GRAMMAR ANSWER KEY MOSAIC 2 (Silver Edition

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CHAPTER 6
Part 1: Clauses and Related Structures of Contrast: Concession 1 Practice (page 253) Connecting Word Even though In spite of Even so Although However Relationship Subjects/Verbs Concession Concession Concession Concession Concession Child/jumps He/saw Mother/ sleeps She/wakes Structure Clause Phrase Clause Punctuation Comma No Semicolon & comma Comma Comma

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Business man/ Clause worries Answer/comes Examples/could Clause only begin

2 Practice (page 253 - 254) 1. Although your eyes will record an image as it is, your brain may change the information it receives. 2. You look at an optical illusion very carefully; even so, your brain may “correct” the image to appear normal. 3. A large and a small box may be exactly the same weight; however, the large box will feel heavier. 4. Although a person wearing blue-tinted glasses sees a blue world at first, the blue effect soon disappears, and the world looks normal again. 5. The sound of the phone does not change; still, the phone appears to ring much louder when we are expecting a call. 6. Five people may witness the same accident; all the same, each person will remember the accident somewhat differently. 7. Even though the humidity level may be exactly the same on two different days, the air will seem damper on a cloudy day than on a sunny day. 8. Even though time seems to pass quickly on some days, it goes slowly on others. 9. Despite the fact that a dog’s bark seems especially loud at midnight, it may be just as loud during the day. 10. We are tired; however, we have to continue working! 3 Practice (page 255) 1. despite/ in spite of despite the fact that/ in spite of the fact that 2. despite the fact that/ in spite of the fact that despite/ in spite of 3. despite the fact that/ in spite of the fact that despite/ in spite of 4. despite the fact that/ in spite of the fact that despite/ in spite of 1

the human brain allows far greater abilities in language and reasoning than apes will ever have.4 Practice (page 256) Answers will vary. however. However. areas that control intellectual activity have the most blood vessels. it receives 20 percent of all the blood pumped from the heart. it stays relatively constant in the brain. Great amounts of energy are consumed in the production of thought. Although/ Even though (include comma after “answered”). However. Despite the fact that (include comma after “memory”). Though a loss of blood in a body part only causes numbness. In spite of the fact that blood flows normally through the body. 3. 6 Practice (page 258) Answers will vary. 4. All parts of the brain receive blood. damage to the brain can occur despite the fact that blood flow is normal. and 2. Even though the adult brain uses up to 25 percent of the blood’s oxygen supply. 2. 4. still. Tall people tend to have larger brain than short people.263) 1. 3. 8. however. Possible answers: 1. nevertheless. it does not perform physical work. 6. In some traumatic situations. Possible answers: 1. 5. Although (include comma after “tried”). In spite of the fact that (include comma after “before the operation”) 5 Practice (page 257) Answers will vary. Connecting word Whereas Subjects/Verbs Right hemisphere/controls Left hemisphere/directs Structure Clause Punctuation Comma 2 . traumas like choking can cause brain damage. Differences in punctuation: some of the words in Activity 1 of Part 1 use semicolons instead of commas. Although blood pressure often changes in other parts of the body. Although (include comma after “one second”) 2. there is very little correlation between the size of the brain and intelligence. the exact process is still not understood. 9. 10. even so. The brain comprises only two percent of the body’s weight. 7. Nevertheless. Part 2: Clauses and Related Structures of Contrast: Opposition 1 Practice (page 262 . a 15-second interruption in the blood flow to the brain results in unconsciousness. The brains of humans and apes have many similarities.

2 Practice (page 263) 1. others are handled throughout the brain. Focus: adults 4. Focus: each clause has equal focus 3. Most children do not favor either hand until they are about five years old. where (add comma after “complex”) 3 .” Focus: a few areas Considerable research is being done on the “geography” of the brain while only a few areas have actually been “mapped. While an adult brain is more specialized. such as smell. Whereas few adults can learn to use a new language without mistakes or accent. Focus: a child’s brain An adult brain is more specialized while a child’s brain has large areas that are uncommitted. Focus: an adult brain 2. Children can learn many things easily. in contrast. a child’s brain has large areas that are uncommitted. Focus: each clause has equal focus 5. only a few areas have actually been “mapped. in contrast. children frequently become completely fluent in new languages. on the other hand. on the other hand. .While On the other hand But Where Hemispheres/can perform each/tends Hemisphere/ is It/appears Hemisphere/is right/is Clause Clause Clause Clause Comma Comma Comma Comma 3. most adults are either right-handed or left-handed. are located in specific areas in the brain. Focus: children Few adults can learn to use a new language without mistakes or accent whereas children frequently become completely fluent in new languages. While considerable research is being done on the “geography” of the brain. 2. Some functions. Focus: each clause has equal focus 6. adults often have a much harder time. Second sentence: The right hemisphere mainly controls the left side of the body Last sentence: the right is more holistic and relational.” Focus: research 3 Practice (page 264) 1.

a brain weighs only about three pounds.” Instead of being aware of its own existence like a brain. Unlike a computer. Unlike a brain. 2. which may weigh hundreds of pounds. On the other hand. a computer only processes information. in contrast. a brain fits neatly into the top of the skull. 8 Practice (page 266) Answers will vary. Whereas the right brain processes information sequentially. Keesia studied left-brain functions last semester. . which can cover a desk. 9 Error Analysis (page 267) 1. On the other hand. On the other hand. 4. 6. Unlike a brain. On the contrary. the left brain handles information simultaneously. 6 Practice (page 265) Answers will vary. Unlike the left brain. Unlike a computer. Instead of weighing hundreds of pounds like a computer. the right brain specializes in recognition of faces. On the contrary. a computer has no such sense of “being. While I love studying the brain. a computer has no such sense of “being.” 5 Practice (page 265) 1. a brain weighs only about three pounds. which is responsible for language. Instead of being capable of emotions and dreams like a brain. 4. / The right brain processes information sequentially. 3. on the other hand. . 2. 3. on the other hand. 3. which is aware of its own existence. whereas (add comma after “existence”) 4 Practice (page 264) 1. 4. Miki focused on the right. 5. 4 . 5. Shirley thinks it is fascinating. a computer only processes information. a brain fits neatly into the top of the skull. 4. 2.3. Instead of covering a desk like a computer. which is capable of emotions and dreams. 7 Practice (page 266) Answers will vary. On the contrary. the left brain handles information simultaneously. in contrast.

accountants rely more on the left. 7. 6. she still has a terrible headache.271) 1. In one experiment. 6. 9. I hope the vaccine is successful so that Alzheimer’s disease will disappear. Mice were used in experiments in order that researchers could see how effective the vaccine was. Tests are being developed so that we can diagnose AD easily. millions of men have the same problem. 3. 5. Now some patients in the West are using biofeedback in order to control their involuntary nervous system like yogis. Part 3: Clauses and Phrases of Purpose 1 Practice (Page 269 – 270) 1. I still cannot communicate in Chinese. 8. 8. 2. 10. none has been able to help her. Yogis undergo years of training in order to control their bodily functions through meditation. 4. In the 1970s. 3. Artists tend to use the right side of the brain more. 7. 4. He used meditation in order to ignore this pain. 8. The disease was name Alzheimer’s so that everyone could/would recognize who discovered it. a yogi pushed a rusty needle completely through his arm in order to demonstrate his ability to block all pain. Both university and drug researchers are studying AD in order that they can understand the disease. 5. Researchers are working on a vaccine so that they can eliminate the disease. Western scientists began traveling to India in order to study the “powers” that yogis were rumored to have. Despite the fact that Mary has taken four aspirin. 2 Practice (Page 270 . 5 .5. Information on the research is posted on websites so that people can/will know the latest development. Drugs are being tested in order that these drugs can slow down the development of the disease. Other people practice Transcendental Meditation in order to control their nervous system without the help of machines. Although migraine headaches are associated with women. In spite of the fact that Mary has seen several doctors. Even though Chinese is very difficult. 3 Practice (Page 271) Answers will vary. Though I have spent nine months in China. On the other hand. The patients use machines in order to “see” and “hear” a problem and then consciously solve it. 6. 7. 2. it is possible to learn it. The scientists used electronic instruments in order to test yogis’ ability to control “involuntary” body functions such as heartbeat and reaction to pain.

the farthest/the furthest 18. the most fascinating 12. . the dimmest 21. stockier. better. the best 9. the tallest 2. deeper. the stockiest 3. the biggest 6. the least exhausted 16. the most lovely 14. bigger. 4. far. likewise.279) 1. . as developed 7. more slowly. more quickly. the least 15. worse. smaller 7. less interesting. smoother 8. the least interesting 5. less exhausted. Both crabs and lobsters 8.Part 4: Clauses and Related Structures of Comparison 1 Practice (Page 275) 1. the same age as 3. higher 9. more developed 4. the most slowly 7. farther/further. fast. the least angrily 19. dimmer. less studious. the deepest 2 Practice (Page 276) Answers will vary. less. the worst 8. the least studious 13. better. the best 20. the most advanced 4 Practice (Page 278 . less angrily. 6. more fascinating. 2. 3 Practice (Page 277) 1. the most primitive 6. the farthest 2. likewise. larger 3. Both Anne and Harry 5. more handsome. farther. faster. the most boring 17. the most quickly 4. the most handsome 11. greatest 6 . more lovely. less tired. . the higher 5. similarly. the least tired 10. more boring. Similar to 5 Practice (Page 279) 1. the fastest 2. taller.

the tallest 6 Practice (Page 280) Answers will vary. much. such 4.284) 1. so 5. so _____ 4. such a. cows eat only vegetation. taller. many. In contrast. so. much. much. many 2. 3. so many 9. many 5. many 2 Practice (Page 284 . much. many. much. much. such a. We cannot run as quickly as dogs or deer can. 7 Error Analysis (Page 280) (corrections in italics) 1. so 2. 5. many. Part 5: Clauses of Result 1 Review (Page 283 . so 3 Practice (Page 285 . many 6. many. fruit. tigers are carnivores. 6. and a little meat. 2. such 3. so much 6. the coat of a leopard looks the same as the coat of a tiger. better.) 1. Horses are herbivores. much. much. many 4.286) (Sentence completions will vary. so _____ 8. tall. so. Many animals are less clever than chimpanzees. such 11. so. much. such an 6.3. 8. Humans are not stronger than most other animals the same size. so many 2. the best 4. such 10. 4. many 3. likewise. 7. many. so _____ 5.285) 1. such a 3. including humans. such 7. so. such an 7 . nuts. well. We seem to be more clumsy than most creatures. many. many. Both sheep and deer provide meat to predators. To some people. Orangutans eat a mixed diet of seeds.

In fact. 8 .12. 6. 5 Error Analysis (Page 287 . In spite of Mesmer’s loyal followers. This was such an important judgment that Mesmer was forced to leave Paris in disgrace. so many patients came for help that Mesmer had to turn large numbers of them away. Mesmer developed a large group of supporters. Mesmer soon became a celebrity. 10. However. others were more skeptical of the doctor and his treatments. 2. Mesmer’s treatment gained so much popularity that crowds gathered outside his salon demanding treatment. In particular. the crowds became so uncontrollable that he devised a special treatment. a French Royal Commission declared animal magnetism dangerous.287) Answers will vary. hypnotism eventually became a respected treatment. 5. 9. however. 3. Mesmer “magnetized” a tree and had these people hang from ropes in order to cure them.288) Answers will vary. Dr. Despite the fact that he had been unknown in the French capital. 7. Possible answers: 1. Thousands flocked to his salon in order to be cured of every illness imaginable. such a 4 Review (Page 286 . 8. At one point. Mesmer was discredited. government officials in Paris were unimpressed by animal magnetism. 4.

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