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BIBLIOGRAPHY

BIBLIOGRAPHY
1. Kokate CK, Purohit AP, Gokhale SB. Pharmacognosy. 17th ed. Pune: Nirali Prakashan; 2001. 2. http://www.scielo.br [Cited on 21/2/08]. 3. Mukherjee PK. Quality control of Herbal drugs. 1sted. New Delhi: Business Horizon Pharma Publisher; 2002. 4. Bauer R. Quality criteria and standardization of phytopharmaceuticals: can acceptable drug standards be achieved? Drug inform J 1998;32:101-10. 5. Colegate SM, Molyneux RJ. Bioactive natural products. NY (USA):CRC Press; 1995. 6. http://www.ics.trieste.it [Cited on 21/2/08]. [Cited on 21/2/08]. 7. http://www.nowvitamins.com Plants. Vol – 2. New Delhi; 2005. 9. Indian Council of Medical Research. Quality Standards of Indian Medicinal Plants. Vol – 3. New Delhi; 2005. 10. Indian Council of Medical Research. Quality Standards of Indian Medicinal Plants. Vol – 4. New Delhi; 2006. 11. Vliethink AJ. Bioassay method in natural product and drug development. Netherland: Kluwere Academic publishers; 2001. 12. Palav YK, D’mello PM. Standardization of selected Indian medicinal herbal raw materials containing polyphenols as major phytoconstituents. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2006;68(4):506-9. 13. Lazarowych NJ, Pekos P. Use of fingerprinting and marker compounds for identification and standardization of botanical drugs: strategies for applying pharmaceutical HPLC analysis to herbal products. Drug Inform J 1998;32:497-512. 14. Indian Medicinal Plants- A Compendium of 500 species. 1st ed. Vol-3. Chennai: Orient Longman Private Limited; 2002. 15. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/hemidesmus_indicus
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BIBLIOGRAPHY 16. Kiritikar KR and Basu BD. Indian Medicinal Plants. 2nd ed. Vol-III. Dehradun: International Book Publishers; 1999. 17. Prajapati ND, Purohit SS, Sharma AK, Kumar T. A handbook of Medicinal Plants: A Complete Source Book. 1st ed. Jodhpur: Agrobios (India); 2003. 18. Joshi SG. Medicinal Plants. New Delhi: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.Pvt.Ltd; 2003. 19. Roy SK, Ali M, Sharma MP, Ramachandram R. New pentacyclic triterpenes from the roots of Hemidesmus indicus. Pharmazie 2001 Mar;56(3):244-6. 20. Sigler P, Saksena R, Deepak D, Khare A. C21 steroidal glycosides from Hemidesmus indicus. Phytochemistry 2000 Aug;54(8):983-7. 21. Deepak D, Srivastava S, Khare A. Pregnane glycosides from Hemidesmus indicus. Phytochemistry 1997 Jan;44(1):145-51. 22. Alam MI, Auddy B, Gomes A. Isolation, purification and partial characterization of viper venom inhibiting factor from the root extract of the Indian medicinal plant sarasaparilla (Hemidesmus indicus R.Br.). Toxicon 1994 Dec;32(12):1551-7. 23. Chandra R, Deepak D, Khare A. Pregnane glycosides from Hemidesmus indicus. Phytochemistry 1994 April;35(6):1545-8. 24. Gupta MM, Verma RK, Misra LN. Terpenoids from Hemidesmus indicus. Phytochemistry 1992;31(11):4036-7. 25. Prakash K, Sethi A, Deepak D, Khare A, Khare MP. Two pregnane glycosides from Hemidesmus indicus. Phytochemistry 1991;30(1):297-9. 26. Oberai K, Khare MP, Khare A. A pregnane ester diglycoside from Hemidesmus indicus. Phytochemistry 1985;24(10):2395-7. 27. Subramanian SS, Nair AGR. Flavonoids of some Asclepiadaceous plants. Phytochemistry 1968 Sept;7(9):1703-4. 28. Iddamaldeniya SS, Thabrew MI, Wickramasinghe SM, Ratnatunge N and Thammitiyagodage MG. A long-term investigation of the antihepatocarcinogenic potential of an indigenous medicine comprised of Nigella sativa, Hemidesmus indicus and Smilax glabra. May;5(1):11.
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BIBLIOGRAPHY 29. Thabrew MI, Mitry RR, Morsy MA and Hughes RD. Cytotoxic effects of a decoction of Nigella sativa, Hemidesmus indicus and Smilax glabra on human hepatoma HepG2 cells. Life Sciences 2005 Aug;77(12):1319-30. 30. Lampronti I, Khan MT, Bianchi N, Ather A, Borgatti M, Vizziello L. et al. Bangladeshi medicinal plant extracts inhibiting molecular interactions between nuclear factors and target DNA sequences mimicking NF-kappaB binding sites. Med Chem. 2005 Jul;1(4):327-33. 31. Sultana S, Alam A, Khan N, Sharma S. Inhibition of cutaneous oxidative stress and two-stage skin carcinogenesis by Hemidesmus indicus (L.) in Swiss albino mice. Indian J Exp Biol 2003 Dec;41(12):1416-23. 32. Iddamaldeniya SS, Wickramasinghe N, Thabrew I, Ratnatunge N, Thammitiyagodage MG. Protection against diethylnitrosoamine-induced hepatocarcinogenesis by an indigenous medicine comprised of Nigella sativa, Hemidesmus indicus and Smilax glabra : a preliminary study. J Carcinog 2003 Oct;2(1):6. 33. Sultana S, Khan N, Sharma S, Alam A.Modulation of biochemical parameters by Hemidesmus indicus in cumene hydroperoxide-induced murine skin: possible role in protection against free radicals-induced cutaneous oxidatve stress and tumor promotion. J Ethnopharmacol 2003 Mar;85(1):33–41. 34. Saravanan N, Nalini N. Hemidesmus indicus protects against ethanol-induced liver toxicity. Cell Mol Biol Lett 2008;13(1):20-37. 35. Saravanan N, Nalini N. Inhibitory effect of Hemidesmus indicus and its active principle 2-hydroxy 4-methoxy benzoic acid on ethanol-induced liver injury. Fundam Clin Pharmacol 2007 Oct;21(5):507-14. 36. Saravanan N, Rajasankar S, Nalini N. Antioxidant effect of 2-Hydroxy-4methoxy benzoic acid on ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. J Pharm Pharmacol 2007 mar;59(3):445-53. 37. Baheti JR, Goyal RK, Shah GB. Hepatoprotective activity of Hemidesmus indicus R. br. in rats. Indian J Exp Biol 2006 May;44(5):399-402.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY 38. Mookan P, Rangasamy A and Thiruvengadam D. Protective effect of Hemidesmus indicus against rifampicin and isoniazid-induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Fitoterapia 2000 Feb;71(1):55-9. 39. Samy RP, Thwin MM, Gopalakrishnakone P, Ignacimuthu S. Ethnobotanical survey of folk plants for the treatment of snakebites in Southern part of Tamilnadu, India. J Ethnopharmacol 2008 Jan;115(2):302-12. 40. Chatterjee I, Chakravarty AK, Gomes A. Daboia russellii and Naja kaouthia venom neutralization by lupeol acetate isolated from the root extract of Indian sarasaparilla Hemidesmus indicus R.Br. J Ethnopharmacol 2006 Jun;106(1):38-43. 41. Alam MI, Gomes A. Adjuvant effects and antiserum action potentiation by a (Herbal) compound 2-Hydroxy-4-methoxy benzoic acid isolated from the root extract of the Indian medicinal plant ‘Sarasaparilla’ (Hemidesmus indicus R.Br.). Toxicon 1998 Oct;36(10):1423-31. 42. Saravanan N, Nalini N. Effect of 2-Hydroxy-4-methoxy benzoic acid on an experimental model of hyperlipidaemia, induced by chronic ethanol treatment. J Pharm Pharmacol 2007 Nov;59(11):1537-42. 43. Kotnis MS, Patel P, Menon SN and Sane RT. Renoprotective effect of Hemidesmus indicus, a herbal drug used in gentamicin-induced renal toxicity. Nephrology (Carlton) 2004 Jun;9(3):142-52. 44. Anoop A and Jegadeesan M. Biochemical studies on the anti-ulcerogenic potential of Hemidesmus indicus R.Br. var. indicus. J Ethnopharmacol 2003 Feb;84(2-3):149-56. 45. Mary NK, Babu BH and Padikkala J. Antiatherogenic effect of Caps HT2, a herbal Ayurvedic medicine formulation. Phytomedicine 2003;10(6-7):474-82. 46. Gupta PN. Antileprotic action of an extract from "Anantamul' (Hemidesmus Indicus R. Br.). Lepr India 1981 Jul;53(3):354-9. 47. Saravanan N, Nalini N. Antioxidant effect of Hemidesmus indicus on ethanolinduced hepatotoxicity in rats. J Med Food 2007 Dec;10(4):675-82. 48. Saravanan N, Nalini N. Impact of Hemidesmus indicus R.Br. extract on ethanol-mediated oxidative damage in rat kidney. Redox Rep 2007;12(5):22935.
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BIBLIOGRAPHY 49. Lakshman K, Shivaprasad HN, Jaiprakash B and Mohan S. Anti-inflammatory and antipyretic activities of Hemidesmus indicus root extract. African Journal of Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicines 2006;3(1):90-4. 50. Mary NK, Achuthan CR, Babu BH and Padikkala J. In vitro antioxidant and antithrombotic activity of Hemidesmus indicus (L) R.Br. J Ethnopharmacol 2003 Aug;87(2-3):187-91. 51. Jain A and Basal E. Inhibition of Propionibacterium acnes-induced mediators of inflammation by Indian herbs. Phytomedicine 2003;10(1):34-8. 52. Ravishankara MN, Shrivastava N, Padh H and Rajani M. Evaluation of antioxidant properties of root bark of Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. (Anantmul). Phytomedicine 2002;9(2):153-60. 53. Verma PR, Joharapurkar AA, Chatpalliwar VA and Asnani AJ. Antinociceptive activity of alcoholic extract of Hemidesmus indicus R.Br. in mice. J Ethnopharmacol 2005 Nov;102(2):298-301. 54. Alam MI and Gomes A. Viper venom-induced inflammation and inhibition of free radical formation by pure compound (2-hydroxy-4-methoxy benzoic acid) isolated and purified from anantamul (Hemidesmus indicus R.Br) root extract. Toxicon 1998 Jan;36(1):207-15. 55. Lakshman K, Jayaprakash B and Joshi H. Comparative Antiinflammatory Activity Studies of Four Species of Sariva. Indian J Pharm Sci 2005;67(4):481-2. 56. Das S and Devaraj SN. Protective role of Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. root extract against Salmonella typhimurium-induced cytotoxicity in Int 407 cell line. Phytother Res 2007 Dec;21(12):1209-16. 57. Ahmad I and Aqil F. In vitro efficacy of bioactive extracts of 15 medicinal plants against ESbetaL-producing multidrug-resistant enteric bacteria. Microbiol Res 2007 Jul;162(3):264-75. 58. Aqil F and Ahmad I. Antibacterial properties of traditionally used Indian medicinal plants. Methods Find Exp Clin Pharmacol. 2007 Mar;29(2):79-92.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY 59. Aqil F, Ahmad I and Owais M. Evaluation of anti-methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) activity and synergy of some bioactive plant extracts. Biotechnol J 2006 Oct;1(10):1093-102. 60. Das S and Devaraj SN. Glycosides derived from Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. root inhibit adherence of Salmonella typhimurium to host cells: receptor mimicry. Phytother Res 2006 Sep;20(9):784-93. 61. Das S and Devaraj SN. Antienterobacterial activity of Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. root extract. Phytother Res 2006 May;20(5):416-21. 62. Das S, Prakash R and Devaraj SN. Antidiarrhoeal effects of methanolic root extract of Hemidesmus indicus (Indian sarsaparilla)--an in vitro and in vivo study. Indian J Exp Biol 2003 Apr;41(4):363-6. 63. Lakshman K, Jaiprakash B. Comparative Antimicrobial activity of four sources of Ayurvedic drug ‘Sariva’. Indian J Nat Prod 2006;22(4):34-5. 64. Atal CK, Sharma ML, Kaul A and Khajuria A. Immunomodulating agents of plant origin. I: Preliminary screening. J Ethnopharmacol 1986 Nov;18(2):13341. 65. Chakraborty D, Sircar D and Mitra A. Phenylalanine ammonia-lyase-mediated biosynthesis of 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde in roots of Hemidesmus indicus. J Plant Physiol 2007 Nov;(Article in press,corrected proof.). 66. Chandra Sekhar K, Kamala CT, Chary NS, Balaram V, and Garcia G. Potential of Hemidesmus indicus for phytoextraction of lead from industrially contaminated soils. Chemosphere 2005 Jan;58(4):507-14. 67. Chandra Sekhar K, Kamala CT, Chary NS, Sastry AR, Nageswara Rao T and Vairamani M. Removal of lead from aqueous solutions using an immobilized biomaterial derived from a plant biomass. J Hazard Matar 2004 Apr 30;108(12):111-7. 68. Evans DA, Rajasekharan S and Subramoniam A. Enhancement in the absorption of water and electrolytes from rat intestine by Hemidesmus indicus R. Br. root (water extract). Phytother Res 2004 Jul;18(7):511-5. 69. Sekar T and Francis K. Some plant species screened for energy, hydrocarbons and phytochemicals. Bioresource technol 1998 Sept;65(3):257-9.
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BIBLIOGRAPHY 70. Wagner H and Bladt S. Plant drug analysis. 2nd ed. Berlin: Springer; 1996. 71. Houghton PJ and Raman A. Laboratory handbook for the fractionation of natural extracts. 1st ed. London: Chapman and Hall; 1998. 72. http://www.chemnetbase.com [Cited on 14/4/08] 73. Kasture AV, Mahadik KR, Wadodkar SG and More HN. Pharmaceutical analysis-II. 15th ed. Pune: Nirali prakashan; 2006.

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