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# REPUBLIC OF CAMEROON Peace – Work – Fatherland …………… GTHS KUMBO/ ELECT DPT

MOCK EXAMINATION Class: F37 Option: Electrotechnology Duration: 03H Coefficient: 4 Written paper

POWER ELECTRONICS

No document is allowed except the one given to the candidates by the examiners. Exercise 1: Battery charger A full wave single phase rectifier is used to charge a set of three batteries having each the following characteristics E =15V; Q = 90Ah. They are connected in series. The internal resistance of the batteries is assumed to be negligible. The central tap transformer used has the following characteristics: 220/2x64V – 50Hz and it is assumed to be perfect. The voltages at the secondary of the transformer are such that Vs1

Vs2 V 2 sin

with

100 t . A protective resistor R is connected with

these of batteries. Hence the load is made up of the protective resistor in series with the set of batteries. The two diodes used for the rectification are assumed to be perfect. 1. Draw the diagram of the circuit so described. 2. Explain the functioning of the circuit (each phase of functioning should be clearly explained using equivalent diagram). 3. Draw in synchronism the waveforms of voltages V s1 and Vs2, the voltage across the load uL and the current in the load iL. 4. Determine the angle

0

at which the circuit starts conducting and the

conduction time of each diode within a period. 5. Determine in terms of R, the expression of the average load current I LAV. 6. Calculate the value of the resistance R required to charge the battery in 10 hours. 7. Determine the following values required to chose the diodes (take R = 2.2Ω): a) the average current IDAV; b) The maximum current IDMAX; the maximum reverse voltage VDRMAX.

GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_Mock exam……………………………...…...……March.2012

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Exercise 2: Chopper. The circuit of the figure below represents a chopper used to vary the power transferred to the variable resistive load Rc. The inductance L is high enough to assume that the input current I is constant and equal to I = 40A. The electronic switch H is perfect and conducts within a period T from 0 to

T . It is blocked from T to T,

being the duty ratio. The diode D is perfect. Let Rc = 5Ω.

i

L

D

iH V E H

ic

Rc

1. Draw in synchronism the waveforms of the currents ic(t) and iH(t). 2. Determine in terms of load current iC. 3. Determine in terms of current iH. 4. Assume that the current I is delivered by a DC machine whose emf E is related to the speed n by : E = 0.08n ( E in volt and n in rpm) a) Show that and n are linked by the relation: n = 2500(1- ). ). , the expressions of the average and the effective , the expressions of the average and the effective

b) Draw the curve n = f(

c) Does the presence of the diode D necessary in this chopper circuit, justify your answer.

Exercise 3: Single phase full wave mixed bridge. The figure below represents a single phase bridge (thyristor-diode) rectifier supplied by the secondary of a transformer whose ratio is 0.5 and whose primary voltage is 220V, 50Hz. This bridge is used to control a load composed of a DC motor whose back emf is E and whose armature resistance is R in series with a smoothing inductance L which allows the load current to be constant. Thyristor T1 is fired at

GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_Mock exam……………………………...…...……March.2012

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t1

T and the thyristor T2 is fired at t2 6

t1

T , where T is the period of the 2

secondary voltage. Let E = 60V and R = 1.5Ω.

T1 D2

R

UL i

U

T2 D1 L

E

1. Precise the state of the components T 1, T2, D1, and D2 in the following cases. a) 0 < t < t1 b) T1 < t < T/2 c) T/2 < t < T/2 + t1 d) T/2 +t1 < t < T. 2. Draw in synchronism the waveforms of the following: a) The voltages: load. 4. Determine the in terms of the period T, the conduction time of a thyristor and of a diode, hence calculate the average and the effective values of the current through T1, D1 and in the secondary of the transformer.

GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_Mock exam……………………………...…...……March.2012

U across the secondary of the transformer UL across the load UL across the thyristor UD1 across the diode D1

b) the currents: iL through the load iT1 through the thyristor iD1 through the D1 I delivered by the transformer

3. Determine the average values UAV of the load voltage and ILAV through the

3

5. Calculate the apparent power and deduce the power factor of the system.

Subject Master: NGOUNE Jean-Paul, PLET Electrotechnics, GTHS Kumbo.

GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_Mock exam……………………………...…...……March.2012

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