IDIOMATIC EXPRESSIONS

AND « FAUX AMIS »
O Common English expressions
º Here are some French expressions. Find the missing words in
the English expressions.
BUY/GET / GIVE / HAPPINESS / SLEEP / BACK / SHARP / TIRED/
BALL / HAND/ BROKE /SICK/MONEY
a- être fauché (comme les blés ) → Can I borrow you some money ?
I’m ……………………………. .
b- à (10 heures) précises : → Let’s meet a t 10 a.m
……………………………. ! Don’t be late !
c- … comme ma poche : → I know New York City like the ………………
of my ……………. !
d- Donner un coup de main : → Will you ……………… me a …………….
with my English homework ?
e- en avoir par dessus la tête /en avoir mare : → I am ………………
and ……………. of all your questions !
f- se mettre à l’oeuvre/à la tâche : → We need to start now !
Let’s………….. the ……………… rolling !
g- dormir dessus / y réfléchir : → Why don’t you ……………..…. on it
and give me an answer tomorrow?
h- l’argent ne fait pas le bonheur : → ……………..…. doesn’t
…………. …………………..… !
OEnglish idioms relating to MONEY
º Find an equivalent for the idiomatic expressions below. Choose
from the tool box:
to give your opinion - to spend your money as soon as you make it - to be really expensive - to be
careful about how you spend your money – not to have enough money - to have a lot of money - to have
enough money to pay your bills and cover all your expenses - to make a lot of money – to have no money
a- to be loaded : →
b- to make a killing : →
c- to make ends meet : →
d- to live hand to mouth : →
e- to cost/pay an arm and a leg( for something) : →
f- to pinch pennies : →
g- to be tight with money : →
h- to put in your two cents : →
i- to be penniless : →
º Now complete the examples using the appropriate expression.
C My grandma is a penny pincher. She ………………………………………………………… .
C At the end of the month my parents have a hard time covering all the expenses.
They………. ……………………………………………………. .
C In my last meeting at school, I …………………………………………………………about the
extensive use of cell phones in class .
C My sister ………………………………………………………………. working for the oil industry.
C Since I lost my job, I have had to
………………………………………………………………………… .
© I lost my job and I’m having a hard time
………………………………………………………………… .
C My uncle is …………………………………………. , so he always buys us awesome presents.
® I ‘ve spent all my pocket money on clothes today . I
……………………………………………….. ! ³ My new car
…………………………………………………………………………….. , but I love it!
OEnglish idioms relating to SUCCESS/FAILURE
Making use of the context, infer the meaning of the
British expressions below:
a- If you bring the house down, you give a very successful performance.
"If he sings like that on Saturday, he'll bring the house down." →
b- To say that the cake (or the game) is not worth the candle means
that the advantages to be gained
from doing something are not worth the effort involved.
"He recorded an album but sold very few copies; the cake wasn't worth the
candle!" →
c- If you chance your arm, you decide to do something even though
there is little hope of success.
"Tony knew there was little hope of getting into Harvard but he decided to chance his
arm anyway." →
d-If you cut your own throat, you do something that will be the cause of
your own failure or ruin your chances in the future.
"Tony has already missed a lot of classes. He's cutting his own throat." →
e- Every dog has its day :This expression means that everyone can be
successful at something at some time in their life.
"I didn't win this time, but I'll be lucky one day. Every dog has its day!" →
f-To say that someone has fallen from grace means that they have done
something wrong, immoral or unacceptable, and
as a result have lost their good reputation.
"The Finance Minister fell from grace as a result of a sex scandal." →
g-If someone is fighting a losing battle, they are trying to do something
even when there is little chance of succeeding.
"The headmaster is fighting a losing battle trying to ban mobile phones at
school." →
h-To say that a company, organization or country is going to the dogs
means that it is becoming less successful or efficient than before. "Some
think the company will go to the dogs if it is nationalized." →
i- If someone or something is going great guns, they are doing very well.
"Fred's night club is going great guns. It's becoming hard to get in!. →
j- When you make a go of something, you succeed in your enterprise or
produce good results. "He opened a restaurant and worked hard to make a go of it."

k- This expression means that success often leads to further successes.
"The success of my first book encouraged me to continue writing. Nothing succeeds
like success!"

l- If you pack something in, you abandon it or give it up.
"She found city life so stressful, she decided to pack it in and move to the country."

m- If you go from rags to riches, you start off being very poor and
become very rich and successful. "By renovating old houses in the right places, he
went from rags to riches." →
n- Someone who is riding high is enjoying a period of success or
popularity.
He's been riding high since the success of his last film. →
o- To say "the sky's the limit" means that there is no limit to the
possibility of success or progress for someone or something. "How successful
do you think the project will be? Who knows... the sky's the limit!"

p-If you have the world at your feet, you are extremely successful and
greatly admired.
"The talented young actress has the world at her feet." →
O Adjectives
For each adjective or expression , find a synonym
a- to be jobless →
b- to be comfortable →
c- to be nervous→
d- to be intelligent →
e- to have no words→
f- to be flabbergasted →
g- to be down and out →
h- to be trustworthy →
i- to be chatty / to be a chatter-box →
For each adjective or expression , find an antonym
a- to be needy / to be poverty-stricken →
b- to be narrow-minded →
c- to be old-fashioned →
d- to be defeated →
e- to be credulous →
f- to be generous →
O GROUPS OF PEOPLE
Find the people who are referred to in each definition
a- the people who are considered to have the lowest social
status. → the …………………………
b- the people who are in need →……………………………………….
c- the social class composed of the wealthiest members of
society →……………………………
d- the people who are coloured →……………………………………….
e- the group of people in a society who do not own much
property, who have low social status, and who do jobs which
involve using physical skills rather than intellectual skills.
→……………………………………….
f- Business people, managers, doctors, lawyers, and teachers
are usually regarded as such . → ……………………………………….
g- The people who have lost their jobs . →
……………………………………….
O FAUX -AMIS
Write the words below under the corresponding
illustration
facilities / bookshop / a coin / a figure/ pain / a store / an argument/ a grave / a
tail / a cave / a coach/ a conductor/ a degree / to take an exam/ to
pass an exam /cellar/ a library / a queue
a- b- c- d- e-
f- g- h- i- j-

k- l- m- n-
o- p- r-

s- t-
Fill in the chart
MOT ANGLAIS TRADUCTION NE PAS CONFONDRE
AVEC
QUI SE DIT
hazard hasard
habitude habit
cry crier
roman short-story
to pretend to claim
rude hard/tough
nom de famille surnom
deceive disappoint
demand demander
blesser insult
sympathetic sympathique
resume résumer
refuse refusal
prevent prévenir
itinéraire route
sensible sensible
costume suite
dispute dispute
Achieve² complete

PIEGES
…………………….. signifie; en fait, vraiment
What did she actually
say?
actuellement se traduit par at ……………..… ,
currently, ………
I am currently at the
bookshop.
eventually signifie …………………..
He eventually decided to
go by bus.
éventuellement (peut-être) se traduit par possibly
Will you come tomorrow?
Possibly.
comprehensive signifie: complet, détaillé A comprehensive list.
compréhensif (bienveillant) se traduit
par ……………………………
An ……………….. person.

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