This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Peak Inverse Voltage.doc

1/6

**Peak Inverse Voltage
**

bridge rectifier and the fullwave rectifier both provide full-wave rectification. Yet, the bridge rectifier use 4 junction diodes, whereas the full-wave rectifier only uses 2. Why would we ever want to use the bridge rectifier?

A: First, a slight confession—the results we derived for the bridge and full-wave rectifiers are not precisely correct! Recall that we used the junction diode CVD model to determine the transfer function of each rectifier circuit. The problem is that the CVD model does not predict junction diode breakdown! If the source voltage vS becomes too large, the junction diodes can in fact breakdown—but the transfer functions we derived do not reflect this fact! Q: You mean that we must Q: I’m so confused! The

rework our analysis and find new transfer functions!?

Jim Stiles

The Univ. of Kansas

Dept. of EECS

7 Of course.e. Our job as engineers is to design a rectifier that avoids it—that why the bridge rectifier is helpful! To see why. consider the voltage across a reversed biased junction diode in each of our rectifier circuit designs. the largest junction diode voltage occurs when in forward bias: max v D = 0 .9/13/2005 Peak Inverse Voltage..: min vD = −2A + 0.7 V Jim Stiles The Univ.E. I. Breakdown is an undesirable mode for circuit rectification.7 = −2vS + 0. we find that diode voltage is at it most negative (i. assuming that the source voltage is a sine wave vS = A sin ωt .. of EECS . Recall that the voltage across a reverse biased ideal diode in the full-wave rectifier design was: i vD 2 = −2vS so that the voltage across the junction diode is approximately: i vD = vD + 0. breakdown danger!) when the source voltage is at its maximum value A.doc 2/6 A: Fortunately no.7 Now. of Kansas Dept.

7 ) nearly twice as large as the source magnitude A. Jim Stiles The Univ. of Kansas Dept. why do we need to determine PIV? I’m not sure I see what difference this value makes. of EECS .9/13/2005 Peak Inverse Voltage. with min an absolute value ( vD = 2A − 0.7 vD(t) t −2A + 0. We call the absolute value of the minimum diode voltage the Peak Inverse Voltage (PIV): min PIV = vD Note that this value is dependent on both the rectifier design and the magnitude of the source voltage vS.7 vS(t) Note that this minimum diode voltage vD is very negative. Q: So.doc 3/6 v A 0.

of Kansas Dept.e. The rectifier will NOT operate properly! if PIV is greater than VZK ? How do we fix this problem? Q: So what do we do A: We have two possible solutions: 1. of EECS .9/13/2005 Peak Inverse Voltage.doc 4/6 A: The Peak Inverse Voltage answers one important question—will the junction diodes in our rectifier breakdown? If the PIV is less than the Zener breakdown voltage of our rectifier diodes (i. if PIV >VZK ). Q: The bridge rectifier! How would that solve our breakdown problem? Jim Stiles The Univ. Use junction diodes with larger values of VZK (if they exist!). then we know that our junction diodes will remain in either forward or reverse bias for all time t. then we know that our junction diodes will breakdown for at least some small amount of time t. if the PIV is greater than the Zener breakdown voltage of our rectifier diodes (i.e. if PIV <VZK ). Use the bridge rectifier design. The rectifier will operate “properly”! However.. 2..

First.7 = −vS + 0.doc 5/6 A: To see how a bridge rectifier can be useful. of Kansas Dept.7 Of course.E... I.: min vD = −A + 0. let’s determine its Peak Inverse Voltage PIV.7 V Jim Stiles The Univ. breakdown danger!) when the source voltage is at its maximum value A. we find that diode voltage is at it most negative (i.9/13/2005 Peak Inverse Voltage.7 Now. we recall that the voltage across the reverse biased ideal diodes was: i vD = −vS so that the voltage across the junction diode is approximately: i vD = vD + 0. assuming that the source voltage is a sine wave vS = A sin ωt . of EECS .e. the largest junction diode voltage occurs when in forward bias: max vD = 0.

doc 6/6 v A 0.9/13/2005 Peak Inverse Voltage. with min an absolute value ( vD = A − 0. the source voltage (and the output DC component) of a bridge rectifier can be twice that of the full-wave rectifier design—this is why the bridge rectifier is a very useful rectifier design! Jim Stiles The Univ. of EECS .7 vD(t) t −A + 0. approximately equal to the value of the source magnitude A. the PIV for a bridge rectifier with a sinusoidal source voltage is: PIV = A − 0.7 vS(t) Note that this minimum diode voltage is very negative. Thus.7 Note that this bridge rectifier value is approximately half the PIV we determined for the full-wave rectifier design! Thus.7 ). of Kansas Dept.

Sign up to vote on this title

UsefulNot useful- Lab Manual 1
- Topic 1 Diode
- 26. Power Supplies
- Diodes
- EE_435_2
- 02 Diodes
- exp9,10.docx
- Water Level Indicator-1
- 1N4935
- Lecture 3
- SMPS Tutorial
- Dr. Hannan Week4 Rectifier
- Know as Arc - Alienating Religious Code
- Manual - SSC I
- NetSure 502 Full System UM582136800
- Outdoor Power Supply System
- Jaysree Doc
- 02197_01
- Cathodic_Protection_Survey.pdf
- Electronics 1 - Lecture 10
- Dc Power Supply Simulator
- filter circuit design
- AC_DC Converters – Rectifiers
- TP05AS220S05W 85-265Vin, 5Vout, 5W AC/DC converters
- tiristores.pdf
- 76292560 Electric Machines and Drives 226
- How to make a DC power supply using the AC wall voltage
- electric
- Schedule Trainning
- CONTROL OF UPF RECTIFIERS.pdf
- Peak Inverse Voltage

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.