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Historical, economic, cultural and religious beliefs
cultural events. 2 . geographically strategic. Home to a large number of Jews and Greeks.melting pot of people and cultures.Historical • Colonised by Romans for 200 years. Clean. Beautiful architecture. climatically advantageous.000. • Population ~ 300. Called “The Treasure House of Asia”. Capital of the Roman province of Asia. • City of advanced culture. • Amphitheatre – hosted national and international games. • Wealthy city . • Geologically fertile.
• First-class infrastructure and facilities – esp for sailors and tourists. commerce. indulgent. Sizeable slave population. Centre of finance.Economic and social • Wealthy metropolis. and perfume. • Profitable temple trade (Religion had been state endorsed and sponsored). poets. trade (shipping). merchants. wine. • A haven for philosophers. workers of magic. artists and orators. 3 . • Known for its textile industry. used to refinement and ease. • People were generally wealthy.
• Despite the pagan influences. and incantations among Gentiles – also influenced the Jews.Religious beliefs •City had fascination with magic and the occult. small Jewish population worshipped the true God (Acts 18:18-21). • The Jews had extensive ceremonies involving spoken and written formulas to fight against evil spirits. • Many temples for other Roman gods. cults. sorcery. witchcraft. 5 . superstitions. People were highly superstitious. • Centre for black magic. occult practices.
Sculptors and artists hung their masterpieces in the Temple. The temple was also a centre for the fine art. Lawlessness outside temple grounds. 220 years to build with assistance from many of the Greek states. Used to store the wealth of the surrounding peoples became the banking center of Asia.Temple of Artemis • • One of the 7 wonders of the ancient world. Temple burned and robbed by Goths in AD 260 and was never rebuilt. Building of 425ft by 220ft (2 acres) and 60 feet in height and containing 127 pillars. • • • • 6 .
amulets. The worship of Artemis included shameless and vile practices such as orgies. culture. • Heraclitus. ivory and clay. • An annual festival every spring to worship. silver. philosopher in Ephesus said “morals in Diana’s temple were worse than morals of beasts” • Silversmiths had flourishing business. Thousands of people employed to make and sell shrines. agriculture productive. • Souvenirs. charms became one of the greatest commercial attractions of the city.Goddess of Artemis/Diana • Believed to have fallen from heaven (Acts 19:35) • Known was goddess of fertility – making people. statuettes. prostitution and mutilation in the rituals. 7 . Statues made of gold.
Did not covet anyone’s silver or gold or clothing. taught publicly and from house to house. Declared to both Jews and Greeks that they must turn to God in repentance and have faith in the Lord Jesus.During Paul’s 3-year stay in Ephesus • Served the Lord with great humility and with tears in the midst of severe testing by the plots of his Jewish opponents. “innocent of the blood of all man”. • • • • 8 . Worked hard – “these hands of mine have supplied my own needs and the needs of my companions” (Acts 20:34). Proclaimed the will of God.
so that even handkerchiefs and aprons that had touched him were taken to the sick. (Acts 19:11-12) 9 .Extraordinary miracles God did extraordinary miracles through Paul. and their illnesses were cured and the evil spirits left them.
and Paul I know about. a Jewish chief priest. One day the evil spirit answered them. (Acts 19:13-16) 10 .Extraordinary miracles Some Jews who went around driving out evil spirits tried to invoke the name of the Lord Jesus over those who were demon-possessed. I command you to come out. were doing this.” Seven sons of Sceva. “Jesus I know. but who are you?” Then the man who had the evil spirit jumped on them and overpowered them all. He gave them such a beating that they ran out of the house naked and bleeding. “In the name of the Jesus whom Paul preaches. They would say.
Many of those who believed now came and openly confessed what they had done. A number who had practiced sorcery brought their scrolls together and burned them publicly. In this way the word of the Lord spread widely and grew in power. they were all seized with fear. the total came to fifty thousand drachmas. When they calculated the value of the scrolls. and the name of the Lord Jesus was held in high honor.The spread of Christianity… When this became known to the Jews and Greeks living in Ephesus. (Acts 19:17-20) 11 .
who is worshiped throughout the province of Asia and the world. and the goddess herself. There is danger not only that our trade will lose its good name. but also that the temple of the great goddess Artemis will be discredited.… and the threat to the gods “… And you see and hear how this fellow Paul has convinced and led astray large numbers of people here in Ephesus and in practically the whole province of Asia.” (Acts 19:26-27) 12 . will be robbed of her divine majesty. He says that gods made by human hands are no gods at all.
They all wept as they embraced him and kissed him. 36-38) 13 . (Acts 20:28-31. he knelt down with all of them and prayed. I know that after I leave. Be shepherds of the church of God.” When Paul had finished speaking. savage wolves will come in among you and will not spare the flock. Then they accompanied him to the ship. What grieved them most was his statement that they would never see his face again.Paul’s emotional farewell to the Ephesian elders “Keep watch over yourselves and all the flock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers. Even from your own number men will arise and distort the truth in order to draw away disciples after them. which he bought with his own blood. So be on your guard! Remember that for three years I never stopped warning each of you night and day with tears.