Terms to know for the ELA STAAR

Figurative Language – language that communicates ideas beyond the ordinary literal meaning of words. Examples: simile, metaphor, hyperbole, & personification. Personification – when an inanimate object (nonhuman) or abstraction is given human qualities or abilities. Examples: 1. The wind howled its mighty objection. 2. The flowers danced in the wind. Hyperbole – an exaggeration for effect. Examples: 1. He weighs a ton. 2. My back is killing me. 3. I’ve told you a million times. Simile – a comparison of two different things using the words “like” or “as.” Example: 1. I’m as a hungry as a hippo. 2. He eats like a pig. Metaphor - an implied comparison is made between two unlike things that actually have something in common. Examples: 1. The rain came down in long knitting needles. 2. Children have an enormous appetite for learning. Alliteration – the use of the same consonant at the beginning of two or more word in a group. Examples: 1. Larry’s lizard likes leaping leopards. 2. Sara’s seven sisters slept soundly in sand. Imagery - Vivid descriptive language that appeals to one or more of the senses (sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste). Examples: 1. They fought like cats and dogs. 2. The F-16 swooped down like an eagle after its prey.

or event that occurred before the beginning of a story. Example: Characterization – the way a writer creates and develops characters’ personalities. suffering. Example: Ambition. courage. or truth. phrase. Repetition – An instance of using a word.” . Example: Finger : hand as toe : foot (part : whole) Irony . Analogy – a point-by-point comparison between two things that alike in some way.Ugly Duckling. and self (the feeling the text portrays). Theme – An underlying message about life or human nature that the writer wants the reader to understand. love. usually indirect reference to a person. or clause more than once in a short passage-dwelling on a point. fear. episode. happiness. loyalty. then gradually become worse Don’t bite the apple. audience. Tone – A writer's attitude toward subject.A brief. Left Behind. . betrayal.the use of words to express something other than and especially the opposite of the literal meaning. perseverance. I got support like high-tops. Flashback – the account of a conversation. Eve” -Jay-Z “I‟m full strength like a Cyclops„s eye drops. Foreshadowing – a writer’s use of hints or clues to suggest events that will occur later in a story. jealousy. prejudice.Allusion . Examples: “The side lines is lined with casualties Who sip the life casually. or event--real or fictional. freedom. place.

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