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3.1 DEFINITION
.r
'
FRACTION l
,,' , .. _,',_',_, . ., !
._
__/
A number of the type called a fraction. :. Fraction represents ;
v
which represents .r number of parts out of \ number of equal
r
Its
of a thing is
.,
7
'1
represents 2 equal parts out of 7 equal parts of a thing. In the figure. the shaded part
7 Numerator . Such a fraction is known as common fraction or vulzar fraction Denominator ~ A fraction. whose denominator is 10 or 100 or 1000 etc. is called a decimal fraction. Fractions whose denominators are same. are called like fractions. e. . :I 5 are like fractions. ~  8' 8 Fractions whose denominators fractions. 3.1.1 Comparison of Fractions are different. arc called unlike fractions, e.g.
4' 11
FRACTION
=
• •
•
:I 9
are unlike
Two or more different fractions can be compared with the help of the following rules:
Rule J When two fractions have the same denominator. the greater fraction is that which has the greater numerator.
Examplt·: Thus. 2_ is greater than 11 3 11
RuleZ
When two fractions have the same numerator, the greater fraction is that which has the smaller denominator.
3·2
)uantitative
Aptitucle
ior Competitive
Examinations
Exampll': Thus,
7
13
is greater
than
7
19
Rule 3
When [WO or more fractions with different denominators the following simple technique is to be used: and different numerators are to be compared, then
Step 1 Among all the given fractions, let the maximum number of digits in the numerator = II the maximum number of digits in the denominator =d Step 2 Step 3
If (d ~
11)
Find (d ~
11).
=
If (d ~ 1/) = 0 or I, multiply each fraction by 10. 2, 3,4 ... multiply each given fraction by 102• 10'. 10~. multiplication, find only the integer value of the resultant
. respectively.
fraction. then find the next decimal fraction having the
Step 4
After
Step 5 If in step 4. any of the two fractions place and so on. Step 6
maximum Compare the integer/decimal value is the greatest fraction. values
have the same integer obtained
value,
in step 4 or step 5. The
Note: In order to write the given fraction in ascending order the smallest fraction is written first. then the next greater
one and so on. In order to write the given fraction in descending order. the greatest fraction is written first. then the next smaller and so on.
E ~xalllp 1 e:
.~()//Ili(}l/:
Arr ange
7 . 493 . 87 . 123 111 descen di or dcr . mg 13 971 165' 235
11=
Here. maximum no. of digits in the numerator in the denominator = d = 3 (in 971 or in 235) Now. d ~ 11 = 3 ~ 3 = 0 So, multiply the given fractions by 10.
3 (in 493 or in 123) and maximum
no. of digits
I
(integer values) digit for these fractions, decimal digit for these two fractions only, by
L
13 5
x 10.
493 x 10. 971 5
values are same,
87 x 10. 165 5 5.2
L_same! are same.
123 x 10. 235 5 5.2
Since the integer
so, find the next decimal
5.3
5.0
Sinee the value of two fractions dividing further Now,
:::::}
find the second
5.3 5.3 7 13
> >
5.0 5.27 87 165
> >
5.27 5.23 123 235
> >
5.23. 5.0 493 971
(in descending order)
3.2
FRACTIONAL PART OF A NUMBER
part of a number (or quantity) is simply the product of the related fraction and the given number.
Fractional
Fraction
33
Example: Consider a given number as 60, then Twothirds of 60 =
:.
3
x 60
=
40
~ rd of 60 is 40 (fractional part) 3 I Fractional part of any number = number x its related fraction.j
(1)
3.2.1
Different Fractional Parts of the Same Number
Consider any number, say, 36 then
1. th
4
of 36= 27 of 36 = 4
(fractional part of 36) (fractional part of 36)
1th
9
')
: rd of 36 = 24 (fractional part of 36) 3 From this, we find that as the fraction changes. the fractional part of the same number also changes. In our earlier examples. we find that
27
3/4
=
4
1/9
24 2/3
. = 36
(Fixed)
. .
i
I
"+ Original number
In such cases, equation (1) can be rewritten as Any fractional number its related fraction = Original number I
I'
, it is fixed.)
(2)
~
I~~
1 3 ["ample: A man travels  th part by scooter.  th bv car and rest 48 km by bus. Find the total distance 4 8 . covered. <oluuon: Here, total distance (i.e. original quantity) is to be found out. Fraction related to rest 48 km =
11 
(± + ~)
=
Original number.
r
Lsing the relation (2)
related fraction to total distance
Any fractional number its related fraction Here, we find,
Rest distance = total distance its related fraction
34
Quantitative
Aptitude
for Competitive
18
Examinations
= total distance
total distance
= 48
3/8
128 km
':xamplt': If l_ th of a number 17
')
is
U:.
then find its twothird.
."(JIII/loll:
Let
z: rd of number 3
=
and
.r,
Since both the fractions as'" Fractional number
3
17
2
3
are to be found out for the same number.
the relation
(2) can be used
Another
fractional
number
its related fraction
its related fraction
=
original
number
(always)
18
3/17 Twothird
x
2/3
.v = 68 of the number is 68.
to
* Note: This relation can be used
find another fractional part directly without finding the original numher.
3.3
TO FIND THE FRACTION RELATED TO BAlANCE (REST) AMOUNT
we have learnt that to balance (rest) part = 1  (sum of all other fractions) all fractions are independent. Following example will Illustrate spends ~ th pan of his salary on food,
Conventionally. Fraction related It is used when
the fact. ~ th part
Example:
A person
/2 th pan of his salary on education,
of his salary
.'in/III/01l.
on clothing. (original related
He is now left with Rs. 550. Find his total salary . on each item is independent. because each fraction has been indicated
Here. the spending
as out
of total salary fraction
number). I
to rest part
(2 + 12 + l_) 8 4
__!_.
5 24
total salary Rest amount fraction related to rest pan Rs 2610. (Refer equation 2 ojsec. 3.2.11
550 5/24
=
Fraction Hence, for' independent fractions. Fraction for balance (rest) part = 1  (sum of all independent
,: .<. con sider
35
fractions)
(3)
another
example.
h.:.mple:
A person
spends
is th
part of his salary on food.
__!_th
12
of the rest part on education
and
=:: remainder
... ';,,11:
4
1 th of
on clothing.
He is now left with Rs 550. Find his total salary. on the second item (i.e. education) depends on the amount left afte
SPl
Here, spending
nding on left
:=:: ~lrst item (i.e. food). Similarly.
:"';":TlJ.ining) after spending
spending on the third item (i.e. clothing) on the first item and the second item.
depends
on the amount
,j
:=
Here. spending on each item (except the first item) depends on the amount remaining. after previous item. l.:: ,uch cases, all fractions (except the first one) are dependent on the previous fractions.
nding on
fur dependent fractions, Fraction for balance (rest) part
S'.:.,in our example, ~"'.::.~tionfor balance
=
')
(1  first fraction)
x (1  second
fraction)
j
(4)
using the relation (rest) part
=
4
(l_i)(I__!_ S
5
12J~
VI_l_)
4
= xxS 12 55 128
total salary
II
3
4
=
Rest amount Fraction related to rest part
550 = Rs 1280 551128 Sore: Observe the difference in the language of the two examples under 3.3 3.4 TO INSERT ANY NUMBER OF FRACTIONS IN BElWEEN lWO GIVEN FRACTIONS
be h and ~. To insert a fraction v .
Q
Let two given fractions taken.
lvinz between

_,(/and 2.. the following steps are ) ,. of the result fraction, i.e.
Step 1
numerator
The numerators of two given fractions of the result fraction = a + x
are added to get the numerator
Step 2 The denominators are also added to get denominator of the result fraction = h + y Step 3
Result fraction
of the result fraction.
That is, denominator
=
a+x b+y
36
Quantitative
Aptitude
tor Competitive
Examinations
Hence, the result fraction so obtained has its magnitude (value) lying between the two given fractions. By this method. any number of fractions can be inserted between two given fractions.
Solved Example. El Arrange the following fractions in decreasing (desceuding
(i)
j
order:
S3S6 6' 4' 8' 7 7 5 17 I 12 . 16' 36 . 3

(ii)
(iv)
")
1 3 .3 21 . 5' 10 . 50
(iii)
3 5 13 97 S· 7' 16 . 104
22 13 1091' 558 S1 Using the method 3.1.1
(v)
91' 177'
2
5
(i) Here
11 = 1 d = 1 :. d  11 = 0 So. multiply the given fractions by 10.
5 .. '6
3 0 . x 10 "".8 4 x 10 '" 7. 5 x 10 '" 6. 6 x I. '" 8 (integer value) 8 7
(=
Since two fractions have the same integer value fractions only namely 8.3 7 6 8.5 Now,
(ii)
8),
find the next decimal digit for these two
8.5 > 8.3 > 7 > 6
n
=;>
Here
=
2
d
=
6 > S > 3 S ..> 7648
in descending order.
2
.. d  n = O.
max" no. of digits in numerator
= /) = 2
(in ~~ )
max III no. of digits in denominator = d = 2 So, multiply the given fraction by 10. ..
3 21) (. 10 or 50
111 
1_ x 10 '" 5. ,} x 10 '" 6. 3 x 10 '" 3. 21 x 10 '" 4 (integer value) 2 5 10 50 6> 5> 4> 3 =>
3 > _1 > 21 > 3 S 2 50 10 (iii) Here 11 = 2 d = 2 . . d  n = O. So. multiply the given fraction by 10. Now.
..
T2
7
5 17 I x 10 '" 5. 16 x 10 '" 3, 36 x 10 '" 4, 3 x 10 '" 3
(=
(integer values)
Since the two fractions have the same integer value two fractions only. r.e. 5 3.1 4 3.3
Now,S> 4 > 3.3 > 3.1
=;>
3), find the next decimal place for these
12> 36> 3 > 16 (. ' 13) . tn16
7
17
1
5
(iv) Using the method 3.1 1. here, maximum number of digits in numerator = 2
Fraction
37
Maximum
number
of digits in denominator
=3
(in
97 'J . IOi
So, /1 = 2 d = 3 . . d  11 = I So, multiply the numerator of the given fraction
:. ~ x 10 '" 6. ~ x 10 '"
Now,
7.i~
by 10
x 10 '" 8. l~:
x 10 "" 9
(integer
value)
97 3  > 13 > 5 > ... . 104 16 75 (v) Hcren = 2 (in 22 or in 13) d = 4 (in 1(91) :. d /1 So, multiply the numerator of given fractions by I ()C 9>8>7>6 ~ :. il x 100 '" 2, I~j x 100 "" 2. 'f~~l
=
2
x 100 '" 2. SiS'S x ]00
value, 2.8
ec
2 t integer va. e)
place. i.c. 2.3
All the fractions
Now. .., 8 ') 3
have the same integer 2.] .., 1 .., 0
so, find the next decimal 2.0 91 1091
.
~. > _. > ~. >...
~
177
5 > 13 > 2 >
558
21_
E2
(i part
of what amount
will be equal to
31
part of Rs 100.
S2 Let the amount be Rs x l_ x
12
= 31 x
4
I 00
~ 100
5 .r ='SxlOO 12 4
x = 1£x)5
Required 5 4 amount
x
~
x
=
Rs 900
is Rs 900. in 5 dozens')
E3
S3
What
fraction
is 6 bananas
Required
fraction
=
6 out of
5
dozen
6
Sxl2
1
10' in a class. on fraction. = Fraction One day only the whole
E4
S4
There are 40 students absentees on that day. In solving the problem .. Number
7 TO
students
were
present.
Find as I.
the number
of
quantity
is alwavs considered number
of absentees 7 1 0) x 40
of absentees
x Total
=
E5
(1 
=
12 students.
A man spent
~ of his savings
and still has Rs 1.000 left with him. What were his savings') then this amount is to be related to the balance
S5 In this
type of problem, if balance amount is given. part (fraction). Using relation 2. for savings. Savings
=
balance fraction
amount
related to balance part = Rs 1400.
savmgs
=
1000
38
Quantitative
Aptitude
tor Competitive
Examinations
E6 A man reads ~ of a book on a day and ~ of the remainder. on the second day. If the number of pages
still unread arc 40. how many pages did the book contain')
S6 It is a dependent activit», because on the second day he reads
4
5
of the remaining pages.
Using the relation using relation 2.
4. the fraction
related
to balance
part =
Total pages
=
=
Pages unread fraction related to pages unread 40
1/8
= 320
Total pages = 320
E7 
2 A man spends '5
0 fh
. 3 hi I is salary on food, 10 0 f hIS sa Iary on house rent and 8
0f
the sa I ary on c I ot h es.
He still has Rs 1.400 left with him. Find his salary.
S7 The expenditure incurred on each item is expressed as part of the total amount (salary), so it consists
of independent fractions. Using the relation 3, we get Fraction related to balance part
=
1  (sum of independent fractions)
= 1
= 1 ( ~ + l~ +
Using relation 2, we get. Total salary
n
!~ =
:0
=
Balance amount fraction related to balance part 1400 7/40
=
= 800{)
E8 A man spends
*
Total salary
=
Rs 8000
of his income on food, of the rest
!
on house rent and :) on cloth. He still has
Rs 1760 left with him. Find his income.
S8 Here. of the rest amount (after spending on food),
·l
is spent on house rent and'~
is spent on clothes.
So, spending on these last two items are independent of each other, but dependent on the expenditure incurred on the first item. It is a problem both on dependent and independent activities. Using relation 3 and 4 together. we get, Fraction related to balance part
=
(1 ~) x [I  (~ + ; )]
~
2 II =x3 20
I~
independent
Fraction
39
Using relation 2, we find, total income
=
1760 11130
=
4800
total income = Rs 4800
E9
% of a pole
is in the mud. When 3 of it is pulled out. 250 cm. of the pole is still in the mud. Find
the full length of the pole.
S9 Using the relation 2, we get.
total length of pole = Length of pole left?
Length in mud Part in mud
250 4 1
1050
= 1,050 cm.
7
3
E10 After covering fiveeighth of my journey. I find that J have travelled 60 km. How much journey is S10 Using the relation 2. we get*
Journey covered Fraction related to journey covered 60 5/8
=
Journey left its related fraction Journey left
1 5
8
Journey left = 36 km *Note: This relation is equal to total journey.
E11 How much is to be added with 0.685 of 325 to get 300? Sl1 Let 'x' is to be added, then
x + (0.685 x 325) = 300
:::::>
x = 300  222.625 = 77.375.
E12 A man distributes 0.375 of his money to his wife and 0.4 to his son. He has still Rs 3,375 left with
him. How much initial money did the man have') How much did his wife get?
S12 Using the relation 3 and 2, we can write directly
[1  (0.375 + 0.4)] x total money
:::::>
=
balance money
:::::>
[1  0.775J x Total money
=
3375
Total money
=
3375 1 0.775
=
Rs 15000
"
Wife's share = 0.375 x total money = 0.375 x 15000 = Rs 5625. I 2
E13 Insert one fraction between
1 4 (i) ::; nd a
,

5
(ii) 2 and 3
S13
(i)
4
3' 5
'3' 3 + 5 ' 5

1 1+4
4
(using the method 3.4)
.
154 3' 8' 5

310
Quantitative
Aptitude
tor Competitive 5 8
Exarninations
Thus, the resulting fraction (ii) 2, 3 ~
4 is more than 3 and less than 5 in magnitude (value).
27
1. 2
=
T' 1 + 2 '"2
2 2+7 7
(using the method 3.4)
= 2,3,
2
1 3 and 4 s
7
Hence. the resulting fraction is 3. E14 Insert three fraction between S14 :1' 5 _ 1 1 +4 4 55+4 4
4
3'3+5'5
I 1+5
( inserting one fraction between ( inserting one fraction between one fraction between ~ and ~ )
t
3' 3+8'8'
8+5'5
*
and ~.) and
5
8"'
and
6
5
9
4
3'11'8'13'5'
( three fractions inserted between
l
. 15 46 33
1 and 4 3 5)
I
E15 Which one of the following fractions is less than
(a)
t'J
=
3. 3 l'
(MBA '82)
22 . 63
(b)

4
II
(c)
(d)"
98
S15 Step 1 Reverse the test fraction, i.e. } becomes ~
Step 2 Reverse each alternative and find which alternative is greater than
63 3 < 3... I1 < 46 > ... <3 .. 3 98 22 I' 4 I' 15

I' 33
1
. .. R eqUlred f racuon IS
15 46
Note: Reversing method is used because division process becomes easier when the numerator is greater than the denominator.
Fraction
311
REGULAR
0) A badminton (a) player,
(b)
PROBLEMS
of the games he won is: (e) 2
won 6 games

and lost 4. The fraction (c)

3 2
I
7 
3
3 5
I
(d)
2 5 3 50
(2)
What fraction (a)

of 2 hours (b) I
is 12 seconds ')
~
600
12
Ic)
60
(d)
1 5
Ie)

(3) A rope is 25
(a)
l
2
m long. How many pieces (h) 21
(e)
each of I I m long can be cut from it?
7
16
13 3
I of its length
(d)
II 3
(e)
17 the water. The
(4) A lamp post has half of its length total length
(a)
in mud.
in water and 31m
ahove
of the post is:
m
.
4
6
I
(b) 10
3
m
(e)
16
2
3
m
(d)
4
m
(e)
20
m
(5) A man pays off amount
2
5
of his debt and still has to pay Rs 240 to payoff
the debt completely.
The total
of debt is:
(a) Rs 600
(6) A drum of water is drum in litres is: (a) 40 (7) The monthly present
(b) Rs 400
(e) Rs 960
(d)
Rs 480
(e)
Rs 1200 of
5
(b)
3 full. When 38 litres are drawn
from it. it is just
8
1 full. The half capacity
80
(c)
152
(d)
21.7
(e) 76 increases by
salary of a man is Rs 480 and he spends also increases
7__ of it. His income
8
l
6
of the
salary and his spending
(8)
(a) increase by Rs 45 (d) decrease by Rs 80 Which of the following fraction
by 2 of the present 7 (b) decrease by Rs 40 (e) decrease by Rs 60 is the smallest? (c)
expenditure. (c)
His savings increase
will now by Rs 40
(a)

7
13
(b)

14 33
II 25
(dl
8 15
(e)
9
11
Hint: See 3.1.1
(9)
Which (a)

of the following
fraction
is the greatest? (c)
16 21
II (b) 
14
16 19
(d)
16 23
(e)
11 17
__

~.
312
Quantitative
Aptitude
for Competitive
Examinations
(10) A man pays off l._ of his debt cverv month. At the end of 6 months. his remaining debt is Rs A. • 20· ~ How much amount has he cleared off in every month (in Rs)?
(a a)
3A 20
o»
9A 10
(c)
A 10
(d)
3A 10
(e)
3A 2
(11)
part of a kerosene tin is filled. If 6 bottles are taken out of it and 3 bottles arc j led again, then 5 half the tin is full. What is the capacity of the tin') (in bottles) (RRB (uwabati, '97) (e) 4() (a) 20 (b) 30 (e) 45 (d) 50
}
(12)
Reciprocal of sum of the reciprocals of 3 and 7 IS:
5
:,
Cal ~ 4
1
(b)

21
44
(c)
4
5

(d).t4

21
(e)
15 44
Hint: Start solving from backwards. First make reciprocals of 3 and 7 5 3 Then sum it, as 5 + 3, 8 then find reciprocal of the sum 37 (13) If the product of two numbers is 5 and one of the number is numbers')
1 (a) 4 ~
i.e,
5 and 3 3 7
1. , then
2
what will be the sum of the (Tech), '97)
(RRB Trivendrum
(b) 6 !_
2
2
(c)
5 4~
6
14
(d) 9
(e)
4
1
3
4
(14) In an examination, a student was asked to find
l_ of a certain number. By misake. he found 3 of
it. His answer was 150 more than the correct answer. The given number is: (a) 450 (b) 300 (c) 270 (d) 180 (e) 280 (15) One of the rational numbers between
(a)
~ and is: 7 14
(c)
2
3
5 14
(b)
3 49
4
(d)
2
(e) None
Hint: Refer (16) Which of the following fractions is the greatest?
(a)
(RBI, '98)
(d)
219 337
(b)
221 335
(c)
217 339
.?!J
341
(e)
.
222 339
Hint: Do not try to calculate. The greatest fraction can be found out by eliminating first the fractions ith . . WIt l ower numerator an d greater d enommator, I.e, 215217 an d 219 Th en compare 341' 339' 337 . 222 339 221 and 335
~
~,.,.,
.., ..,
_J
Fraction
313
Answers 1. (c) 10. (e)
2.
(a)
11. (b)
3. (CI 12. (b)
4. 13.
(c) IC)
5. 14.
(bl
IC)
6. 15.
lal
IC I
7. (b) 16. Ibl
8. Ib)
9.
(c)
REAL PROBLEMS
(1) One quarter of oneseventh of a land is sold for Rs 30000. What is the value at eightthir fifth of the land" (a) Rs 192000 (b) Rs 212000 IC) R,27428 Id) Rs 365·+0 Ie! Rs 15UOOU (2) It takes 40 days for a pond to get filled with rain water. If the level of water dcubles each day, then how long would
c..
it take to fill
(b)
I of the pond) i
(C I
(a)
10 days
20 days
30 days
(d)
35 days
t e I 38 days
(3) A post is divided
I into three parts. the first pan is , of the whole length,
)
~
second
~ .::_of the first. and
8
the third is 6 m 50 em. The length
(a)
of the post is:
(C)
15 m
(b) 10 m
~ of the population
12 m
Id)
13 , m
are male. is:
I
(e ) 18 m
(4) In a village,
8
are adults.
2
of the adults
+ of adult females 5
Ie) 1200
are
illiterate. If 400 females are illiterate. (a) 2000 (b) 1500
then the population of the village (c) 1800 (d) 1600
Hint: Assume, population of village as x (5) In a polling booth, total number of voters is 1575, of which 0.4 part are male voters. If a candidate gets 0.6 part of male voters and 0.4 part of female voters. then find how many votes did the candidate get? (a) 189 (b) 756 (e) 378 (d) 630 t e) 945
(6) A man spends on entertainment. (a) Rs 600 ~ of his salary on food and
*
of the remaining
on clothing
and ~ of the remaining
He is still left with Rs 600. How much does he spend on entertainment?
(BSRB, '95)
(b) E6 each 3 Rs 450
(e)
Rs 300
(d) Rs 700
(e) Rs 500
Hint:
Refer
(7) From a rope 30 metres long, a person cuts off as many pieces as possible, fraction (a) 1 of the whole (b) will be left')
±
metres long. What
40
l
4
(c)
8 13
(d)
13
7
(e)
13
30
314
(8)
Quantitative
A man left among
(a)
Aptitude
for Competitive
Examinatiom
and the remaining to hi' sons to be equally find the number
(e)
t
of his property
to his daughter
divided of sons.
them. if the share of the each son be double
of that of the daughter. (d) 4
(NABARD, 2 (b) 3
full of water, vessel weighs
(c)
'97)
6 the vessel
7
5.2':: <g. The weight
(9)
A vessel,
16.5 kg. When
is
1
4
full, it weighs
of the empty (a) l.125 (10) A scooter
(in kg) is:
(b) 4.5
overhauling requires
(c)
')
1.5
hour service
(d) 3
(e) 2."
before
~
time every 45 days, while,
er overhauling
it requires
l
3
hour service time every 60 days. What fraction
of preoverhauling
service time is saved
in the latter case? (a)
(MBA, '81)
(b) (c)
4
3 Kusu
3
3 4
Sundari
Cd)
secured
4
(el
4
9
32
(11)
Sundari,
and Jyoti took two tests each.
24 marks in the first test and 60
40
marks
in the second
test. Kusu secured
35 marks in the first test and 70
. III t h e second
54 marks in the second test. 60
test. Wh
0
· ~ 1YOh secure d 27 mar ks i t h e first test an d 4'i marks s III 90 50
register maximum (a) Only Sundari (d) Both Sundari progress? and Kusu
among
t h em diid 2000)
(b) Only Kusu (e) Both Kusu and Jyoti
(BSRB Bangalore, (c) Only Jyoti so that the progress
Hint: Tabulate
in second
the score in each test with common denominator test over the first test can be found & compared.
for each person
I
Sundari Kusu lyoti
1
II
1
4
10 5 10 ( 1~
8
10 9 10
1
2 times Less than 2 times Maximum times progress,
4
9
8
=2
<2
score is 3
1
1
1
1
1
[)
13
45
5
1
as in II test,
the I test in terms of fraction of dividing is: (e) 196 the fraction by 13
(12)
A boy on being asked and so got an answer (a) 14 (b)
14
13 of a certain fraction had made the mistake
the correct
(e)
14
that exceeded 12
answer
by (d)
l.
65
2 7
The correct
45
65
585
Fraction
i
315
131 A has twice as much money as B. They play together. and at the end of the first game, B wins one
third of A's money from A: what fraction of the sum that B now has. must A win back in the second game so that they may have exactly equal money'; I 1 (b) .. (c) 1 Ie) 3 S 4 10 IS Hint: Assume, before the start of first game. B has Rs 1 and Aha" Rs ::! ,U I I bought a number of mangoes at 3S for ::!. I divided the whole into two equal parts, one pa of which 1 sold at 17, and the other at 18 mangoes per Rs I. I spent and received an integral nUI11')er f rupees, but bought the least possible number of mangoes. How many did I buy? la) 21420 (b) 24120 (C) 22014 (dl 1::!2S r e . AI2
la)
1
Hint: Assume that I buy' 35 mangoes. Then on selling. I get (35 x
~~ ~ 2
.L + 3S
17 2
x
.L 'I =
18)
Rs
225
612
~
;\0.
...
Lilit
price
~
Lni!
price
uf
mangoes
But the number of rupees is an integer. so, I must receive 612 times
1225 612
Hence no. of mangoes I buy is 612 times 35
!
15 I Find out that minimum fraction which when added to 29 + IS will give a complete number.
12 16 21 17 23 (c) 31 (b) l!_ (d)(e) . 38 38 48 48 38 161 In a class, 18 boys are there whose height is more than 160 cm. If they are threefourth of the total number of boys and the total number of boys is twothird of the total number of students. then how many girls are there in the class')
lal (a)
t
18
(b) 6
(c)
12
(d)
24
(e)
8
I
171 The fuel indicator in a car shows
fuel tank as full. When 22 more Iitres of fuel are poured 5 into the tank, the indicator rests at the threefourth of the full mark. The capacity of the fuel tank (in Iitres) is: (a) 30 (b) 40 (c) 36 (d) 28 (e) 45
1th of the
Answers 1. (a) 10. (d)
2.
11.
(e)
(c)
3.
12.
(c)
(c)
4. (d) 13. (d)
5. (b)
14.
(a)
6. 15.
(C) (C)
7. 16.
(a) (c)
8. (b) 17. (b)
9.
(c)
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