1). "There 's daggers in men's smiles" (2.

3) Speaker – Donalbain to Malcolm
This line is spoken by Donalbain immediately after it is discovered that King Duncan has been murdered. He and his brother Malcolm are planning to flee to seperate countries because they recognize that someone in that house had killed their father, and would probably want to kill them too. Donalbain recognizes that although everyone at Macbeth's castle seems to be friendly toward them and their father, someone obviously was hiding a 'dagger' behind their 'smile' of friendship. Since Donalbain says this line, after his father's death, it means he distrusts Macbeth's show of mourning/ sympathy. Donalbain is speaking to Malcom. Both are King Duncan's sons. Macbeth, to steer attention away from himself after murdering Duncan, has killed the grooms that had accompanied Duncan and his sons to Macbeth's castle. He falsely accuses the groomsmen of Duncan's murder. Macbeth simulates great grief but the son sees through him. This is why Donalbain cautions, "There's daggers in men's smiles." Fearing that he and his brother will suffer the same fate as his father and the groomsmen, the pair flee the country.

A SMILE IS SO DECEIVING 2). "what 's done is done" (3.2 8-12)
Lady Macbeth's soothing words are odd, to say the least, coming from a conspirator. She intends her blandishments to calm her husband, who's having more trouble than she forgetting that he murdered King Duncan. She means by "what's done, is done" exactly what we mean by it today—"there's no changing the past, so forget about it." Neither then nor now is the psychology of this advice very sophisticated, but the Lady isn't trying to be profound. She's merely trying to treat Macbeth's guilty hallucinations with the blandest possible palliative. When Lady Macbeth herself succumbs to guilty dreams, she will sing the same tune, but in a different key. Sleepwalking, as has become her wont, she mutters, as if to Macbeth, "What's done cannot be undone" (Act 5, scene 1, 68).

"I dare do all that may become a man; Who dares do more is none" (1.7.46) 3). "Fair is foul, and foul is fair" (1.1.13)
Macbeth according to Wilson Knight is a study in evil and darkness. The witches are the agents of evil and foul in the play. To the witches fair and foul are same. As Satan in Milton regarded ‘Evil’ as his ‘Good’, the witches too regarded ‘foul’ is their ‘fair’. This is riddle and the witches speak in riddles and paradoxes as they are mysterious beings of the universe. In the very opening of the play the witches appear in storm and rain and plan to have the rendezvous with Macbeth. As the three witches leave, they chant a witchly chant: "Fair is foul, and foul is fair: / Hover through the fog and filthy air" (1.1.1112). As creatures of the night and the devil, they like whatever is "foul" and hate the "fair." So they will "hover" in the fog, and in the dust and dirt of battle, waiting for the chance to do evil. Fair is Foul and Foul is Fair" is a paradox, a statement that appears to be contadictory but actually expresses the truth. The witches are foul, but they give fair advice. Macbeth seems like a hero, but he is a plotter and dastard. It is quite interesting to note that the words of the witches will have an echo in Macbeth’s “So foul and fair a day I have not seen”. Macbeth utters these words at the very first time he enters the stage. This shows the evil connection between Macbeth and the witches. This is suggestive of the psychological depravity of Macbeth who means that the day is foul because it is stormy and fair because he has won the battle against King of Norway and Thane of Cawdor. In the use of the language of witches, Shakespeare shows a great mastery. The witches speak in Trochaic meter and Macbeth speaks in the Iambic.

suggests that a "sticking place" is "the mark to which a soldier screwed up the cord of a crossbow. Lady Macbeth is more inclined to murderous blood than nurturing milk. but for the lack of illness in his character without which no such high ambition is materialised: Glamis thou art. and also the king of Scotland. Lady Macbeth is ambitious.5. He asks.4). she insists that. It is too full o' the milk of human kindness" (1. this place can be a "sticking place" because it will hold his courage like glue will hold something stuck to it. Macbeth would be the thane of Cawdor. is to murder King Duncan. and Cawdor. Macbeth must be brave. she wouldn't have hesitated to take her own baby "while it was smiling in my face" and to "Have pluck'd my nipple from his boneless gums. they have only one opportunity to eliminate him. The first half of the prophecy has already come true. "If we should fail?" This response is a pun because it offers two meanings. "Yet do I fear thy nature. and Lady Macbeth is in a hurry to make sure the second half comes true too." Whether the metaphor is musical. when we use the phrase to approve someone's compassion. "Screw your courage" can also metaphorically mean to anchor his courage as if he were taking a screw or nail to hold it in place. as we might say. after impugning her husband's manliness. she is telling him to focus his attention ("screw your courage") on killing the king by her reference to the "sticking place. in act1 sc. but he can't stop thinking of all the consequences the deed might not trammel up [see THE BE-ALL AND THE END-ALL]. Lady Macbeth does not want her husband to hesitate or question the plan further. on the other hand. to "screw up his courage. Above all. goading the hesitant Macbeth. if she had sworn to do it. Lady Macbeth's meaning is obvious though her words are obscure: "tighten up your courage until it is fixed in the place necessary for the murder of Duncan." the place the knife will enter his body. martial. and shalt be . Lady Macbeth is all set to play the role of a loyal wife standing by her husband's desires as endorsed by the supernatural agency. (1. urges him.7. he and his wife have agreed to kill King Duncan of Scotland.54) Macbeth still has cold feet." Lady Macbeth is trying to bolster her husband's courage because he is hesitant to kill King Duncan. we reverse the original sentiment. and later would ascend the throne.16-17) To Lady Macbeth. The editor of The Riverside Shakespeare. the "milk of human kindness" is distasteful stuff—no self-respecting man has any use for it." A charming woman. The quoted lines occur in Lady Macbeth's first speech. And we'll not fail. Lady Macbeth. Later./ And dash'd the brains out. On receiving her husband's letter in which Macbeth confides to Lady Macbeth how the witches predicted about his future. As fluids go. and fears that her milky husband lacks the mettle to grab the Scottish crown in the most expeditious manner. or otherwise." The OED suggests that Lady Macbeth's original words refer to the twisting of a tuning peg until it becomes set in its hole. She hatches this plot—which had independently occurred to Macbeth as well—when he writes home that three witches have prophesied that he would be created "thane" (lord) of Cawdor. Therefore. "The nearest way. Duncan will spend only one night at Inverness. a soliloquy. Screw your courage to the sticking-place." as she sees it. First.5.

the murders they committed cannot harm them. presumably. This is Lady Macbeth's reading of her husband's natural self. scene 1. asserting that as long as her and her husband’s power is secure. `` You want to be powerful. specifically Duncan’s blood.10) Three Scottish witches are going about their business—tossing poisoned entrails. You don’t want to cheat.What thou art promis'd : yet do I fear thy nature. "Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood clean from my hand? No.2. "Double.2. too. this is one of the few moments in the play when a major character—save for the witches. “What need we fear who knows it when none can call our power to account?” she asks. “Hell is murky. The witches are conjuring up a spell on Macbeth. Now. bubble. damned spot! out. she too sees blood. “A little water clears us of this deed” (2. When Macbeth believed his hand was irreversibly bloodstained earlier in the play. She uses the metaphor of 'milk'.” she says.65).65). yet you want what doesn’t belong to you.) The enormity of Macbeth’s crime has awakened in him a powerful sense of guilt that will hound him throughout the play. an inspiring little number in tetrameter (four accents per line). Lady Macbeth’s response to this speech will be her prosaic remark. And her delusion that there is a bloodstain on her hand furthers the play’s use of blood as a symbol of guilt. but you don’t have the mean streak that these things call for. as she sleepwalks through Macbeth’s castle on the eve of his battle against Macduff and Malcolm. which seems to promise doom. he imagines hands plucking out his eyes in retribution for the murder of Duncan. 7). she possessed a stronger resolve and sense of purpose than her husband and was the driving force behind their plot to kill Duncan. toil and trouble. often. “A little water clears us of this deed” (2. implying that she already knows that darkness . She suspects that because of too much of human sympathy Macbeth would not be able to 'catch the nearest way' which is Lady Macbeth's euphemism for the murder of Duncan--a shortcut to the throne. But her guilt-racked state and her mounting madness show how hollow her words are.1. (In fact.1) These words are spoken by Lady Macbeth in Act 5. to pile up toil and trouble until they "double"—yielding twice the toil and double the trouble for Macbeth. Fire burn. The collective memory has clouded somewhat. She is completely undone by guilt and descends into madness. By the end of the play. lines 55–61. who will indeed eventually destroy Macbeth. He has already begun to hallucinate: here. even if the blood can be washed from his hands. and the crime was accompanied by supernatural portents." which makes even less sense than the original. He has just murdered Duncan.61) Macbeth has come to recognize that his guilt can never be washed off. it being a natural health drink for man. the person knocking is Macduff. Her inability to sleep was foreshadowed in the voice that her husband thought he heard while killing the king—a voice crying out that Macbeth was murdering sleep. Instead. 6). It may be a reflection of her mental and emotional state that she is not speaking in verse. "Double. Earlier in the play. double toil and trouble. Blood. a human virtue. does the army outside her castle. who speak in four-foot couplets—strays from iambic pentameter.2. serves as the symbol of that guilt. Now he hears a mysterious knocking on his gate. his guilt will poison the world around him... nevertheless. It is too full o' the milk of human kindness To catch the nearest way. with their spells. Therefore she must 'chastise' him with 'the valour' of her 'tongue'. I say!" (5. She believes that Macbeth is all too saturated with sympathy or kindness which is. The witches are actually trying. toe of frog. scene 2. however. `` 5). So. eye of newt. Macbeth says this in Act 2. Lady Macbeth had told him. making the green one red" (2. and Macbeth’s sense that “all great Neptune’s ocean” cannot cleanse him—that there is enough blood on his hands to turn the entire sea red—will stay with him until his death. The things you want to do. you want to do like a good man. and cauldron bubble" (4. however. and you don’t lack ambition. this my hand will rather the multitudinous seas incarnadine. double toil and trouble" is part of the refrain to their demonic incantation. lines 30–34. "Out. she will share Macbeth’s sense that Duncan’s murder has irreparably stained them with blood. this refrain comes to mind in the jumbled form "Bubble. which he compares to an ocean. into a cauldron—while awaiting a visit from the man they said would be king: Macbeth. and such.

Macbeth doesn't want to kill King Duncan. . who cackle with glee over their evil plans. but it occurs when you are told to look like time.1) "When shall we three meet again in thunder.5) a good one would be. You have personification in the time quote because you are urged to flatter time and that could only be done if time were a person.. Personification in 'innocent' flower as only humans possess that quality. also. They set a brooding stage for their encounter with Macbeth. to murdering the king. He figures that if being king is his destiny. you can easily deal with. this tells us that Macbeth is definitely not innocent. "Look like the innocent flower. she is trying to say look and be pure in the eyes of the king and his men "look like" the choice of word being like. have created their own hell. Macbeth may still have to do it himself. lady Macbeth says that to Mr Macbeth. "If chance will have me king. they were living in a patriarchal society. but be the serpent under't". 8). 10). When the battle 's lost and won" (1. your tongue.1) With these words Macbeth begins. will return later in the play to complete the final marriage of chaos and murder. 9). why. "serpent".12). This trio of howling. There is a subterfuge in the flower. but Lady Macbeth would have him murder all of Scotland to get his crown! Macbeth's weak defense against his imagination is the hope that if destiny ("chance") will have him to be king. The pair.." (1. he's referring to the weird sisters' prediction that he will be king. and he won't have to lift a finger.. or in rain? When the hurlyburly 's done. The flower also masks the evil presence of the snake.as in the flower and serpent. There is a reverse personification there also. chance may crown me" (1. But notice the subjunctive mood of "may": chance maytake care of the business. the Weird Sisters.intimately. because at the time. coming from Adam and Eve. look like the innocent flower.. the shakespearean audience would of being shocked. where they are tormented by guilt and insanity. in their destructive power. then destiny will do the dirty work. This dark tragedy opens with three of the most memorable characters in literature. shrieking witches. so all this shows us that lady macbeth is driving her ambition onto macbeth. so this shows us that lady Macbeth is trying to influence him. but then again. "your hand. witches who stir their cauldron and conjure up curses and predictions ("Fair is foul and foul is fair. he doesn't have to do anything ("without my stir") to make it happen. a Scottish warlord who aspires to be King. They agree to meet again later that evening on the heath which Macbeth will cross as he returns from battle.3) Macbeth to Banquo By "chance" (fortune). but be the serpent under 't." I.. "All the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand" (5. Chance may crown him without his stirring in his own service.haven't any idea what its technical term is. lightning. as innocence is concealing the master of deceit. Nature. meaning that men were more dominant and superior than women. You could also do something with 'mask' here as you are masking yourself to look like time in order to enchant her. During this meeting they set into motion a course of events that will lead to Macbeth's tragic downfall. the serpent meaning the devil. i. ugly evil hags. is a simile.

Shakespeare's Macbeth is notable for hallucinations. a poor player that struts and frets his hour upon the stage and then is heard no more: it is a tale told by an idiot.” and a “poisoned chalice”—and suggests that Macbeth is aware of how the murder would open the door to a dark and sinful world. brief candle! Life's but a walking shadow. Lady Macbeth. out. Those dramatic elements would be lost if the dagger was not included. Our life is but a walking shadow(nothing we really see in substance until perhaps it is too late) a poor player (we are all bad actors." (1. and the only way Shakespeare could introduce it into the play was to make it invisible to the audience and revealed through Macbeth's talking to it.” “deep damnation. He is wondering if this vision is real. full of sound and fury. He goes on to comment on the wickedness of the world. a signal from Lady Macbeth that Duncan's guards are drugged and sleeping." He starts the monologue with one of the most famous lines from this play.. The handle toward my hand? Come. by the strength of her will. let me clutch thee:-I have thee not. and falls on the other. 12). terrifying dreams. return / To plague th’inventor. He goes off to complete the dire deed. scene 7.5) Macbeth utters these words shortly after he is told that his wife. Macbeth’s fear that “[w]e still have judgement here. Still. As the soliloquy ends." something created in his imagination "a false creation. being taught. and yet I see thee still. we are reminded of just how grave an outrage it is for the couple to slaughter their ruler while he is a guest in their house. The destruction that comes from unchecked ambition will continue to be explored as one of the play’s themes. he speaks this famous soliloquy. but this resolve will only last until his wife returns and once again convinces him. At the same time. As Macbeth is walking towards Duncan's chamber to murder him. The handle toward my hand?" (2. However. has died. to go ahead with their plot. and his mind races with thoughts of such evil action. "Is this a dagger which I see before me." (5. which will be his instrument of murder. which o'erleaps itself. or merely "a dagger of the mind.1) Macbeth has made his decision to kill the King and take the crown as his own. which is found in Act 1. but only vaulting ambition. 13).” suddenly seems an insufficient justification for the act. “ambition. "Out. He begins to hallucinate and sees a bloody dagger in the air.” foreshadows the way that his deeds will eventually come back to haunt him. he admits that his only reason for committing murder. witches. it's appearance adds suspense to the story. The imagery in this speech is dark—we hear of “bloody instructions. When he lists Duncan’s noble qualities (he “[h]ath borne his faculties so meek”) and the loyalty that he feels toward his king (“I am his kinsman and his subject”). lines 1–28. really) being fleeting and short.myself and my wife especially) that struts and frets his hour upon the stage and then is heard no more (we act upon the stage of life strutting and fretting and then we are gone--none of us are all that important and we are quickly and easily forgotten). Inspired in part by his own ambition. and it allows us to get inside Macbeth's mind. He is speaking of her life (the life of all humans." The “heat oppressed brain” speaks to Macbeth’s confusion on which course of action to pursue. the decision to murder Duncan is aided by the prophecies of the Witches as well as the insistent urging of his wife. coupled with the insistence of his controlling wife. Macbeth has been forced to make a very difficult decision. Macbeth debates whether he should kill Duncan.7) In this soliloquy. is telling him to kill the King and claim the throne. Duncan has been a fine king and has done Macbeth no harm. that we but teach / Bloody instructions which. prophecies and all of the combining forces of nature which lead to chaos and murder in the gloomy countryside of Scotland.11). "I have no spur to prick the sides of my intent. Macbeth is wracked with guilt over what he is about to do. to kill the king or disobey his wife and own desires. It is a tale told by an idiot (the story is . Macbeth seems to resolve not to kill Duncan. "Is this a dagger which I see before me. Macbeth’s own ambition (brought about by the witches prophecies). thoughts which are interrupted by the ringing of the bell. signifying nothing.. The dagger foreshadows and emphasizes the violence to come. At the same time. He "sees" a dagger floating in the air pointing towards and leading the way to Duncan's room.

ne'er pull your hat upon your brows. (4.. but he can not show this to the world or he will be called on it..told by a fool. that Malcom says to Macduff after Macduff is informed by Ross of the death of his family and it simply means that you shouldn't bottle things up because they are going grow as a burden and break you. Security Is mortals' chiefest enemy.. nothing important has been said. and bids it break. (1. "False face must hide"--put on an act and pretend to be something you are not (a mask of sorts) "what a false heart doth know"--his heart knows the truth of who he is and what he is planning 15). Now. The quote means that Macbeth will put on a 'false face' or pretend to look happy and normal to cover for his 'false heart' or heart that is betraying his king. (2.myself included.since I was led around by my wife and encouraged by the witches) full of sound and fury (while it's being told it sounds good--full of passion. Was by a mousing owl hawked at and killed. False face must hide what the false heart doth know..82) Macbeth and Lady Macbeth have just gone over the plan to kill Duncan. The balance between good and evil has been tipped in favor of evil with Macbeth's heinous crime against a divinely appointed king. A falcon. 16). 14).12) Old Man Says this to Ross An owl has killed a mighty falcon. full of excitement--but once the words are uttered there isn't much too it) signifying nothing (there are many words but in the end. Ross discusses with the old man about the unnatural occurrences that have both men afraid.and breaks it . Act 4. This quote falls nicely into the "appearance vs reality" theme where Macbeth knows what he will do to further his ambition and become King. Nature is out of sync because of Duncan's murder. they have to go about business as usual without letting anyone know about their plan.7. Give sorrow words: the grief that does not speak Whispers the o'er-fraught heart. I believe.3. What! man.4.209) This is a line from Macbeth.5.32) Hecate is saying that Macbeth's belief that he is untouchable will ultimately result in his downfall. It is all for nothing and changes nothing). his false hopes of being indestructible will be his undoing.toys with the deeply troubled heart And bids it break. 17). Sharing might help. (3. The grief that does not speak -the grief that is not shared and expressed in words Whispers the o'er-fraught heart. towering in her pride of place. Scene 3.

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