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Generative Part Structural Analysis

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Tutorial Objectives
Description
? This Tutorial is an introduction to Generative Part Structural Analysis.

Message
? To show how Stress Analysis is easy to use - even for the non-analyst ? To show how CATIA V5 gives accurate results ? To show CATIA V5s associativity features

Duration
? 45 minutes

Product Coverage
? Assembly Design, Part Design, Generative Part Structural Analysis

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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Tutorial Major Steps


Here are the major steps of the tutorial:

Step 1
? Show the supporting geometry

Step 2
? Prepare the part for analysis

Step 3
? Assign boundary conditions ( Loads and Restraints)

Step 4
? Solve the problem

Step 5
? Visualise the results

Step 6
? Analyse the results

Step 7
? Change the design and resolve ? Reanalyse the results
1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Step 8

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Settings 1/2
Depending on your needs, you may have to modify the CATIA V5 settings (units, default directory, visualisation parameters, etc) In order to use the appropriate settings for this tutorial, you have two possibilities:

1. Do the following operations (simplest one):


?BEFORE STARTING YOUR CATIA V5 SESSION: ? Copy or replace the directory ..\Generative Part Structural Analysis\Data\CATSettings in: For NT users C:\Winnt\Profiles\XXXXX\Application Data\DassaultSystemes For Windows 2000 C:\Documents and settings\Profiles\XXXXX\Application Data\DassaultSystemes or XP users For Windows C:\Windows\Profiles\XXXXX\Application Data\DassaultSystemes 98 users XXXX is the name used to log on to your computer ? Do not forget to put this folder (CATSettings) in read mode: ? Select the folder (CATSettings) ? Click mouse button 3 then click on Properties and uncheck the Read-only Attribute ? Select all the files in the folder ? Click mouse button 3 then click on Properties and uncheck the Read-only Attribute

2. Set them manually:


? Launch your CATIA V5 session and do the operations from page 23 onwards
IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Settings 2/2
For this tutorial you also need to install a material catalogue: ? Do not do this step if you have already done it in getting started or in a previous tutorial
? Copy the ..\Getting Started\Catalog.CATMaterial file under ..\Program Files\Dassault Systemes\M07\intel_a\startup\materials\French directory ? Copy the ..\Getting Started\Catalog.CATMaterial file under ..\Program Files\Dassault Systemes\M07\intel_a\startup\materials\German directory ? Copy the ..\Getting Started\Catalog.CATMaterial file under ..\Program Files\Dassault Systemes\M07\intel_a\startup\materials\Japanese directory ? Copy the ..\Getting Started\Catalog.CATMaterial file under ..\Program Files\Dassault Systemes\M07\intel_a\startup\materials directory ? Answer Yes in order to replace the old catalogue
1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

You are now ready to launch your CATIA V5 session


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Step 1: Show the Supporting Geometry


Loading the Product
? Opening the assembly ?Go to File and Open the Drill_ Press.CATProduct file in the ..\Generative Part Structural Analysis\ Data directory ?Check you are in the Assembly Design workbench
? If not, select the Product Name in the Specification tree, then select Start + Assembly Design

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Select Manipulation icon ?Select Y Translation in Manipulation Parameters window ?Check the With respect to constraints option box

Step 1: Show the Supporting Assembly


?In the 3D view, drag the sliding jaw part along the Y axis (as shown by the yellow arrow) and then drag it back to the original position. This shows the assembly mechanism is properly constrained ?Click OK to close the Manipulation window

?Click on the Update icon if necessary


? You should not have to do this if you are in Automatic Update
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Step 1: Show the Supporting Assembly


?Expand the screw part in the structure tree by clicking on the + symbol ?Click MB3 on Steel. Then select Properties to show the material properties ?Select Analysis folder to see the Structural Properties of the chosen material ?Click OK to close the Properties window

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Step 2: Prepare the part for Analysis


? From this assembly you will open the part and analyse its deformations. In this CATIA demonstration mode you cannot Study the Stress Analysis on a full assembly because this product is not installed. If you are interested in an assembly evaluation, please contact your Business Partner ?In the Menu bar, select Edit + Links to look at the different parts included in that assembly ?Select Pointed documents panel ?Select the ..\Generative Part Structural Analysis\Data\Screw.CATPart line ?Click on the Open button
? The screw will be opened in a new window

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Step 2: Prepare the part for Analysis

? You will simplify the part by deactivating a redundant pattern at the end of the screw. (It will not affect the analysis results.) This operation will save computation time. ?Click MB3 on CircPattern.1 in the Specification tree then select CircPattern.1 object + Deactivate

?Repeat the operation for CircPattern.2


1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

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Step 2: Prepare the part for Analysis


? Now that you have prepared the part to analyse, you will enter the appropriate workbench ?From the Menu bar, select Start + Analysis & Simulation + Generative Structural Analysis

? A new window is opened with the screw in the Analysis environment

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?In the New Analysis Case window, select Static Analysis then OK to validate

Step 3: Assign Boundary Conditions


Setting the Boundary Conditions
? Before computing, you need to indicate the Boundary conditions ?Select Clamp icon from workbench

?Select one of the internal faces of the screw thread (Choose one of the screw ends)

?Select OK to confirm
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Step 3: Assign Boundary Conditions

?Select Force Icon from workbench ?Select the end face of the screw ?Click in the X field and key in 950 lbf ?Key-in 50 lbf in the Y field
? The Norm value is automatically updated

?Select OK to confirm
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Step 4: Solve the problem

Computing the load problem


? Setting the Temporary file calculation ?Click on the Elfini Storage Location icon ?Define the corresponding directory E:\Temp using Modify
? The results will be stored on your hard disk. You should not need more than 50MB. To delete the results files, you can either manually delete them in Windows or click on the Clear button

?Select the Compute icon ?Check the Preview option ?Click on the OK button to launch the calculation ?After a few seconds, CATIA will come back with an estimated time for computation of this problem. ?Click Yes to continue
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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Step 5: Visualise the Results


? After computation, the results can be visualised

? The Von Mises icon is available when the computation is finished

?Click on the black arrow of the visualisation mode and select the Applies customized view parameters icon ?Check the Materials option ?Click OK to validate

?Click on the Von Mises icon


? Now you can see the Von Mises stress distribution on the deformed mesh model

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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Step 5: Visualise the Results


?Visualising the Von Mises image
? To improve your view, hide Properties and Nodes and Elements using hide/show in their contextual menu

? Multi-select both Nodes and Elements and Properties in the specification tree by holding down the CTRL key ? Click MB3 on Properties + Hide/Show

?Move mouse cursor over finite elements to visualise Von Mises values at each node ?You can modify the result display ? Double-click on the palette ? Enter 20 instead of 10 ? Click OK to close the panel

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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Step 6: Analyse the Results


? Displaying the cutting plane to see the

inside part values ?Select the Cut Plane icon ?Select the view under the isometric predefined view ? Clicking and moving the rotation axis as shown by the yellow arrow ?To translate the cutting plane, click MB1 on the arc and drag it in the direction of the yellow arrow ?Uncheck the Show Cutting Plane option
1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Move mouse cursor over finite elements to visualise Von Mises values on each node.

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Step 6: Analyse the Results

?Visualising Von Mises Extrema ? Click on the Search Image Extrema icon ? Click OK to validate
? The minimum and maximum Von Mises values are displayed directly on the deformed shape ? You can check that the maximum Von Mises value is lower than the Steel yield strength

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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Step 6: Analyse the Results


?To get a better idea of the Von Mises results and deformation, you can animate this image with a maximum deformation scale factor ? Select Deformation Scale Factor icon ? Increase it to the maximum by dragging the cursor to the end ? Select Animate icon ? Click CLOSE to finish the review

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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

?Deformed mesh image ? Select the Deformation icon

Step 7: Change the Design and Resolve

? From the analysed results, youll find that the stress is higher than the yield strength of steel. To correct this, you need to modify the part

?Double click part screw on the structure tree to activate the design workbench ?Double click sketch.3 of shaft.1 and change the overall length value from 6.375 to 9 inches.

?Exit and update if you are not in Automatic Update mode

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1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Step 8: Reanalyse the results

? You only need to launch a new computation: all FEM specifications are associative with geometry ?Double click on Finite Element Model in the specification tree ?Click on the Compute icon to rerun the compute without preview

?Check the Von Mises stresses by clicking again on the Von Mises icon
? You can check that the Maximum Von Mises stress is now less than the yield strength of steel

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

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Manual Settings

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES

Setting the environment

Setting the environment


? For this exercise you will need to change some Options ?In the Menu bar, select Tools + Options

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? Under General+Parameters, in the Options Popup window, select Units tab ?Select the Length line and with the scroll down menu, choose the Inch(in) unit ?On the Force line, select the Pound Force (lbf) unit ?Finally on the Pressure line select the Lb. force per square inch (psi) unit ?Click OK to confirm the settings

Congratulations

IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes IBM Product Lifecycle Management Solutions / Dassault Systemes

1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES 1997 2001 DASSAULT SYSTEMES