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All charts in AS2200-2006, have been developed using the formulae below:

g = Gravity = 9.81 m/s2


v = kinematic viscosity of water = 1.010E-06 m2/s
k = Colebrook-White roughness coeff = 0.015 mm = 1.500E-05 m
D = Inside diameter = 300 mm = 0.300 m
S = Slope, in metres per metre = 4.000% = 0.0400 m/m
= (Hydraulic Gradient)
V = Velocity = 4.38 m/s
Discharge:
Q = V x A A = 0.071 m2
Q = 0.3093 m/s = 309.3 L/s
Note:
Depending on the required conditions, use the "Solver" routine to find the un-known
Tip: If you try to find only 1 unknown, the others will be found automatically
DO NOT use solver to find a cell with a formulae. It will write over the formulae.
Instead ONLY allow solver to change either k, D or S
eg., If we only know g v k D & Q and we need to find S & V
then all we need to do is find S (using Solver).
Colebrook-White Formula
( )
( )
0.5
0.5
2.5
2 2 log
3.7
2
k = Colebrook-White roughness coefficient, in metres
V = velocity, in metres per second
D = circular cross-section pipe, inside diameter, in metres
S = slope,
k
V gDS
D
D gDS
v
| |
|
= +
|
\ .
in metres per metre
= kinematic viscosity of water, in square metres per second.
= 4.000 m/100m = 1 : 25
Pipe Material Typical values for k, mm
Copper, Copper alloys, Stainless Steel 0.015
All Plastic Piplines having a smooth (non-profiled) internal bore 0.015
Fibre-reinforced concrete (FRC) 0.15
Cast iron, ductile iron, galvanised steel and malleable cast iron 0.6
Vitrified clay, precast concrete 0.6
Corrugated aluminium and steel 3.0
Colebrook-White Roughness Coefficient (k)