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Homework

11.1 1. (a) If f (x) and g(x) have period p, show that h(x) = af (x)+bg(x)(a, b, constant) has the period p. (b) If f (x) has period p, show that f (x/a), a = 0, is a periodic function of x of period ap. 2. Find the Fourier series of the given periodic function f (x) of period 2: (a) (b)

(c) f (x) = x2 (0 < x < 2)

(d) f (x) =

4x if 4x if

<x<0 . 0<x<

3. Using Problem 2, nd the sum of the series. 1 1 n1 (a) (1) (b) 2n 1 (2n 1)2 n=1 n=1

(c)
n=1

1 n2

11.2 1. (a) Find the Fourier series of the function f (x) = 1(2 < x < 0), f (x) = 1(0 < x < 2), of the period p = 4. (b) Find the Fourier series of the f (x) = sin x(0 < x < 1), of the period p = 1. (c) Find the Fourier series of the f (x) = x2 (1 x 1), of the period p = 2, and calculate 1 n1 1 (1) , . 2 n n2 n=1 n=1 2. Show that the identity cos3 x = 3 cos x+ 1 cos 3x can be interpreted as the Fourier 4 4 series expansion. 11.3 1. Is the given function f (x) even or odd? Find its Fourier series. (a) f (x) = 2x|x| (1 < x < 1), f (x + 2) = f (x) (b) f (x) = e|x| ( < x < ), f (x + 2) = f (x)
Computational Science & Engineering (CSE) C. K. Ko

Homework 2. Find the two half-range expansions of the functions. 0 if 0 < x < 2 (a) f (x) = 2 x (0 < x < 2) (b) f (x) = . 1 if 2 < x < 4 11.4 1. (a) Show that

(b) Let f (x) = 1 +

2 if n = m einx eimx dx = . 0 if n = m 9 ( 2)n einx . Calculate f (x)f (x)dx. n=1 cn einx for all < x < , nd the coecients cn , and calcu-

(c) If f (x) = x =
n=

late
n=

|cn |2 .

2. Find the complex Fourier series of the function f (x) = x2 ( < x < ), and obtain from it the usual Fourier series. 3. Show that the complex Fourier coecients of an even function are real and those of an odd function are pure imaginary. 11.6 1. Find the trigonometric polynomial
N

F (x) = A0 +
n=1

(An cos nx + Bn sin nx)

for which the square error with respect to the function f (x) on the interval x is minimum, and compute the minimum value for N = 2. (a) f (x) = x ( < x < ) (b) f (x) = |x| ( < x < ) 2. Using Parsevals identity and the given function f (x) of period 2, show that 2 1 0 if < x < /2, /2 < x < .) (a) = (Use f (x) = 1 if /2 < x < /2 (2n 1)2 8 n=1

(b)
n=1

4 1 = (2n 1)4 96

(Use f (x) =

x + if x if

<x<0 .) 0<x<

(c)
n=1

1 2 1 = (2n 1)2 (2n + 1)2 16 2

(Use f (x) = | sin x|( < x < ).)

Computational Science & Engineering (CSE)

C. K. Ko

Homework 11.7 1. Show that

if 0 cos xw+w sin xw (a) 0 dw = /2 if 1+w2 x e if x/2 (sin ww cos w) sin xw (b) 0 dw = /4 w2 0 cos x (c) 0 cos(w/2) 2cos xw dw = 2 1w 0

x<0 x=0 . x>0 if 0 < x < 1 . if x = 1 if x > 1 if |x| < /2 . if |x| /2 x 0 sin x 0
2

2.(a) Find the Fourier cosine integral of f (x) = (b) Find the Fourier sine integral of f (x) =
0 A(w) cos wxdw, 1 a

if 0 < x < 1 . if x > 1 if 0 < x < . if x >


0 f (v) cos wvdv.

3. Let f (x) = (a) f (ax) =

where A(w) = (a > 0)

Show that

w 0 A( a ) cos wxdw

(b) x2 f (x) =

2 [ d A ] cos xwdw. 0 dw2

11.9 1. Find the Fourier transform of f (x). e2ix if 1<x<1 (a) f (x) = 0 if otherwise

(b) f (x) =

x 0

if

0<x<1 otherwise

2. (a) Show that if f (x) has a Fourier transform, so does f (xa), and F[f (xa)] = eiwa F[f (x)]. (b) Show that if f (w) is the Fourier transform of f (x), then f (w a) is the Fourier transform of eiax f (x). w2 2 (c) Using f (w) = 1 e 4a , where f (x) = eax , a > 0, nd the Fourier transform of 2a f (x) = (2x 3)e2x
2

+4x+5

3. (a) Find the discrete Fourier transform of the signal f = [1, 2, 6, 4]T . (b) Using the fast Fourier transform, solve (a).

Computational Science & Engineering (CSE)

C. K. Ko