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List of contents

Chapter 1 Introduction
1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Introduction Considerations & Standard specifications Terminology Health consideration

Chapter 2 Concrete properties


2.1 2.2 Properties Concrete states Plastic State: Setting State Hardening State Sampling Slump test Compression Test

2.2.1 2.2.2 2.2.3 2.3 2.3.1 2.3.2 2.3.3 2.4 2.5

Concrete Testing

Proportioning and Mixing Concrete

Compacting Concrete
External vibration Internal vibration

2.5.1 2.5.2 2.6 2.7

Finishing concrete Curing Concrete

Chapter 3 Fly ash characteristics and utilization potential


3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 Characteristics Fly Ash as Pozzolana Fly Ash collection and storage in the Thermal Power Plant Need for Processing of as received Fly Ash

3.5 3.6

Fly ash based innovative & commonly produced building products in India Development of Fly Ash Based Polymer Composites as Wood Substitute Portland Pozzolana Cement (Fly Ash based) Ready mixed Fly Ash concrete Fly Ash- Sand-Lime-Gypsum (/Cement) Bricks /Blocks Clay-Fly Ash Bricks Blended Cement (Fly Ash based)/Concrete using Fly Ash Fly ash bricks viz-a-viz clay bricks Limitations on the class of fly ash or supplementary cementitious material

3.6.1 3.6.2 3.6.3 3.6.4 3.7 3.7.1 3.7.2 3.8 3.8.1

Durability of Fly ash based products

Limitations on quantity of fly ash

Chapter 4 Initiatives and benefits of fly ash


Energy saving & environmental benefits 4.1 Initiatives taken by various Government departments of India:

Initiatives by Ministry of Environment and Forest, Govt. of India 4.2 4.3 Status of Standardization in the country Machines developed by BMTPC Alternate station hydraulic brick making machine Bi-Directional Vibro Presses of different capacities (AS 1824, AS 1818, AS Pan Mixer

4.5.1 4.5.2 B 189, etc.) 4.5.3 4.4

Publications by BMTPC particularly the Standard and Specification of certain

Cost-effective, and Environment-friendly Building materials / Techniques:

Chapter 5 Concrete testing


5.1 5.2 Compressive strength of concrete Technical definitions Concrete sampling Concrete mix-design

5.2.1 5.2.2

5.2.3 5.2.4 5.2.5 5.3 5.4 5.5

Adaptive systems Concrete strength prediction Collecting data

Acceptance of concrete compressive strength High volume fly ash concrete Field performance of high volume fly ash concrete-Indian experience Delhi metro rail corporation project

5.2.1

Chapter 6 Experimental investigation


6.1 6.2 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.6 Materials used Specimen configuration Casting Curing Compressive strength Tests of concrete cubes with and without fly ash

Chapter 7 Results and discussions


7.1 Characteristics of fly ash cement concrete: Compressive Strength Youngs modulus (EC): Energy absorption: Ductility: Stress-Strain response 7.1.1 7.1.2 7.1.3 7.1.4 7.1.5

Chapter 8 Conclusions