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# MATHEMATICAL FORMULAE

The following formulae may be helpful in answering the questions. The symbols given are
commonly used.

RELATIONS

1
n m n m
a a a
+
= ×

2
n m n m
a a a
÷
= ÷

3 ( )
mn
n
m
a a =

4 Distance =
2
1 2
2
1 2
) ( ) ( y y x x ÷ + ÷

5 Midpoint

(x, y) = |
.
|

\
| + +
2
,
2
2 1 2 1
y y x x

6 Average speed =
taken time
travelled distance

7 Mean =
data of number
data of sum

8 Pythagoras Theorem

2 2 2
b a c + =

SHAPES AND SPACE

1 Area of rectangle = length × width

2 Area of triangle = height base
2
1
× ×

3 Area of parallelogram = base × height

4 Area of trapezium = height sides parallel of sum
2
1
× ×

5 Circumference of circle = πd = 2 πr

6 Area of circle = πr
2

7 Curve surface area of cylinder = 2 πrh

8 Surface area of sphere = 4 πr
2

9 Volume of right prism = cross sectional area × length

10 Volume of cuboid = length × width × height

11 Volume of cylinder = πr
2
h

12 Volume of cone =
3
1
πr
2
h

13 Volume of speher =
3
4
πr
3

14 Volume of right pyramid = height area base
3
1
× ×

15 Sum of interior angles of a polygon = ( ) ° × ÷ 180 2 n

16
°
=
360
centre at subtended Angle
nce Circumfere
length Arc

17
°
=
360
centre at subtended Angle
circle of Area
sector of Area

1. Calculate the value of – 43 + (86 – 6 × 12). [2 marks] m

m
2. (a) Find the value of 0.5
3
.

(b) Calculate the value of . 1
8
1
2
3
|
|
.
|

\
|
÷
[3 marks]

(a)

(b)

3. Solve each of the following linear equations. Find x:

(a) x – 3 = – 12

(b) 6
2
3 5
+ =
+
x
x

[3 marks]

(a)

(b)

4. Factorise completely each of the following expressions:

(a) 24mn – 3m

(b) 4y
2
– 4
[3 marks]

(a)

(b)

5. Simplify (3x – 1)
2
– (7x + 4). [2 marks]

6. (a) Find the value of . 2 64
3
1
×

(b) Simplify
( )
.
2
16
3
3
5
k
k

[3 marks]

(a)

(b)

7. Table 1 shows the vehicles used by 1200 students of SMK Ricky Jamlun to go to school.

Types of vehicles Number of students
Horse x
Go-Cart 200
Jet 300

Table 1

(a) Find the value of x.

(b) Diagram 3 in the answer space shows an incomplete pie chart.

Complete the pie chart to represent all the information in Table 1.
[5 marks]

(a)

(b)

Bus
90º

Diagram 3

Jet
8. Table 2 shows the results conducted by a computer company regarding the number of
computers owned by 30 families.

Number of computers

0

1

2

3

4

Number of families

3

10

6

6

5

Table 2

(a) State the mode.

(b) Find the mean number of computers owned.
[3 marks]

(a)

(b)

9. Given that ( )( )
2 1 2
3 3 3
x x
=
÷
, calculate the value of x. [2 marks] m

10. Table 1 shows three activities participated by a group of 50 students.

Activities Number of students
Golf 24
Kungfu y
Shuffling 18

Table 1

(a) Find the value of y.

(b) Hence, represent all the data from the table by drawing a bar chart in the answer
space.
[4 marks]

Number of students
Activities
Chess Hockey Choir
O
4
8
12
16
20
24
28

Golf Kungfu Shuffling
11. Simplify ( ) ). 4 ( 2
2
q p q q p ÷ + ÷ [2 marks]

End

SHAPES AND SPACE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Area of rectangle = length × width Area of triangle = 1  base  height 2 Area of parallelogram = base × height Area of trapezium = 1  sum of parallel sides  height 2 Circumference of circle = πd = 2 πr Area of circle = πr2 Curve surface area of cylinder = 2 πrh Surface area of sphere = 4 πr2 Volume of right prism = cross sectional area × length Volume of cuboid = length × width × height Volume of cylinder = πr2h Volume of cone = 1 2 πr h 3 4 3 πr 3 1  base area  height 3 13 Volume of speher = 14 15 16 Volume of right pyramid = Sum of interior angles of a polygon = n  2  180 Arc length Angle subtended at centre  Circumfere nce 360 Area of sector Angle subtended at centre  Area of circle 360 17 .

Answer all questions. 1. Answer: [2 marks] m 2. Calculate the value of – 43 + (86 – 6 × 12).5 . 3 2  1  (b) Calculate the value of  3  1 .  8    [3 marks] Answer: (a) (b) . (a) m Find the value of 0.

Factorise completely each of the following expressions: (a) (b) 24mn – 3m 4y2 – 4 [3 marks] Answer: (a) (b) .3. Solve each of the following linear equations. Find x: (a) x – 3 = – 12 (b) 5x  3  x6 2 [3 marks] Answer: (a) (b) 4.

(a) (b) Find the value of 64 3  2. Simplify (3x – 1)2 – (7x + 4). Answer: [2 marks] 1 6. Simplify 2k  16k 5 3 3 . [3 marks] Answer: (a) (b) .5.

Table 1 shows the vehicles used by 1200 students of SMK Ricky Jamlun to go to school. Complete the pie chart to represent all the information in Table 1. Diagram 3 in the answer space shows an incomplete pie chart. Types of vehicles Rollerblade Horse Go-Cart Jet Table 1 (a) (b) Find the value of x. [5 marks] Answer: (a) Number of students 150 x 200 300 (b) Bus Jet 90º Diagram 3 .7.

calculate the value of x. Table 2 shows the results conducted by a computer company regarding the number of computers owned by 30 families. Find the mean number of computers owned. [3 marks] Answer: (a) (b) 9. Answer:    [2 marks] m . Given that 32 x 1  3 x 32 .8. Number of computers 0 1 2 3 4 Number of families 3 10 6 6 5 Table 2 (a) (b) State the mode.

Table 1 shows three activities participated by a group of 50 students.10. represent all the data from the table by drawing a bar chart in the answer space. Hence. Activities Golf Kungfu Shuffling Table 1 (a) (b) Find the value of y. [4 marks] Number of students 24 y 18 Answer: Number of students 28 24 20 16 12 8 4 O Activities Golf Chess Kungfu Hockey Shuffling Choir .

Simplify 2 p  q   q(4 p  q). Answer: 2 [2 marks] End .11.