Diagrams for Freud’s Defense Mechanisms

By Bob Grossman Kalamazoo College <grossman@kzoo.edu>

• II. Dynamics-(Chapter 3 in text)
• A. Instincts-Sum total of energy available, Psychic representation of somatic sources of excitation=wishes – 1. Source--bodily need-excitation All human behavior, thoughts, – 2. Aim--remove excitation feelings, fantasies-normal and – 3. Object--thing & behavior abnormal-explained with only 2 instincts and 11 modifying – 4. Impetus--force or tension defense mechanisms • B. Anxiety– 1st Unexpressed or dammed-up libido explosively released in a transformed state (irrational fear to overwhelming panic) – 2nd Originates in the feeling of overwhelming helplessness experienced at birth (sense of abandonment) – 3rd Chronology of Danger Situations (p 152 of text) ending with fear of superego censure • C. Defense Mechanisms-anxiety shows need to modify instincts

Stimulus Freud’s Diagram of the Psyche External World Behavior Cs Pcs Ucs for Sex or Death pushes toward the surface!! .

Regression Source Aim Object Impetus X X X X x x x x X x X x? X X x x . Reaction formation 8. Projection X 7. Defense Mechanisms • • • • • • • • • • • 1.C. Sublimation 4. Displacement (substitution) 6. Fixation 11. Suppression x 3. Rationalization 5. Identification (2 forms) 10. Repression 2. Isolation or intellectualization X 9.

Ucs .Freud’s Diagram of the Psyche-Stimulus External World Behavior Cs Pcs Instinctual Energy Added Nothing in awareness-don’t even notice the “Hottie” A.

Freud’s Diagram of the Psyche-Suppression Stimulus External World Behavior Cs Pcs Instinctual Energy Added A. Ucs .

A. Id Impulse Raw Sexual Desire“I want sex with him!!” DRIVE DERIVATIVE “Nothing surfaces” in consciousness all is blotted out” EGO uses Repression SuperEgo AntiCathexes“Sex is Evil” .

repression Source aim object impetus Drive Derivative --nothing surfaces in consciousness. The impulse is all blotted out--all the energy remains in the unconscious where it remains active until it finds an outlet .I want sex with him Superego (anti-Cathexes)--sex is evil Ego defense-.Freud Chart--repression Source aim object impetus (strong) Id impulse-.

Freud Chart--Sublimation Source Aim Object Impetus Id Impulse -.“Sex with strangers is Evil and Dangerous” Ego Defense-Sublimation Drive Deriv.I want to get to know Him Strong .-.I want Sex Him Intense (Cathexes) with (Stranger) Superego (Anti-Cathexes)-.

Ucs .Freud’s Diagram of the Psyche-Behavior Sublimation Stimulus External World SEX Move Cs Pcs Instinctual Energy Added “Get to Know” B.

B. Id Impulse Raw Sexual Desire“I want to jump that hunk” DRIVE DERIVATIVE--“I want to get to know him” EGO uses SUBLIMATION SuperEgo (AntiCathexes)“Sex with Strangers is Evil and dangerous!!” .

Der.Rationalization New Dr.Freud Chart--Rationalization Source Aim Object Impetus Id Derivative -.--I want to get to know Him (Strong) by asking for help with poetry .I want to get to know Him (Strong) Superego AntiCathexes-.“Don’t be crude!” Ego Defense-.

Ucs B. .Freud Diagram--Rationalization Stimulus Behavior External World “Poetry help?” Cs Pcs Instinctual Energy Added C.

Id Impulse Drive Derivative “I want to get to know him” “I want to get to know him by asking him for help with my poetry” EGO uses Rationalization SuperEgo AntiCathexes“Don’t be direct!” .NEW DRIVE DERIVATIVE C.

Freud Chart--Displacement Source Aim Object Impetus Id Impulse-.Displacement Drive Derivative-I want sex with “Him” (Intense) (Boyfriend) .I want Sex with Him (Intense) (Stranger) Superego AntiCathexes--Raw Sex with stranger is Sinful since I’m committed to my Boyfriend Ego Defense-.

--My Roommate wants (Intense) Sex with Him Source Id Impulse-.Freud Chart--Projection Aim Object Impetus want Him (Intense) Sex with Superego AntiCathexes--Raw Sex is Evil Ego Defense-. Deriv.Projection New Dr.I .

“because hot guys like that are always so stuck on themselves” . Deriv.Reaction Formation Dr.-(Strong) I want to kill* Him * usually would have a sublimation to hate/anger and a rationalization like.Freud Chart--Reaction Formation Source I Aim Object Him Impetus Id Impulse-(Intense) want Sex with (Stranger) Superego AntiCathexes--Raw Sex is Evil Ego Defense-.

-(Weak) I “wonder what Him Impetus Id Impulse-Source I Aim Object it would be like to have sex with” (converts a desire into and idea) . Deriv.Freud Chart--Intellectualization want Sex with Him (Intense) (Stranger) Superego AntiCathexes--Sex is Evil Ego Defense-.Intellectualization Dr.

Dynamics of Typical Emotions • Love: Him • Like: • Hate: I I I • Dislike: I I I want Sex Sublimation Love Intellectualization Like Want to Kill Sublimation Hate Intellectualization Dislike With Him Him Him Him Him .

• Depression: I • Suicidal Thoughts: Myself • Terror: • Fear: • Anxiety: fear only a want to Kill Myself Sublimation I Hate Myself I want to Kill Myself (urge) Intellectualization I wonder what it would be (thought) like to kill I want to Kill Him Projection He wants to Kill Me Sublimation He wants to Hurt Me Partial Repression or Suppression Impetus or bodily feelings of but with no Object and vague Source .

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