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MCBs Knowhow

ABB STOTZ KONTAKT

MCB Tripping Characteristics

ABB STOTZ KONTAKT - 1 07-05-2002

MCB tripping characteristics


120 60 40 1

40 2

20 10

Basics:
General Time / current relation 1. Thermal tripping 2. Electromagnetic tripping
40 1

minutes seconds

6 4 2 1 40 20 10 6 4 2 1

- Thermal non-tripping current rsp. Low test current - Thermal tripping current rsp. High test current - Electromagnetic non-tripping current rsp. test current: hold surges of I3 - Electromagnetic tripping current rsp. test current: trip at least at I4

ABB STOTZ KONTAKT DESTO/X2 RH - 2

0,6 0,4

Tripping time

0,2 0,1 0,06 0,04 0,02 0,01 1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 30

40 2

I3

I4

I3 I4

MCB tripping characteristics


120 60 40 20 10 6 4 2 1 40 20

Basics:
Magnetic tripping: AC, 100 Hz AC, 200 Hz AC, 400 Hz DC = factor 1.1 = factor 1.2 = factor 1.5 = factor 1.5

seconds

minutes

10 6 4 2 1 0,6 0,4

Thermal tripping is not dependent on frequency

ABB STOTZ KONTAKT DESTO/X2 RH - 3

Tripping time

0,2 0,1 0,06 0,04 0,02 0,01 1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20 30

AC DC

DC-current increases the magnetic tripping values by factor 1,5

Multiple of rated current

MCB tripping characteristics


120 60 40 40 1

40 2

"B"-characteristic
acc. EN 60898 rsp. IEC 898: standard for miniature circuit breakers to be used in residential or similar applications
40 1

20 10

minutes

6 4 2 1 40 20

I I

Thermal non tripping: 1,13 x In Thermal tripping: 1,45 x In

seconds

10 6 4 2 1 0,6 0,4

40 2

I3 I4

Magnetic non tripping: 3 x In Magnetic tripping: 5 x In

ABB STOTZ KONTAKT DESTO/X2 RH - 4

Tripping time

0,2 0,1 0,06 0,04 0,02 0,01 1 1,5 2

B
I3
3 4 5 6

Applications:
low duty applications without starting or inrush currents

I4
8 10 15 20 30

Multiple of rated current

MCB tripping characteristics


120 60 40 20 10

C"-characteristic
acc. EN 60898 rsp. IEC 898: standard for miniature circuit breakers to be used in residential or similar applications
40 1

minutes

6 4 2 1 40 20

I I

Thermal non tripping: 1,13 x In Thermal tripping: 1,45 x In

seconds

10 6 4 2

40 2

I3 I4

Magnetic non tripping: 5 x In Magnetic tripping: 10 x In

ABB STOTZ KONTAKT DESTO/X2 RH - 5

1 0,6 0,4

Tripping time

0,2 0,1 0,06 0,04 0,02 0,01 1 1,5 2 3

Applications:
low duty applications with medium starting or inrush currents and low loop impendance

4 5 6

8 10

15 20

30

Multiple of rated current

MCB tripping characteristics


120 60 40 20 10

D"-characteristic
acc. EN 60898 rsp. IEC 898: standard for miniature circuit breakers to be used in residential or similar applications
40 1

minutes

6 4 2 1 40 20

I I

Thermal non tripping: 1,13 x In Thermal tripping: 1,45 x In

seconds

10 6 4 2 1 0,6 0,4

40 2

I3 I4

Magnetic non tripping: 10 x In Magnetic tripping: 20 x In

ABB STOTZ KONTAKT DESTO/X2 RH - 6

Tripping time

0,2 0,1 0,06 0,04 0,02 0,01 1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10

Applications:
high duty applications with very high starting or inrush currents but low loop impendance

15 20

30

Multiple of rated current

MCB tripping characteristics


120 60 40 20 10

"B,C;D"-characteristics
acc. EN 60898 rsp. IEC 898: Standard for miniature circuit breakers to be used in residential or similar applications.
For low duty installations Rough leveled features for average applications Restricted thermal protection, allowing I3 : 1,45 x In Extreme high I4 of D characteristic may lead to delayed tripping time, damaging conductors and equipment Using D, low loop impedances, meaning larger cross sections of conductors is a must.
30

minutes
seconds
ABB STOTZ KONTAKT DESTO/X2 RH - 7

6 4 2 1 40 20 10 6 4 2 1 0,6 0,4

Tripping time

0,2 0,1

BC D

0,06 0,04 0,02 0,01 1 1,5 2 3 4 5 6 8 10 15 20

Multiple of rated current

MCB tripping characteristics


120 60 40 20 10

STOTZ ZKcharacteristics
acc. EN 60947-2 rsp. IEC 947-2: standard for industrial switchgear

minutes

6 4 2 1 40 20

10 6 4 2

ABB STOTZ KONTAKT DESTO/X2 RH - 8

1 0,6 0,4

The tailormade solution for commercial and industrial applications

seconds

Tripping time

0,2 0,1 0,06 0,04 0,02 0,01 1 1,5 2

BC D

Compared to tripping characteristics B,C, D the STOTZ characteristics K and Z offer a higher degree of protection. This means a higher degree of safety in both, planning and operation

4 5 6

8 10

15 20

30

Multiple of rated current

MCB tripping characteristics


120 60 40 20 10

Z"-characteristic
acc. EN 60947-2 rsp. IEC 947-2: standard for industrial switchgear Thermal non tripping: 1,05 x In 40 I1
40 2

minutes

6 4 2 1 40 20

Thermal tripping:

1,2 x In

seconds

10 6 4 2 1 0,6 0,4

I3
I4

Magnetic non tripping: 2 x In Magnetic tripping: 3 x In

ABB STOTZ KONTAKT DESTO/X2 RH - 9

A sensitive characteristic to protect highly sensitive equipment such as:

Tripping time

0,2 0,1 0,06 0,04 0,02 0,01 1 1,5 2

BC D

0,14mm2 cable sets applications with limit switches reed contacts in burglar alarm systems sensor technology actuators in bus systems printed boards with its semiconductors
30

4 5 6

8 10

15 20

Multiple of rated current

MCB tripping characteristics


120 60 40 20 10

K"-characteristic
acc. EN 60947-2 rsp. IEC 947-2: standard for industrial switchgear Thermal non tripping: 1,05 x In 40 I1
40 2

minutes

6 4 2 1 40 20

Thermal tripping: Magnetic non tripping S270: Magnetic tripping S270: Magnetic non tripping S280: Magnetic tripping S280:

1,2 x In 8 x In 12 x In 10 x In 14 x In

I3 I4 I3 I4

seconds
ABB STOTZ KONTAKT DESTO/X2 RH - 10

10 6 4 2 1 0,6 0,4

Tripping time

0,2 0,1 0,06 0,04 0,02 0,01 1 1,5 2

BC D

The right choice for high duty application with high starting or inrush currents:
Motors, fan sets Power supply units: i.e 24V DC supply for intelligent building automation systems Charging sets; i.e for electrical forklift trucks Extra low voltage lamps, high performance tools, electronic ballasts Welding- and control power transformer

4 5 6

8 10

15 20

30

Multiple of rated current

ABB STOTZ KONTAKT DESTO/X2 RH - 11

MCB tripping characteristics