Critical Reading

Critical Reading
Reading as a Dialog
All reading is an active, reflective, problem-solving process. We do not simply read words; we read ideas, thoughts that spring from the relationships of various assertions.

?

2

14/09/2010

APS - Critical Reading

Critical Reading
Dan Kurland's www.criticalreading.com

Critical Reading
Dan Kurland's www.criticalreading.com

Non-critical reading

To non -critical readers, texts provide facts. to recognize an author’s purpose to understand tone and persuasive elements to recognize bias

Critical reading
– – –

Non-critical reading is satisfied with recognizing what a text says and restating the key remarks. Critical reading goes two steps further. Having recognized what a text says , it reflects on what the text does by making such remarks.
– – –

Is it offering examples? Arguing? Appealing for sympathy? Making a contrast to clarify a point?

facts + interpretation
3
14/09/2010 APS - Critical Reading

Finally, critical readers then infer what the text, as a whole, means , based on the earlier analysis.

4

14/09/2010

APS - Critical Reading

com Critical Reading Dan Kurland's www. 14/09/2010 APS . when there is agreement on the facts of a situation and their interpretation.Critical Reading Critical Reading Dan Kurland's www.com Critical Reading Dan Kurland's www. or précis – – – – when learning the definitions and concepts of a new discipline. rather than simply follow remarks from sentence to sentence. when a text is taken to offer a complete and objective presentation. 7 14/09/2010 APS .com What a text says – restatement – talks about the same topic as the original text What a text does – description – discusses aspects of the discussion itself What a text means – interpretation — analyzes the text and asserts a meaning for the text as a whole 5 6 Restatement generally takes the form of a summary.com Description – – – Interpretation – what topics are discussed? what examples and evidence are used? what conclusions are reached? This final level of reading infers an overall meaning.criticalreading.criticalreading.Critical Reading – We want to recognize and describe how evidence is marshalled to reach a final position.Critical Reading 14/09/2010 APS . 14/09/2010 APS .Critical Reading Dan Kurland's www. or when the word of a specific author or source is accepted as authoritative.Critical Reading – 8 . We examine what a text does to convey meaning: how patterns of content and language shape the portrayal of the topic and how relationships between those patterns convey underlying meaning.criticalreading. paraphrase.criticalreading. We examine features running throughout the text to see how the discussion shapes our perception of reality.

one must actively recognize and analyze evidence upon the page.com Critical reading is not simply close and careful reading.com Goals – to recognize an author’s purpose to understand tone and persuasive elements to recognize bias – – Notice that none of these goals actually refers to something on the page.criticalreading.criticalreading. The second part —how to think about what you find— involves the processes of inference. Each requires inferences from evidence within the text: recognizing purpose involves inferring a basis for choices of content and language recognizing tone and persuasive elements involves classifying the nature of language choices recognizing bias involves classifying the nature of patterns of choice of content and language 9 14/09/2010 APS .com Critical Reading Dan Kurland's www.Critical Reading what to look for ( analysis ) and how to think about what you find ( inference ) The first part —what to look for— involves recognizing those aspects of a discussion that control the meaning.com Critical Reading Dan Kurland's www. 11 14/09/2010 APS . To read critically.Critical Reading Dan Kurland's www. the interpretation of data from within the text.criticalreading.Critical Reading 10 14/09/2010 APS .Critical Reading .criticalreading.Critical Reading Critical Reading Dan Kurland's www. 12 14/09/2010 APS .

ca/writing/critrdg.html IDEAS – – – providing appropriate and sufficient arguments and examples? choosing terms that are precise.Critical Reading . appropriate. and the flow from one assertion to another.criticalreading. 13 14/09/2010 APS .com Critical Reading Dan Kurland's www.Critical Reading Dan Kurland's www.com Critical Reading University of Toronto http://www. thoughts that spring from the relationships of various assertions. problemsolving process.criticalreading.Critical Reading – – – what we say (content). we read ideas.Critical Reading 16 14/09/2010 APS .criticalreading. how ideas connect to one another to convey broader meaning (structure). We do not simply read words.Critical Reading Structure – – 14 Critical Reading Dan Kurland's www. Time narrative Argument development (facts + assertions) 14/09/2010 APS .utoronto. reflective. how we say it (language). and persuasive? making clear the transitions from one thought to another and assured the overall logic of the presentation don't read looking only or primarily for information do read looking for ways of thinking about the subject matter 15 14/09/2010 APS .com Writing All reading is an active.

14/09/2010 APS .pearsoned. Put an exclamation point next to passages that you react to strongly in agreement. "story that illustrates claim.pearsoned.com/bookbind/pubbooks/lardner_awl/chapter1/custom5/deluxecontent.pearsoned. 17 14/09/2010 APS .html Critical Reading Pearson . on the other hand." "claim 2.com/bookbind/pubbooks/lardner_awl/chapter1/custom5/deluxecontent. 14/09/2010 APS . examples. and so on). or interest.Critical Reading What are you looking for? How will you use what you find? Identify the weave of the text: Double underline the author’s explanation of the main point(s) and jot "M." and so on in the margin. Locate passages and phrases that trigger reactions. disagreement.Critical Reading – – – Put a question mark next to points that are unclear and note whether you need more information or the author has been unclear or whether the passage just sounds unreasonable or out-of-place.http://occawlonline.Critical Reading University of Toronto http://www.http://occawlonline.ca/writing/critrdg.http://occawlonline.html – – – Circle major point of transition from the obvious (subtitles) to the less obvious (phrases like however. 14/09/2010 APS . for example.com/bookbind/pubbooks/lardner_awl/chapter1/custom5/deluxecontent.P. but not always. (Often.Critical Reading 18 Critical Reading Pearson ." Write "concl.utoronto. for example.html First determine the central claims or purpose Begin to make some judgements about context Distinguish the kinds of reasoning the text employs Examine the evidence (the supporting facts.html Critical Reading Pearson . a writer will tell an engaged reader where the text is going." in the margin." in the margin at points where the writer draws major conclusions.Critical Reading 19 20 . Attach a post-it note next to trigger passages and write a brief reaction as you read. Asterisk major pieces of evidence like statistics or stories or argument note in the margin the kind of evidence and its purpose. – – – – Critical reading may involve evaluation. etc) The Process: Reading & Annotating Recall your purpose.) Underline each major new claim that the author makes in developing the text and write "claim 1.

– – Structure The main idea of a text (the “red thread”) – I will show X – stated in the abstract – stated in the introduction – supported by rest of the text – reiterated in the conclusion intro survey exp result concl Introduction Background Experiment / Project Results / Outcome – Evaluation Conclusion References Appendices 14/09/2010 APS .Critical Reading 23 14/09/2010 APS .mindmaps Summary: Critical Reading DIALOG Related idea 2 Related idea 1 facts + interpretation What a text says – restatement What a text does – description What a text means – interpretation Main idea Related idea 3 Related idea 4 recognizing purpose recognizing bias ways of thinking evidence + evaluation annotate texts models – red thread mindmapping goal oriented aware APS .What Next? Building Models – expectations 1.Critical Reading 24 14/09/2010 . 3.Critical Reading 21 22 14/09/2010 APS .Critical Reading Organisation . 4. 2. 5.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful