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Chapter-V

Results

A total of 582 houses were visited by the study investigator, in that four household units were rejected because of not interested to participate in the study and a total of 578 household units were surveyed. All the heads or their spouses of these families were investigated and also direct observing the different/various places where the drugs were found in these household units. The demographic details along with the quantity of total drugs, expired drugs, non-expired drugs and not known drugs were also noted in the questionnaire. (Annexure 2) The demographic details of the household heads/ spouses are noted in table number 1. The mean time taken for the each house to survey is 28minutes. The total number of persons in the 578 houses was 2898. In this females 1142(39.40%), males 1404(48.44%), children 352(12.14%). Mentioned in table number 1. The education qualification of head of the households are below inter 130 intermediate124, under graduate 222, post graduate 102. The maximum numbers of interviewees are females 382(66.03%) followed by males 196 (33.91%). In the surveyed 578 houses each and every house is having minimum of four medications in their houses, but only 408(70.5%) of household persons were having disease or illness. The base line characteristics were mentioned in the table 2. We also found the various places where they store/keep all these medications. In this study 328(56.74%) household persons were exchanging/share their medications with friends, relatives, neighbors and family members when they have had same disease or illness. In total of 578 houses, 412(71.28%) houses were having home medicine cabinets, which are not properly equipped and stored. Only 232 members in these household persons have clean/check their medicine cabinets. In 478(82.69%) houses having medicines/ medicine

Dept. of Pharmacy practice, KLECP, Belgaum.

Chapter-V

Results

cabinets easily accessible by their children. There are so many other items other than medications in their medicine cabinets. Out of 578 houses 278 household persons goes to pharmacists, 104 to primary health center, 48 to friends, 148 to available drugs when they have had any illness/ disease. Altogether there were 268 generic drugs with the total quantity of 30536, which costs around 78361.75 rupees in the total of 578 houses. Table5 shows the number of households according to the number of drugs. The minimum quantity of medicines in each house is 4 and the average quantity of medicines in each household unit is 52.83. The average cost of drugs in each house is 135.57 rupees. In the surveyed houses 5-10 medicine preparations are in 229(39.61%), followed by10-15 was 117(20.24%) and 1-5 was 89(15.39%). The total cost of expired drugs cost was 37866.4 (48.32%) and non-expired cost was 36812(46.97%)1 and non-accessible cost was 3683.25, mentioned in table 6. Altogether there were 10 types of various formulations available these houses, in that tablets costs 52971.75(66.75%) followed by capsules 12723(16.74%), and syrups 6470(8.26%). Table 8 shows the formulations total cost, expired cost, non-expired cost, not accessible cost and their percentages. There were total 18 types of categories are available in these houses. The maximum quantity of the category was analgesics 6939(22.72%) followed by antacids 6200(20.31%), antibiotics 4236 (14.16 %), anti hypertensives 2992 (9.79 %). the results were shown in the table 10. After one month of the education we have re surveyed in 254 household units. The reasons were door lock, address not traced out, went for vacations and also lime lack to the investigator. The base line characteristics are mentioned in table 3. There is a decrease in the number of households exchange/share their medications with friends, neighbors, relatives and family members from 188 to 101. There is an increase in the number of Dept. of Pharmacy practice, KLECP, Belgaum.

Chapter-V

Results

houses having home medicine cabinets from 169 to 192. Also there is an increase in the number of peoples cleaning/checking in their medicine cabinets periodically, from non-to 53. But there is no change in the storage of various items stored in the medicine cabinets. In this study after educating to the house hold persons, the total quantity of the drugs in their houses was reduced form 20495 to11921 and the expired quantity of the drugs in these houses were also reduced from 10575 to 477. Which is statistically significant (p<0.05). The results were placed in tables 12,13,14 and 15.

Dept. of Pharmacy practice, KLECP, Belgaum.