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A Mini Project Report on


Submitted to


Submitted by R.Anjani (08251A0246) M.Yamini (08251A0226) From department of electrical and electronics engineering of G.NARAYANAMMA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY AND SCIENCE SHAIKPET, HYDERABAD-40

Place: Hyderabad Date: 16th June 2011

The completion of any project brings with it a sense of satisfaction, but it is never completed without thanking those people who made it possible. We are very thankful to the management of Electronics Corporation of India Limited (ECIL), Hyderabad for the facilities made available for completing this project. We would like to express our gratitude to Mr.S.V.Narayana Reddy and Mr.Appa Rao for their valuable guidance for accomplishment of this project work. We sincerely thank Mr. Praveen for extending all the help and suggestions in completing our project work. With great pleasure we thank Mr.Chandrashekar for guiding us in ECIL. We are also thankful to all the staff members of the CAD division for their assistance and cooperation. We also thank the department of EEE of GNITS for providing us this opportunity.


Acknowledgement ..ii Abstractiv 1. Introduction to PLC..1 2. History of PLC..3 3. Definition of PLC..4 4. Features of PLC.6 5. Specifications of PLC7 6. Operation of PLC..9 7. Engineers console11 8. Functional description of PLC system..20 9. Field input card..30 10. Merits and demerits of PLC32 11. TBC Vs Ethernet.35 12. Specific application of PLC36 13. Applications of PLC in various fields.37 14. Future of PLC..39 15. Conclusion...40

Before the advent of solid state logic circuits, logical control systems were designed and built exclusively using electromechanical relays. The purpose of PLC was to directly replace electromechanical relays as logic elements, substituting instead a solid state digital computer with a stored program to emulate the interconnection of many relays to perform certain logical tasks. A programmable logic controller (PLC) or programmable controller is a digital computer used for automation of electromechanical processes, such as control of machinery on factory assembly lines, amusement rides, or lighting fixtures. PLCs are used in many industries and machines The PLC will operate any system that has output devices that can go ON and OFF. It can also operate any system with variable outputs, the PLC can be operated input side ON/OFF devices or variable input devices.