Crystal Controls
Loading pattern
70.00E+3
70.00E+3
65.00E+3
65.00E+3
60.00E+3
60.00E+3
55.00E+3
55.00E+3
50.00E+3
50.00E+3
45.00E+3
45.00E+3
40.00E+3
40.00E+3
W
35.00E+3
35.00E+3
VA
30.00E+3
30.00E+3
25.00E+3
25.00E+3
20.00E+3
20.00E+3
15.00E+3
15.00E+3
10.00E+3
10.00E+3
5.000E+3
5.000E+3
0.000
0.000
19-Jun-10
19-Jun-10
3:29:00.000
3:29:00.000
PM
PM

24:40.000
24:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
44Min/Div
Min/Div

Voltage pattern
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
415.0
415.0
410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
V400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0
370.0
370.0
365.0
365.0
360.0
360.0
6/15/2010
6/15/2010
3:25:00.000
3:25:00.000PM
PM

19-Jun-10
3:53:40.000 PM

Current pattern
100.0
100.0

80.00
80.00

60.00
60.00
A
40.00
40.00

20.00
20.00

29:40.000
29:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
55 Min/Div
Min/Div

6/15/2010
3:54:40.000 PM

Harmonics Voltage & Current

0.000
0.000
19-Jun-10
19-Jun-10
3:29:00.000
3:29:00.000PM
PM

24:40.000
24:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
44Min/Div
Min/Div

19-Jun-10
3:53:40.000 PM

PF pattern
1.000
1.000

6.000
6.000
5.500
5.500

0.80
0.80

5.000
5.000

0.60
0.60

4.500
4.500
4.000
4.000

0.40
0.40

3.500
3.500
%3.000
3.000

0.20
0.20

2.500
2.500

0.000
0.000

2.000
2.000
1.500
1.500

-0.20
-0.20

1.000
1.000

-0.40
-0.40

0.50
0.50
0.000
0.000
19-Jun-10
19-Jun-10
3:29:00.000
3:29:00.000PM
PM

24:40.000
24:40.000 (M:S)
4 Min/Div
Min/Div

19-Jun-10
3:53:40.000 PM

19-Jun-10
19-Jun-10
3:29:00.000
3:29:00.000PM
PM

24:40.000
24:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
44 Min/Div
Min/Div

19-Jun-10
3:53:40.000 PM

39

Crystal Controls
Chiller M/c No 2
Date
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10

Time
12:03:00 PM
12:03:20 PM
12:03:40 PM
12:04:00 PM
12:04:20 PM
12:04:40 PM
12:05:00 PM
12:05:20 PM
12:05:40 PM
12:06:00 PM
12:06:20 PM
12:06:40 PM
12:07:00 PM
12:07:20 PM
12:07:40 PM
12:08:00 PM
12:08:20 PM
12:08:40 PM
12:09:00 PM
12:09:20 PM
12:09:40 PM
12:10:00 PM
12:10:20 PM
12:10:40 PM
12:11:00 PM
12:11:20 PM
12:11:40 PM
12:12:00 PM
12:12:20 PM
12:12:40 PM
12:13:00 PM
12:13:20 PM
12:13:40 PM
12:14:00 PM
12:14:20 PM
12:14:40 PM
12:15:00 PM
12:15:20 PM
12:15:40 PM
12:16:00 PM
12:16:20 PM
12:16:40 PM
12:17:00 PM
12:17:20 PM
12:17:40 PM
12:18:00 PM
12:18:20 PM
12:18:40 PM
12:19:00 PM
12:19:20 PM
12:19:40 PM
12:20:00 PM
12:20:20 PM
12:20:40 PM

Vrms Arms
408.1 114.6
408.1 114.6
407.9 114.5
408.2 114.4
408.2 114.3
408.3 114.2
408.3 114.1
408.2 114.2
407.8 114.4
407.7 114.9
407.7 115.0
407.8 115.0
407.9 114.9
407.9 114.8
407.9 114.7
407.7 114.4
407.5 114.3
407.7 114.1
407.3 114.2
407.3 114.2
407.0 113.8
406.8 113.7
406.9 113.6
406.7 113.6
406.8 113.5
406.6 113.3
406.4 113.4
406.5 113.4
406.5 113.6
406.2 112.9
405.9 110.5
405.9 110.3
405.7 110.3
405.7 110.3
405.6 110.8
405.8 111.2
405.8 111.4
405.9 111.4
405.7 111.4
406.0 111.0
405.8 110.8
405.8 110.6
406.0 110.7
405.9 110.7
406.2 110.9
406.2 111.0
406.1 111.2
406.1 111.0
406.3 110.6
406.4 110.9
406.4 111.1
406.5 111.2
406.7 111.3
406.7 111.5

Watt
69715.1
69686.0
69602.5
69549.9
69492.5
69467.3
69282.6
69292.9
69313.0
69602.3
69683.1
69714.6
69693.1
69663.7
69586.5
69354.1
69296.2
69234.8
69196.7
69175.0
68923.0
68876.6
68927.0
68868.6
68705.4
68528.2
68499.8
68524.6
68642.2
68216.4
66524.0
66411.3
66288.4
66234.6
66593.2
66901.3
67041.8
67116.8
67069.5
66922.2
66787.8
66736.8
66819.4
66802.3
66888.2
66940.3
67066.1
66953.4
66711.6
66931.1
66981.7
67077.9
67176.5
67330.2

W-hours
387.3
774.5
1161.1
1547.5
1933.6
2319.5
2704.4
3089.4
3474.5
3861.1
4248.3

4635.6
5022.8
5409.8
5796.4
6181.7
6566.6
6951.3
7335.7
7720.0
8102.9
8485.6
8868.5
9251.1
9632.8
10013.5
10394.1
10774.8
11156.1
11535.1
11904.7
12273.6
12641.9
13009.8
13379.8
13751.5
14123.9
14496.8
14869.4
15241.2
15612.3
15983.0
16354.2
16725.4
17097.0
17468.8
17841.4
18213.4
18584.0
18955.9
19328.0
19700.6
20073.8
20447.9

VAR
41325.3
41328.8
41305.5
41327.1
41287.3
41295.6
41487.1
41582.4
41584.0
41834.3
41823.9
41701.0
41731.1
41703.5
41601.8
41512.8
41358.7
41309.8
41358.9
41339.3
41179.1
40970.5
40892.0
40897.7
40981.6
40989.4
41014.2
41031.4
41059.1
40799.1
40159.6
40148.0
40279.5
40306.2
40386.9
40469.2
40452.1
40438.1
40412.0
40285.7
40100.7
40003.4
39976.5
40046.4
40246.4
40312.3
40276.1
40192.0
40209.3
40289.0
40389.2
40444.2
40442.9
40507.6

VA
81043.1
81019.8
80936.1
80901.9
80832.3
80814.9
80754.3
80812.2
80830.2
81207.2
81271.0
81234.9
81231.9
81192.5
81074.0
80828.9
80700.2
80622.3
80614.8
80586.1
80287.6
80141.0
80144.2
80096.9
79999.5
79851.4
79839.8
79869.9
79985.0
79486.3
77706.1
77603.7
77566.7
77534.6
77883.0
78189.1
78300.6
78357.5
78303.6
78112.3
77901.8
77808.0
77865.0
77886.3
78062.8
78141.5
78230.6
78090.7
77892.4
78121.5
78216.6
78327.4
78411.2
78576.2

PF
0.860
0.860
0.860
0.859
0.859
0.859
0.857
0.857
0.857
0.857
0.857
0.858
0.857
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.859
0.860
0.859
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.857
0.858
0.858
0.856
0.855
0.854
0.854
0.854
0.855
0.856
0.856
0.856
0.856
0.857
0.857
0.858
0.857
0.856
0.857
0.857
0.857
0.856
0.856
0.856
0.856
0.856
0.857

Vthd
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.3
2.3

Athd
3.3
3.4
3.1
3.5
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.5
3.3
3.4
3.4

2.3
2.4
2.3
2.4
2.3
2.3
2.4
2.2
2.3
2.2
2.0
2.1
2.3
2.3
2.0
2.0
2.2
2.1
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.1
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.1
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.0
1.9
2.0
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.2
1.9
2.1

3.4
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.6
3.4
3.5
3.4
3.1
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.0
3.1
3.3
3.2
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.4
3.2
3.1
3.3
3.3
3.4
3.3
3.3
3.3
3.1
3.2
3.2
3.2
3.3
3.4
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.5
3.4
2.9
3.2

40

Crystal Controls
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10
06/19/10

12:21:00 PM
12:21:20 PM
12:21:40 PM
12:22:00 PM
12:22:20 PM
12:22:40 PM
12:23:00 PM
12:23:20 PM
12:23:40 PM
12:24:00 PM
12:24:20 PM
12:24:40 PM
12:25:00 PM
12:25:20 PM
12:25:40 PM
12:26:00 PM
12:26:20 PM
12:26:40 PM
12:27:00 PM
12:27:20 PM
12:27:40 PM
12:28:00 PM
12:28:20 PM
12:28:40 PM
12:29:00 PM
12:29:20 PM
12:29:40 PM
12:30:00 PM
12:30:20 PM
12:30:40 PM
12:31:00 PM
12:31:20 PM
12:31:40 PM
12:32:00 PM
12:32:20 PM
12:32:40 PM

407.0
407.1
406.8
406.8
406.8
406.8
406.8
407.1
407.1
407.0
406.9
407.3
407.1
407.3
407.2
407.3
407.0
406.9
406.8
406.7
406.8
406.6
406.4
406.6
406.5
406.7
406.6
406.8
407.0
406.8
407.0
407.2
407.6
407.5
407.4
407.4

111.5
111.6
111.8
111.7
111.4
111.2
111.0
110.7
110.7
110.8
110.9
110.7
110.5
110.8
111.2
111.3
111.3
111.3
111.6
111.6
111.7
111.9
112.0
111.9
111.8
111.4
111.6
111.5
111.6
111.9
111.6
111.4
111.3
111.6
111.8
112.0

67407.5
67575.7
67652.7
67597.3
67465.7
67388.9
67243.7
67040.2
67128.0
67082.8
67123.7
67037.7
67028.3
67012.4
67153.0
67205.2
67194.5
67201.5
67421.3
67339.3
67397.4
67579.8
67603.3
67537.3
67519.0
67369.6
67529.0
67449.9
67589.0
67788.5
67644.5
67461.2
67440.9
67535.5
67610.6
67814.8

20822.4
21197.8
21573.6
21949.2
22324.0
22698.4
23072.0
23444.4
23817.3
24190.0
24562.9
24935.4
25307.7
25680.0
26053.1
26426.5
26799.8
27173.1
27547.7
27921.8
28296.2
28671.7
29047.2
29422.4
29797.5
30171.8
30547.0
30921.7
31297.2
31673.8
32049.6
32424.4
32799.1
33174.3
33549.9
33926.6

40498.4
40442.2
40390.7
40349.0
40156.4
40080.5
39990.1
40019.2
39985.0
40063.0
40166.8
40093.1
39870.7
40279.2
40631.0
40631.2
40598.2
40600.4
40628.7
40613.0
40692.8
40677.5
40701.0
40740.0
40566.6
40373.5
40366.2
40366.6
40344.3
40262.5
40251.8
40347.6
40413.6
40627.0
40671.5
40610.4

78637.7
78753.1
78792.8
78723.8
78512.2
78407.3
78236.4
78076.4
78134.4
78135.5
78223.8
78112.2
77990.2
78186.4
78488.3
78533.0
78506.8
78513.9
78716.7
78638.5
78729.4
78877.6
78909.9
78873.5
78768.5
78541.0
78674.0
78606.3
78714.4
78843.9
78714.6
78606.3
78622.7
78813.7
78901.0
79044.6

0.857
0.857
0.858
0.858
0.859
0.859
0.859
0.858
0.859
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.859
0.857
0.855
0.855
0.855
0.855
0.856
0.856
0.856
0.856
0.856
0.856
0.857
0.857
0.858
0.858
0.858
0.859
0.859
0.858
0.857
0.856
0.856
0.858

2.3
2.3
2.2
2.2
2.3
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.1
1.9
2.1
2.3
2.2
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.0
2.3
2.1
2.2
2.2
2.3
2.1
2.1
2.3
2.3
2.3
2.2
2.2

3.4
3.6
3.4
3.4
3.5
3.3
3.4
3.6
3.3
3.0
3.3
3.6
3.6
3.6
3.5
3.5
3.6
3.6
3.4
3.3
3.4
3.2
3.2
3.0
3.5
3.3
3.3
3.4
3.5
3.3
3.2
3.5
3.5
3.5
3.4
3.4

Observations : M/s Bank of Baroda. has installed Two No Screw chillers 90 tr each
for Admn building and Split AC in staff collage.

Below shows the measurement of

energy & performance. The Condenser water temp found good. Inlet-out let
temperatures are shown below. The performance of machine is founs good. It was
found that two cooling towers are running for single machine, which is higher energy
consumption. BMS is installed in building. At the time audit it is found that discharge
pressure is good and should be maintain, higher discharge pressure increases energy
consumption. Temp meter to be installed for cooling tower water measurement.

41

Crystal Controls
Loading pattern
85.00E+3
85.00E+3

80.00E+3
80.00E+3
W
75.00E+3
75.00E+3
VA
70.00E+3
70.00E+3

65.00E+3
65.00E+3

60.00E+3
60.00E+3
06/19/10
06/19/10
12:03:00.000
12:03:00.000
PM
PM

29:40.000
29:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
55Min/Div
Min/Div

Voltage pattern
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
415.0
415.0
410.0
410.0
V
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0
370.0
370.0
365.0
365.0
06/19/10
06/19/10
12:03:00.000
12:03:00.000PM
PM

06/19/10
12:32:40.000 PM

Current pattern
125.0
125.0

120.0
120.0

115.0
115.0
A
110.0
110.0

105.0
105.0

100.0
100.0
29:40.000
29:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
55 Min/Div
Min/Div

06/19/10
12:32:40.000 PM

Harmonics Voltage & Current

06/19/10
06/19/10
12:03:00.000
12:03:00.000PM
PM

29:40.000
29:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
55 Min/Div
Min/Div

06/19/10
12:32:40.000 PM

29:40.000
29:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
5 Min/Div
Min/Div

06/19/10
12:32:40.000 PM

PF pattern
0.94
0.94
0.92
0.92

3.500
3.500

0.90
0.90
0.88
0.88
3.000
3.000

0.86
0.86

0.84
0.84
2.500
2.500

0.82
0.82
0.80
0.80
2.000
2.000

0.78
0.78
06/19/10
06/19/10
12:03:00.000
12:03:00.000PM
PM

29:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
55 Min/Div
Min/Div

06/19/10
12:32:40.000 PM

06/19/10
06/19/10
12:03:00.000
12:03:00.000PM
PM

42

Crystal Controls

Air Handling Unit installed Details


Air Handling Unit
Description
1

A H U Ground Floor

Capacity
in Ton
12.0

A H U Ground Floor

12.0

5500

3.7/5

st

12.0

5500

3.7/5

st

12.0

5500

3.7/5

nd

12.0

5500

3.7/5

nd

12.0

5500

3.7/5

rd

4
5
6

A H U 1 Floor
A H U 1 Floor
A H U 2 Floor
A H U 2 Floor

Rated
CFM
5500

Motor
HP/Kw
3.7/5

A H U 3 Floor

12.0

5500

3.7/5

A H U 3rd Floor

12.0

5500

3.7/5

A H U 4th Floor

10
11
12
13
14
15

12.0

5500

3.7/5

th

12.0

5500

3.7/5

th

12.0

5500

3.7/5

th

12.0

5500

3.7/5

th

12.0

5500

3.7/5

th

12.0

5500

3.7/5

th

14.0

7300

14.0

7300

A H U 5 Floor
A H U 5 Floor
A H U 6 Floor
A H U 6 Floor
A H U 7 Floor
A H U 7 Floor

16
17

Staircase AHU

Remarks

19500

Observations : M/s Bank of Baroda. has installed AHU s in Admn building. The
performance of each AHU was shown above. Some of AHU Coil were found
damage. Tub Light fitting in Room are on continuously. Coil was found clean. AHU
fan is driven with V belt and running under load. It is advisable to install VFD in
fan motor for energy saving with Temp Transuder. Presently AHU is operated with
BMS to control the three way valve.

43

Crystal Controls
Motor Load Analysis [ AHU ]:
Air Handling Unit
Description

Name Plate Data

Measured Electrical Data

Volt Amp. Kw / Hp RPM

A H U Gnd. Floor

415 7.2

3.7/5

1440

A H U Gnd. Floor

Volt Amp. Power P.F.


(V)
(A)
(Kw) (Cos )

kvar

Kva

%
Load

415 7.2

3.7/5

1440

st

A H U 1 Floor 1 415 7.2

3.7/5

1440

413

5.7

2.75

0.78

3.05

4.10

65.4

st

3.7/5

1440

413

4.2

2.04

0.73

2.24

3.03

48.5

nd

3.7/5

1440

414

4.7

2.51

0.72

2.32

3.42

59.7

nd

3.7/5

1440

415

4.9

2.46

0.72

2.53

3.53

58.5

rd

3.7/5

1440

413

4.6

2.52

0.72

2.61

2.66

59.9

rd

3.7/5

1440

414

4.5

2.61

0.72

0.00

0.00

62.1

th

3.7/5

1440

415

4.3

2.16

0.71

2.28

3.14

51.4

th

3.7/5

1440

415

4.1

1.89

0.68

2.31

2.99

45.0

th

3.7/5

1440

403

3.5

1.55

0.68

1.98

2.52

36.9

th

3.7/5

1440

413

4.1

2.02

0.71

2.10

2.91

48.0

th

3.7/5

1440

410

3.6

1.46

0.69

2.13

2.58

34.7

th

3.7/5

1440

410

5.2

2.91

0.80

2.32

3.72

69.2

th

3.7/5

1440

414

5.2

3.02

0.82

2.22

3.75

71.8

A H U 1 Floor 2 415 7.2


A H U 2 Floor 1 415 7.2
A H U 2 Floor 2 415 7.2
A H U 3 Floor 1 415 7.2
A H U 3 Floor 2 415 7.2
A H U 4 Floor 1 415 7.2
A H U 4 Floor 2 415 7.2
A H U 5 Floor 1 415 7.2
A H U 5 Floor 2 415 7.2
A H U 6 Floor 1 415 7.2
A H U 6 Floor 2 415 7.2
A H U 7 Floor 1 415 7.2

Remark

th

A H U 7 Floor 2
A H U Tarrece

AHU [Ground Floor IN ] Air Flow Measurement:

440

Avg.
Velovity
FPM
440

20 x 20 x 2

Total
Area in
Sq inch
400

Air
Inlet
Temp.
25.2C

Air
Outlet
Temp.
20.8C

410

420

408

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.2C

20.8C

1100

1050

940

1088

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.2C

20.8C

400

380

350

422

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.2C

20.8C

25.8C

20.8C

Sr.
No

Point
1

Point
2

Point
3

Point
4

Point
5

470

440

430

420

370

400

440

1200

1150

520

460

Avg.
Total

Filter Size
inch

589.5
11.47

Measured CFM - 6550


Measured Tr. 11.66
Measured Kw

44

Crystal Controls
AHU [First Floor IN ] Air Flow Measurement:
Avg.
Point Point Point Point
Filter Size
Velovity
2
3
4
5
inch
FPM
740
720
670
650
708
20 x 20 x 2

Total
Area in
Sq Ft
400

Air
Inlet
Temp.
24.8C

Air
Outlet
Temp.
23.2C

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.8C

23.2C

594

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.8C

23.2C

758

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.8C

23.2C

24.8C

23.2C

Sr.
No

Point
1

760

740

730

720

830

860

776

640

620

640

580

490

740

750

790

810

700

709

Avg.
Total

11.47

Measured CFM - 7877


Measured Tr. 14.03
Measured Kw 2.75
Voltage pattern

Current pattern

450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
415.0
415.0
V
410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0

6.200
6.200

6.000
6.000

5.800
5.800
A
5.600
5.600

5.400
5.400

5.200
5.200

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:30:40.000
5:30:40.000PM
PM

1:00.000
1:00.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
12
12 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:30:40.000
5:30:40.000PM
PM

06/19/10
5:31:40.000 PM

Loading pattern

1:00.000
1:00.000(M:S)
(M:S)
12
12Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:31:40.000 PM

1:00.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
12
12 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:31:40.000 PM

PF Pattern

3.000E+3
3.000E+3

0.72
0.72

2.950E+3
2.950E+3
2.900E+3
2.900E+3

0.70
0.70

2.850E+3
2.850E+3
2.800E+3
2.800E+3

0.68
0.68

W2.750E+3
2.750E+3

0.66
0.66

2.700E+3
2.700E+3
2.650E+3
2.650E+3

0.64
0.64

2.600E+3
2.600E+3

0.62
0.62

2.550E+3
2.550E+3
2.500E+3
2.500E+3
06/19/10
06/19/10
5:30:40.000
5:30:40.000PM
PM

1:00.000
1:00.000(M:S)
(M:S)
12
12Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:31:40.000 PM

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:30:40.000
5:30:40.000PM
PM

45

Crystal Controls
AHU [First Floor Out ] Air Flow Measurement:
Point
1

Sr.
No

Avg.
Point Point Point Point
Velovity
2
3
4
5
FPM

Filter Size
inch

Total
Area in
Sq Ft

Air
Inlet
Temp.

Air
Outlet
Temp.

850

740

860

790

620

772

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.6C

23.2C

730

780

820

810

680

764

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.6C

23.2C

250

240

250

220

200

232

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.6C

23.2C

810

820

710

770

730

768

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.6C

23.2C

25.6C

23.2C

Avg.

634

Total

11.47

Measured CFM - 7271


Measured Tr. 14.8
Measured Kw 2.45
Voltage pattern
455.0
455.0
450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
V415.0
415.0
410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0
06/19/10
06/19/10
5:25:00.000
5:25:00.000PM
PM

Current pattern
5.200
5.200

5.000
5.000
A
4.800
4.800

4.600
4.600

4.400
4.400

1:40.000
1:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
20
20 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:26:40.000 PM

Loading pattern

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:25:00.000
5:25:00.000PM
PM

1:40.000
1:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
20
20 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:26:40.000 PM

PF Pattern

2.700E+3
2.700E+3

0.76
0.76

2.650E+3
2.650E+3
2.600E+3
2.600E+3

0.74
0.74

2.550E+3
2.550E+3

0.72
0.72

2.500E+3
2.500E+3
W2.450E+3
2.450E+3

0.70
0.70

2.400E+3
2.400E+3

0.68
0.68

2.350E+3
2.350E+3
0.66
0.66

2.300E+3
2.300E+3
0.64
0.64

2.250E+3
2.250E+3
06/19/10
06/19/10
5:25:00.000
5:25:00.000PMPM

1:40.000
1:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
20
20Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:26:40.000 PM

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:25:00.000
5:25:00.000PM
PM

1:40.000
1:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
20 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:26:40.000 PM

46

Crystal Controls

AHU [Secound Floor IN ] Air Flow Measurement:


Avg.
Point Point Point Point
Filter Size
Velovity
2
3
4
5
inch
FPM
380
450
410
430
428
20 x 20 x 2

Total
Area in
Sq Ft
400

Air
Inlet
Temp.
25.2C

Air
Outlet
Temp.
21.2C

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.2C

21.2C

468

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.2C

21.2C

462

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.2C

21.2C

25.2C

21.2C

Sr.
No

Point
1

470

870

970

860

880

780

872

510

490

470

450

420

510

480

490

430

400

557.5

Avg.
Total

11.47

Measured CFM - 6194


Measured Tr. 11.12
Measured Kw 2.04
Voltage pattern

Current pattern
4.600
4.600
4.550
4.550
4.500
4.500
4.450
4.450
4.400
4.400
4.350
4.350
4.300
4.300
4.250
4.250
A4.200
4.200
4.150
4.150
4.100
4.100
4.050
4.050
4.000
4.000
3.950
3.950
3.900
3.900
3.850
3.850
3.800
3.800

450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
415.0
V415.0
410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0
06/19/10
06/19/10
5:34:00.000
5:34:00.000PM
PM

1:40.000
1:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
20
20 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:34:00.000
5:34:00.000PM
PM

06/19/10
5:35:40.000 PM

Loading pattern

1:40.000
1:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
20
20 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:35:40.000 PM

PF Pattern

2.250E+3
2.250E+3

0.74
0.74

2.200E+3
2.200E+3
0.72
0.72

2.150E+3
2.150E+3
0.70
0.70

2.100E+3
2.100E+3
2.050E+3
W2.050E+3

0.68
0.68

2.000E+3
2.000E+3

0.66
0.66

1.950E+3
1.950E+3

0.64
0.64

1.900E+3
1.900E+3
0.62
0.62

1.850E+3
1.850E+3
06/19/10
06/19/10
5:34:00.000
5:34:00.000PMPM

1:40.000
1:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
20
20Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:35:40.000 PM

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:34:00.000
5:34:00.000PM
PM

1:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
20
20 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:35:40.000 PM

47

Crystal Controls
AHU [Secound Floor Out] Air Flow Measurement:
Avg.
Point Point Point Point
Filter Size
Velovity
2
3
4
5
inch
FPM
440
430
410
450
426
20 x 20 x 2

Total
Area in
Sq Ft
400

Air
Inlet
Temp.
24.8C

Air
Outlet
Temp.
21.8C

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.8C

21.8C

858.8

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.8C

21.8C

850

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.8C

21.8C

24.8C

21.8C

Sr.
No

Point
1

400

380

370

350

380

370

370

820

840

860

884

890

840

850

860

840

860

Avg.

626.2

Total

11.47

Measured CFM - 6955


Measured Tr. 12.39
Measured Kw 2.51
Voltage pattern

Current pattern

455.0
455.0
450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
V415.0
415.0
410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0

5.150
5.150
5.100
5.100
5.050
5.050
5.000
5.000
4.950
4.950
4.900
4.900
4.850
4.850
4.800
4.800
4.750
4.750
A4.700
4.700
4.650
4.650
4.600
4.600
4.550
4.550
4.500
4.500
4.450
4.450
4.400
4.400
4.350
4.350
4.300
4.300
4.250
4.250

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:18:00.000
5:18:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:22:40.000 PM

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:18:00.000
5:18:00.000PM
PM

Loading pattern

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:22:40.000 PM

PF Pattern
0.80
0.80

2.750E+3
2.750E+3
2.700E+3
2.700E+3

0.78
0.78

2.650E+3
2.650E+3
2.600E+3
2.600E+3

0.76
0.76

2.550E+3
2.550E+3
W2.500E+3
2.500E+3

0.74
0.74

2.450E+3
2.450E+3

0.72
0.72

2.400E+3
2.400E+3

0.70
0.70

2.350E+3
2.350E+3
0.68
0.68

2.300E+3
2.300E+3
2.250E+3
2.250E+3
06/19/10
06/19/10
5:18:00.000
5:18:00.000PMPM

0.66
0.66
4:40.000
4:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
5656Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:22:40.000 PM

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:18:00.000
5:18:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:22:40.000 PM

48

Crystal Controls
AHU [Fourth Floor IN ] Air Flow Measurement:
Avg.
Point Point Point Point
Filter Size
Velovity
2
3
4
5
inch
FPM
480
460
440
490
470
20 x 20 x 2

Total
Area in
Sq Ft
400

Air
Inlet
Temp.
25.8C

Air
Outlet
Temp.
23.4C

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.8C

23.4C

1028

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.8C

23.4C

1020

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.8C

23.4C

25.8C

23.4C

Sr.
No

Point
1

480

510

530

550

480

520

518

1040

1040

1020

1040

1000

1020

1020

1020

1060

980

Avg.

759

Total

11.47

Measured CFM - 8705


Measured Tr. 12.7
Voltage pattern

Current pattern

455.0
455.0
450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
V415.0
415.0
410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0

4.800
4.800
4.750
4.750
4.700
4.700
4.650
4.650
4.600
4.600
4.550
4.550
4.500
4.500
4.450
4.450
4.400
4.400
A4.350
4.350
4.300
4.300
4.250
4.250
4.200
4.200
4.150
4.150
4.100
4.100
4.050
4.050
4.000
4.000
3.950
3.950
3.900
3.900

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:02:00.000
5:02:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:06:40.000 PM

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:02:00.000
5:02:00.000PM
PM

Loading pattern

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:06:40.000 PM

PF Pattern

2.350E+3
2.350E+3
0.74
0.74

2.300E+3
2.300E+3
0.72
0.72

2.250E+3
2.250E+3
2.200E+3
2.200E+3

0.70
0.70

W2.150E+3
2.150E+3

0.68
0.68

2.100E+3
2.100E+3
0.66
0.66

2.050E+3
2.050E+3

0.64
0.64

2.000E+3
2.000E+3
1.950E+3
1.950E+3
06/19/10
06/19/10
5:02:00.000
5:02:00.000PMPM

4:40.000
4:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
56
56Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:06:40.000 PM

0.62
0.62
06/19/10
06/19/10
5:02:00.000
5:02:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:06:40.000 PM

49

Crystal Controls
AHU [ Fourth Floor Out ] Air Flow Measurement:
Avg.
Point Point Point Point
Filter Size
Velovity
2
3
4
5
inch
FPM
690
820
640
710
702
20 x 20 x 2

Total
Area in
Sq Ft
400

Air
Inlet
Temp.
25.4C

Air
Outlet
Temp.
21.6C

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.4C

21.6C

630

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.4C

21.6C

582

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.4C

21.6C

25.4C

21.6C

Sr.
No

Point
1

650

680

620

550

270

590

542

660

580

590

650

670

550

580

640

620

520

614

Avg.
Total

11.47

Measured CFM - 7042


Measured Tr. 11.6

Voltage pattern

Current pattern

455.0
455.0
450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
V415.0
415.0
410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0
06/19/10
06/19/10
5:08:20.000
5:08:20.000PM
PM

4:20.000
4:20.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
52
52 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:12:40.000 PM

Loading pattern

4.500
4.500
4.450
4.450
4.400
4.400
4.350
4.350
4.300
4.300
4.250
4.250
4.200
4.200
4.150
4.150
A4.100
4.100
4.050
4.050
4.000
4.000
3.950
3.950
3.900
3.900
3.850
3.850
3.800
3.800
3.750
3.750
3.700
3.700
06/19/10
06/19/10
5:08:20.000
5:08:20.000PM
PM

4:20.000
4:20.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
52
52 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:12:40.000 PM

PF Pattern

2.100E+3
2.100E+3
0.70
0.70

2.050E+3
2.050E+3
0.68
0.68

2.000E+3
2.000E+3
0.66
0.66

1.950E+3
1.950E+3
W1.900E+3
1.900E+3

0.64
0.64

1.850E+3
1.850E+3

0.62
0.62

1.800E+3
1.800E+3

0.60
0.60

1.750E+3
1.750E+3
0.58
0.58

1.700E+3
1.700E+3
06/19/10
06/19/10
5:08:20.000
5:08:20.000PMPM

4:20.000
4:20.000(M:S)
(M:S)
52
52Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:12:40.000 PM

06/19/10
06/19/10
5:08:20.000
5:08:20.000PM
PM

4:20.000
4:20.000 (M:S)
52
52 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
5:12:40.000 PM

50

Crystal Controls

AHU [Fifth Floor IN ] Air Flow Measurement:


Avg.
Point Point Point Point
Filter Size
Velovity
2
3
4
5
inch
FPM
620
890
860
880
820
20 x 20 x 2

Total
Area in
Sq Ft
400

Air
Inlet
Temp.
25.4C

Air
Outlet
Temp.
23.4C

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.4C

23.4C

818

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.4C

23.4C

688

20 x 20 x 2

400

25.4C

23.4C

25.4C

23.4C

Sr.
No

Point
1

850

840

800

780

930

740

818

820

830

870

850

720

720

650

690

720

660

Avg.

786

Total

11.47

Measured CFM - 9015


Measured Tr. 13.11
Measured Kw
Voltage pattern

Current pattern

450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
415.0
415.0
V410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0
370.0
370.0
06/19/10
06/19/10
4:46:00.000
4:46:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:50:40.000 PM

Loading pattern

3.950
3.950
3.900
3.900
3.850
3.850
3.800
3.800
3.750
3.750
3.700
3.700
3.650
3.650
3.600
3.600
A3.550
3.550
3.500
3.500
3.450
3.450
3.400
3.400
3.350
3.350
3.300
3.300
3.250
3.250
3.200
3.200
3.150
3.150
06/19/10
06/19/10
4:46:00.000
4:46:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:50:40.000 PM

PF Pattern

1.700E+3
1.700E+3
0.66
0.66

1.650E+3
1.650E+3
0.64
0.64

1.600E+3
1.600E+3
0.62
0.62

W
1.550E+3
1.550E+3
0.60
0.60

1.500E+3
1.500E+3
0.58
0.58

1.450E+3
1.450E+3
0.56
0.56

1.400E+3
1.400E+3
06/19/10
06/19/10
4:46:00.000
4:46:00.000PMPM

4:40.000
4:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
56
56Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:50:40.000 PM

06/19/10
06/19/10
4:46:00.000
4:46:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:50:40.000 PM

51

Crystal Controls
AHU [Fifth Floor Out ] Air Flow Measurement:
Avg.
Point Point Point Point
Filter Size
Velovity
2
3
4
5
inch
FPM
560
580
420
430
596
20 x 20 x 2

Total
Area in
Sq Ft
400

Air
Inlet
Temp.
24.6C

Air
Outlet
Temp.
21.8C

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.6C

21.8C

1140

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.6C

21.8C

534

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.6C

21.8C

24.6C

21.8C

Sr.
No

Point
1

540

570

470

440

580

570

560

1180

1280

1280

1240

1120

490

510

530

480

510

707

Avg.
Total

11.47

Measured CFM - 8109


Measured Tr. 12.18
Measured Kw 1.55
Voltage pattern

Current pattern

455.0
455.0
450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
415.0
V415.0
410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0

4.400
4.400

4.200
4.200

4.000
4.000
A
3.800
3.800

3.600
3.600

06/19/10
06/19/10
4:53:00.000
4:53:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:57:40.000 PM

Loading pattern

4:40.000
4:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
56
56Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:57:40.000 PM

PF Pattern

2.250E+3
2.250E+3
2.200E+3
2.200E+3
2.150E+3
2.150E+3
2.100E+3
2.100E+3
2.050E+3
2.050E+3
2.000E+3
W2.000E+3
1.950E+3
1.950E+3
1.900E+3
1.900E+3
1.850E+3
1.850E+3
1.800E+3
1.800E+3
1.750E+3
1.750E+3
06/19/10
06/19/10
4:53:00.000
4:53:00.000PMPM

06/19/10
06/19/10
4:53:00.000
4:53:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000
4:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
56
56Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:57:40.000 PM

0.75
0.75
0.70
0.70
0.65
0.65
0.60
0.60
0.55
0.55
0.50
0.50
0.45
0.45
0.40
0.40
0.35
0.35
0.30
0.30
0.25
0.25
0.20
0.20
0.15
0.15
0.10
0.10
50.00E-3
50.00E-3
0.000
0.000
06/19/10
06/19/10
4:53:00.000
4:53:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:57:40.000 PM

52

Crystal Controls

AHU [Sixth Floor IN ] Air Flow Measurement:


Avg.
Point Point Point Point
Filter Size
Velovity
2
3
4
5
inch
FPM
530
520
490
420
480
20 x 20 x 2

Total
Area in
Sq Ft
400

Air
Inlet
Temp.
24.6C

Air
Outlet
Temp.
22.2C

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.6C

22.2C

474

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.6C

22.2C

504

20 x 20 x 2

400

24.6C

22.2C

24.6C

22.2C

Sr.
No

Point
1

440

480

460

480

450

450

464

440

460

470

580

420

490

510

530

480

510

Avg.

480.5

Total

11.47

Measured CFM - 5511


Measured Tr. 8.27
Measured Kw 2.0
Voltage pattern

Current pattern

450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
415.0
415.0
V410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0
370.0
370.0

3.950
3.950
3.900
3.900
3.850
3.850
3.800
3.800
3.750
3.750
3.700
3.700
3.650
3.650
A3.600
3.600
3.550
3.550
3.500
3.500
3.450
3.450
3.400
3.400
3.350
3.350
3.300
3.300

06/19/10
06/19/10
4:21:00.000
4:21:00.000PM
PM

14:40.000
14:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
22 Min/Div
Min/Div

06/19/10
4:35:40.000 PM

Loading pattern

3.250
3.250
06/19/10
06/19/10
4:21:00.000
4:21:00.000PM
PM

14:40.000
14:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
22Min/Div
Min/Div

06/19/10
4:35:40.000 PM

14:40.000 (M:S)
22 Min/Div
Min/Div

06/19/10
4:35:40.000 PM

PF Pattern

1.600E+3
1.600E+3
0.62
0.62

1.550E+3
1.550E+3

0.60
0.60

1.500E+3
1.500E+3

0.58
0.58

W
1.450E+3
1.450E+3

0.56
0.56

1.400E+3
1.400E+3

0.54
0.54

1.350E+3
1.350E+3

0.52
0.52

1.300E+3
1.300E+3
06/19/10
06/19/10
4:21:00.000
4:21:00.000PMPM

14:40.000
14:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
22Min/Div
Min/Div

06/19/10
4:35:40.000 PM

0.50
0.50
06/19/10
06/19/10
4:21:00.000
4:21:00.000PM
PM

53

Crystal Controls

AHU [Sixth Floor Out ] Air Flow Measurement:


Avg.
Point Point Point Point
Filter Size
Velovity
2
3
4
5
inch
FPM
580
550
510
460
530
20 x 20 x 2

Total
Area in
Sq Ft
400

Air
Inlet
Temp.
26.4C

Air
Outlet
Temp.
24.2C

20 x 20 x 2

400

26.4C

24.2C

454

20 x 20 x 2

400

26.4C

24.2C

454

20 x 20 x 2

400

26.4C

24.2C

26.4C

24.2C

Sr.
No

Point
1

550

860

880

850

830

830

850

420

470

450

450

480

410

460

480

510

410

572

Avg.
Total

11.47

Measured CFM - 6560


Measured Tr. 10.18
Measured Kw 1.46
Voltage pattern

Current pattern

450.0
450.0
445.0
445.0
440.0
440.0
435.0
435.0
430.0
430.0
425.0
425.0
420.0
420.0
415.0
415.0
V410.0
410.0
405.0
405.0
400.0
400.0
395.0
395.0
390.0
390.0
385.0
385.0
380.0
380.0
375.0
375.0
370.0
370.0

5.600
5.600

5.400
5.400

A5.200
5.200

5.000
5.000

4.800
4.800

06/19/10
06/19/10
4:38:00.000
4:38:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:42:40.000 PM

Loading pattern

06/19/10
06/19/10
4:38:00.000
4:38:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:42:40.000 PM

PF Pattern

3.200E+3
3.200E+3

0.86
0.86

3.150E+3
3.150E+3

0.84
0.84

3.100E+3
3.100E+3
3.050E+3
3.050E+3

0.82
0.82

3.000E+3
3.000E+3

0.80
0.80

2.950E+3
2.950E+3
W2.900E+3
2.900E+3

0.78
0.78

2.850E+3
2.850E+3

0.76
0.76

2.800E+3
2.800E+3

0.74
0.74

2.750E+3
2.750E+3
2.700E+3
2.700E+3

0.72
0.72

2.650E+3
2.650E+3
06/19/10
06/19/10
4:38:00.000
4:38:00.000PMPM

4:40.000
4:40.000(M:S)
(M:S)
56
56Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:42:40.000 PM

06/19/10
06/19/10
4:38:00.000
4:38:00.000PM
PM

4:40.000
4:40.000 (M:S)
(M:S)
56
56 Sec/Div
Sec/Div

06/19/10
4:42:40.000 PM

54

Crystal Controls
Damage AHU Cooling Coils :

Motor Load Analysis:


Split A C
Description

Name Plate Data

Measured Electrical Data


Volt
(V)

Amp.
(A)

Power
P.F.
Kvar
(Kw) (Cos. )

Volt

Amp.

Kw/HP

Kva

Split A C 1.5 Tr

230

8.0

1.8/2.4

Split A C 1.5 Tr

230

8.0

1.8/2.4

234

8.2

1.98

0.92

0.76

1.98

Split A C 1.5 Tr

230

8.0

1.8/2.4

234

8.6

2.18

0.91

0.72

2.42

Split A C 1.5 Tr

230

8.0

1.8/2.4

234

8.4

2.11

0.91

0.74

2.38

Split A C 1.5 Tr

230

8.0

1.8/2.4

Split A C 1.5 Tr

230

8.0

1.8/2.4

%
Load

Remark

55

Crystal Controls
Motor with
out VFD

Motor
with VFD

Motor Kw

2.70

2.70

Motor R PM

1450

1450

Rated Current

7.2

7.2

Motor Measurement

2.5

2.5

Motor Eff.

88

99

Measured Kw

2.5

1.09

Motor RPM redused

1450

1100

Transmision ratio

1.00

0.759

Required power

2.50

1.09

Energy Consumption/hr

2.50

1.41

Energy Consumption/month

750.0

327.44

Energy Consumption/annum

10000.0

4365.90

63000

27505.19

Energy rate

6.30

6.30

Energy saving/annum @ 4000 Hr

0.00

5634.10

Description

Motor with
Delta/star

Motor PF

Energy Cost Rs/annum

Saving in Rs/annum

35494.81

Cost of VFD with Temp Transuder

40000

Pay back period

13.52

56

Crystal Controls

2. 7 Cooling Tower
Cooling Tower is Essential Equipment in most Industries remove the Heat Load
from the machine to Atmosphere at Design wt Bulb Temperature. The poor
Performance of Cooling Tower can lead to serious inefficiencies in processes leading
Equipment to Higher Power Consumption. The Cooling Towers are designed for
dissipating a Specified Heat load at specific ambient wet bulb temperature. How
ever Dry bulb and Wet bulb temperature changes daily, which affect Cooling Tower
efficiency. The change in wt bulb temp. will increase/decreses

Cooling load on

Cooling Tower. There for there is substantional Energy Saving in Cooling Tower with
attachments of drive in Fan Motors for varying airflow or stopping the Cooling
Tower fan when it is not required. A Calculation below shows the saving potentials
in Cooling Tower fan.
Performance of Cooling Tower:
Two parameters that are use full for determining the performance of cooling tower
are Temperature range and Temperature Approach.
Temperature range: It is the difference between the cooling tower inlet and out
let water temperatures.
Temperature Approach: it is the difference between the cooling tower cold-water
temperature and the ambient wet bulb temperature. Through both the parameters
are monitored, but the approach is a better indicator of cooling tower performance,
lowers the approach, and betters the performance. Closer the approach to wet bulb,
the more expensive the cooling tower due to increased in size. Usually 2.8 0C
approach to design wet bulb is the coldest temperature.

Cooling Tower analysis :


Cooling Towers
Description

Name Plate Data


Volt Amp. kw / HP RPM

Measured Electrical Data


Volt
(V)

Amp. Power P.F.


kvar Kva
(A) (Kw) (Cos )

%
Load

Remark

C.T. Pump - 1

415 17

9.3/12.5 1450 406

12.5

7.73

0.87

4.4

8.3

69.0

Fair

C.T. Pump - 2

415 17

9.3/12.5 1450 406

11.2

6.85

0.83

3.8

7.8

64.8

Fair

C.T. Pump - 3

415 17

9.3/12.5 1450

C. T. Fan - 1

415 4.2

2.2/3.0

720

406

5.1

2.3

0.72

2.5

3.5

C. T. Fan - 2

415 4.2

2.2/3.0

720

406

5.2

2.3

0.70

2.5

3.5

C. T. Fan - 3

415 4.2

9.3/12.5 1450

57

Crystal Controls
Cooling Tower details :
Installed Capacity in Tr.

100

No of Cooling Tower

Two

Type of Cooling Tower

FRP Induced draft

Fan Motor Kw/hp

2.2 / 3

Water pump Kw/hp

9.3/12.5

Water flow Capacity

81.6 M /hr

Design Wet Bulb Temp

28.4

Measured value
0

Water in Let Temperature

31.8 C

Water Out Let Temperature

29.4 0C

Wet bulb Temperature

28.4 0C

Cooling Tower Efficiency

[ C.T. in Let Temp C. T. Out Let Temp ]


C. T. inlet Temp Wet Bulb Temp

[ 31.8 29.4 ]
[ 31.8 28.4 ]
70.58 %

Energy Saving in Tower fan :

Motor Kw

2.2 Kw

Motor Current

3.2 Amp

Motor RPM

720

Measurements
Fan RPM

720

Motor Operating Kw (Avg.)

1.8

Motor Operating Current

3.7

Anticipated Savings with Temperature Controller


Energy Saving with Auto operation: [1.8 x 0.3 ] [@ 30% saving ]

Total Energy Saving

Annual Saving in Rs. @ 6.3 / kwh (A) : Rs. 27216/-

Cost of Temperature Controller (B) : 8,000 [Anticipated]


Payback Period

: 4320 kwh

: 3.5 Months

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Evaporation Loss :

Circulating rate M3/ hr x Difference in Temp in 0C


675
[ 132 x 4 / 675 ]
782 Ltr./ hr

Cooling Tower Analysis :


Description

Sr.

Units

Value

Remarks

MKS System

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24

Cooling Tower Capacity [Rated ]


Water flow rate
Hot water In let Temp
Cold water leaving temp
C T Fan rating
Hub Diameter- Fan
Fan Size
Fan RPM
Td1 = Air Dry Bulb Temperature in let
Tw1 = Air Wet Bulb Temperature in let
RH = Relative Humidity in let air
Td2 = Air Dry Bulb Temperature in out let
Tw2 = Air Wet Bulb Temperature out let
Rh = Relative Humidity in let air
Enthalpt of Air In let
Enthalpt of Air Out let
Enthalpt added in Air
Air Velocity Measured out let [ Avg]
Total area in
Measured Air Flow
Ma = Mass of Air in kg
Measured Cooling Load in Ton
Cooling Tower Capacity eff.

Tr

100

LPM

1160

Deg. C

31.8

Deg. C

29.4

kw
Mtr
Mtr
No
0
C
0
C
%
0
C
0
C
%
K cal/kg
K cal/kg
K cal/kg
Mtr/sec
Sq. Mtr
M cub/hr
Kg / Hr
Ton

2.2
1.70
6.00
720.00
35.60
29.40
60.50
29.30
28.10
79.20
42.20
47.38
5.18
5.40
2.25
43821.65
52585.98
90.11

90.108

Observations : M/s Bank of Baroda has installed Two Cooling Tower for Chiller
Condensor. At the time audit it was found that two colling tower running for single
chiller. Elgi formation was found. Condensor temp was found good. In Condensor
water pumps water leakage were found, which is again wastage of water. Cooling
Tower fan motors are not running with TIC controller or VFD, where energy saving
more than 20 % cans achived. Cooling tower Temprature monitoring device not
installed.

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Conclusion: As the Cooling Tower is very essential for Utilities and play vital roll
for quality performances, it is advisable to installed fluid cooler for saving
benefits. No Maintenance will reduce the down time as there is no scale formation
& increase the Efficiency of heat Exchanger. Water treatment or Algee formation
is not there. It is also advisable to installed PLC based drive in system. This will
not allow to run extra fan to start as it should be working in close loop system.

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2.10 Lighting
Energy is a key factor in any industry and significant proportion of utilized in
lighting. Managing good Lighting provided better environment & provided good
services to employ. Lighting system consumes around 4% to 6% of total electrical
load in modern Industry & 305 to 40% in carprote sector. M/s Bank of Baroda has
installed different types of lighting fixtures in building. The energy management
practices for lighting system can help to reduce energy consumption, which not only
results cost saving but increases the life of lighting fixtures. Possible Energy Saving
opportunities are given with methods employed along with the payback period as
under. Installations of Energy efficient fixture consume less power.
Connected Lighting Load [ BOB Tower] :

Description

Std Watts

Total No Total Watts

Remarks

Basement 1
Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

Ex fan

54

2268

01

Computers

150

01

150

Others misc Split AC

1800

01

1800
4218

Basement 2
Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

31

1302

Ex fan

40

01

40

Water cooler/Fridge

Others misc

0
1342

Ground Floor
Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

70

2940

CFL 26 w x 1

28

55

1540

CFL 18 w x 2

20

20

800

Ex fan

Computers

150

20

3000

Water cooler/Fridge

360

01

360
8242

First Floor
Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

76

3192

CFL 26 w x 1

28

18

504

CFL 18 w x 2

20

55

2200

Computers

150

23

3450

Water cooler/Fridge

360

02

720

Others misc

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Connected Lighting Load:


Description

Std Watts

Total No Total Watts

Remarks

Second Floor
Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

64

2688

CFL 26 w x 1

28

28

784

CFL 18 w x 2

20

31

1240

Computers

150

21

3150

Water cooler/Fridge

360

01

360

Ex fan

7602

Third Floor
Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

78

3276

CFL 26 w x 1

28

21

588

CFL 18 w x 2

20

57

2280

150

39

5850

Ex fan
Computers
Water cooler/Fridge
10854

Fourth Floor
Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

56

2352

CFL 26 w x 1

28

31

868

CFL 18 w x 2

20

53

2120

150

20

3000

Ex fan
Computers
Water cooler/Fridge
7280

Fifth Floor
Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

78

3276

CFL 26 w x 1

28

24

1344

CFL 18 w x 2

20

46

920

150

39

5850

Ex fan
Computers
Water cooler/Fridge
10718

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Connected Lighting Load:
Description

Std Watts

Total No Total Watts

Remarks

Sixth Floor
Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

70

2940

CFL 26 w x 1

28

21

588

CFL 18 w x 2

20

56

2240

Computers

150

25

3750

Water cooler/Fridge

360

01

360

Ex fan

8758

Seventh Floor
Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

16

672

CFL 26 w x 1

28

86

2408

CFL 18 w x 2

20

24

560

Ex fan
Computers

0
150

01

150

Water cooler/Fridge
12468

Eight Floor
Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

294

CFL 26 w x 1

28

196

CFL 18 w x 2

20

01

360

Ex fan
Computers
Water cooler/Fridge

360

850

Ninth Floor & Terace


Tube Light 36 w x 1

42

08

336

Fan

75

09

675

1800

05

9000

Split AC 1.5 Ton

10011

Total Kw

68.44

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Electrical Installed load [ Staff Collage ]


Sr. Description
No
1 Incandescent lamps

Std. Cons.
Basment.
Watts
60

Gnd.floor

Total Watts

06

360

Tube light fixture 40 w x 2

110

33

14

5170

Tube light fixture 40 w x1

55

18

41

3245

CFL Lamp 13 w x 2

28

03

140

Ceiling Fans 1200 mm

68

17

09

1768

Pedestal/ wall fans

40

01

06

280

Exhaust Fans

70

01

70

Hot Plate 3 Kw

3000

03

9000

Water Cooler[ 30 Ltr ]

350

01

350

10

Cold storage

350

01

350

11

Geyser 1500 watts

1500

01

1500

12

Grinder

1500

01

1500

13

Frige

175

03

175

14

PCs [ Computer & CPU ]

150

06

12

2700

15

Printer

200

02

05

1400

16

Window Air Conditioner [1.5 Tr ]

1800

17

Split Air Conditioner [1.5 Tr ]

2400

03

18

Any Others T V

150

01

150

19

Submersible pump

3600

01

3600

20

Water Supply pump

5500

02

11000

21

Street Light sun lamp


Total Connected watts

48

07

336

0
09

28800

72244

Total Electrical Installed Load [ in each Rooms ]


Sr.
No

Description

Std.
Cons.
Watts
60

Basment

1stfloor

2ndfloor

3rdfloor

4thfloor

05

05

05

05

Total
Installed
Watts
900

Incandescent lamps

Tube light fixture 40 x1 Watt

55

01

01

01

01

220

Ceiling Fans 1200 mm

75

01

01

01

01

300

Water geyser

1500

01

01

01

01

6000

Window AC

1800

01

01

01

01

5200

Installed watts in each room

12620

Tube light fixture 40 w x1

55

04

04

04

04

880

CFL Lamps 13 x 2

28

06

06

06

06

672

1552
# 12 No of Rooms on Each floor

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Total Electrical Installed load [ 2nd Floor ]


Sr.
No

Description

Std.
Cons.
Watts

Entertain
Hall

Nos. on
2nd-floor

Total
Installed
Watts

Incandescent lamps

60

05

300

Tube light fixture 40 x 2 W

55

19

1045

CFL Lamps 13 x 2

28

31

Pedestal Fan

40

02

80

Split AC 1.5 Tr

1800

Package Air Conditioner 10 Tr

13000

02

Package Air Conditioner 2.5 Tr

3600

02

UPS [10 Kva Capacity ]

1800
26000

9600

7200

02

Total Installed kw

36.425

Observations : M/s Bank of Baroda has installed PL Tub lights and CFL in working
& no working area.

Lux level in hall area is good. Uses of Natural lighting should

be doen as glasses are instaled. In CFL lamps double fiting should be converted in
to single in on working area and not in use places shall be removed from each
floor. This

will reduced energy consumption. Voltage level in lighting is found

higher. Installation of EMS will reduce the energy consumptions. The lighting load
is found unbalance. Occupancy Censer to be installed some of AC to reduces ideal
running. Incandescent lamps should be removed.

Energy Saving Opurtinuties :

Energy Saving with Door switch/Cancer Installation in AHU.

Total No of AHU : 14 Nos.

Present Energy Consumption/month

: [ 55 w x 2 x 10 No x 10 hr x 25 day ]
:

275 kwh/month

Energy Consumption/annum

: 3300 kwh

Total Energy Saving @ 6.3/kwh

: 20790 Rs/annum

Cost of door switch + labour

[ Rs. 1100 / Each ]

Cost of Infrared Cencer + labour

[ Rs. 2200 / Each ]

Installation cost

Rs. 30000/-

Pay back period

: 12 monht

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Energy Saving by removing on CFL/Ext fixture


Total No of Avg Lighting Fitting : 15 Nos. each floor
Energy Saving /day

: [ 15 Nos. x 18 watt x 8 floor x 10 hr ]


: 21600 watt /day

Energy Saving/annum

: 5148 kwh

Annual Saving @ Rs.6.3/kwh


Payback Period

[ @ 240 hr working ]

: 32659

From first day

Energy Saving by Installing Automatic Voltage Controller.


Proposed Voltage Range of Automatic Voltage Controller is (420 / 390 volt) if
Supply Voltage is 420 V. Substantial saving would vary depending upon supply
voltage.
Total Avg. Lighting Load

: 68 Kw.

Let P be Power Consumed at 420 V Supply Voltage


P1

Power Consumption at 420 Volt Supply

P x [(390) / (420) ]

Saving : P P1

% Power Saving

0.86 P

: P 0.86P = 0.14 P
: [0.14 P / P] x 100
: 14 %
Expected Annual Saving : [14 %/100) x (68 kw x 80% Utilize. x 3000 Hrs ]

Total Annual Saving in Kwh. : 22848

Total Annual Saving Rs. @ 6.3/kwh (A) : 143942/-

Cost of Automatic Voltage Controller 100 Kva (B) : Rs. 250000 [@ 2500/Kva ]
Pay back Period : 21.42 Month

Infrared Censer

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3.0

Energy Conservation Tips

Stop Idle running of Machines for long durations. Switch off the lights, Fans &
AC

when it is not in uses. Also remove excessive or unnecessary luminaries

fixtures not in use from system.

Supply proper Voltage to Electrical equipment. Unbalance & Higher Voltage


causes Higher Energy Consumptions.

Uses of Variable Speed Drives at variable loads Motors & installed Energy
Efficiency Electrical equipments. Proper selection of Electrical Equipments i.e.
Motors, Transformers, Luminaries. Install Energy Efficient Luminaries & Plan to
utilize natural resources of lighting. Install solar lighting is possible.

Fellow up of plant for schedule plan Maintenance. Check the setting & Set
Equipment Parameters accordingly.

Uses of Air Turbine motors in Ex-haste fan in place of Electrical driven fan.

Uses of Real Time Power Factor panels in place of APFC panels for reactive
power management for over compensation.

Minimize uses of Air consumption with alternative system. Check Air Compressor
Volumetric efficiency every 15 days. Clean the suction filter regularly. Install
manometer in suction filters. Install pressure gauges and flow meters.

Installed temperature controller in Heating & Cooling applications. Uses of infra


red heater or Gas heater in places of Electrical heating system. Check Thermal
insulation survey regularly and repair them immediately.

Pre heating of Oil and Air should be done for Combustion chamber. Reduction in
Exit Temperature by 22 0C will increase Combustion efficiency 1 %.

Reduction in Condenser pressure 1 kg/cm2 reduces 4% energy in Chiller


Compressor and rise in Temp. by 1 0C

in cooling tower increases 4% Energy.

Compressor should be installed near to production machine. Pressure should be


kept as per process requirement as Higher Pressure will cause Higher Energy
consumptions. Reduction in Suction Temperature 4 0C will increase Efficiency
1% in Air Compressor.

Use of proper lubricants for rotating devices reduces the Friction losses, which
is also indirectly reduces the energy in system. Check the vibrations for rotating
machines.

Reduces the water consumption by recycling the water in process. Check the
pumping efficiency for pumps. Install proper size of pump motor sets.

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List of Instrument Used for Energy Audit :

Load Manager Nanovip plus

Load manager ALM 10

Digital Multimeter

Digital Non Contact type Temperature meter

Lux Meter

Anemo Meter

Water flow Meter

List of auditors :
Following persons are involved in Energy Audit field study, Data collection and analysis and
report preparation:

Praveen Gupta

Electrical Engg.

30 Years Experience

Vijay Vashisth

Electrical & Mechanical Engg.

30 Years Experience

Dhanji Ghanaya Electronic

Madhubhai Dave Mechanical Engineer

35 Years Experience

Hemen Patel

Instrumentation Engineer

10 Years Experience

Ketan Bhavsar

Electrical Engineer

05 Years Experience

Sagar Vashisth

Electronics

03 Years Experience

Engg.

Engg.

30 Years Experience

Duration of Field Study : 11th June 2010 to 21th July 2010

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