REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON Peace – Work – Fatherland …………… GTHS KUMBO/ ELECT DPT

MOCK EXAMINATIONS Class: F37 Option: Electrotechnology Duration: 03H Coefficient: 2 Written paper

ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC TECHNOLOGY
No document is allowed except the one given to the candidates by the examiners.

PART ONE : ELCTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IGeneration :

1. Define renewable energy and give three examples of this type of energy. 2. Cite three hydropower plants in Cameroon and precise for each of them the installed power in MW. 3. What are the inconvenient of nuclear power generation? Cite two major nuclear accidents that have occurred in the history. 4. What is global warming? What are the causes of global warming? 5. As far as power generation is concerned, what can we do to fight against the global warming? 6. Give the normalised symbol of: a) a hydropower plant; b) a thermal power plant; c) a nuclear power plant. 7. A hydro power plant has an height of 24 m. It has 5 penstocks having each an output of 2000m3/s. a) Give the type of this power station and precise the type of turbine suitable. b) Assuming that the density of water is 1000kg/m 3 and that the acceleration of gravity is 10m/s2, calculate in MW the power that drives the turbines. IIElectrical wiring system:

1. Give the advantages and the disadvantages of each of the following modes of distribution of electrical energy: a) Radial distribution, Ring distribution. 2. Draw the electrical diagram of each of the above two modes of distribution of electrical energy. 3. Name four different elements found in a substation and give their role.

GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_Mock Examinations …………………...…………March.2012

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4. In a three phase installation, what happen if the neutral is disconnected at the source? 5. A transformer has the indication: 220/220V. a) What is the nature of this transformer? What is its role in a circuit? 6. An electrical apparatus has the symbol show below.

III
a) Give the signification of this symbol. b) Name one apparatus which can have this symbol. IIISafety

1. Give the role of the earth socket and that of the protective conductor in an electrical installation. 2. Name four different elements that must be connected to the earth in an electrical installation. 3. Which neutral regimes are applied in the following cases a) College; b) Bakery; c) Hospital; d) Mine exploitation. 4. Draw the diagram of the safety lighting circuit for a hospital showing how it is supplied from the network.

PART TWO: POWER ELECTRONICS 1. Cite 4 power electronic components that can be used in chopper circuits; for each one give an advantage and an inconvenient. 2. Cite two applications of choppers. 3. What is the difference between a TRIAC and a DIAC? 4. Draw and complete the table below. Type of converter AC/DC DC/DC DC/AC AC/AC
H

Symbol

Functional diagram

Name

Components used

Thyristors transistors

and

GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_Mock Examinations …………………...…………March.2012

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5. Let us consider the following circuit.
T1

a) The two thyristors T1 and T2 can be replaced by a single component. Give the

T2

name and the symbol of that component.
e
R

b) Assuming that the firing angle of T1 is
30 and that of T2 is 180 , draw in

synchronism the waveforms of e and uR(Load voltage). c) What is the maximal reverse voltage across each thyristor? PART THREE: ELECTRICAL MACHINE CONTROL 1. Identify the contacts shown below.

(a)

(b)

2. Name three basic elements of a functional chart. 3. Give the role of each of the following elements in a programmable logic controller: a) keyboard; b) data memory; a) bidirectional bus. 4. Name 3 types of sequencers. 5. Explain the functioning of the break motor. What happen when the coil is bad? 6. Show through a diagram how the windings of a three phase motor can be coupled in order to function on a single phase supply. 7. Name 02 “step by step” motors and name two methods of controlling a “step by step” motor.

Subject Masters: NGOUNE Jean-Paul, PLET AYUK Daniel, PLET GTHS Kumbo.

GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_Mock Examinations …………………...…………March.2012

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