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Micrograph of magnetic nanocomposites based on microporous hypercrosslinked polystyrene MCPS-100E (a, b) and MN200 biporous commercial sorbent MMN200 (c, d).

ISSN 1062-8738, Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences: Physics, 2009, Vol. 73, No. 4, pp. 471–473. © Allerton Press, Inc., 2009. Original Russian Text © A.V. Pastukhov, V.A. Davankov, V.V. Volkov, K.A. Dembo, Y.V. Zubavichus, A.A. Korlyukov, A.G. Filatova, 2009, published in Izvestiya Rossiiskoi Akademii Nauk. Seriya Fizicheskaya, 2009, Vol. 73, No. 4, pp. 496–498.

Magnetic Nanocomposites Based on Hypercrosslinked Polystyrenes
A. V. Pastukhova, V. A. Davankova, V. V. Volkovb, K. A. Dembob, Y. V. Zubavichusa, A. A. Korlyukova, and A. G. Filatovac
e-mail:avpastukhov@mail.ru
a Nesmeyanov Institute of Organoelement Compounds, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Vavilova 28, Moscow, 119991 Russia b c

Shubnikov Institute of Crystallography, Russian Academy of Sciences, Leninskii pr. 59, Moscow, 119333 Russia Semenov Institute of Chemical Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences, ul. Kosygina 4, Moscow, 119991 Russia Abstract—Magnetic sorbents (composites with inclusions of iron oxide nanoparticles in a polymer matrix), which can be used to remove toxic compounds by the magnetic separation method, have been developed on the basis of hypercrosslinked polystyrenes. Composites based on gel-type hypercrosslinked polystyrenes contain nanoparticles with a radius of ~3 nm, while biporous hypercrosslinked polystyrenes (with micro- and macropores) contain nanoparticles with a radius of ~8.5 nm (mainly magnetite). Macropores with a radius of ~50 nm have been revealed in biporous hypercrosslinked polystyrenes. DOI: 10.3103/S1062873809040078

Incorporation of various inorganic compounds into organic polymers is used to obtain nanohybrid composites having a peculiar complex of properties [1]. In this paper, we report the results of studying new polymer inorganic nanocomposites (magnetic sorbents obtained by chemical deposition of iron oxides in pores of hypercrosslinked polystyrene sorbents). CPS-100E hypercrosslinked polystyrene, obtained by cross linking of gel type styrene copolymer with 0.3% divinylbenzene with monochlorodimethyl ether (0.5 mol per 1 mol of styrene fragments) [2] and commercial sorbent MN200 of biporous structure (micropores and macropores with radii of ~0.7 nm and ~50 nm, respectively) (Purolite, the United Kingdom) [3] were used as polymer matrices. Magnetic sorbents based on these polymers are denoted as MCPS-100E and MMN200, respectively. The main properties of the initial polymers and their magnetic composites are listed in the table. Electron microscopy analysis of cleavage surfaces of the polymer composites with iron oxides was per-

formed on a JSM-5300 microscope (Jeol, Japan). A secondary-electron pattern was recorded, with subsequent digital processing of the image. X-ray diffraction patterns of samples of hypercrosslinked polystyrenes and composites with iron oxides were recorded on automatic DRON-3 and Bruker D8 Advance diffractometers in reflection Bragg–Brentano geometry (CuKα radiation with λ = 1.5418 Å, graphite monochromator in the secondary beam path, generator mode 36 kV × 20 mA, θ/2θ scanning with a rate of 1° min–1 and step 0.05°). Measurements of X-ray scattering intensity (smallangle scattering) on the samples of hypercrosslinked polystyrenes and composites with iron oxides were performed using an automatic small-angle AMUR-K X-ray diffractometer with a single-axis position-sensitive OD3 detector, at the fixed radiation wavelength λ = 0.1542 nm (CuKα line of a fine-focus tube with a copper anode, pyrolytic graphite monochromator), and a Kratky collimation system. The X-ray beam cross section was 0.2 × 8 mm2, the range of scattering angles cor-

Physical properties of polymer sorbents and magnetic nanocomposites on their basis Polymer CPS-100E MCPS-100E MN200 MMN200 Fe, wt % – 9.4–10.2 – 8.7–8.9 Sin , m2 g–1 1000 200 1100 1200 Specific saturation magnetization, G cm3 g–1 – 4.0 ± 0.8 – 6.8 ± 1.4 471 Maximum absorption, ml g–1 water 1.2–1.3 0.4 1.48 1.48 ethanol 2.7 0.97 1.58 1.38 Volume swelling degree ethanol 2.42 1.6 1.17 1.16

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