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Reading Skills

Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.foxitsoftware.com For evaluation only.

Reading is the knowledge process of deriving meaning from written or printed text. or Reading is a process of retrieving and understanding the meaning of stored information or ideas.

com For evaluation only.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. . • Reading is an important communicative process and reading skills are probably the most important language skills required for academic and professional purposes.foxitsoftware.

com For evaluation only. PROCESS OF READING 1 •DECODING •COMPREHENDING •TEXT ANALYSIS •RESPONSE 2 3 4 .Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.foxitsoftware.

Factors that Impact Reading •Reader Based Factors •Phonemic Awareness •Alphabetic Understanding •Fluency with the Code •Vocabulary knowledge •Prior knowledge •Engagement and interest •Text Based Factors •Narrative v.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. Expository •Genre considerations •Quality of text •Density and difficulty of concepts .com For evaluation only.foxitsoftware.

foxitsoftware. . • What matters most is the overall purpose of reading.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.com For evaluation only. READING WITH A PURPOSE • Different kinds of texts are read for different purposes.

The Purpose and importance of Reading • To acquire / Enhance knowledge • Reading helps in mental development • Improvement of conversational skills • To decipher new words • Develop vocabulary.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. language skills • Connect the ideas through the material on the basis of prior knowledge .com For evaluation only.foxitsoftware.

• Critical reading skills help the reader see the relationship of ideas and use these in reading with meaning and fluency. • Fluency skills help the readers see larger segments.foxitsoftware. phrases. READING SKILLS • Word attack skills – To figure out new words. phrase. . and groups of words as wholes. or sentence quickly enough towards speed recognition.com For evaluation only. • Comprehension skills To predict the next word.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.

Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.com For evaluation only. Look at the chart say the Color not the word Black Blue Red Yellow Aqua Green White Pink Orange Yellow Red Purple Brown Pink Green Blue .foxitsoftware.

Reading can be broken into smaller segments that might include a graphic organizer. that enables pre-reading discussion. an analogical study guide. These include vocabulary reinforcement activities.com For evaluation only. journal writing. the focus is on garnering major ideas as well as important details from the material. Post-Reading Stage Post-reading activities assure long-term retention of what has been read.. Reading Stage At the reading stage.foxitsoftware. or an anticipation/reaction guide. pre-reading strategies help in understanding the material. or other writing activities that allow application of information . . READING STAGES Pre-Reading Stage Before reading.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.

Types of reading • • • • Scanning Skimming Extensive Reading Intensive Reading .foxitsoftware.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.com For evaluation only.

com For evaluation only. Technique Run your eyes over the text. Skimming Skimming is used to quickly gather the most important information.foxitsoftware. Use skimming to quickly get up to speed on a current business situation. or 'gist'. noting important information.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. Examples of Skimming: •The Newspaper (quickly to get the general news of the day) •Magazines (quickly to discover which articles you would like to read in more detail) •Business and Travel Brochures (quickly to get informed) . It's not essential to understand each word when skimming.

Examples of Scanning •The "What's on TV" section of your newspaper.foxitsoftware. Scanning Scanning is used to find a particular piece of information.com For evaluation only. in order to find the specific details you require. Use scanning on schedules. etc.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. If you see words or phrases that you don't understand. don't worry when scanning. Technique Run your eyes over the text looking for the specific piece of information you need. •A train / airplane schedule •A conference guide . meeting plans.

Examples of Extensive Reading •The latest marketing strategy book •A novel you read before going to bed •Magazine articles that interest you . Technique Use extensive reading skills to improve your general knowledge of business procedures.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. as well as business books.com For evaluation only. Extensive reading Extensive reading is used to obtain a general understanding of a subject and includes reading longer texts for pleasure.foxitsoftware.

Intensive reading Intensive reading is used on shorter texts in order to extract specific information.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. number or fact. In this case.com For evaluation only. Technique Use intensive reading skills to grasp the details of a specific situation.foxitsoftware. it is important that you understand each word. It includes very close accurate reading for detail. Examples of Intensive Reading A bookkeeping report An insurance claim A contract .

may predict what will happen next in a story by using clues presented in text .Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. Clarify confusing parts of the text For instance skilled readers. Reading Comprehension: • The essence of reading • The process of constructing meaning from text • The ability to provide accurate responses regarding the written material Comprehension skills: • • • • • Readers' prior knowledge Knowledge that reading makes sense This knowledge helps to recognize the words and meaning.com For evaluation only.foxitsoftware.

foxitsoftware. Reads to "the end of the book. Sorts materials as critical. interesting.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. Sets a purpose. Has a limited vocabulary in that area. Visualizes ideas. Leaves pages pristine and clean. Reads everything irregularly. Practices speeded reading daily. . Keeps reading. Reads one word at a time. Marks text for memory. Re-reads sentences to be sure of understanding. or trash. Reads multi-word phrases. Vocalizes words." Reads everything slowly and deliberately. Slow reader Reads words. Comparison of efficient and slow readers Efficient reader Reads ideas. Rarely attempts speeded reading.com For evaluation only. Has a large vocabulary in that subject area. Adjusts reading speed to need.

Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. Speed Reading The average reading speed is often held to be around 265 wpm. 123-4567 This is easy to read because of prior knowledge and structure . then it will be difficult for him to grab the information • 7516324 This is hard to read and remember. • Speed Reading can help us to read and understand written information much more quickly. 751-6324 This is easier because of chunking.foxitsoftware. • To read large volumes of information quickly • Save time by speed reading • If the reader doesn’t know anything about a subject.com For evaluation only.

Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. • Minimizing vocalization (mouthing the word) and sub-vocalization ( saying the word in your mind) of the words.com For evaluation only. Speed Reading is based on the following principles: • Wider visual span – seeing more words per fixation. • Good visual skills – well coordinated eye teaming and focusing skills. • .foxitsoftware. • Being familiar with the topic and terminology of the subject material. • Know why you are reading the material – motivation increases attention span.

The name is an abbreviation of the five steps of the strategy: • Survey • Question • Read (at your own pace): • Recite/write • Review . SQ3R Technique SQ3R is a five-step reading strategy.Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www.com For evaluation only.foxitsoftware.

Generated by Foxit PDF Creator © Foxit Software http://www. They must match the source document word for word and must be attributed to the original author. Summaries are significantly shorter than the original and take a broad overview of the source material. taking a somewhat broader segment of the source and condensing it slightly. • Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words. it is necessary to attribute summarized ideas to the original source. including only the main point(s). Paraphrasing. using a narrow segment of the source. Quoting.com For evaluation only. . Once again. A paraphrase must also be attributed to the original source. • Paraphrasing involves putting a passage from source material into your own words.foxitsoftware. Summarising • Quotations must be identical to the original. Paraphrased material is usually shorter than the original passage.

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