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ADVERB:

Definition:
Adverbs are words used to describe or modify verbs. Adverbs give more information about a verb. Use adverbs to make your writing more interesting. Here are some examples:

Adverbs give information about the time, place and manner of the action.
EXAMPLES: Frank worked more yesterday. Steve works here. They work well together.

Most adverbs have -ly at the end.


ADJECTIVE new happy ADVERB newly happily ADJECTIVE quick careful ADVERB quickly carefully

Some adverbs are irregular.


ADJECTIVE hard early ADVERB hard early ADJECTIVE fast good ADVERB fast well

Adverbs have many possible positions within a sentence.


EXAMPLES: Quickly, he finished his work. He quickly finished his work. He finished his work quickly.

Adverbs can be used to compare actions.


EXAMPLES: Frank works more quickly than Steve. Steve works more carefully than Frank. Which worker works more efficiently?

Adverbs can be used to modify adjectives.


EXAMPLES: Paul is a very good worker. Sandy is frequently busy. Our teacher is always patient with us.

Adverbs can be used to join two clauses together.


EXAMPLES: Paul went to the store, then he went to the post office. I should have studied; instead, I went to a movie.

Some of the most common conjunctive adverbs are: also, consequently, finally, furthermore, hence, however, incidentally, indeed, instead, likewise, meanwhile, nevertheless, next, nonetheless, otherwise, still, then, therefore, thus.
EXAMPLES: I have no money; I'd go with you otherwise. I think, therefore I am.

ADJECTIVE:
Definition:
Adjectives are words used to describe nouns. Adjectives give more information about a noun. Use adjectives to make your writing more interesting. Here are some examples:

Fast, fun, new, old, red, ugly" are all adjectives. They describe a noun.
EXAMPLES: It's a fast car. It's a fun car. It's a new car. It's an old car. It's a red car. It's an ugly car.

Adjectives can come BEFORE the NOUN (adjective + noun).


EXAMPLES: It's an expensive bicycle. It's a racing bicycle. It's a red bicycle.

Adjectives can come AFTER a BE verb. (BE + adjective).


EXAMPLES: The butterfly is pretty. The butterfly is blue. Butterflies are interesting.

Nouns can also work as adjectives. A noun can help describe an object.
EXAMPLES: It's a business meeting. They're having a job interview. It's a school conference.

Present participles (-ing verbs) can also work as adjectives.


EXAMPLES: Baseball is an exciting game. Baseball is interesting. It's an interesting game.

Past participles (verb 3) can also work as adjectives.


EXAMPLES: The man is tired. He was worn out by work today.

Adjectives can be hyphenated.


EXAMPLES: The computer-generated error message made the program freeze. My friend isn't very good at do-it-yourself projects.

Numbers can be used as adjectives.


EXAMPLES:

That's a three-ton truck. The man is a thirty-seven-year-old trucker. In his 20-year career, he's never had an accident.

Adjectives can be used to compare things.


EXAMPLES: Cats are softer than dogs. My cat is the cutest cat I know.